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Georgi Zlatarski_Geologia na Bulgaria

Georgi Zlatarski_Geologia na Bulgaria

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Published by Vassil Breskovski
Георги Златарски_Геология на България (1928)
Георги Златарски_Геология на България (1928)

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Published by: Vassil Breskovski on Nov 26, 2011
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LR GEOLOGIE DE LA BULGRRIE
par

t GEORGE N. ZLRTflRSKI
rMigee par P. B a k a 1'0 v

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1927.

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LI\ GEOLOGIE DE LR BULGRRIE
par

t

GEORGE N. ZLf\Tf\RSKI
redlgee par P. B a k a I 0 v

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1927.

npenroso
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6bnrapHSI" 61; aerracaaa, OTb nOl<OHHHSI npodiecop s no reorroras npa YHHsepcHTeTa Feopra H. 3naTapcKH. ouie npena aerosare CMbPTb, 1909 rOAHHa, aa npoexrapaaoro roreaa "6bnrapcKo OTe'leCTSO". T 51 cscrass eAHHb npernezrs SbPXY crpararpeocxara reonoras aa 6bnrapHSI, KaTO oexseuia SCW-IKO H3seCTHO Sb raa otirracrt, AO rorasa. ~HHraTa 61; nparoraeaa Cb orn ~Ab na cnymH KaTO 06S1CHHreneHb TeKCTb Ha reonoraaecxara xapr a aa 6bnrapHSI OIb r. H. 3naTapCKH Mi5pKa 1 : 300000, KOSITO 3aSbpWH CN\~O cnem, CMbpbTa My H KOSITO ce e sese H3'1epnaHa. no npH'IHHI1 He3asHCSI~H OTb nOKOHHHSI, CN\I.L\O OTb HaCneAHHQHTBMY, AbpmaHa rrsnro spexe Sb F\Ka· H AeMHSlTaaa HaYKHT1;, KOSITO 6i5we noena H3AasaHeTO na rOTOSHT1; sa ,,6bnrpPCKO OTe'leCTSO"MOHorpa¢HH, KHHraTa He Moma na asnese aa epexe H KOH aaae ursure nH na 6N\,ll,eorneseraua. Cera, crrezrs 18 rOAHHH,TSI H3nH3a KaTO oT,ll,i;neHb N!~ OTb "YHHsepCJ.1TeTCKa H6nHOTeKa". 6 Flpn peAaKTHpaHeTO Ha KHHrara e sanaseuo SCI14KOTbH, KaKTO e H3nB3no H3b nom- neporo aa 8STOpa. MaKapb'le Sb paCTOSlHHe aa 18 rOAHHI1 cnerrs uanucaaaero H8 "reonorHSlT8 Ha 6bnrapHSI" na HMa AOCTa npoMi5HH Sb T8311 06naCTb - P.OEI1 aexonauie aa CHCTeMI1 Sb HecnOMeHaTI1 TaMb otinacr«, TeKTOHI1'-1HI1 H3Y'IS8HI1S1 np. Hl1e HoMi5pHxMe aa uenecsocpesao na H He npaBHMb Bb HeSi HHKaKBH npoersaa H AonbnHeHHSI. VI Sb T0311CH SHAb, Bb Koiho e HanHCaHCl OTb 3naTapCKH, KHHrcTa He e aaryfiana CBoeTO 3Ha'leHHe, 3aw.OTO H AO cera Hl1e H1;MaMe HBW.O trsno BbPXY reonorxara na 6bnrapl19, OCBeHb npenneraaara KHl1ra aa nbpSI1S1 6bnrapCKI1 reonor-s, nopa,ll,11 KoeTO TSI rp'sfiaaure A8 6N\,ue nane-raraaa. ,ll,bnro TSI uie cnyml1 KaTO ocaoaa, SbPXy KOSITO uie HMa na ce rpana nO-HaTaTbKb 6bnrapcKaTa reonorHSI.

Ilpodi.

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l-I3YLJBaHeTO aa 6bnrapl1S1 HaLJeBa enaa crorrsrae. y aacs, Bb HaLJanOTO aa OCHOBaTenb Bb reOnOnlLJeCKO rpera OTb reorroraa OTHOWeHl1e 113TeKnOTO He caxo na ce Hero, Mome

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Karo

aa 6anKaHcKaTa

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CMaTpSl ¢peHeu,bTb HaYLJHaTa nareparypa Bb

F\ m i B 0 U e (1784-1881)

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nonYOCTpOBb,

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npnrescasa

caxo HaMb

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11 TBbpAe

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aa HtKOI1 nperrsna na E

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11 Bb CbCeAHI1Tt 6eAHI1Tt

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a

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aepu-ronorpadrs,
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Ha

s

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Bb

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Typu,I1S1, aa na npoy-ra MoraTb

reorpacpaara na HI1

11 reoncr'asra OnN;.TSlTb Bb

eN;.TOnl{OBa

cna611 H HeAOCTaTb4HI1. Tt

reOnOrl14eCI{I1S1

CbCTaBb aa aaurero pHLJeCKH AOKYMeHTI1.

OTe4eCTBO;

ccrasar-s

caxo

F\.6ye
TYPU,I1Sl OTb

Bb npeAnpl1eTI1Tt

Tpl1 nN;.TYBaHHSl no EB~oneHCKa OTb rt'a

1836 AO 1838 rOA., npanpyscem, OTHa4anO F\ u g. V i que s n e I 'a 11 For non e d e M 0 n t a I erne KaTO reonosa. e 113Y4Hnb rorrsrea 4aCTb OTb 3eMI1Tt aa
BSlHCI{I1S1 ior-s, a I1MeHO: 6bnrapl1S1. TpaKI1Sl some

Cna-

11 Mal{eAOHI1S1. travels in Hungarla,

') Ed w. B row n. Servia, Bulgaria, Macedonia

1\ brief account of etc. London 1673.

2) 1\ m i B 0 u e. Zusammensteilung der bekannten geognostlschen Thatsachen ueber die europalsche Turkel und der Klein 1\slen. - (Leonhard's Zeitschrift fUr Mineralogie. 1828. I, p. 270-282). 3) Bull. de p. 98-100. la Soc. geol. de France. Paris 1832. l-ere serle, t. Ill.

Kal<TO H LJaCTb OTb MH3HSI, Cbp6HSI, 6panb L1,eHeH"t- MaTepHanb Pe3ynTaTHrB Cbp6HSI, w.l1nb

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1836 r, no
e cbo6TOH nnaSb

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H MaKeAOHI1S1, F\, 6ye nonoaceaae rYl Ha

Sb pa3HI1 reonOrHLJeCI<H HaH-nbpso, Sb

CnI1CaHI1S1. Flpn TOSI cnYLJaH TYPLl,I1S1 H pasrrsns

KOHCTaTl1pa, AeSBTb rpyrnr.

HCTHHCI<OTO

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Eeponeiicxa

Ha l{pI1CTanOnHCTSlCTI1T'B cxana a nerreoaojickasrrt, KbMb mspxy

naaa rOn'BMO pasnOSeLJeTO

reperrs

TOH S3eMa

Tpnacs npl1LJI1CnSlSa LJepBeHYlT'B n'BCbLJHI1L1,I1
I<OI1TO nemaTb I<OMnaI<THI1, nenenasoHaMl1pa 30Ha Cb 11 IO}!{HOcpOCHflH. Bb nO-SYlCOl<b XOPH30HTb na MeAI1TepaHCl<aTa xperma 3aeAHO o6pa3ysaHI1S1 cl<anYl ~ pasnpocrpaaeua

H I<OHrnOMepaTI1, iopcxa perrs repem, npeA'BnSl aafieneaaaa Bb

CHBH BapOSI1L1,I1 6e3b eaponeiicxare 6ye, rm.pne

cpopMaLl,I1S1OTb rnna TepLl,HepHI1T'B epynTHBHYlT1:; npea STOPOTO CH

CI1CTeMa.

Cnopas-

apXaHCI<YlSI Yl3S0PYl, 06XO}!{Aa OTb ce cnasa BpaHSI

3aB3eMaTb

nOLJTH L1,'Bna EBp. TypLl,YlSI, a HaH-nocne TepMOMI1HepanHI1T1:; eI<CI<YP3ml.')

s apesre

aa raa

nxrysaae,

rrpes s 1837 rOA., 6ye npea H OTb

rOn1:;M6 LJaCTb OTb L1,eHTpanHYlT1:; 11 Yl3TOLJHI1T1:; 113TOLJHa Tpaxaa OTnpaBSI I<bMb Bb nonanara ce orrrpass CTaTHpaHI1 30HCKH kpenna 11 OTb nnOSAI1Bb PaAOMl1pb Mopasa,

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s

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no-xanko naneoLJneHOBe OTb ,l],YHaSb
YI

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pa3HI1 I<bMb

CI1CTeMa; T epuaepa

Sb TpaI<.HHCI<I1T'B paanauia.

CH eI<CI<.YP3Y1S1 F\.

6ye

1) R. B 0 u e. - Geognostische Erqebnlsse der Reise in der Tiirkel (Neues .Jahrbuch fUr Mlneralogie, Geologie und Palentologie. 1836, p. 70:)-703) R. B 0 u e, - Resultats de rna premiere tour nee dans Ie Nord et lecentre de la Turquie d'Europe, falte, en partie, en cornpanle de M. M. de Montelembert et Viqusenel. (Bull. Soc. geo!. de france J-ere ser. t, XIII, p. 14-63). R, B 0 u e. - Some observations on the Geography and-Geoloql of Northern and Central Turkey. Communicated by the author in a letter to the Editor of the Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal. Vol XXIII, Jannuary, 1837, p. 47-62, p. 253-270; vol. XXIII, Juli 1837, p. 54-69. B erg h a u s. - Rlmanach IB38, p, 25,

3
Ha6n~AaBa H H~KOnKO AD MHHepanHH 1) TpeTOTO CH H no perraerpa nz.ryaaae, H3AI1raHeTO 6ye H3BOPH, 4H~TO TeMnepaTypa

ce Bb31{a4Sana

460R

Ilpena
OnHTa na KHT~ OCTPOBb sananaara AOHH~ AO aepara

na

npenrrpaene

F\.
aa

6ye

ce

H3nO>KH MHCnHT~

nnaHHHCnonycaao MaKe· CH Sb

H C<popMHpaHeTO' nocnenaero ~,a

aa 6anKaHcKH~ 3a06HKan~ npest,

2) B's

CH nIKTYBaHe

4aCTb

nonYOCTpOBa

OTb Tecanas

Xspearcso.") B's 1840 rOA. F\. 6ye H3AaAe Sb napH>Kb rnaSHOTO rrsno sa Esponeiicka TypIJ,H~ "L a T u r qui ed' E u r 0 p e" 4 TOMa KoeTO 06eMa HeroBHT~ H3y4saHH~ no reorpadiaara,
reonorasrra, epxeonoraara, ecrecraeaara TbproBH~r~ TOBa H HCTOpH~, pa3HHT~ enoxanao CTaTHCTHKaTa, yrrpasneuaa, Cb4HHeHHe, xpafiura aa

06H4aHT~, nyxoseaCbCTO~HHe H saH3BOPb

CTSOTO, nonHTH4eCKaTa aa Ta3H Abp>Kasa.4) crap'sno 3a oCB060AeHHT~ Bb no-rorrsreara

HCTOpH~ H nonHTH4eCKOTO CH 4aCTb e ouie

MaKapb

eAHH4KH~Tb

Heocs060AeHHTE

6anl{aHCKH~ (OTb repe-

nonyocrpos-s.
Bb CTp. nbPBH~ TOMb aa TOBa KnaCH4eCKO no Y4aCTHe Cb4HHeHHe perrs aa

218-408)

CIK H3nO>KeHH

CHCTeMaTH4eHb

HHT~, KOHTO S3eMaTb

Bb CbCTaBa aa 3eMHT~

Ban-

1) R. B 0 u e, Lettre adressee de Vie nne a M. Cordier, dans la quelfe II rend compte de l'exploratlon qu'il a Faite de la Mcesie, du Balkan ou Hcernus, de la plaine d'Rdrianople, la Haute Rlbanie, la Bo snle, des sources rnlnerales et de la temperature des sources froides. (Bull. soc. Geol. de France, 1838, I-re ser. t, 9, p, 126-143 C"b enua reorpaspxsecaa xapra aa TYPl\HSI). R. B u u e, Die zwelte geognostische Reise in der Ti.irkei. (Neues Jahrbuch fi.ir Mineralogle etc., 1838, p. 44-45. 2) R. B 0 u e. - Lettre adressee de Vienne, 3 fevrier 1838, a M. Ro· zet, dans laquelle il expose ses Idees relativement aux soulevemens des chaines des montagnes turques. (Bull. soc. Geol. de France, 1838, I-ere ser., t. 9, p. 162-168).
3j R. B 0 u e. Note sur Ia Geologie (Bull. soc, Geol de France, 1839, I-ere ser.

de la Thessalie t. 9, p. 93-95).

et la Bulgarie. und

~. B 0 u e. - Mitthei!ungen aus der weslllchen Ti.irkel (Servien Rlbanien). (Neues .Jehrbuch fur Mineralogle etc. 1839, p. 553-556).

R B 0 U e. Note sur la constitution geologique du S. O. de la Macedolne. (Bull. soc. Geol. de France, 18tO, ) Are ser., t. 9, p. 131), .) R. B 0 u e. - La Turquie avec une carte geographlque.
d'Europe, Paris, 1840, 4 vol. in 8. p. 2247,

1.

4
I<BHCI<I1S1 nOnYOCTpOSb. reOnOrl1'IeCI<HSlTb ,ll,tnb e 11 npa srrso nem, aa cnenaar s necere rrraaa : 1. KpHCTBnHHHHH nonyxpnCTanHHHHWHCTH. 2. Oc06eHb repesrs OTb WHCTHH sapoaaua, OTb xoiiro enua 'IaCTb e HeCbMHeHO noneoaojicxa, 3. Me3030~icKH repeaa. 4. Bennxa xpenaa CPOPMaU.HSI: xpenua CHa) CTeMa Sb H3T04Ha TYPU.HSIHnH Banxana, 6) xpenua CHCTeMa Sb aananaa H ueurpanaa Typu.HSI. 5. Tepuaepem. H anysaaneHb repeirs, 6. MacHBHH I<pHCTanHHHH cxana (rpaaar-s, npororHHb, CHeHHTb, rpaunr s-rroprpap's, caeunr-s-nopdiap's, xaaptrsnoptpap's, cepnearmrs H eycporar-s, ,ll,110PI1Tb,TpaXHTb, nnpoxcems-nopdiap's). 7. PY,ll,HI1}I{Hnl1 11 cxnanoae. 8. MHHepanHI1 BO,ll,H.9. CpaBHeHHe aa r epeaar's Bb TYPU.HSI b OHI1S1 a oxenC H HI1Tt 3eMH. 10. 06pa3YBaHe pertaecpa na Typu.I1S1. 0311 reoT nOH{KI1npernerrs e orne-raram, 11orrrsrmo H npesenem, no cera ocserrs aa H1;MCKI1 ouie 11 na cPb6cl<l1.1) 11. 6ye e 113pa60TI1nb H rrspsara reonoacxa xapra aa 6anKaHcKI1S1nonyocrpos s, KOSITO Sb MaHycKpl1nT'b e 611na npanoixena Sb HtKOI1 exaennnspa aa reonorn-recaara CKI1u.a, HOI1TO TOI1 ouie ror aaa e 113npaTI1nb no HtKOI1 Y4eHI1 I1HCTI1TYTI1. TSI e asnaneaa no-nocne OTb B erg h a u s- a H J 0 h n s ton - a, HO Sb rto-erarrsx's Maw.a6b.

Koraro 11. 6ye npennpae 113Y4BaHeTO 6anKaHcKHTt 3eMI1, aa r eonorn-recxara HaYHa6twe ouie Bb Ha4anOTOaa pa3BI1THeTO CH. I{mOYbTb aa pa3peWeHI1eTO reonoraara aa H3T04HHTt I1nnH 11 . aa KapnTTHTt He 6twe ouie HaMtpeHb 11 caxo HtI{OP. T04KH 6i3xa cpHKCHpaHI1 Bb THSInnaHI1HCKH aeparn; 06a4e cepaara aa Me303011C!<I1Ttaacnarn H ocofieao THSIOTb urapenaa ntcb4HHl<b,ll,O xpenara He 6txa cure orranaaa. 11. 6ye, KaKTO H caMb xaaaa, e 6Hnb 6e3b HCTI1HCKa 6ycona sa Me3030i1cKHTt 11OTyaCTH sa repuaepaar s TepeHI1, xoraro e nzvryearrs no Esponejicxa Typu.I1S1. TOM e rp stiaano ne -iaaa ,ll,OCTaTb4HO
') R. B 0 u e. Esquisse gMlogique de la Turquie d'Europe, Paris, 1840, in 80. p. 190. R. B 0 u e. -I}eologische Sklzze der europalschen Turkel, p, 140-260, I Band ("Dle europaische Tiirkei vou ami Bone", deutsch herausgegeben von der Boue·stiftungs-Commission der Kals, Rkademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. 2 Bde. Wien, 1889).

R.

6 ye.

-

Feonourxa

cxxua

Eaponcxe

Typcxe,

npeaena RHanH

fv1HneHKo

M. }f{yjOBHh, .Joaan cxaro nonyocr poaa,

L1,SHjHt H JOBaH

>f{yjOBH~ (Feo.nourxa

Eanxan-

1891,

RH.

111).

L

BpeMe

H Cb

HanperHaTO Bb aa

BHHMaHHe ed'

Aa

CneAH

HanpeAbKa rOAHHH npennpne

Ha na

reonorusra H3AaBaHeTO nposrsua cb06w,H

aBCTpHiicKHTi>

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24

cnerrs

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a

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E

u r 0 p e"

H norrsnna AO roraaaumnr npes s 1864 ron, aa cnennara APy}!{eCTSO na rOAHHa Sb

s CH H3YtIBaHHSI, KaTO rH
6ye H3nO}!{H Bb <j:>peHcKoro nopana rrspaara OTb : uenBb Hero H AO' orb

Bb BHeHCI{aTa aKaAeMHSI na HaYKHTi>.l) napH}!{b Bb npHYHHHri>,

B's

HatIanOTO

reonorasecxo

KOHTO e npennpaerrs xpafiuta

H3Mi>HH Hi>I<OH rrsncse nponz.ryaaaar-a Ti>3H Sb

CH KnaCH<j:>HKaLl,HSIaa repenar-s nbnHeHHSI rpannara CTpaHA}!{a MoraTb

aa 6anKaHCk:HSI nonYOCTpOBb. na ce H3nO}!{aTb

H3Mi>HeHHSI

Bb cneAHHSI perrs KpaH

1. Fleneoaoiicxa

CHCTeMa ce HaMHpa separa na ropns Bb ce ornecar-s WHCTH

tIaCTb H6 npaaopcxara

Eocrpcpa, Bb Hepao-nope,

Bankan s, Sb cp snara
na

MH3HSI HAP, Ae6enHTt

KbMb

CLY\.w,aTa CHCTeMa MoraTb na aapoaauar aafinernar Kap60HCKH

H3MtHeHHSI

s

Cb tIepHHTi>

Erpononcxas

Eanxams,
ye CTapHSlTb

a BbPXY KpHCTanHHHH WHCTH. TOH MHcnH repe+rs OTCLY\.TCTSYBa. H KapnaTCKHSIrb f\nnHHcKHSlTb

2.

Tpaact,
aananua Me}!{AY H np,

Cb CBOSI ocofiem, 6bnrapHSI 3eneHH Bb oxono fP6Ab 6bnraa Bb H

<j:>aLl,l1eCb,aae spao CLY\.w,eCTBysa Sb p. TOnOnHHLl,a, ManHHa,

Taurxecem.,
CYHTa aa

Tpt.a s, Me}!{AY ,lJ,ynHHLl,a H PaAOMHpb

3.

3a CbMHHTeneHb ctBepHHSI oxorro

annHHcKHSI

nHacb

pHSI SbPXy MaKeAoHHSI

CKnOHb BOAeHb. aa pa3HH nOAo6HH rene) e nocra H np.

WHnyeHCKHSI

Banxaa-s,

6ptroseTi>

na OXPHACKOTO eaepo

H KOCTYP-

CKO, KaKTO H KbMb

4. 5.
f\nnH

CnoMeHYBa ,lJ,onoMHTH,

IOPCKH KaTOBe Bb 1O.3.·Ha Cbp6HSI, aa H np. pasnpocrpaaem, Bb THponcKHTi> aa Bb H3TOtIHHTi>

HO He H Bb 6bnrapHSI

H MaKeAoHHSI. no 6ptra I<OTnOBHHaTa Sb Kyur-

HMa Sb MaKeAoHHSI (nHnasb

HHLl,a rrnaaaaa

6.

HOOKOMbTb

Bamcaaa
aa

Bb BKa-

H3TOYHa MaKeAoHHlII MeHenOCTH.

T0311 KaTb

e AOCTa 60raTb npecaxa OTb

7. Kpenem,
rapas

repea

s

Cb op6HTonHTH cesepno

Ll,i>na. 6bnH np,

na H3seCTHO

paacrosaae

Banxaaa

1) fl. B 0 u e. - Geologie der europalschen Turkel. besonders des slavlschen Theiler. (Sitzungsb. d. k. akademle der Wissenschaften In Wien. 1864. Bd. 49. p, 310-321).

8. rOCaBCI<H repea s HMa TYKb'"TaMb Bb TYPU,HSI,Bb H3TOYHa Cbp6"151 H np. 9. Kpenaa CHCTeMa Cb PYAHCTHce HaMHpa Bb AOCTa rontMH MaCH no rrsna sananaa TYPU,HSIH Mal<eAOHHSI. TOH npa6aBS! 'Ie Peters e Ha6nlOAaBaJ1b xanporaxem, aapoaaxt, AOpH nrH Pyce. ]0. MeprenHa xpena Cb 6eneMHHTH HMa cano Sb aananaa 6bnrapHSI, 11. KapnaTCI<H H BHeHCKH ntcb'leHb Eouetrs HnH repuaepea s <pnHwb H3nH3a Bb sananua 6bnrapHS! 11 np. Ho Sb TypU,HSII1Ma CPYI<OHAHHntcb'lHHU,H H OTb xpenaa cacresra ; nororrsnara '1aCTb OTb TtXb ofia-re uie 6N>AaTb eoueacka. 12. HYMynHTHa CHCTeMa e pa3BHTa oxono Bapaa 11 Bb 113TO'lHa TpaI<HSI.
13. MHOu,eH'b, I1nH BHeHCKH HeOrE:'Hb, ce noxaasa Bb ManI<HTt KOTnOBHHH no Te'leHHeTO aa CTpYMa, aa !Orb OTb POAO' nar s, Bb rOJ1-EMHTt TpaKHHCI<H 6aceHHI1, Bb aananaa 6bnra" pHS!(THMOWI<H 6aceHHb) 11 Bb06w,e Sb repuaepnar-s 1<0TnOBI1HI1 aa Ta3H crpana, Bb 6aceHHa na OCbMb, aa r.·KaM'IHSI, npa ECI<H-D,>KYMaSl, WYMeHb H np. 14. EpaTHYHH 6nOl<OBe He e «oacrar apam, 6ye Bb naWI1T-E CTpaHH. 15. CepneHTHHH, naanarua H AHOpHTHH cxana, xaxro H seneaa MeTanOHocHH noprpapa, KOHTO npOHHI<BaTb ntcb'lHHSI Eouem., CN>HaMtpeHH Bb MaKeAOHHSI H np.') Koraro npea s 1869 ron. Ferd. v. Hochstetter npennpae na H3Y'l8Ba repexnr-s npea s KOHTO HM8we na ce CTPOH >Ken-E3HHWKaTa MpeH<a Bb EBp. TYPU,HS!, rnasao ,lJ;Ont1HHT-E aa MapHu,a, TYHAH<a, CTPYMa H MopaBa, 6ye aanpasa BaH<HH cb06w,eHHSI Bb BHeHCKaTa aKaAeMHS!38 Xoxuiereposar-s nacnenBaHHSI no naurar-s CTpaHH, xaxro H sa 6N>,lJ;aw,eTOaa >Heni;3HH' T-EnHHHH Bb TyPU,HSI?) F\ CnE'Ab aaap-suranero aa Xoxuiereoa,
1) F\ B 0 u e. - Expose des raisons pour lesquelles j'ai rnodlfle aujourd'hui une partie de mes classement geologiques de la Turquie en 1840. (Bull. Soc. Geol. de france. 1865,11 ser., t, 2?, p, 164-174), Neues Jahrbuch fUr Mineralogie, Geologie etc. 1866. p, 857-858). 2) R. B 0 u e. - Uber ti1rkische Eisenbahnen nnd die Geologie der central Turkel. (Sltzunqsbd. k. k. RKad. der Wissenschaften in Wien. 1869, Bd.60).

I""~

!
TOH 113HeCe HOBH AaHHI1 CI1 MClTepHam1 Bb 11 Bb3b H nO,lJ,p06HH 6eneH<KH, nanpennanara OTb HaYKa, 60ran1T-B H3nOH<11 nOAP06-

OCHOBa aa

enaa xanaranaa
rO,lJ,I1HI1 no

CTY,lJ,I1S1 rrerporpadicxo-reonoseoi

npennpaeru OTb nero npena Bocaa, MaKe,lJ,OHI1S1, MI1311S1, Bt.nrepas, Cbp611S1 11 np.t) HanOI<DHb, xoraro Fr. TouJa cb0611.\11,~npe3b 1879 r. pe3ynTaTI1T-B OTb reOnOrH"IeCl<l1T-B CI1 Ha6nlO,lJ,eHI1S1 sa IOrO-3ana,lJ,HI1T-B xpanuia aa Sbnrapl1S1, A. 6ye MaKapb 11 Bb 86 ro,lJ,I1UIHa ai.apecrs, 3arOBOpl1 nOBTopHO l:b sb3Toprb aa CYKOBcxara gOJlI1Ha, sa H3BOPl1T-B aa I1CTOI1MC!{aTa ·p-BKa 11 aa CKanl1CTOTO HeHHo KOPI1TO, cnapa ce npa ,lJ,bn60KaTa nJlaHI1HCHa u,tnHaTI1Ha npa TpbHb, cnoxeaysa 11 aa npyra nO,lJ,06HI1 nyxHaTI1HH H HaH-nOCJle ce npoasnece, <Ie BCI1<IKI1, AonHHI1 11 T-BCHI1
HOCTI1 OTb CBOI1T-B eKcKyp31111,

34

CKanl1CTH yCTHSI He C~

caMO

npol13BegeHI1S1

OTb BOAHI1 ep03HH, Bb T-BX-

HO <Ie 11 3eMJleTpeCeHI151Ta

eJK B3enH

rorrsreo Y<IaCTl1e
reOnOrH5ITa TpaKH5I H

no ro 06pa3ysaH2.2) Flpa nonarauero
HI1T-B

OCHOBI1Tt Ha

aa

Sb roro-sarranMaKe,lJ,OHI1S1,

xpajluia

aa

UapCTBOTO,

na

Cbp61151, F\n6aHI1S1 H

np,

Cb F\. Bye

saenao

He nO-ManKO

e go-

npanecsrn, 11 Aug us t e Vi que s n e J (1800-1867). 011.\e Bb 1836 ron, TOH npennpne na nJKTYBa Cb Bye 11 M 0 n t a J embe r t ' a no Cbp611S1. no BI1COKa M11311S1 11 MaKegoHI151, a nse
rogl1HH ,lJ,pYH<6a TI151nae nO-KbCHO H

no

F\n6aHI1S1, no

cano

Cb nbpBI1S1. rnaBHI1Tt nJK TYBaHHSI 11 1816

Enap s 11 Tecanas, HO Bb peayrrrara 113Bne<IeHI1 OTb
IOrO'113TOYHa Espona l13aI He-

BI1KeHenOBI1

nane
d'un

1'OH Bb Voyage

1842
dans

ron,

norrs

sarnaaae

"J 0 urn
no

l a Tu r q u i e
l1 reorpadicxn

d'Eu

r o p e'v.npanpysceao CbCTaBeHH

Cb nae

r-eonor-a-recxa

KapTI1,

rOBI1Ti; cb6paHl1 OTb

AOKYMeHTI1

OTb nOnKOBHl1l<b ,lJ,0

Lap i e.")
cnenaara rOAI1H8 separa aepara, aa Ma-

20

IOHI1H

1747
Cb

rOA.

2

SlHyapl1H asnara

Baxenern,
aa -lepao MpaMopHO

nporix ryaa
Mope, Mope,

HaY<IHa ueris 11.\0 ce Mope

Hpai16p'BH<HaTa MeH<AY ras rexeaae

nnaTOTO

Erericxo

11 norraero

1) R. B 0 u e. Mineralogisch-geognostisches Detail uber elnlge meiner Reiserouten in der eur opalschen Tukrel, mit 3 karten .. (Sitzungsb. d. k. k. akad. der Wlssensch. in Wlerr. 1870. Bd. 61, p. 203-294). ') Bull. Soc. Geol. de France. 1879, Ill-e ser., t. 7. p: 412-415. 1842, l-re ser .• Vol. V,

3) M~moire de la Soc. Geoloq, de France. p. 35-127; 1846. 2·e ser .• vol. I. p. 181-303.

8
paua,
11 HaH-nO<::ne tlpbBb

11 Wl1pb

PogOnCI<I1Tt Ha

nnaHI1HI1. ron.
l

nporrars'ra BaHeTO

1843

reonosars Cnem, Baxeaern, ce
OTb CH.•MaTepl1anl1,

xpt.croca
3anOBI1 Cb

H8 gnbH<b
(11

3aBPb~aHHeTO

Bb Bb

06pa60T-

aa

MHoro6pOHHI1Tt

KOI1TO TOH cb6pa

cenexs
HOTO

11 nOnOBI1Ha

Mece IHaT8

CH eKcKyp311S1 11 Cb

craparen-

nonrorasae nnaaa aa CBoeTO xanaranao rrisno. Karo KOMaHAHpoBaHb T03H nl'i'i.Tb OTb MI1HI1CTP8 aa FlpocBt~eHl1eTO Bb <PpaHLI,HSI sa na npozrsnae« reOrpa¢H'H~CKHTt H reonora-recaar-s CH 113cnegBaHI1SI Sb Eaponeiicxa TYPLl,HSI, BI1xenem. OTnpaBH HaH-nbpso panOpTI1T1:; CI1 go HagneH<HI1S1 MI1HI1CTpb, Sb KOHTO TOH Sb KpaTKO onaca nponwryaaaar-s MtcTa
H noxasa A8 Sb CN;.~HTt Ha rnaBHI1Tt go nOnpaSKI1. KOI1TO CN;.I1Manl1 ¢peHCKI1 H aBCT-

nper-spnar s PI1HCK.11 xaprn.t)

CN;.~eCTBYIO~I1Tt

roraaa

Cnem, TOBa BI1KeHenb nonY411 He06pa6oTeHI1 MaTepl1a .. nHT1:; na Hom m air e de He 11- a, cb6paHI1 OTb 6ptrCl H8 -lepao Mope, npes s M. cerrrexspaa 1846 ron. nOCneAHI1SITb rp sr-aam, Cb nonka OTb Tepanas aa Boopopa cruraarn, e no
Mope no-ae-ie OTb rerpanxa, saenuo de Bb

Bapna, cnerrs OTb 20 'lI'i'i.TI1 Bb
eKCKyp3HH KOHTO crrerrs nepCI1SI), sa

KaTO H<HBOTa My e onaCTHOCTb. ne CMbpTbTa rocnoacara aa

611nb

113nOH<eHb pe3ynT8TI1 Bb ABe

nonY4eHI1Tt e

T1:;3H

Onept,

Xern,
My [aa

113nO}f{l1nb

20

aBrYCTb sne

1848 r.

Bb Hcnexau s Ve r n e u

My npenane

(TI1SI TeTpaAKI1)

Cb cb6paHI1SI

MaTepl1anb ua

Pv.

Vi que

I-8

11 aa

iI

113Y4aB8!-1e 11 ny6nI1KYBaHe.2) TI151 MaTepl1anl1 na 4epHO Mope, cnemrar-s 811KeHenb r-eonoraxecea cn03H8 aa xo6ptrb OTb BnH3aHeTO

Flpa
BbPXY 6oc¢opa PI130HTH:

113Y4BaHeTo no YCTl1eTO

eaponejicxaa

Ha ,D,YHaB8

1. KpHCTanl1HHI1 WI1CTI1; 2. Kpenea s repeirs: 3. HYMynl1rem, repem.; 4. MnaAb repuaepem, l1nl1 nnaouencxa repeers; 5. D,l1nYBl1aneHb I1nl1 xaarepaepem, repesrs. Po. OTb napOreHHI1T1:; cxana, TOH onperrsna : rpanat-s, naopar s-noptpapt;
1) Rrchives des missions scientifiques, 1850. (Rapports adresses an Ministre de I'lnstructions publlque, renfermant une description sommaire de la Thrace etc. etc.),

2) R. Vi que s n e I. - Notice sur la collection des roches recueillie en Rsie par feu Hommaire de Hell-, et sur les divers travaux executes pendant Ie cours de son voyage. (Bull. Soc. Geol. de France. 1850 2-a ser., t. VII. p. 491-514).

~__

. __.

.. ~I.~._

.

.~.::::

9
)l{b Bb OTBb xaapuom, HOSb Bb nopq.H1pb, a<paHHTb, BI1KeHen'b O<pI1Tb, Mena<pHpb. napoxce-

nopdiap's
1853

11 6a3anTb.1)

ron,

aa
H

MaTepHam1Tt

CI1 cb6paHI1

en'

dans

npena na TyPI1 l a Turquie

norrs

3aSbpWI1 seve npes's nocnanaoro neuar-s Cb'-ll1HeHl1eTO etc". CH Ha6nIOAeHH5I.

06pa60TsaHcTo My

d'Europe

rix ryaaae CI1 "V 0 y age TOHpe3fOMHpa reorpaTOH onaca HaH-

ociH

<pH'-IeCI<HTt

H reOnOrH'-IeCKl1rt

311111-

rra
InH

CT1a..
Htl

rrspso opcrpaocaar-s 6ene311 aa '-IepHOMOpcKara Kpai16pt>RHa aepare, XH,IJ,pOrpsq:,cKI151 6aceHHb Ha Epxeae, H3nbnHeHb Cb Tepll,HePHI1 H xearepnepaa aacner-a: o-repra Bb 06~11 '-IepTH Kpai16pt>RHaTa aepara aa capOCKH5I 3anl1Bb, KaKTO 11 CaMH5I PO,lJ,OnCKI1 MaCHSb Cb xanporpaspcxar-s 6aceHHI1 H) Hecryct., (MecTa), F\PAa 11 aa OHI151 KOI1TO otipaayaar'i, npHTOlJ,HTt Ha
CTpYMa 11 Mapl1ua MopeTa. 11 KOI1TO ce 113nl1BaTb Bb EreHCKO Mope.

Cnerrs
H EreHCKO WI1CTI1,

TOBa TOH

pasrnena HaCnOeHI1Tt CKanH Me>RAY YepHO TYKb croar s aa rrspao Mtcro Kpl1Cranl1HHl1rt
orb fHal1CI1, nenTI1HI1TH, ManI<O Hnl1 MHoro aM<pH60no'WI1CH1, KpHCTam13HpaHI1
VI np.

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no
flb

aM<pH6oJII1TH, XOD,HHSlTb d~lJeHb Mi;cTa; npa

MHKaWHCTl1,

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XnOpl1TOWI1CTI1

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repeas,

CbCTaBeHb Bb

OTb apn1nOWI1CTI1,

ni;Cb'-lHI1

11 KOMmll<THI1 OTb

B:l.POBHlI,l1, ce HaMl1pa

oxono ce

Llaparpazrs
Ha OTl<pI1Ba a

He

cxarra npeno-

r.

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rpaHI1lJ,l1rt

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:11)
Ha

Cne,lJ,HI1 eKcKYP311V1 eAHOTO ce Kl1nl1S1 11 VlHaAa TOH ce

Kpe,lJ,HI151 repeats HaMl1pa na

oxono
4epHO ouie

KIOCreHAl1nb, Mope. 11 CeBepHI1Tt ABaTa

car-ro Ha rpa npyrur s nae
repems PO'-IepHOMorHlJ8CTI1 aa aa OTb

HYMynI1THI1S1Tb CKnOHa '-IaCTb

fla >la

'-IeCTO onacsa ,1\onI1Ti;; MopcKaTa miTt oxono HH~aTa eAI1Hb xpest, CTaBa ua nofipe ce

fO>RHI1Ti;, H3TO'-lHI1Tt nOKa3Ba separa Mope.

BbPXY

I!
i
[,


H-

KpaH6pt>RHa MpaMopHO aa Mapl1l1,a 6aceHHb,

11 CbCTaBHaTa

eH·
b,

Flpea s eou,eHCKI1S1 nepaom, pas11 Ha Epxeae cJK 611nl1, aanas s OrpaHI1'-1eHb
MpaMopHO cnouraaamC.3 or? ysacrae My (He6l1nb MopeTa 06pa3YBanl1 Cb 4epHO Bb Mope c'sce e aa

~

Cb Kpl1CTanl1HHI1 WI1CTI1. EreHCKOH KOHro eAHO YCTl1e, OTBopeHO HyMynI1THI151 repem, nnacroae; oxono orxpaaar's

Llaparparrs.
nnacrose

In

B3eMaTb Ae6enl1Tt He6l1Kboi1

BapOBl1l1,l1. rrsocofieno AOKbOi1) Bb

Ie
ie

CbYHI1lJ,11 11 rnl1HeHI1

~s

~

..

1) R. V I q u e s n e I. - Note sur la collection de roches recueiJlie en 1846 par feu Hornrnalre de Hell, sur Ie littoral europeen de la mer Noire, (Bull. Soc. Geol, de Erance, IB51. 2-e ser., t. VIII. p. 515-532).

Sl'F

10
nl1HaTa na f\PAa. CbYHHU,I1, MeprenH, rorrana aa MapHu,a MHOu,eHCIU1SlTb repetrs MeprenHH e CbCTaBeHb orb

rrsH

BOPOBI1U,11H rIlHHI1;

TOH noxpasa

yaCTb OTb 3eMI1T"E Me}f{AY MpaMopHO

Mope 11 AOnl1HaTa Bb AonH~Ta

H CeAI1MeHTHT-E My CIK 0611I<HOBeH() oTMtcTeHI1 nnl1ou,eHCKI1TTI 06pa3YBaHI1~ a Bb ropaara HaCnOeHI1 Blo AOIll1HHTt
CIK

H3I<nOHeHH. HanOKOHb CH '1aCTb ClK ntcbYHI1, na ce Ha6mo,[\aBaTb AOCTl1raTb AOpH AO 06pa3YBaHI1SJ, Tt. ce

CbCTaBeHH OTb Meprenellb XOpH30HTanHO 11MoraTb Mapl1u,a, aa na

11 1<0MnaKTeHb BepOBHl<b;

Epxeae l1
na POMHoro Mope. 3aB-

Llaparparrs.

OTHOCHTenHO aa AOnl1HaTa

I<BaTepHepHHT-E l1 BbPXY -re rpauara

Ha6l1fOAaBaTb

Bb fO}f{HaTa crpana l1 MpaMopHO Bb

nornrrs,
3a

AO

200

M. HI:lAb AbHOTO

paBHI1 Bb3Bl1WeHOCTH Me}f{AY TI151 nnaHl1HH epynTI1BHHT-E cxarnr, aepur a, a npn rpaHI1TeH1>

Baveuerrs

xasaa,

sena

ManKO npOCTpaHCTBO

Bb POAOnHT-E H MaCHBn; Bn Bb

I<pai16p-E}f{HaTa HaMl1pa TOH ce M.

'IepHOMopCKa HaH-rOn-EMI15!

113BOPIH-E HCI MeCTa ce

Parra

nnannaa

51B5IBaBb OCTPHT-E BbpXOBe

na BHCOYHHCl2500 AO pa3HH enoxa, oxorro aa orpomro

.3000
AB8Ta 4epHO

Fpa-

HHTHI1T-E H3nHSlHH5I CIK craaann KOBa, npa nOnl1T-E aa Parra

Hai1-Ba}f{HHT-E CaMoMope;

Cl1eHHTHI1 M-BCTOH8XO}f{AeHI1S1 ce HaMHpaTb 11 Bb ABaTa noxamrrara noprpapa cepnenraaa. TaS! (Kana Bb nonaaara AHBb H ce H3AHra HI1S1repem., orfieneaana no-nanxo ptAKO rBbPAe ce e e AOCTa ptAbKb, Tp3xHTa xaapuoaa aa MeCTa; AO HO CHeHHTa c sm.psca TOH ce noxaaaa

11 Bb 06naCTbTa

KonH'IeCTBO

THTaHOHoceHb }f{en-B3eHb OKl1Cb (fer

oxydule titanifere).
Bb AaHKI1

Kaapu't,H }f{l1nH 11

P L
A

Bb I<pHCTanI1HHHT-BWHCTH. Bb CIKll.\OTO (b(T05lHHe e H306HneHb YepHOMOpCl{aTa aepara: HaH-3a6ene}f{HTeneHb rpaxar-s-noptpup-s. Ha IOrb npe3b ayaana aape-rena

ce HaMHpa

Bb POAOmlT-B H P-EAbl<b Bb

sapaerer-s
H

OTb

TpaXI1Ta

ce HaMHpa

OTb T.-na3apA}f{HKb XHnSiAH MeTpa. HacnarHTt MenaqJHpb e

Flncsrpas

F\

Ta3H CKana ce npOBHpa ABe 11no-ae-re

BbpXOBeT-E Ha rpe6eHHTt nbpBI1Tt na HYMynI1TSCI

XHTHH H3nHSlHHSI ClK nperuuecr

r-s

ClK ce s,

npom.nsorn«

11 OTnOCne.

Ckanar

Lil

Cb nnpoxcea npOCTpaHCTBO cp sura

(?),

3aB3eMaTb

OTb TpaXHTa

Bb POAOnl1Tt. oxono

6a3anTa;

rrafimonaaarrts epyrruaa.')

Oure noHopno,

rip fol log Bd.

nanexo

OTb TpaXHTHI1Tt

I) A. V i que s n e I. - Resume des observations geographiques et qeoloqiques faites, en 1847, dims la Turquie d'Europe. (Bull. Soc. Geol, de France, 1853, 2-e ser., t. X, p. 454-4751.

Bal Wi~

11
He nO-ManKO Lrl:.HeHb aa npaaoc

s

HI1

OCTaBI1

BI1KeHenb

11 6ano-

no reorparpasre Cel1Hb aa Jlaca. HanOKOHb cnenaero

Parra nnaaaaa

11 XI1APorpacpW-IeCI{I1S1 11 ne-rarauero dans enaa na 10Ba Bb la npI1APYH<eHI1 Cb rOA. na Turquie

i)
OTb

1855

rOA. aa-ieaa "Voyage TOMa,

BI1KeHenOBo

zrsno

d' E u

r 0 P e",

Bb ABa roni:;MI1 : TO ce Bb

arrrac's cnerrs

OTb _ 4 raonaua

3aBbpWI1

1867

csrsprura
'-IaCTb ce

aa asrcpa. HaMl1pa 11 AHeCb

Feonoruvecxara
BTOPI1S! TOMb ouie e

11 noneOHT0J10rl14eCKaTa xanaranno rrsno oc06eHI1 Cb Cb411Heaa reonornara 3acnyrl1 HaY4Ha I1Ma uern,

Hl1e, KoeTO CneAb ouie npeau noraara 11

Ha~' A06pOTO cppaH~y311

aa Tpa KI1S!. ) 2 TI1S1ABaMa Y4eHI1

D-r

Ka

rIP

e t e r s, KoiiTo,

nOAnOMOrHaTb

napa-tao

OTb aBCTpl1i1cKOTO npaBI1TenCTBO,

nponwrysa 6anKaHCKI1S!

1863

rOA. ,lI,06pYAH<a 11 TBbP.n:O nonOH<11 OCHOBI1Ti:; aa reoIKrbnb na OTb npbBb nonYOCTpOBb.3) "Ie e cesepc611na cywa

11 Ha lOS!

CIK~I1s!Tb npeai,

Flerepc s,

l-13Ka3a MHeHl1e, nonYOCTpOBb Bb Hero

113104HaTa 4aCTb POJ1S!. xaxro WBap~BaJ1Ab Apyrl1 KOHn1HeHTb OTb nOAPo640 nOA06HI1

6anl<aHCKI1S1

Me3030i1cl<l1S1 Bb

nepaorn,

11 4e TSI e nrpana nnaro 11J111 XepL\I1HCKaTa cnOMeHYBa 4YH<AeHL\I1, f\MI1

nO'-lTI1 CIK~aTa

~eHTpanHOTO MaCI1BI1.

r epMaHI1S1
re0J10311

<PpaH~I1s!, Maca,

Boreaar s
11J111nbKb

11

CnopeAb

TSI e 611na 11 113T04HI1S!

aa KOHTO npbSb

Eye,")
I1nl1 rat t I1nl1 J10KanHI1

APyrI1Ti:;

KOI1TO 4aCTI14HO

CIK 113y4asanl1

113SeCTHI1 HaWI1 06naCTI1

K.'i'i.TOBe, MoraTb

na cc cnoreeaar

s : Cap
Ferd.

t.

F.

11.

B.

Sp

Ft Lennox,

Er. Foetterle,

v. Hochstetter,

Fr •

•) V i que s n e I. Explorations dans scriptions des rnontaqnes du Rllo-daqh et du Lissa. (Extrait du Bull. de 11'1ociete de geograpihe, s 2) R. V i que s n e I. ription physique et geologique fol, de 34 pI. Paris 1868.

la Turquie d'Europe; debassin hydrographi que de 4-e serl e, decembre 1852).

Voyage dans ia Turquie d'Europe ou descde 11'1 Thrace. 2 vol. in 4" et un Fltlas in und GeoIn Wien

9) D - r K a riP e t e r s. - Grundlinien zur Geographie logie der Dobrudscha (Denkschrilt d. k. k. Flkad. d. Wissenschaften Bd. 27. 1867.

') D - r K a riP e t e r s. Balkan. Halblusel in der Llasperiode. Wien. Bd. 48, 1863).

Bemerkungen tiber die Bedeutung der (Sltz-Ber. d. k. k. Flkad. d. wissench. in

11
He 110 nO-ManKO IJ,imeHb Ha

rtpaaocs
nrraaaaa ron, Ha4eB8 0 y age TOMa,

HI1

OCT8BI1

Baxenerrs

11

reorpaoaara ceHHb H8 Jlaca. i) Hanoxom,
cnenaero d'Europe", CM'bpTbTa aa HHe, KoeTO Cne.llb ouie rtpea 11

Parra 1855
zrsno

11 XI1P;pOrp8¢J1LleCI<I1S1 6a11 neLJaTaHeTO dan Bb s Ha noe

OTb Bb naa

BI1KeHenOBO

"V

Ia

T u r qui Cb arnact,

rontMI1

npl1p;pymeHI1 enaa

OTb _4 Ta6nl1IJ,l1; 'laCTb ce HaMl1pa

TO ce Bb

3aBbpWI1

1867 rOA. crrerrs
Cb"lI1He-

aaropa.

Feonoravecxara
BTOPI1S! TOMb ouie e aa

11 noneOHTOnOrl1LJeCKaTa roaa xana ranao rrhno aa reonoruara 3acnyrl1 nay-nra I1Ma

11 p;HeCb H8 TpaKI1S1.2)

H3j:1·.lI06POTO

TI1S! AS8M8

Y4eHI1

CPP8HU,Y311 oco6eHI1 nonrroreornar-t, Cb nonoxcn

D-r

Ka
ron,

riP

e t e r s, KOHro, 11 TBbPAO OTb np i.e s

napnsno

OTb aBCTpl1HCKOTO npaSI1TenCTBO,

nponx ryea
5aJTI{aHCI<HSI nonyocrpoe Bb Hero

uens

s 1863

)J.o6pY.llm8

OCHOSl1r-B aa reo-

nOrl1S1Ta 11 H8 TOS! }l;.rbJTb C}l;.ll..Il1S1Tb nerepCb, 113T04H8ra npeai, pons, npyra xaxro 4aCTb H8

norryocrpoa's."]
-re cesepc-

1-13Ka3a MHeHl1e,

5anKaHcKI1S1 ro nnaro

se

611JT8 cywa H

Me3030HCKI1S1 nepaom, neurpanao Bb

H LJe TSI e nr pana I1nl1 XepIJ,I1HCl<aTa cnOMeHYBa f\MI1

nOLJTI1 C}l;.~aTa Maca,
I1nl1

Llleapueanm,

r epMdHI1S1
reorrosu

<PpaHl..J,HSI, Bore311Tt nbKb TSI e 6Hna

nOP;o6HI1 OTb

MaCHBI1.

Cnopezrs

11 H3TOlJHHSI 111111 rat Fr. t

KOHTI1HeHTb sa K0I1TO npbBb ,IJ,pyrl1rt MoraTb nonpoc-ro K~TOBe,

Eye.')
lJaCTHlJHO HnH nOKanHH

lJy>t<,IJ,eHIJ,I1, KOHTO 06naCTH t. F.
t, :

C}l;. 113YLJaB8JlH 113BeCTHH HaWH ,IJ,8 CC cnoereuar Foetterle,

Cap

ft.

B. S p

F\.

Lennox,

Er.

Ferd.

v. Hochstetter,

I) V i que s n e 1. Explorations dans scriptions des m ontaqnes du Rllo-daqh et du Lissa.. (Extralt du Bull. de 'a societe de geograpihe.

la Turquie d'Europe; debassin hydrographi que de 4-e seri e, decembre 1852).

2) f\. V i que s n e I. ription physique et geologique fol. de 34 pI. Paris 1868.

Voyage de la

dans ia Turquie d'Europe au descThrace, 2 vol, in 4" et un fUlas in

B) D - r K a riP e t e r S. - Grundlinien logie der Dobrudscha (Denkschrift d. k. k. Rkad. Bel. 27. 1867. t

zur Geographie d. Wlssenschaften

und GeoIn Wien

e

1) D - r K a riP e t e r s. Balkan. Halb lusel in der Llasperlode, Wien. Bd. 48, 1863).

Bemerkungen tiber die Bedeutung der (Sltz.-Ber. d. k. k. f\kad. d. wissench. in

12
Schrokenstein, 11. Pelz, Franz Toula, K. v. F r its Ch, H. San n e r, JOB a H LI.B Hi HI.), JOB. M.}K Y j 0 '-IHi). L. deL a una y H np. Ho MeH{,lJ,Y TH5I ocooeuo ce OTnH'-IaBeTb naanara aBcTpHHCKH reonoaa Fer d. v. Hoc h s t e t t e r H F ran z To u I a, KOHTO Cb CBOHTt TpY,lJ,OBeH ocofieno noCne,lJ,HI1S1Tb, nOnOH{HIII1 OCHOBaTaaa csspereeaoro n03HaBaHe ClK Ha 6anKaHcKaTa reOnOrH5I. Xoxuierep-s, noxanem, na H3y'-lH reonorn-recaoro YCTPOHCTBO na H3TO'-lHa TpaKH5I aa npoexrupaanr-s »cerraaao nlKTHH nHH:.1H, npes s 1869 ron. nponx'ryaa rorrsna '-IaCTb OTb H3TO'-lHaTa nonOBHHa Ha 6anKaHCKI1S1 nenYOCTpOBb (LI.apHrpa,lJ,b. Onpa-re, 71M6onb, Byprac-s, I1HTocb, Kapaotiar-s, CnHBeHb, HOBa H Crapa-Sar opa), npoirana Ha nae MtCTa CbpHeHa-fopa (Crapa-Saropa=-Kaaaarn.m, H Kanocpepb-nnOB,lJ,HBb) H CTl1rHa ,lJ,OnnOB,lJ,HBb. OTb T03H rpa,lJ,b TOH ce OTnpaBH 3a CaMOKOBb, CnOXO,lJ,H PHnCKaTa nnanaaa, Ilynanua, Pa,lJ,OMHpb H npes s BHr ouia, crtese Bb COcpHSI.Xoxuierep s nporn.naor nlKTYBaHeTO CH KbMb TPbHb H BpaH5I H noxpaii MopaBa ce OTnpaBI1 sa 6tnrparrs.") TOH ce nonpe rrrspne ManKO,lJ,OEanxaaa H TO cano ,lJ,D IOH{HHTi; My nona npn I1HTocb, CnHBeHb, Kaaaum.xt, H CocjJH51. HerOBOTO Bi;w,o OKO He OCTaBH HHW,O He Ha6nlO,lJ,aBaHOno u,tnHSI nlKTb npes's KlK,lJ,eTOTOH nperanna, a npn roaa notipe CbYMt Kpl1Tl1'-1eCKH na ce Bb3non3YBa H OTb TpygoBers aa BCH'-IKHCBOH npe,lJ,WeCTBeHHu,H,na rH crrrotin YMtno Bb e,lJ,HO H aanece npH,lJ,06HTHTt peayrrr ar n BbPXY reonorasecxare CH xapra na H3TO'-lHH5I,lJ,tnb aa Esp. TypU,H5i (1870 ron.), EanxanCKaTa separa e npencraaena na Tb3H xapra cnopezrs H3,lJ,a,lJ,eHHTt H HeH3,lJ,a,lJ,eHHTt6eneH{KH aa 11. 6ye. <!Jep,lJ,.CPOHb Xoxuier ep s HH OCTaBH xpar-sx s HO xartaranesrs rpyrrs Bb nsa ,lJ,i3na, norrs sarnaaae : "D i e 9 eo log i s c hen V e r h I t,nisse des o s t l i c h e n Theiles des e u ro p a l sc h e n T i.i r k a i", npanpysceirs Cb reOnOrH'-IeCKH KapTI1. LI. HHH ClK H t reorpe-pa-recxar-s H aarpon. H3Y'-lBaHHSI aa T03H npocpecop s.

a

1) F. v. Hoc h s t e t t e r. - Geoloqlsche Relsenotlzen aus Thraclen. (Verh. d. k. k. geo!. R.-f\. 1869, p. 285-287). F. v. Hoc h s t e t t e r. - Geologlsche Untersuchungen in Rurnelien. aus Veranlassung der Vorarbeiten zum Bane der Tilrklschen Elsenbahnen. (Verh. d. k. k. geolog. R.-f\. 1869. p. 352-366).

13
Fh-paara '-IaCTb Ha XoXw,eTepOBOTO H EHOCb. : TOH ce g-EJ10 06eMa: Me>Kgy LJ,a" reorpa¢W-IeCKH ne-

I.
Ha neri,

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parparrs,

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1)

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nyocrpoe s, Bb H3T04HaTa BOHCl<aTaCHCTeMa, a BaHHSi.Bb cesepaara no

n0J10BHHa na KOHTO ce HaMl1pa

Sb aananuara '-IaCTb aa

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(Eoueacxa),

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parparrs
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na

aanarrs

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ce SiBSiBaTbcnanxoaornm

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no

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2) Epxeacxara
cpen-

KOTJ10BHHaHJ111 gOJ1HaTa KOTJ10SI1Ha aa Mapl1L1,a oopasyea HI1Sig-EJ1b na TpaKI1HCKI151 TpH}KrbJ1HI1Kb Cb TepLI,l1epHI1 06pa3ysaHI1Si. nrraHI1HCI<Heepara nonyocrpoa's Memgy

11 e 113nbJ1HeHb TO>Ke garb 11 KpaH6pe>KHHTt,

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e ¢11J1I1THaH e nparroxpare

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14
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15
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OTb BI1TOWa na-reaa BbPXY ce Ha H

Me3030HCKa OCHOBa. KbMb ,D,eTO ce H ; r-reprenu H nono11

KpHCTanonHCTSICTa pasnpocrapa Bct,!{Ll'\,D,e. cnenaar WHCT03HH BapOBHlJ,H Pa,D,OMHpb, (WHCT03HI1 rorrano H xopanua

K05lTO oxono OTKpHBaTb

Ilynnaua

Panor-ap s
nOCOKa. KaKTO OTb H

H ceaepo-sananaa KBaplJ,OBH

KpHCTanHHHH cxann, nt,cbYHHlJ,H.

Ha,D,bTt,Xb

s 4epBeHH

nO·BHCO!{O cnenaar

s

CHBO rrenennaa s. H

MVITH OTb TpHaCOBa m.apacr

THSI BapOBHlJ,H CLl'\ CbCTaKOH5IBa KIOCTeH,D,l1nb.

I'ono-E'spno,
nn.

MeH<,D,YFlepuax's nnacroae Oc06eHO

Bbp611Ha cnenaar neprena 06a4e.

MeH<,D,Y Pa,D,OMHpb

Ham,

THSI

s

IOPC!{H H xpenan 11 B~pOBHlJ,H. CBt,TflHTt,

nt,Cb4HHlJ,H, BapOBI1lJ,H. ce npo-

paanpocrpaneaae,

HMaTb

HepHHel-iC!{H

Hafi-nocne VI.

BbpXy

3ana,D,HOTO nO,D,HOH<He na

Bnroura

CTHpa BLl'\rnHLU,HaTa !{OTnOBI1Ha ua p aBC K H 51 n P e n t, n b. -nHCTSlCTb nperrarrs ua aanams nanaaxa H 11 I1rpaSlTb KOHTO CIK npOHHKHaTI1 Cb

LI, tspxaa

H MOWHHO. r 0 p n b 0 - M0 repena, KaTO

r 0 p H b 0 - M 113 11H C !{ 11T 1;j n n a H H H 11H
rHaHCHI1Tt, H OTb TPbHb, -re

HaH-BaH<Ha po ns Bb T0311 xpacranocpHnHTHHTt, npa TpaXHTHH H pHOnl1THH MHcnH. cxana, BpaHSI.

ceeepo-aanarrs np. Xoxuierep s

Erpa-

ropHbO'MH3HHCKI1T1;

D-r Ferd. v. Hochstetter. Die geologischen Verhaltnlsse des ostllchen Theiles der euro paischen Turkel. Erste Rbthellung mit einer geolog. Uebersichtskarte. (Jarb. d. k. k. geolog. R.-R. 1870. p. 265-461.

1) Prof

..

17
nnaHHHH, Wapb H nHHAYCb nHH,n,YCb, 06pa3YBaTb eAHO 6ye trsrro H H HMaTb

xapaarep's
npocrupa a spuraa

xa uenrpanaa
npeat, Cb

separa.
f\THKa

Cnoperrs

Baxeaerrs,
repe+re ce aaae ce sace

f<6TO ce H3KnlO4H AaJII1 C~lLIOTO BI1CO"lI1HI1.t) Ha ornocne HtlLlO enua

KpHCTanOWHCT03HHSI 11 Herpononr-s I<OSiTO Cb,n,bpma

Tecanas,

;

He

e H Bb rafinaua,

nHH,n,YCb.

BTOPI1S1Tb Atnb

H3MtpeHHTt

F

ran

z To

u

I a,

,n,OCTOHHHSIY4eHHKb Bb HaYl<I1Tt

aa

Xoxurererepa

H

HacneAHHKb aKaAeMI1Sl

Ha xarenpara aa Orb irsrrara

nonHTeXHHKaTa, reOnOrl14eCKOTO

noe spa 113Y4Ba·

BHeHCf<aTa rysa xaro rorrsxo aa

Hl1e Ha 6anKaHI1Tt. ner s nlKTI1 s MtcTa OTb neanecer

1875

AO 1890 rOA. OTb eAI1Ha

<P.
AO

Tyna ApyrHSI

nporrxKpat!.

6am{8HCKa H CbpHeHa Cb PHIla Bb

aepara ropa,

11 Ha no-seve KaKTO 11 4aCTb TpYlJ;OSe, ne4aTaHH Y4eHH npnnpyH B1;-

51 npoirana

He OCTaBI1 He3a4eKHaTa 6bIlrapl1S1 cb6paHO OTb 60raTCTBO,

OTb IOrO-3analJ;H8 npl1APymeHI1

nn.

TOH HH

OCTaBH AOCTa

H-Ef{onKO aKaAeMHS! e HManb spe ne no

KanHTanHH npO¢I1IlH, H aa 4eCTbTa na BTOPOTO, 11na npa

nOBe4eTO nl1lUYlLll1H

KapTM, Ta6nHu,I1,

Bb CC1I1CaHHSlTB H8

BHeHCf<aTa TI1S1 penoae s npea s nlKTYBaHe

APyrH

npyxcecraa,

maBEl Y4eHI1S1 npodiecop neTOTO My 11 noc nenae C~W,OTO spexe Ha uearpanaa pe3ynTaTI1 6anf<aHCKHTt flbPtH! npeai, 4aCTb OTb

TpeTOTO 6lKAe

6anK8HHT'B oc06eHO ryxa

pe+rs CBH,n,-ETenb ua nO'Be4eTO H aerom, 6bJIrapHSI. npl1Ao611TI1 3eMH. nlKTb Ha ce OTnpaBH aerycr
i,

OTb TI1H H3CJ1egBaHI15!; TOt! ei6HJ1b Bb H3Y4aBaHeTO 06lL111T-E ,n,aAeMb cano

CbTpy,n,HHKb HI1H ure npl1

MHorOKpaTHHTt

KPbcTOCBaHI1S1 no

BvtgHHb

9

CPo Tyna 1875 rozt.

aa 3analJ;HI1S1 6anKaHb, TOH nponz.ryaa ror aaa rrorn, nlKTYBaHe na rontMa TYPCI{O Tyna CJK OI<PJK311, Kal<TO

BHlJ;HHCKI1Si. CO¢I1HCKI1Si 11 TPbHCKI1S! KO~1T() 6txa TOBa OTb

11 OTb nHpOTCKI1S1 H HHWKH51, BllalJ;114eCTBO. Pe3YJlTaTI1Tt aane-rare an B1. nece
n,

u,eHHI1 CTan-!11 nom, sarnaane

: G eo I o-

gische

Untersuchungen

im

w e s t l ic h e n

Theile

') Ferdinand V. Hochstetter. Verhaltnlsse des ~ostlichen Theiles del" europalschen Mit einer geo log. Karte der Central-e- Turkel. (Jahrb. Reichsanstalt, 1872, 22 Bd. 4. Heft, p. 331-386.

Die geologischen Tnr kel, II Rbthellung. der k, k. geologischen

2

18
des Balkans und in den angrenzenden

r
,

::-

.

Ge·

b i e t e n.') H Bb BTOPOTOCH n.:KTYBaHe npes»

1880 ron. Tyna ce 6aBH naKb Bb sanamorrs 6anl<aHH H Moma OKOH"laTenHO na nOCTaBI1 C.:KW,11 iCI<I1Tl; OCHOBI1 no H3YlJaBaHeTO reorror asra na 6anKaHCKaTa BepHra; a ,11,0 ToraBa reOnOrH"leCKOTO YCTPOHCTBO aa Crapa-nnaaaaa OTb ManKHSI YiCKbPb na aanam, ,11,0 rpauauara H3 Cbp6HSI e 6Hno nOlJTI1 CbBceMb Hen03HaTO. 06W,HTt. pe3ynTaTI1 OTb THSIp,Be n.:KTYBaHI1S1no 3anap,HI1Tl; 6anKaHI1, ce HaMl1paTb H::momeHH Bb HerOBHTl;: G run d lin i end er G eo Jog jed e r we s t I j C hen B a I k a n, Bb xparxo THSI pe3ynTaTH C7i'\.cnep,Hv1Tl;: OTb KpHCTanHHHO'MaCHBHHTl;caana, THnl1lJeHb rpaua ru HMa Bb ceaepo-aananaas K.:KTb aa Btsnrapas. cesepno OTb 6l;norpap,lJHKb H Bb CB. HHKOnCI<HSI6. Bb rnaBHHSI rpefie-n, aa nocnenaas Banxan-s, Bb 6epl<OBCKI1S1 Erpononcxas, H aa PmaHa H np., ocotieno CJ!\.pasnpocrpaaeaa p,I10PHTO-Cl1eHI1THI1cxana.
I} Fr. To u I a, - I. Kurze (Ibersfcbt tiber die Reiserouten, und die wichtigsten Resultate der Reise (Sitzungsberichte der k, flkad. der Wissensch, in Wien, 72 Bd. 1875, p. 488-498). flkad. Fr. To u I a. - 11. Barornetrlsche 75 Sd. 1877, p, 57-72). Seobochtungen (Sitzungsb. d. k. Donau

t

~,

i
r~
t

I

I,

Fr. To u I a. und Timok (Sitzungsb.

Ill, Die sar m etlschen Rblagerungen zwichen d. k. flkad. 75. Bd, 1877, p. 113-145).

Fr. To u I a. - IV. Ein geologlsc!,es Profil von Osmanieh am f\rcer tiber den Svetl-Nlcola-Be lkan nach flk-Palanka an der Ni;ava. (Sitzungsb. d. k, Rkad, 75 sa. 1777, p. 465 549), Fr. To u I a. - V. Eln geologisches Profil von Sofia tiber der Berkovica-Balkan nach Berkovac. Fr. To u I a. - VI. Ein geolpgisches Profil von Berkovac nach Vraca. Fr. To u I a. - VII. Ein geologisches Profil von, Vraca an der lsker und durch die Isker-Schluchten nach Sofia. (Sttzunqsb, der k. flkad, 77. Bd, 1878, P, 247-317). J. N i e d w i e d 5 k i. - VII'1. Zur Kenntniss der Eruptlvgesteine westlichen Balkans. (Sitzungsb. d. k. Rkad. 79. Bd ]879, p. 138-182). des

! ,
!

Fr. To u 1a. - IX. Von. f\k·Palanca tiber Ni~, Leskovac und die Rui-Plentna bei Trn, nach Pirot. (Sitzungsb. d. k. f\kad. Bd, 81. 1880 p. 188-266), Fr. To u I a. - X. Von Plrot nach Sofia, auf den Vltos, tiber Pernik nach Trn, und tiber Stal nach Pirot. (Sitzungsb. d. k, flkad. 88. Bd. 1883, p. 1279-1346).

19
nOcne,[!HHT-S CI'h npOHl1l<HaTI1 OTb ,[!o6HI1 CKaJII1, CpO,[!HI1 Ha cxanar's, BI1TOuJa. Bb 60HCKI1Tt nopdmp», npa TpbHb ranrn (nane030HCI<I1T-S) WI1CTI1 11 np. Menaqmpb 11 aaneaaro-rro-

1<0l1TO onacaar

s

OTb

cesep's
Bb I<ap-

ce SlBSIBaTb Bb TtXb

11 ,[!110PI1TI1. a ,[!l1a6a3b,

11 4epBeHI1T-S TpaXI1TI1

n-SCb4HI1IJ,I1

Ha YiCKbPCI{I1S1 nporroers

:

Menacjmpb,

noprpapar-s,
OCI1I<OBO, Bb sarranHO Bb I<BaplJ,OBI1 apranocaxo Cb

Cl1eHI1Tb-nopcjJl1pb

I1Ma npa

11 H1 !O. 3. OTb Pyi1 nn. WI1CTI1 CI'h Tanl{OBI1

KpI1CranI1HHI1T-S HI-ITt. 6anI<OIHH; Tt.Xb I1Ma: XnOpI1THI1. Cb

rs spne

OrpaHI14eHI1

rHaHCI1 11 MHl<aWI1CTH He CI'h HaMtpeHI1, 11 I<BaplJ,OBI1 WHCTI1, 3eneHI1 WI1CTI1 H 6n-SCbl<b,

cj>l1 m1T 11 uiacr«.
OTb

CBl1neCTb

mne030HCI<I1T-S 4neHOBe. npa YicKbpa

06pa30BaHHSI,

Tyna

HaMepH

4aCTb OTb ropHHT-S aeaa oxono KynMcKH nnacroae,

Kepooacxata

CI1CTeMa e npencra-

U,epOBO 11 aa ror

s

OTb

TOBa cerro

Bb 1<0l1TO He CI'h P-S,[!KI1 paCTI1TenHHT-S ornen-SCb4HH WI1CTI1 ce HaM-spl1Xa oxono CI'hllJ,I1S1 1<0HCTaTI1pa ouie 113b ,[!onHI1H >KbnrH OTb Cb na 6-snorpa'[!4I1Kb nBCb4HI1IJ,I1, OCT6TblJ,l1. ne>K6Tb 11 4epBeHI1, ,[!116AO-rpl1a11 1<0HrnOMepaTI1 cnenear

4aTblJ,l1, ropaso C. Jhor anorrs, Bb

l<ap60HCKI1 a npa

1875 ron.
BbPXY

Walchi'ebu

Flepers

Cb

axrnauta

11 pacTHTenHI1

TI1S1 AI1CKop,[!aHTHo nt.Cb4H~1J,11

Kal<TO 11 6t.nl1 COBa Sb3paCTb.

Ham.
(Roth),

TtXb

s

nnacrose Bb en

Myophoria
!Orb I1Ma OTb rnasao OnneTHSI npa aa-

costata Zenk
06pa3HHT-S

1<0l1TO ce

orxpaaar»

6epl<OBCKHSI Banxaa s ; T0311 XOPl130HTb MeprenHI1 SapOBl1lJ,11 (Well npa TpbHb paanpocrpaueune 6t.norpaA4111<1:, Cb aa !Orb

Bpb31<a Cb BbnHO·

k a I k)
Bb

OTb rl1HCI<HSI n~OXOAb, 11 np. Cb

npu

Bb YiCKbPCKI1S1 npoxorrs,

B-SHelJ,b

Ha,[!b THSI ce HaMl1paTb Schloth. 11 Apyrl1,

I<PI1HOI1,[!HI1 BapOSl1lJ,11 1<0l1TO ce Bb aananaa

Retzia

trigonella

s spuiea

Tpaaca (npu Oceaoanax's KbMb Pacaua). 6bnrapHSI no-ropea's Tpaac-s Ht.Ma. Harrs TI1S1 cnenear s senaara cnopanasxo Fer auaua,
Melli,[!Y rI1HCi{HSI npOXOAb (Giganteus c ssepao (Cb

paaxaspnea«

nnacrose KaTO npn a npa nnacroae.

OTb !OpCKa CI1CTeMa, a I1MeHHO OTb Cpt.,[!HI1S1 nei1acb H COCPHSIH np., 11 OI<CCPOP'[!CKI1 norepcxa Bbp60BO,

Erpcnone Flpa

schichten)
OTb

CB. HI1KOJIa 113JII13aTb

M ManMCKH

06pa3yaaHHSI

Aspidoceras

acanticus, Oppelia
.

tenuiiobatai.

20
Oc06eHO paanpocrpaaeaa e xpennara : ceeep <j:>OpMa~I1S1. Tb HeSi O H HepHHei1cKH OTb aa Co-

Tyna

p83n03H8Ba

Bb AonHSI xpena

1) Kopanaa s

BapOBHlJ,H npa

Paoours,
KOMw,H~a

na

H ceaepo-sanam, BapOSHlJ,11 Cb H 6i;nl1Menb

<j:>Hi1cKaTa KOTnOBHHa.

2)
H

MeprenHH aa tor-s,

Crioceras
ceaep s 60HD. aa HtMa

Duualii
MeprenH

npa npa

OTb 6epKOBCKI1S1 TyHSI MemAY

Banxau:s.

3)

rOpHbo-HeOKOMCKI1 npH R6naHH~a 6i;nHHlJ,I1. oxono

6P11030i1cKH H ~06peBlJ,11 CneAI1Ti;

-lepenaurs. 6~pKOBHlJ,a He AO rmacrose TaMb

4) KanpoTHHcKI1
H BpalJ,a, npn

BapOBI1lJ,11 npn

5)

Op611TonHHcKH

Bpaua,

ropas HCKbpa

Kpena
H npa Orb

CJK carypnn

n!OH16pOAb

KYHI1HO. MeAI1TepaHCKI1 capMaTCI<H rtorrs Mi;cTa 06pa3YBaHHSI nnacroae Bb cano 113nl13aTb H"BI<OI1 6a-

MnaAI1S1 Tep~l1epb 6bnrapl1S1; aa Htl<OnKO

Bb aananua Kpai1 pi;l<l1ri;

nsoca.

Cel1HI1 KaTO L1,bpI<BeHCKI1S1I1Ma 11 l<a<j:>SlBI1 axrnuuia ; OCTaHanI1T-B KOTnOSI1HI1 Cli'\. acrrsnaea« Cb I<B8TepHepHl1 06pa3YBaHI1S11).

Cnerrs
Ha HawHTi; Ha I<a p r a BHASI CBtTb,

Toea Ha

<P.

Tyna

113nO}l{H

Bb

1882

rOA.

reonor

aara n e AKOSITO 113-

crpa .... Bb CBOSiTa reo H, 6 a II K a H C K 1151 Sb Bb nO-ManbKb H3H-WbPSO

nor 114 e C I<a n per non y OC T p o B b,
reorpadxxn Ma~a6b Bb

Fler epxanoear-a
neKCI1KOHb~.

Bi;CTI1S1, a rro-nocne, Ha 6pOKxaY30Ba TpeTI1 npes Ai;Ilb nli'\.Tb, ron. Cb Hero

Bb npnnoaceuaero

KOHBep3aUl10HeHb

Tyna

nx

ryaa Tome

~eHTpanHHSI r-eonorn-recxe Bb

Eanxan-s,
CKHlJ,a, Bb xapr a, MemAY

s 1884

f\BTOPbTb

aa

TaSi

CbrnaCl1e

Y4aCTSYBa

H3Y4E3aHeTO Ha T0311

OTb 6bnraPHSI HCKbPb Ha

11Bb CbCTaSSIHeTO Ha reonornsecxara na ceaep s OTb Banxana TOH A3 cr arne Tyna rpa npacrnrua HeAi;)lI1

KaTO nponx'ryaa ~i;nl1S1 nperrsrn, pi;I<I1Ti; H 51HTpa, npena 6bnrapl1S1. KpbCfocaMe

OTb BHeH3 Bb Bb TbPHOBO, cnony-n-xae na

5

aarycr's

nporp. Bb

OTb A-STO Cb

Hero

3aeAHO

neae n, nLl'rl1

6anK3Ha

11 ABa nli'\.TI1 CbpHeHa-ropa, aa eanerrs.

Ha'-lI1HaSi OTb TBbPAI1WKI1S1 ,[1,0 PI16apCKI1S1 npOXOAb

1) F ran z To u I a, Grundlinien der Geologie des Westlichen Balkan. (Denkschriften der k. Rkad. der Wissench. In Wien. 44. Bd. 1881, p. 1-56, mit I geologischen Uebersichtskarte des westlichen BalkanGebletes).

2) Fr. To u 1 a. - Geologische sel. (Peterrnanns Geoqr. Mittheilungen

Obersichtskarte 1882, Heft X).

der

Balkan-Halbln-

21
Pe3ynTaTl1T-B na 3aAPYH<HHTi:; MOraTb HH 113CneAMHH5I r axa xaapirs na npea ab uearpanaara r-s : WI1CTI1

4aCTb aa 5bnrapl1S1

ce pesroenrpa

Bt,
(rHaMeH,

ueHTpanHHT-B

Barneauu

s

Kpl1CTanl1HHI1Tt npOHI-II<BaTb CHanH,

aMClm60nowHcTI1, 11 rpaMaAHH

¢l1nHTI1)

epyrtxaro :

TI1BHH }tHmH

I<pI1CTanHHHO-MaCHBHI1 nl1M6yprHlb. n03HaTH Cb K'bMb Sb He eN.

rpaHI1TH, rpaHHTHTH, naneOJOHCI<H

He¢enHHb-6a3anTb.

repeun

ueHTpanHH5I H AOoxo no HO Bb noms Ta3H

Barrxam..
Tpaaco
aara CHCTeMil e npencraaena HaMt.CTa OTb TBbPAHu,a Bb TpeBHeHCl<HSI, BapOBHul1 : llOMI1THI1 BapOSHLJ,H, H3nbnHeHH 6alll<aHCf<HT-E rp~6eHH CI1CTeMa e 51CHa ouie KOHCTanfplHH Cb r aponopena, aenarrs ra6pOBCKH5I,

TpoCN. TI1S1

SlHCI<HSI TeTeSeHCf<H5I 5am<aHb. 11 H E:b CbpHeHa-ropa. WHCTI1. BlIpOSHTH 06pa3ysaHH5I MepaTI1 11nt.Cb4HH Kal<TO ab IOpCKaTa CHCTeMa oxorro TeTeseHb.

CN.UI,I1T-B n04TI1 OKOJIO

BapOBHlJ,H

Teresent,
ntcb4HI1UH, H Ha ab

113JIH3aTb 11'1epaeHH

xoarno-

3anap,HHSI

Banxa-rs.

raxa

lJ,eHTpanHHSI, no 11 OTb WHnKa ceaepao oxo no cnenaa

cnopanavao
OTb Bb

e pa3SHTa

MHor - Mi;cTa

BI1C04HHHTi; aa ce aept, HlIMHpa oxono CoqmJIapH, canso sa p sxa, Bb cptAHSIra Cb

Cotparrapa,

3anaAHO

AOnHI1S1Tb Jlejiact,

OTCN.TCTsyaa, Cp"tp,HHSlTb ce OTb e noxasam,

Tereaem.,
nenanexo 4aCTb

TPOSlHCIU1S1 EanKaHb, CHrypHO

a rOpHHI1 neHaCb OTb

BaTH¢opH

Tereaeu s.

TOH'b C'b xapaxrepaa MaUI151e MHoro

Bl<aMeHenOCTH oxorro H3 ceaepna pa3BHTa. Bb HeOKOMa HeOI<OMb

Benuara Fnosceue.

5bnrapl1S1, TYl<b

KpeAHaTZl ce

nO-A06pe KpeAJ.

OTI<OnKOTO Bb 3anap,HaTa SlCHI1 CN. npa e CptAHHSI Cb H

crdeneaana

MHor06pOHHH CptAHHSlTb

¢OCHnH.

pa3J1H4aBa 11 ropMepnpa KaTO OTb 30Ha a

,lIOJIH" H ropus HHSI XOPH30HTb. renaa f\6naHHua,

e npencraaesrs

BOPOBHUH ab

EneHCK:lTa

KJJI1cypa,

51KOBlJ,H, oxono l<aKTO pa3BHT'b

TPOSlHCVHSI vlaHaCTHpb, (HOBOCenCf<o). HnH 30Ha, rOpHHSlTb KaTO OTb rOpHSITa ce H npa no-notipe HaC04eHa

CK3HAanOTO, HeOKOMb f\pt-Urgonien H3TOl<b I<bMb 4aCTb H Ha

Ocrpeus
Urgonien aysa

11 ofipa-

uiapoxa
e

aanant.,
a pexaeaaa,

TbPHOBO KbMb CbCTaBeHa Bb AonHHTt. TS! e
nHlJaTb

p. BHTb.

yproncxar Ha

OTb TBbpp,11 sapOBHLJ,I1, 60raTH HaMHpaTb Cb MeprenH MHoro6pOHHH TbpHOBo, ¢OCHnl1,

MeprenHH Tb3H

nt.CbUH; KOHTO oco30Ha

H3nbnHeHa Ao6pe

Mem.QY

Requienia Drinoui
ce pasxpaaa

R. Louecensis.

6eHO

aa K0311porb

H oxono

r····.····; t
.........
,
,

f. ~
I

22
'nOBe4b. npa 3a anr aeac s a B3eMa

Tyna

BapOB~ITI-1Tt. niCb4HJ.1lJ,H M€prenHT-B

CBHLIJ,OBb, a raxa

CJKW,O B8POBHH1T-B cnojieae, KOHTO Bb aa BHTb

H n-BCb'lHHlJ,HT-B ropas paM K MHoro

Cb op6HTonHHH, OTb TOpOCb TbpHOBO.

6anl<aHCI<HT1; npenK"bMb H3TOKb, no-

ce npocrapar-s

Jloae-rs
Bb

KbMb

IJ,eHoMaHb Cb

CJK npH'mCneHI1

SapOBHlJ,HT-B, ManKO aa ioro-aanarrs

HnH OTb

rnHHeHI1, a Bb

Exogyra

calumba

Flrraaeirs,
Cb senanexo

TYPOHb

TBbpgHT'B

BapOBHLl,H, OT4aCTH MepreJlHH KOI1TO ce OTI<pHB8Tb

Inoceramus latus, Inoc . problematicus,
OTb

Flrrsaen-s.
a<jmbopHpa na p. aa 113TOKb OTb BHTb 6-Bna1a Kpai1 xpena 1'1 OI<OJlO nonnoope KbMb Cb OCbMb. sa nacaae H npn aa IOrb

CeHOHb HbOTO re-reaae e pa3BI1Ta nn-BBeHb.

oxorio KaKTO

HI1KOnOJlb. H

AYHaBa BHTb,

BbPXY gOJlHHSI

KOMapeBO

Ananchytes ouata, Ostrea uesicularis, Belemnitella mucronata.
Bb TpeSHeHCKHSI Eankam, game 6nH30 go

Llenepaua

113nl13aTb Tome Bb THSI

ceHOHCKI1 nnacrose, 'IaCH'! aa OTb

11 BJKrJlHW,HI'1Tt

nnacroae

Earrxaaa

eJK OTb ropas

Kpene.
Bb uearparnra

repuaepanr-s

06pa3YBaHHSI

Bt.nrapaa
HyMyCJKW,HT'B KOTJlO' BbPXY aa IOrb

ce HaM-BpI1Xa: EOlJ,eHCKH CI1TH03bpHeCTH nHTI1 oxono ne rporpadicxa BHHa, npa naara TbPHOBO; n-BCb'-lHHLl,11Cb gpe6HI1 Cb

Megl1TepaHCKH

nmICTOBe, aa ce

11 naJleOHTOIIOmKI1

6ene3H K8Tb

Bl1eHCKaTa pasxpnaa

Flrrasea s,
aa BbPXY

a

capMaTCKHSI KbMb

6p-Bra

HCKbpa

AYHaB8,

8 OrpaHH'-IeHO aa OCbMa.

OTb HI1KOnOnb, KbMb

::lanagHHSI 6p-Brb

Ksarepaepe B-BpOSITHO ce '-II1CJlSlTb, aKO He I<bMb rOpHI1S1 Tepunep-s, BCI1'-1KI1 OHHSI 06pa3YBaHI1S1 I<OHTO H3nbJlBaTb
Cocpl1MCl<aTa OTb KOTJlOBI1Ha 11 Bb KOI1TO ce HHMl1paTb KOCTI1 TI1HH, KOHTO YlcKbpa; TepaCHT'B 'IaKbJlHHT1; Cei1MeHI1 aa

Silurus

Serdicensis.
aa CB.

Al1nYBl1anHI1

CJK neuiepcxar-s

Cb KOCTH 11 3JK611 OTb nOKpHBaTb nona

Equuis
MoraTb na

caballus [ossilis
new,epa B3eMaTb ce KbMb

ROt,
Kpai1

Fparopaeaara Banxaaa

OTb c}!';LIJ,aTa Bb3paCTb no IOmHHSI CKJlOHb aa IOrb ua

ow,e

XaHHKboi1,

cxnanoee

OTb rai1KBOBLl,11 H OHI1S1 Hagb

nJKTSI KbMb gYH8BCKaTa

6'BJlHOB"bPXb, HanOKOHb nbocii. '-IaCTb aa cpanaa 6bnrapl1S1.

KOi1TO nOKpHBa Kpai1-

f\nYBl1aJlHI1

HaHOCI1 nOKpHBaTb

BCH'IKH p-B'-IHI1 gonHHI1.I)

') Fr. Toula. Geologlsche Untersuchungen im centralen Balkan und In den angrenzenden Geb.eten, (Sitzungsb. d. k. I1kad. 90. Bd. 1884.

Y13TO'lHHSiTb Banxaa's rtponxrysa <PpaHLI,b Tyna Ha ~Ba n~TI1, npeau 1888 H 1890 r on., Bb nocnennsoro CI1 nero nxTYBaHe TOH 384eHHa H 4aCTb OTb roro-aananaa 6bnrapHSi, OTb CoqmSi KbMb Pa~OMHPb, KIOCTeH~l1nb, ,LJ:ynHHLI,a Parra nnaH HI1Ha. Pe3ynT8THT-B OTb H3Y4B8HHSiTa npea s H1Si nocnenaa nxTyeaHI1Si (4eTBbpTO H nero), H3nO}f{eHH C;<i\.no~p06HO Bb nsa u,eHHI1 MeMoapH, ne4HaHH Bb CnOMeHH[~HT-B aa BHeHCH8Ta f\Ha~eMI1Si.l) Hanoxou-s Cb e~HHb TpeTH MeMoapb TOH aaatspura irsnara cepas aa CTy~I1HTt CH, HOHTO 6twe npennpaerrs Bb 6anKaHCI{I1Tt nperrarra OTb 1875 ron. 11 aanpaaa H8~ne}f{HHTi:; 3aKnI04eHHSi; I{bMb T03H aero a's nocnenem, rpyzn, aa CTPYI<TypaTa H HCTopHSiTa aa 6anl{aHI1 ri:; e npnnoxceaa 11 r-eonora4eCKaTa Hapra Ha 113T04HHSi6anl{aHb.~ ETO Sb I{P8TI{0 cpopMau,I1I1T'B 1(OHTOC~ npeacraaeaa Bb 113T04H:!Ta4aCTb aa naure ro OTe4eCTBO: OTb epynTl19HI1T'B cxana HaMHpaTb ce : rpaHI1TH, nopdiapa (CnI1BeHb). nOpcpHpHTH (F'sosex's) H aH~e311TI1 (IO}f{HOTO nO~HO}i{l1e Ha 113T04HI1S!6aJ1K8Hb). nOCneAHI1T-B C~ npanpyxcea«
p. 274- 308).

G. H. Z I a tar ski. - Beitraqe zur Geologie des nord lichen Balkanvorlandes zwischen den Flassen lsker und Jantra. (Sltzungsb. d. k. flkad. 93. Bd. 1886, p, 249-341). r. H. 3 n a r ape K H. - Feo nor. 113cneAsaHHlI Ha ceaepts OTb BanKaHa Melf{AYpi3KI1Ti3I1CKbPb 11 71HTpa. COq,l1l1 1888, crp, 1-108 (nepI10AI1' ... CKO CnHCaHl1e aa 6bnrap. e KHHlf{. APYlf{eCTSO, OrA-BnHO Hane'laraHO OTb 19-24 KH.). Fr. To u I a. - Geologische Untersuchungen lrn centralen Balkan. (Denkschr. d. k, flkad, 55. Bd. 1889, p. 1-108). G. N. Z I a tar ski. - Note sur la Geologie de la Bulgarie centrale (Bulletin de la Societe beige de qeoloqie de paleontcloqie et d'hydrologie T. Ill, 1889, p. 422-429), Rug. R 0 s i war. - Zur Kenntniss der krystallinischen Gesteine des central en Balkan. (Denkschr. d. k, flkad. 57. Bd. 1890, p. 265-322) . •) F ran z To u I a. - Geologische Untersuchungen im ostl ichen Balkan und in den angrenzenden Gebieten I flbth. (Denkschriften d. k. flkad. der Wissensch, in Wlen, 57. Bd. 1890, p. 323-400). F ran z To u I a. Geologische Untersuchungen im ostlichen Balkan und in anderen Theilen von Bulgarien und Ostrumelien. III flbth. (Denkschrlften d, k. flkad. der Wissensch in Wien. 59. Bd. 1892, p. 409-478). 2) F ran z To u I a. - Geologische Untersuchungen im ostllchen Balkan und abschlissender Berlcht uber seine geologischen flrbeiten im Balkan. Mit 1 geolog. Kartensklzze, (Denkschriften d. k. flkad. der Wlssensch, in Wien. 63. Bd, 1896, p. 277-316).

24
OK0J10 71M60JIb OTb aHAe:hITt-i11 11 nanllrOHI1THH (MenacpHpl1), TyCPH. OKono

Bypracs
Cl1eHHTb,

HMa asr ar-s-noptpapara a npn C030n0J1b crnonea

aBrI1Tb-CJlIOAeHb-

s-nopcpapar-s.
Bb CnHBeHCKHSI 6anK6Hb CJK AOnOMI1THI1T-B sa46MAepe, I<bMb

TpHaCOBaTa H Bb

cpopnauas

H3nl13a

IOH<HHT-BMy npenropns a nO-ManKO

: Hai1-lJeCTO

POB11 , lJ,l1

KSapLl,HTHT-B (6I1HI<OCb, ,lJ,eMl1pb-Kanl1S1, 6aJ1KaHb). Tyna

MaHApanbKb, BaWKI1 r errs, 11

IOH<HO OTb TBbPAHWKH B3e

CnHBC!Hb,

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XI1AP030I1T-B aa

Ko-

KOHTO

OTH'3lJanO n

L1,eHOMaHCIU1, xaro KbMb

napxepaa, dae'I1T-B1),

G.

S t e i n man

Sb3BbpHa

Heterastri11 nncnoBb

IOpcl<aTa

CHCTeMa 113nH3a cano Ha

Bb C6bplJeHHT-B

I<HpaHHT"BnpeA-Bnl1 BHAb xaro aa

H3TOlJHH5I 6anl<aHb. aa IOrb

TSI acpnbopHpa OTb

Il-BCb4HHLI,H Cb 6eneMHI1TI1 near axpauarem, HanOI<OHb

ECKI1-,D,H<YMaSl,

nei1acKH

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11 Cb AOrepC1<11 6eneMnpOXOAb

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Korerrs,

4ani'i'\KaB6WI<I1~

(KapCb

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Cb 6paXHOnO,lJ,HI1 neiiacoea cpopMaLl,I1S1e npencr aaeaa

BapOSI1L1,H. : a) Bb Bankaaa na

Kpenaara
MeprenHI1 CKaTa

HeOKOMCKI1 WHCTI1, xaro 30H6, ua ceeep's Bb

npom.nseeuae

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(Ta-ra)

11Xyi1saHb.

HeOKOMCKI1T-6 nnaCTOBe

npOKOAa,ceBepHO

OT~ npeCn6aCKI1S1

nnHHI1HCI<H MaCI1Bb. CJKTBbp,lJ,e C6bplJaUH. CI<H

KaTO yproacxo-arrrueu-

Ty na

B3eMa

e,lJ,HH BapOBHLI,H xar o KanpOTI1HCI<H BapOBHlJ,H(?) H lJani'i'\KaBaWI<I-1T-B nnaHI1HCKH aeparn, npu a raxa

OTb cnHBel'O;~iT-B

Ci'i'\W,O H Op6J.'10nHHCI<I1T-B nnacrcs rar
i,

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nOCne,lJ,HH5IT~ KaTO AOKa3aHb H-BKOnI<O M-BCTa Bb Bb

onHTHH K8Hb.

4anJKKaBaWRI1S1 H6 ceeep a

EanOTb

Kpena

e xoacrarupana CpOAHH xaxro H6

cpnHW6

s

Korerrs
Cb

6HBaJ1BH H

Ostrea uesicularis,
MeH<,lJ,y 6-6na

MeH<,lJ,Y -

6Y1HKOCb

CapJK5Ipb.

11 Cnl1BeHb

MeprenHH

I1HOlJ,CPClMyCOBI1BapOBHlJ,H, KaRTO 11 Bb nO,lJ,06HI1 CKanH ce BHH<,lJ,aTb H 6) Bb BbPXY

uearpanIOH<HH5I

HI151 Eanxams. CKnOHb aa

Bbp6HWKH5I

Banaau s.

npeA6aJ1KaHCKHT-B npe-

,lJ,-BnH ,lJ,OnH5IKpena 11 Bb BHAb aa I<OMCI<~T-B MeprenH

e pa3BI1Ta

,lJ,BY5lKO:KaTO CP11l1WRI1 cpaLl,HeCb

MeprenHH

BapOBHLI,I1 Ii WHCT03HH OCHosaTa UJYMeHb

xeprena.

HeonnaTO,

113nl13aTb Bb OKono

Ha I<peAHOTo

I

Bb

rOIl-6MH

npOCTpaHCTBa

H npOHI11<BaTb KbMb

') D - r G. S t e i n man n. Uber trladlsche Hydrozoen vorn ostlichen Balkan. (Sitzungsb. d. k. Flkad. wissensch. in Wien. 102. Bd, 1893,

p.457-502.

,. ,
,

i

r

IOrb Sb <l>nHwKHSI npen'hn 6epHaCKHSI XOPH30HTb MeHb XOTPHBCKHSI KaTb KaTb, CbCT8BeHb raspne 60raT2I Pyce OTb SapOSHL\H, HaH'A06pe AO 6apeMCKHSI Tl1nb

s.

TYKb

e

npeACT2IBeHb 6am<aHb, H

OTl.J2ICTH illy6apeMCKHSI

Bb AepaeHTCKHSI Cb THnH4HH ca's rna e pa3BHTb ¢ayH2I, MeprenHH oxono

a oxono

BK8MeHenOCTH.

OTLJaCTH WI1CT03HI1 H CbAbp>K8 oc06eHO <DpaHU_HSI. pel{BeHHI1 Tyna KOHTO

Paarpan's
Ha IOH<Ha

¢OCl1nHa

KOSITO ce npH6mlH<aSa sapOBHU_11 Cb rOpHI1H

Bb annHHCKI1S1 Atnb yproackar-s , KbMb Manapa, nOAb Cb raxa rrpa nnacroae

Oxono

Ci'i'\. pa3BI1TH

H op611TOnHHCI<I1Tt a KbMb rOpHI1H

UeHOMaHb ntcbLJHI1IJ,I1,

npI1411CnSlSa BapOSHll,HTt TYPOHb nnaro a sapecrs. na ¢nl1wa npH nOCnenHI1S1 rpaAb HHSI. illYMeHCKOTO ropuo-ceaoacxa

Ha H3TOl<b OTb illYMeHb, ceHOHCKHTt 6tJ1l1 H Bb o6pa3ysa·

CI1TH03bpHeCTHTt e nOKpl1TO a Sb

H3nl13aTb

BapOBHU_11 OTb CptAHSI-rOpa Tt e

Cl'iWl,O H npOBaAHHCKOTO.

B'sapacrera
xpenaa npa oxono

Eanxana
na nepe MHoro 6nl130

H CTapO·TepIJ,HepHa. Ci'i'\. HaMtpeHI1 Bb 6. cpnl1W2I 11 Cenl1AH<e na MtcTa. Ci'i'\.n03H2ITI1 H npa MeH<AY ra6pOBO H 11 T1:PHOBO ntcbl.JflHU_H npa 6ml30

HYMynl1TH TbPHOBO,

Cr

"Pb ,,'1He

Cnl1BeHb

(? I), FsoH

3eKb Bb f\naAI1Hb; nHTI1 I1Ma KbM'b

HyMynHTHH sanarrs na eue

sapOBHU_H OTb ce cxene

noxa-

33HI1 Ci'i'\. LO OTb paao

Bapna
H3MI1pa Sb aa

re6eA>Ke

Ci'i'\.Ul,HSITb ntcbYHHKb ouie 11pH cnanart, npa '{eur

npOS8,ll,I1SI 38J1I1Bb.

(.D->K113AapKboi1) H e 60r8Tb EOlJ,eHb

HyMyITI1TI1 H aITBeOJ1I1HH. HyMY6ypr8cKHSI ceaep s npa 11 Si'i'\.rJ1I1Ul,HI1Tt 06pa3ysaHI1SI OTb 6tJ1aH2I s;

BtPOSITHO

Bb Cnl1SeHCl<l1SI 6.

MaHApanbKb

'lewmm.
,lJ,onHbo·onHrOL\eHCKI1 IO}!{HHSI 6ptrb r sxaara ¢aYHa 60raT2I oxono aocnaacxara, H L\HpeHCKI1Tt 4ewmfl1 IIHePb ¢aYHa apancxara LJaMAepe Meprenl1 Ci'i'\. nJ1aCToBeTt esepo, HH MyrpHcb, OTb aa BlSIKbOHCKOTO e nOA06Ha H np. npn npa 3anaAHO repnancxara, H npa

Bypraa
exarepa-

vJlI1rou_eHCl<a K~pMeT J1HKb.

e cnanxoaonaara LJHMYCb, C)I\Ul,O onaro6tnas OTb HanOKOHb

IOpeH;~H<HKb

lJ,eHCKH c.)I\ ¢OCI1J1I1Tt, H EHHl<bOH npa MnaAHSI

KOHTO e cb6panb (CnHBeHCIW), aa s IOrb repuaep

X. Caaep

CbMHHTeneHb cnaAaTb: aa

e CTapHSI repOOJ1I1TH H aapono ceeep s H

CTapo-OptXOBO

OTb KaMYHSITa. MOPCKHTt aa LJOKpaKCI<HTt

KbMb

BapOBHIJ,H npa BHIIH Bb KPHMb;

Bapua,

eKBHBaJ1eHTHH

CnaHI10AOHCKI1Tt

06pa3YBaHHSI

IOrb OTb B2IpH2I H capMaTCKHTt,

KOHTO ce npOCTHpaTb

~t·

26 nero nnaro cesepao
H npa MaHacnlpKboH H 6ml3o H8 OTb BapH8 KbMb 6aJl4HKb ;Ci"l\.ll.\HTt. HMa
H3nH-

H MeceMBpml. YCTHeTo aa ua

Flpa KasInI1H H ni"l\.,D,H<a Bb

Byprasxo Flnprocs
nOKOHb THJlyCb

KaM4HSlT8 Sb 4epHo-Mope

3aT'h 4aKbnHH

aacnarw, nO)J,06HI-1 sanarrs OTb Pyce -

Beneenepcxwr

s,

a Cb

npu

KOHrepl-1HCKH

HaCJl8rH.

HaMHnporoo

Bb MnagHSI r epuaept, npM BapH~

CfK cxecreun e

nt.Cbll,HT-B BbPXY

KpaHD,YHaBCKOTO paeuauie J1t.MH KB8repHepHM HMa

noxparo

ront.MH

CTpaHCTSft Cb J1bOCb, Bb KOHTO ce HaMMpaTb

OCTaTbl.l,M orb

Mn1:.KOnHTalOUJ,H. BbPXY 6anK8HCKM5I q,nMWb M30nMp8HM 6nOKOBe M OCT8Tbll,M OTb OTb CTapH H Mna,nM epynTMBHM

pasxe-spnana

pasnpo-

6eHM KOHrJ10Mep8TH HepHH 06pa3YS8HH5I. rar
t,

CK8J1M; r a

HanOMHSlTb ua eK30TH4HHT'B 6J10KOBe Bb

Kapnarnr

a H Ci"l\.xaar ep-

Haii-rtocne
rBbp.ne na

xar'o

MOPCKM xaarepaep

s MOOib

na ce

saenar-s,

Mn8)J,YlTi; aacnar n, 6aJ1l<aHCKHri; OpHrl1HanHH xapra

3anaAHO

BapH8

SbPXy

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aa )J,eSHeHCKOTO eaepo. 3eMH, <:Pp. Tyna

CJ1e)J,b nponwryaaue cHa6)J,eHb na Cb ront.Mb ZM ua

s OTb

MaTepMaJ1l1, KaTO 11 M3cne)J,B6HMS1Ta OTb IOH<H8 Bb 11 113TOYHaCbPuanane Ha C I<H I.J, a

B3e 38 OCHOB8 XOXll.\eTepOB8TtJ. reon.

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Pel

H. San

ner-a

sa
sa

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6bnrapHSI,

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6MSI 11 HawaTa

1890
neua

ron.

r

p;v:.KOnI1CHa xapra 114 e C KaT a 11SI H Bb "reOnOr114eCKH enao rap

e o nor

A

H aBC K a

6 "b n

y-

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y Men H SI, CbnpOBO-

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s",

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rrspso

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c;v:.w,11 reonOrJ.14eCKM o-reps s, Cb He3HaLIHTenHO Bb Kp8S1 M B"b RHHraTa aa ,D.-pb KOHCT. 2). rOA. xaaro Tyna H cb6pa OTb crapo H3b H-EKOH anyoxonH3b yproHCI<I1Tt. EbnrapMSI SapOBMll,M,

"KHS1H<eCTBO6bnrapMSI"

Haii-nocne

npes-s

1892

H

1898

HOBH naJ1eOHTOnOWKI1

MarepHanM

OTb nOHTI1HCKHTt. 11 neBaHTMHCKHTt.,

BManHMTt. o6pa3YBaHI151 BbKpaHAYHaSCKa

1) F. T 0 u I a. Reisen und gaolog. Unterslchungen in Bulgarien. Vortrag gehalten den 19 M~rz 1890 In Wien (vortraqe des Vereins zur Verbreltung naturwiss. Kenntnlsse in Wlen. XXX Jahrgang-Heft 16)_ 2) D - reo n st. I ire c e k, Das Fur stenthum Bulgarien. Wien 1891, p, 12-30. A'pb KOBCT. Hpe'ieKb. I{H5PKecTBo 6blIrnplHI. '-'SCTb I, npeaena EK. Repesenoae, nnOBAHB'b 1999, CTp. 14-37.

---------------- .......27
HOCHlTt H8 CHnHCTpa H Pyce.t) Cb rosa ee 3aBbpWB8 Heroaara A1;MHOCTb8"0 6bnrapH5I. 3a pa6onnt. na OCTaHanHTt. l.Iy>KAeH~H reonoaa, KOHTO ex nonpaaecna no H-t~O se reOnOrH4eCKOTO H3YLJBaHe He! HaWHT'B 3eMH, eTO ~O Mome Bb KpaTKO na ce Kame. Cap t. T. Fl. B. S p rat t npa pa3rnemAaHeTo reonoraueCf<HT"S yeno'3l151 Ha yepHOMopCKHSI6ptrb, OTb HOCb EMHHe KbMb KIOCTeHAm8, npt-s s e YCTaHoBHnb eoue acxa+a HyMynHTHd cpopMau,H5Ina sanam, OTb Bapaa H 0651CHI-1nb eCTeCTBOTOHa KaMeHHTt. cTbn60Be npa f\naAHHb H oxono re6eAme; .0.0npena Hero anerrseno e MHeHHeTO aa Ten n s x 0 B a, Koiho rH e onacearrs KaTO retienxceacxn pa3sanHHM.2) Bb npenaa r HTenHOTO eH H3BeCTHe aa reOnOrHYeC!{OTO H3YYB8He na ,lJ,06pYAmd K. Pet e r S fOBOPH MHMOXOP,OMb. Ie " npa Pyce e ae Mt.pHnb BepOBHIJ,H,nOAo6HH Ha AHu,epaTHHTt., JlepHHei1cKHT-B H KopanoBHTt. OTb rOpH5I IOpa, a CHTH03bpHeCTHT'6 BapOBHll,M npH Kpacea e Ha' p. nOMb TOI1 npHl.IHCnSlS8 HbMb capMaTCKHT'B.3) n ox Ha6moAasanb Bb IO>KHa 6bnrapHSI cneAHHT-B <p0pMall,HH: )J,esoHb npa WHnKa H Crapa 3aropa (BJpOBHll,HT'i;), rpuac-s npa ra6poso. nel1aeb-BapoBHll,HTt. OT b ABeT'B CTpaHH aa WHn4aHCKH5I npoxoms, Eouesn, Bb Ka3aHnbwKH5I 6aceHHb H MHOll,eHb npa Kepar arnaa, FlnysHH 5b TpaKHHCI{OTOnone, sb AOJlHHaTa aa TYHAma H np. Pd6oT8T8
1) F r. To u I a. - Geologische Beobachtungen auf einer Reise in die Gegend von Silistria und In die Dobrudscha Im Jahre 1892. ( .Jahrbuch d. k. k, GeoJog. Relchsanstalt, 1904. 54. Bd. 1, Heft. p, 1-46).

Flpeas 1866 rOA. f\. Len

Fr. To u I a. - Neue geologische Mitheilungen aus der Gegend von Rustschuk in Bulgarien. (Neues Jahrb. fOr Miner., Geologie und Palaeontol., Jarhg. 1900, I Bd, p. 29-47). 2) Cap t. T. R. S. S p rat t. - On the geology of Varna and its vlclnIty, and of other parts of Bulgaria. (The Quart. Journ. of the geolog, Soc. of. London. Vol. XII. 1856. p. 387- 388). Cap t. T. R. B, S P rat t. On the geology of Varna and the neighbouring parts of Bulgaria. (The Quart. Journ, of the geolog. Soc. of London. Vol, XIII. 1857 p. 72-83). B Ii I{ T. Ten n $I I< 0 B b. - nHCbM8 Iflb Bonrapla (nHCaHbl eo epeM'I
HOMnaHiH

1829 rona).

MOCKBa

1833 .

•) K Pet e r s, - Vorlauftqer Bericht fiber elne geologische suchung der Dobrudscha. (Sitzber d. k. Rkad. der Wlssensch.!n I. Bd. 1864).

UnterWlen,

28
H8 Lennox BbPXy reonorasra H8 enaa '-I8CTb OTb IOH<Ha5bl1rapas Xoxurerep's xepaurepaaapa KaTO HCTHHCIH1KYPH03b.1) F. Foetterle H Fr. Sc h r o k e n s t e f n ClK npenrrpuena reonoraxecaa H3cneAB3HI151 Bb ueurpanuar a 4aCTb ua 6bnrapHSl; rrspeaar s OTb Haxonorrs KbMb nntBeHb 11 f\6naHHLI,a, a BTOPHS!T"b OTb Pyce npea e TbPHOBO KbMb TptBHeHCKHS! H FafiPOBCKHS! Eanxams, ¢bOTepne Bb eKCKyp31151Ta I1 npbBb e KOHCTaC rnpanu II MeAI1TepaHCKI1xar-s oxorio Flrraee-rs, norrs Koi:ho e cnenBaJ1b ropxso-xpenem, BapOBI1Kb, B3eTb OTb na-iano sa eOLI,eHCHH, a KbMb Banxaua nom, Hero H311113aTbOp6HT0J1I1HCHHn13· Cb4HI1LI,I1,11 norrs T"5Xb HanpOTI1HCHI1 BapOB!1LI,H. Hai1-cTapJ.151 4l1eHb .0.0 KO~1TO TOH e AOCTHrHal1b npn C. f\61iaHHLI,a e 611l1b HeOKOMCKI151 aTb.2) WpbOKeHw,ai1Hb nbKb CHI1~Hpa nporpana K OTb .D.YHaB8 .0.0 Banxaaa, H ce cr apaii na onperrsna Bb3paCTbTa aa 6aJ1KaHCKHTt BlKrl1l1w,a; HaH-nbpBO TOH 1-11B3eMa sa neriacoaa, a cnem, rpn MeCeLI,a, npa aropa excxypaas, CJi<.W,H5I rl1 onHCBa KaTO Kap60HCHl1.~ f\. Pel Z l13cneAB8 eOLI,eHCHHTt 11 ueoreacxar a otipaayaaHH5I oxono ropuscro Te4eHI1e ua Mapl1LI,a H npocnena pasnpoCTpaHeHHeTo ocofieno Ha .jnbpSI1Tt OTb AseT13 CTpaHI1 aa ras p'sxa, HaHTO 11 Bb TpaXHTHI1T-B MaCI1; TOH Onl1CBa raka CJi<.W,O 11 reOnOrl14eCKOTO YCTPOi1CTBO aa 4aCTb OTb POAOmll t. nJ1HOu,eHCKI1Tt 06pa3YBaHI151 OKOJlO Hosa-3aropa nenpaaanao saer-ra 3) xaarepnepua 11 HaM·nocne HI1 nasa HtKO~1 nJi<.THI1 nerporpacpCKH 6eneH<KH OTb ueurpanna 6bnrapl151, Pyce, TbpHOBO. fa6pOBO .0.0 Ka3aHnbKb.4)
I) R. Len no x. lie, London 1867 . Rapport sur la Geoloqie d'une partie de la RumeGegend d. k. k. und d. k

•) Fr. Foe t t e r I e. - Die geologlsche verna Itnisse der zwischen Nicopoll, Plevna und .Iablanltza in Bulgarien (Verhandl. geolog. R.-R. 1869, p. 187-195).

F r. Foe t t e r I e. - Fosstllen aus der Gegend zwischen Plevna Jablanitza am nordllchen Gehanqe des Balkan in Bulgarien [Verhandl. k. geolog. R.-R. 1869, p. 373-37a).

3) Fr. S c h roc ken s t e i n. - Geoiogische Notizen eus dem mittleren Bulqarlen, ( .Jahrb, d. k. k. geolog. R.-R. 1871, 21 Bd., p. 373-279). geolog. R.-fl. Fr. S c h r () c ken s t e i n. - Vom R.-fl. 1871, 22 Bd., p. 234-240). <) fl. Pel z. 1872, p, 313). Aus der europalsche Szipka-Balkan, Turkei. Jahrb. d. k , k,

(Verhandl.

d. k, k. geol.

29
Bb

nx ryaanaara

CH no

ceaepna

H IO}!{Ha 5-:cnrapHSI Ha6nlOAeHHSI

K. v.
OTHO-

F r its C h H3b
CIHiS! Banxam.,

H a I I e H3HacS! AOCTa stPHH
oca4e TOH e

CvITenHO Me3030~kl{ylTt OTb CeAI1MeHTapHaTa

06pa3YBaHI1S1 Bb TPOSlHCKI1S111 F'aopoa-

xoraro
Eanxaaa

TSI

cepas npennyuiectaeuo
npaaoci,

aaxnoaem, na B3eMe rorrsxa 4aCTb ua CbpHeHa-ropa aa nane030HCKa,
e ropnso-xpenaa.") e aanpaaarn, aa 0 San KbMb Fr. reonorasra n e r,
11

,lJ.O:Ta Sa}!{eHb WI1n1<a-71HTpa KbMb

aa no

11 aa POAOnCKI1Tt npes s orb

nnaHHHI1

Hug

Me}!{AY

CnHBeHb,

Bb uenpara nn110lJ,eHCKI1Tt

Ha POAOnl1Tt

nIKTS! OTb nnOBAHBb HaMtpeHI1 4aBanb na fOrb ow,e

Cspaeaeropa

Ka3aHnbKb.2)

T h. F u C h s e 113Y4aBanb HI1TS 31K611npn KiKTI1Hd cesepao HtKOH fOPCKH COCPI1S1 11 5)

MntKom1TalOw,l1, To u

Ho aa-Saropa

~),

a

Ia

cb6paOTb

OTb COqH1S!,4) CJiUlJ,I1S1Tbe 113ycpOCHnl1, cb6paHH OTb sananaa ceaepuo 5bnrapHSI

Pyrgulifera

Pichleri

R. Pel z. - Die Maritzalhaibahn. parsch en Turkel. (Verh. d. k. k. geolog.
R. Pel Maritzalhale. p. 284-294).

Geologlsche Profile aus der euroR.- R. 1873. p, 61).

z. -

Ueber (Jahrbuch

das Vorkommen tertlarer Bildungen im ober en d. k , k. geolog Reichsanlstalt, 1873, Bd. 23.

R. Pel z. - Ueber das Rhodopt!-Randgebirge sudllch und sudostllch von Tatar-Bazardzjik. (Jehrb. d. k. k. geoiog. R.-R. 1879, Bd. 29. p. 69. R. Pel 7., - Quartarformalion in Thraclen. (Verh. d. k. k. geolog R.:-f1. 1879. p. 248-252), Fl. Pel z u n dE. H u s sa k. Trachitgebiel Jahrb. d. k, k. geolog R. R,. 1883, Bd. 33. p. 115-130). FI. P e i z. - Reise· Notlzen geolog. R, -R. 1883, Bd. p, 115. aus Mittelbulgarien. der (Verhandl. Rhodope d. k. k.

') K. v. F r II s c h. - Betrag zur Geognosle des Balkan. Vertraq , gehallen in der Sllzung der nalurfor schenden Gesellschaft von 15 November 1879, p. 1-10) . •) H: San n e r , - Beltraqe zur GeologIe (Zeitschr. d. deutsch. geol. Ges. 1885. p. 470-518). F r. T 0 u I a. Ueber Balkan gesarnmelte Fossilien. p. 519-527) . einige von Herrn H. (Zeltsch, d. deutsch, der Balkanhalbinsel 1m SIivenges. 1885, Saugethlere 1879. p. 49).

Sanner geolog.

•) T h. F u c h s. - Ueber neue Vorkommnisse fossiler von Jeni-Saghra in Rumelien etc, (Verh. d. k, k. geolog. R.-R.

,) F r. T 0 u I a. Zwei neue Saugethierfundorte auf der BalkanhalbinseI. (Silzungsb. d. k. f1ka:l. d. Wissensch. in Wien. 101. Bd. 1892. p. 608-615). ,) F r, To u I a. - Der Jura im Balkan d. k. Rkad. 102. Bd. 1893, p. 191-206). nordlich von Sofia. (Silz.

30
H Bb raCb;l) 6311SCTHepara npa en H KaSll1HH no l1HHHSlTa 71M6011b-6ypn C~

P.. v.

K

0e

n

G. S t

e in

man

onperrsnana

H

OnHCa111-1, rn.paasr-s Bb MyrpHcKHTt. P030H H3b KOTe11b.3)

AOl1HbO a

cane«,")

OTb

onaroueacaar-s ¢OCH11H, cb6paHH UJ,aHHMaHb ropaso-rpaacoear s XHAS. B r u sin a HMaMe H306pa3eHH Ht.· F\. Ro
s

K011I<O11eBaHTHHCKH HOBH ¢OCH1111 OTb CO¢I1HCKaTa I<OT110Bl1Ha.4)

J. C. A
JOB.

NiedzwiedzKi,f»

iv

a l.P}

E. Hu

ss a

k,") M.
a cne-

11H H lj 8) C~

113Y4aB3.11Hnerporparpcua H POAom1Tt., H 1) 11

Ht.KOI1 KPHCTcl11HHHI1 OTb npyru, ce

CKa1111 113b

6a11KaHI1Tt.

cb611paHH

M.

}I{

Y JOB

C. Y p
no

0 ill e B H

t;

6aSH1111 C~ BHKeHe110B8 Typu.HSI npea's

U.H311HOCb sa spene nbpBI1S1Tb

H3Y4BaHeTO

nerporpe-pceera

c611pKa,

eKCKYP3HSlTa My OTb Tt.Xb e

Esponeficxa
a

1947

r.

H3C11eABanb

MHKpOCKonCKH

aY11KaHH4eH

CKI1Tt. CKal1H

113b POAonHTt.,l)

KpI1CTan011HCTSICTHT-t cKa1111 H3b

BTOPI1S1Tb rpaHHTOI1AHI1Tt. PYMel1HSI H 6bnrapHSI.2)

t) F r. T In Westbulgarien.

0

uIa (Rnz.

Notlz UBer d. Wiener Rkad.

P I r 9 u I I fer 1889. XIii).

a

Pic

hie

ri

•) R. v. K 0 e n e n. (lber die unteroliq von Burgas, (Sitzungsb. d. k. F\kad. d. Wlssench. p. 179-189).

acane Fauna der Mergel in Wien. 102. Bd. 1893, Hydrozoen (Sltz. vorn d. ostlichen

3,

G. S t e i man

n. -

Ueber

triadische

Balkan und ihre Beziehungen zu ji.ingeren Wiss. in Wien. 102. Bd. 1893, p. 457-502). tertiaria Serbiae

Forrnen.

k. Rkad. d.

,) S. B r u sin a. - lconoqraphia molluscorum fossilium in tellure Hunqarlae, Croatiae, Slovonlae, Dalmatiae, Bosntae, Hercegovlnae, et Bulgariae inventorum. Zagrabiae 1902, F\Tnacb C'b 30 Ta511. des

') J. N i e d z wi e d z k i. - Zur Kenntnis der Eruptiv-Gesteine west!. Balkan. Denkschr. d. F\k d. Wiss. 79. Bd. 1879, p. 138-182).

6) F\. R 0 s i w a I. - Zur Kennlniss der Krystallinischen Gesteine des centralen Balkan. [Denkschr. d. k. F\kad. d. Wissensch. 57. Bd. 1890, p. 265-322).
7) F\. Pel

Jahrb.

z u n d E. H u s s a k. - Das Trachytgebiet d. k. k. geolog. R.-F\ 33. Bd. 1883, p. 115-130).
Epyrrrasue CTeHe y OK01lHHH

der Rhodopa.
Cocj>Hje. (Teon.

") M. C. D H H H h. -

F\HaJlH Ean«.

nonyocrpoaa,

II, 1890. p, 121-168).

M. C. JJ. H H H t. - H 5I<0,1HKO KpHCTa1laCTI-IX WKpH1IaLla aananua Bynrapcxe. (Feonor. PtHanH 6a1lK. n01lYOCTpOB1l, 1891. p. 177-205).

t) J.
BynKaHcKHx

M. >K crena

y

JOB

Ii

t., npeTXOAHa
nnaaaaa.

5e1leWKa

0 Baxeuenoao] Cpn. rec1I.

35HPU,H ADYWTB2I

e POAonCKl1x

(3anHcHHLlH

1898, 6p. 7). 2) C. Y P 0 1U e ~ M ii. np~TxOAHa 6enewl(CI 0 eHKeHenoEloj 36HP~H

r
,
31
QTb npbBb JOB.

4

U B H j H 1) SbPXy H t) aa

a npareseaaaere nnaaaaa, nnanaaa,

.o,tnHH H sa H

CTy.o,HH, aa TeKTOHHaOTb H3TOl.JOCTPOSb Launay axrnauia H2ICb HaH-

HtKoraWHOTO

aanensaane

Ha Puna ras

l.JHHTO CJleAH TOH np"l) norrs aa de

e OTKpHnb Ha

cxuro

xara
JOB. Hint

POAOnCI<HSI MaCHBb, }f{

Ha 6anl<aHHTt

M.

Y JOB
H npn

-

a

sa synxaacxara

06Jl~CTb CTpyl<Typa

Banxaaa Flpes s

CB. f\HacTacHSI

reonoraxecxara Eypr ac s.")

nocnenuar

s

rOAHHH

(1904-1906)

L..

nane aaxrnoxeuaara Bb l\eHTpanHI1S1

CI1 aa 60raTCTBOTO 6:.lJll{aHb

Ha l<aM!:"HHI1Tt

11 nora spna

I1CKa3aHOTO OTb

MHeHHe aa ropaso-cenoackare

11Mb Bb3paCTb.

Heroaara
J.1

rpaH~TOHAHHX CTeHa H KpHCTaJlHCTHX (3anl1cHI1Llft

urxpanaua

H3 PYMenHja

6yrapcHa

Cpn, Feon, ApywTBa
p 0 ill e B H h. H

1898, op, 2),
CTeHa H KPI1CTflnl1CTI1 illHPI1J1L1H (reOJlOWKIol f\tlanl1

C. y

rpaHHTOI1AHa

113PYMeJll1je

6yrapcKa

(3011pHa R. Vlquesnel-a),

Banx,

nonYOCTpOBeI, KH. VI. Kpan.

1903, n, 227-271).

') J. L\ B H j H t.. - Tparoaa CTapHX r nexepa Ha PHnl1. (Tnac Cpncxa f\K8A' 54, 1897, p. 1-405). J. C v i j i ii. - Des Rilagebirge und seine ehemalige Vergletschernng. (Zeitschr. d. Ges, t . Erdk , Beriln 1898. t. 33. p.201-253. 9" _~;J. C v i j I
(Rnn de Geogr.

e, -

l.'epoque
Uber

glacialre

dans

Ie penlnsule

des

Balkans.

Paris

IX, p. 359-372). die tektonische Vorgi!lOge nnaHHHa in der Rhodcpemasse, 6anKaHcKaro mit der Florry-

J. C v I j I c, (SUz. d. Wiener flkad.

105, 1901).

J, L\ B 11j 11h. - CTpYI<Type 11 nonene ocrposa. (Tnac, Cpn. Kp. f\HaA. 63, 1902 J. C

v

ij i

e. der

Ole und

Tektonik

der

Balkanhalblnsel
in der (Congres Kenntniss geologique

besonderer Geologie international,

Berilcksichtigung von Bulgarlen, Vienne

neuren

Fortschritt MaKeclonien.

Serbien

1903. Compte

r errdu de la IX session.

347-370).

J. L\ B 11 j 11 t.. - OCHoBe 38 reorpadiajy H reonorajy M8KeAoHI1je H Crape Cepfiaje. C npOMaTpa.'hHMa y jYlKHOj Byrapcao], Tpaxa]«, cyceAHI1M8
AenOBHMa Mane fl3ja,

Tecanu]a,

Enl1py'11

cesepuo]
die

RnoaHHjH. Elszelt auf

2

TOMa,

Beo-

rpan 1906 in 4" J. ( v I j i ,\ halblnsel In den fu{' Glelscherkunde. Beob achtnnqen und auf Qber dern der Balkan(Zeitschr. Siidkarpathen mysischen Ol yrnp.

Bd, III. 1908, p. 1-35).

'j J. M. iK Y JOB 11 t.. - Feoncurxa caCT8B OCTpBa CB. flHacT8cl1je. (3anl1c. Cpn. Feorr. Ilpyur, op. 4, 1897). J. M. iK- y JOB H h. - 0 lJynl{aHcl{oj OOJlaCTH nOA HCTO'lHI1M BanK8HOM, (Fnac Cpn. Kp. flKaA. 56. 1898).

32
nOCJ1eAHa pa60Ta 6bnrapCK8 OTb ce OTHaCSI AO
1 )

nOA3eMHaTa

XH,D,p0J10rHSI H8

AOOPYAH<8.

1880

rOA.

BHH<A8Me aa re0J103H,

norrero

H8

re0J10rHl.IeCKHTt. 6bnrapCI{H CH-

H3CJ1e,D,'3aHHSI AOMawHH H Hose, uie rH 4HHTO pa60TH H36pOHMb 5 r.. ) A.

HO H8H-Bel.le

aa cera

OCTaBaTb

aepaarnenana, At.J1b. Tt.

a CaMO

Bb 6H6J1HOrpa¢CIHISI

C}f\.: f\ J1n a x -

BepAH<HeBb 60Hl.IeBb

r.,2)

f\HApt.eBb

n.,3)
BaHKOBb

6al{anOBb

n.,t)
,D.HMHT-

60Hl.IeBb

C.,6)

Jl.,")

1) L. deL ann a y. - La formation charboneuse senonienne des Balxens (Comptes rendus fie l'F\cademie ds seinces Ii Paris 1905. T. 140, p. 609-612). L. d e L au nay. - Les charbonaqes des Balkans, (La nature, N2 1663 de 8 avril 1905). L. deL a una y. - La formation charboneuse supracretacee des Balkans. Paris 1905. (F\nnales des mines X-e ser., t. VII, 3-e Iivi.1905, p.271-349). L. deL bulgare. Paris d'F\ont 1806).

a una y. - L'hydroloqie 1906, p. 1-60. (Extralt

souterraine des F\nnales

de la . Dobroudja des mines, livr den etc.

ersten 1905,

2) D. 1]. F\ I I a C h v e r d j i e f f. - Voriaufige Mitteilung tiber Fund von Si'ur in Bulqar ien. (Centralblatt filr MineraI., Geologie N2 22) .

.0. r. F\ n n a x B e p n }K 11 eBb. - nbpBI1 HaXOnHI1 Ha nnacroae Olb cxnypcxara cacre aa Bb 6bnrapliSi. (rOAHWHIiKb aa COCPHHCRIHI HI-IY BepClirel'b' II. (1905-1906). (04)1151 1906. crp. 52-60).
D. F\ I I a C h v e r d j i e w - Contribution silurien en Bulgarie. (Bulletin de la Societe Geolog. 4-e Serte, t. 8, p. 330-341).
ell l'etude du systerne de France, Paris, 1908,

s) F\ HAP t. e u u. - npliHOCb KbMb nerporpa paare aa CbpHeHa ropa, MelKAY uro ce ro CTapa-3aropa-Ka3aHJlbHb Ii CnIiBHeHCKIiT-B 6aHIi. COtPliSl, 19J4, CTp. 1-18. (OTne'-l3TbKb orb .rOAIiWHIiKa" sa 1903-1904 Y'le6Ha rOAIiHa ua II-Ta COq,IiHCK3 D,bplK. MN;.lKKa rIiMHa3H5I). ,) P. B a k a low - Vorlauflqe Mitteilung und der Jura von Kotel (Bulgarien). Centralblatt Palaentoloq. Jahrg. 1905, N2 16).
fUr

n.

tiber die Fauna der Trias Miner. Geolog. und

') )], p b r. 60 H lj e B b.- PaCKOnKI-I oxo no MeceMBpH5I. (rO,ll,HWHHKb aa 6bnr. Ilpaponoasn. ,D,PY}K. I ron. 1898, CTp. 46-50). I
A-p b r.

. urenae.

(Ilepaon,

60 H 'I e a s, - Bepana nnanaaa Bb rrerporpaocxo OTHOCnac, aa 6bnr. KH. ,O'BO RH. EO, 1899, CTp. 913-942).
tl8

,lJ,-p b r. 60

(Ilepaon,

cnac,

Obr. KH. A-so,

H

'I

e a rs, -

CKanlir-B
RH,

61,

na MaH8cTlipCKI1T-B BliCOljliHl'I, 1900, p. 19-33).

33
)J, - P b r. (C60pHHKb

60 H 'I e a s. Caxapt,
60 H 'I

anaHlfHa

[ne rpor-padicxo

onacaaae).
H rOpHO-

aa HIIp. YMOTB. H np. KH. 16 J.1 17, 1900. CTp. 44-81). p b r.

ll-

e a s.

EpynTl-fBHHTt

CKanH OTb rnywHHKb 6bJJr. KH. A-Bo.

KH. 61. 1900, CTp. 85- 100. .0. - P b r. 60 H 'I e a b. CepneHTJotHbTr ab nJJOBAHBCHO. (Flepaon. COHC.KH. 61, 1900, crp, 217-226). A· P b r. 60 H 'I e a b. Ilerporperpcxa 6ene}f(KH aa 4epHoMopCHH~ 6ptrb, Me)t(,ny aoca EMHHe H CeJJOTOKIOOPHSI (Ilepaon. COHe. KH. 6], 1900. CTp. 362-381) . RneKcaHAPOBO (CnHaeHCKO).

(Ilepaon.

Cm1C. aa

.0. -

p b r.

60

H 'f e a u. npHHOCb 38 HapoA.

HbMb

H3Y'IBIlHeTO CK8nHTt KH. 18,

H8 pH,na

..Ca. J.1nHSI". (C60pHHKb 166-190).

YMOTBopeHHSI 101 np.

1901, crp.

,IJ, - P

b

r.

60

H

'I

e a s. npHHOCb

KbMb rrerporpespaara naMeTHHlIH KH. KbMb

Ha 3an1lAHHli>

PO,l:lOnH,(Flepaoa, cnac.

A(C60pHHKb

pb pb

r.

101 p, KH. 62. 1901. CTp. 649-763). n MeranHTHH Bb CaHapb-nn8HHHa. H8 C'bpHeHa IOrO-H3TO'lHHSI H

6 0 H'I e a b.

aa HapOAHH YMoTBopeHHSI H np.

,IJ, -

r.

18, 1901. crp, 659-703). ]903, CTp. 1-104)
aa

6 0 H 'I e a t-. npHHOCb 60

nerporpediaare 6enelKKH

ropa. (C60pHHKb

aa HapOAHH yMoTBopeHHjJ H np. KH. 19 (I), H 'I e a s; neTporpaq,CI<H (Flepaon, cnac, H np. KH. Bb

AK~Tb

p b r.

Ha 6'bJlrapHSI. A· p b

64,

1903, CTp. 327-374. (Ile paon,

485-533

r.
r.

60 60

H 'I e a b. 6a3anTbTb H 'I e e rs. neTporpaq,Cf(H

6bnraplHI

cnac ,

I<H 65 (1904. CTp. 1-30).

A3aHn~Kb

Pb

eKCKyp3HH ab IO)t(HHT-B OTA1:;11H H Pa,neSl.lH-Cenu,H-h'a-

Ha Eanxaua

MelHllY

npOXOA<1T-B H'Iepa-CnHBeH'b

Bypracxa OKOJJHSI.(1·13BecTHSIsa HOMaHLlHPOBKHT-BHe ,'\AHHHcTepCTBoTOHI! Hap. npocabureuae, KH.1. 1904, CTp. 26-32) . .0. . P b r. 60 H 'I e a-s. Ilerporparpcaa 6enelHKH sa OcorOBCKaTa nnaH Bb HBKOH 'iaCTH ne crrac •• KH. 66, 1905, CTP, 459-535) 60 H 'I e a

HHHa. (Flepaon,

.
Ha 113TO'i'

.ll. -

p b r.

s. -

npHHOC'b K'bMb nerporpaq-aare

HHTt POAonH Bb 6'bnrl!pHSI. KH. I, 19C4/5, CTp. 1-57;

(rOAHWHHK'b

HI!! COCPHHCHIHIYHHBepcHTeTb, HI! CKSnI!T-B OTb

P. - P b r. A·
p b r. p b r. pb

KH.II,

60

H '{ e B 'b. -

1905{6, CTp. 1-30). Kparxa xapaHTepHCTHKa
(KlOcreH,IIHnCKO) -

nOrpaHH'iH8Ta (Tp'bHCHO).

HBHl.l1! ,UeBe'oaHp'b 60 60 50 H 'I e B 'b. YMorB. H 'I e a s, H 4 e a ts. -

J],'bC'IeH'b-l<11aAeHeUb

(Flepaon. cnac,

KH. 67, 1906. CTp. 165-204). H np.,

(C60pHHHb sa aapon.

Fle rporparpcx« 0 )HHOnHH Bb 6b11rapHSI. I<H. 22 (IV) 23 (V). 1907, CTp. 1-143).
06HH011KI1 rrer porpamas cnac., KH Bb re CptAH5I H

nerporpll<l>~HH npHHOC'b HbMb

CbpHeHa·ropa.

r.

(Tlepaon.

cn ae., HH. 68, 1907, CTP. 337-382). Ha H3TO'l-

HHTt pHAOBe HB COct>HHCHoro none.

(Flepaon.

68,

1907,

CTp.

1-24).

p'b

F. 50 H

'I' e a t-. -

EpynTHBHHTi> CKaJJH Bb 6'bnrapHR. KH. 24, 1909, crp.

(C60p-

HHI('b aa HapoAHH YMOTBOTCHH5IH np.,

]-}70).

60 H Lf e a s. npHHOCb KbMb nerpor-parpaara ua JOmHHT'B Banaaaa OTb Flpa6a'KOBaWRHS( no MapaWb BbPOHWRH5I npoXOAb. (Ill 11 IV rOAHwHHRb aa Coq,HikRH5I YHHBepCl1TeTb 38 19:6/1907 H 1907/1908 rOA, CTp. 1-147). 6) D - r st. Bon t s C h e f f. - Das Tertiarbecken von Haskovo (Bulgarien). (Jahrb. d. k. k. geolog. R. ft. T. 46, 1896, p. 309-384). OTAeneHb OTne'l8TbRb, CTp. 1-145 Cb reonornx. xapr a, Wien, 1894. A· p b C. SOH 'I e e s. - npHHOCb RbMb Bbnpoca HMano nH e aa OanR!!HCRH5I nonyocrpoa-s neAHHlI,H. (rOAHWHHKb aa 6bnr. IIPHpoAOH3n. )J.pymecTBo, II rOA. 1808, CTp. 42-49). r. CKflOHOBe ua A - P b C. SOH Lf e a-s. Feonorns na 3anaAHIHI SanKaHb. (Tpyno ae

n· p b

ua Sbnr. npHpOA. )J.PY>KeCTBO, RH. Ill, 1906, CTp. 34-65). 7) L. Van k 0 v. - Sipcanski Balkan i okollca u umjetnosti v petrografskom pogledu (Rad Jugoslavenske Rkademje Znanosll i Umjetnostl, KH. 111, 1892, Zagreb). A - p b Jl, BaH K 0 B b. - npHHOC'b RbM'b reorror asrra Ha MepH.'1nepCKaT!! OKonHOCTb. (C60PHHK'b sa HapoAHH YMoTBOpeHH5I H np., KH. 12, 1895, CTp. 1-31). A' p b BaH K 0 B b. KaMeHHHT'B BJll.rnHl.l\a Bb LJ,e HTpanHH5I 6anK8Hb. (rOAHWrlHl<b Ha Sbnr. Flpapono aan, Apy>KeCTBO, I sa 1896197, lE98, CTp. 36-51). A . p'b Jl, BaH K 0 B 'b. Feonoranecuc H3yqeaHe aa TYHenHT'B no men1>30nJII.THaTa nHHH5I COq,H5I-POMaHb. (Cnucauae Ha Sbnr. HH>KeH.-apXHTeKTHO APymecTBo, rOA. IV, KH. 8-12. ~909). p'b Jl. BaH K 0 e b. reOnOrHQeCKH H3yLfBaHHSI na norpaaa-raer a M"SCTHOCTb ua aanam, OTb TPbHb-l{JOCTeHAHnb. (COOpHHKb sa HapOAHH YMOTBOpeHH5I H np., KH. 16 H 17, 1900 eTp. 3-43). )J, p b Jl. BaH K 0 B b. reOnO>KKOTO yCTPO~CTBO ue M"SCTHOCTbTa

n.

.u -

ORono BbpWell,b

H

TonHKaTa

Ha B'bpWeQKI1T'B

TonnH

H3BOpH.

(Ilepaon.

cnac.,

RH. 62, CB. 1901, CTp. 421-463).

)J, • p b n. BaH K 0 B b. XHAPo-reOnOrHQeCKH H3YQBaHHSI ua M'BCTHClCTbTa oxo no CJlHBeHCKI1T-B ronna H3BopH. (Ilepaon, cnac., KH. 64, CB.

1903, CTp. 43-85). 6) L Dim it r 0 v. - Beltr aqe zur qeoloqlschen und petrographischen Kentnlss des Vltosa-Gebletes in Bulgarien. (Denkschr. d. k. F kad. d. Wlssensch. Bd. 60, 1893). U) r. H. 3 n a r a p C K H. >Ken1;3HaTa PYA2I It men'B3HOTO npOH3BOACTBO M306w.o ORono CaMOI<OBb. ClJ,bpmaBeHb BecrHHKb, rOA. II, OT'b '24 cen reerap a 1880 rOA.). r. H. 3 Jl a Tap c K H. - Marepltaml no reO!lOrHSITa H MHHepanOrH5ITa aa Sbnrapl151. PYAHT'B Bb EbnrepH5I. (Ilepuon. cnac., KH. II. CTp. 1-27; KH' III, 1882, CTp· 84-131). r. H. 3 n a r a p C K H. reOnOrH'leCKH npoq,f'Jlb OTb CO<pHli npea s CapaHiJ,H (Taurxeceu-s], OpX6HHe H Erpo none AO atspxa 116 3naTHWKHSI .13anK8Hb (Flepaon, ::nHC. KH. 4, 1883, CTp. 1-32).

1-2,

H. 3 JI a Tap c R H. - 5ene>KKH BbPXy, KaMeHlfHT"B BIKrnHlL\a Bb ceaepua 5bnrapHSI. (Ilepaon. cnac., RH. 5, 1883, CTp. 105-]07). H. 3 n a r a p c K H. - I'eorroravecxa npolj)Hnb OT"b BH,!I;HHb npea's 60HHHl.\a,BpbUJKa-YYKa, MaKpeUJb, 5-snorpaA'fHKb no fopHHH nOMb H OTb ,lJ,onHHK Jloers, npeats Flpeaana, 4HnOpOBl.\H,}1enOBHl.\a ,!I;O Bepxosaue. (Tlep. cnac , KH. 6, ]883, crp, 61-68). r. H, 3 n a rap C K H, Feonoraxecxa npo<pHnb Otb Opxaaae npeas R611aHHl.\a, xono ,ll,parOBHlL\e, naHera, ron. Bpeaaua,: ,ll,epMaHl.\H,!I;O nn-so BeHb. (Ilepaon, cnac. RH. 7, 1884, CTp. 74-45). r. H. 3 It a rap C K H. - Flerpor-parpcxa H3cneABaHHSI BbPXy epynTHBHHrt H MeraMop<pHHrt CKanH aa 6bnrapHlI. (Flepaon, cnac. KH. 9,1884, crp, 52-82). r. H. 3 n a r a p c K H. - Feonoraxecxa H nllneOHTOnOrH'IeCKH 6enelKKH MelK,ay nntBeH10 H TPOSlHCRHK6aJIKaHb. (HepHOA. cnacaa RH. 10, 1884,crp, 52-78). r. H. 3 n a r a p C K H. - reOnorH'IeCRH eRCKyp3HH B,D JOrO-3anaAHa 6'bnrapHSI, (Flepaon. cnHcaHHe RH. 16, CTp. 1-27: RH. 17, CTp. 184-202, HH. 18, crp, 333-359, 1885). G. H. Z I a tar ski. -Geologische Untersuchungen 1m centralen Balkan und In den angrenzenden Gebieten. Beitrf\ge zur Geologie des nordlichen Balkanvorlandes zwischen den Flussen Isker und Jantra. (Sitz. d, kakedem. d, Wlssench. 1886, Bd. 93, p, 249-341). H. 3 n a r a p C K H. - Feonor axecxa H3Cne,!l;BaHHSI aa ceaep-s on. 5aJIKaHa MemAY P-SKHT-S HCKbPb H SlHrpa. CO<PHSI 1888, crp, ]-]07. (nepHoA, cnac, RH. 19-24, ]888). G. N_ Z I a tar ski. - Toula, geologische Untersuchungen Irn centralen Balkan, analyse de ce memolre et. sulvle d'un expose general sur la g~oIogie de Ia Bulgarie centrale. (Bulletin d. I. soc. beige de geologie, de palecnt. et d'hydcol., t. III, 1890, p. 422-429). G. N. Z I a tar ski. - Eln geologischer Berlcht tiber die Srednja90CII, zwischen den Fliissen Topolnltza und Strema. (Denkschr, d. k, Rkad. In Wlen. Bd. 57, 1890, p. 559-568). H- 3 JI a Tap c R >1. - YepTH H3'h naneoreorpadiasrra Ha 5bJIrapHSI.RKaA. P-S'f"b. (Y'fHJlHlL\eHb nper neAb, CO<PHSI 1898). G; l I a tar ski e t V. P a qui e r. - Sur I'age des couches Urgo(Bull. Soc. qeo], France, 4 a ser., t. I, 1901. P.

r.

r.

e.

r.

,

r.

r~ H. 3 n a r a p c R H. - 5eJIelKKH BbPXY 'lKHBOTa, nIKTYBaHHSlTaH tpYAOBeT-S aa RMI1 Eye. (Tlepaon. cnac. CH. 62, 1902, CTp. 809-843). H. 3 n a r a p c x H. - npHHOCbKbMb reOJIotHSlTa Ha HCKbPCKHJI ~!Ot)()1I10M'b. Co<PHlI ):10 POMaHb A Ha CbCe,!l;HHT-S OTb My IIpe,!l;-SnH. lTpYAOBe 6'bnrap. npHpOAOH31l. ,nPYlKeCTBo, RH, II, 1904, CTp. 12-102).' ' T.H. 3 n 8 Tap C K H.Feonor-axecxa 6eJielKRH no' 3anaAHIiT-S Ha Crepa-nnaaaua. <I-13BecTI1S1" KOMaHAHp Ha MHHHCTp. iia Hap. 31! .. pocaaureuae. Kli. I, 1904, CTp. 89-95).

r.

36
F, H. 3 n a r a p C K H. OT'laCTH B~ UeHTpanHH!I oanKaHb cnac. KH. 66, 1905, CTp. 113-125). CeHOHCKHT-B o6pa3yaaHHSI H Ha ~rb Bb H3TO'lHH!I (nepHOA. H 3aHa CoH OTb Ta!l nnaHHHa. ' CepH!I Bb Ilearpenaa separa. rOAHWHHRb

r.
nanaa r. KaHb. ceaepao rcperrs r. cepas r.

H. 3 n a r a p C K H, aa ceaept,

Fopua xpenua

ObnrapHlI,

OTb 6anKaHCKaTa

<p;1I1CKH!lYHHsepCHTeTb H. 3 II a Tap (TpYAOBe

I. aa rOA. 1904/05.
C R H. Ilpap.

1905. cTp.84-102).

UeHOMaHCKHRT,b RaTb Bb H3TO'lHHlI APY)f(eCTBO, RH.

Ban1-8). H

aa obnrap H

III,

1906,

CTp.

H. 3 n a r a p C K H. OTb oanKBHa (Rturlen)

CeHOHCRHlITb KaTb 81:0H3TO'lHa 01:onrapHlI, My Ha AOneH1:o (Ernscherlen) Ha COCPHHCKHlI YHH8epCHTeT1:o. II, HnH .o.onHbO·KpeAHaT8 cnac. RH. 68. COcpHSI. COCPHlI,

nonpaan'sneuae'ro 31-51).

nOAKaT'b. (rOAHWHHR'b

1906. sa ron'

1905.05 ron .. crp

H. 3 n a r a p C R H· COcpH!I 1907.

EOKpeTa,-,eHCKaTa CTp. 1-82.

B1:o ObnrapHli. r.

(flepHoAH'I.

CTp. 35-114). 1908, CTP, 1-84.

H. 3 n a r a p C K H. - MHo,-,eHcRaT8 cepas Sb obnrapHli. (Flepaon, COHe. RH. 68, 1908. CTp. 667"':'748).
!OpCRaTa <!>aKynreT'b KH. CHCTeMa 810 O'bnrapHSI. CTp. 148-228;: CHCTeMa 81:0 E'bnr8pH5I. (rO.o.HWHHK1:o na COIj>HHCKIi!l TpHaCOBaTa APyHUf9'80 B 'b. B 'b. -

r.
-1907). r. CBe3Ka -

H. 3 n e r a p C K H, -

1908, CTp. 1-83.

YHHBepCHTeT1:o III-IV 1906-

11

CPH3HKo-MaTeMaTH'l. ua E1:onrap. CTp. 1-42.

H. 3 n a r 8 p C R H. 1909 -

Ile-

PI'IO.o.. cnacaaae

LXX

(roAHwHHHa aa

21) 1 H 2 (Fle-

'0) 1\)
KII.

A. A-

p 10 R. H W H pRO KH. 66, P 10 X p.

TeK'COHHKaTa

O'bnrapH!I.

pH 0.11. cnac.

1905, CTp. 275-280).

Il

H n e po

Tp'8BHeHCKHSlT1:o KaMeHos£rneHb H8 HapOA. npOCB-B~eHHe. aa 8HCO-

6aCeHH'b. (!·13secTHSI 321 KOMaH.o.. Ha MHHHCTep.

II,

1905, CTp. 1-5). DpHHoc'b K'bM'b neTporpacpH5ITa Me)f(AY B'bpXOBeT-B Hn.o.1:>3'b-T86H5I H Be)f(eH'b. KH. 19. 1903, CTp. 1-38). (C60PHHK'b" 38

11) H, Fl y W K a p 0 B 10 KH!I oanKaMb. HapOAIiH YMOT8. H np,

lS) P. non 0 B 'b. npHHOC'b KbM'b npenacropaara aa obnrapHSI. Ileuiepar's Bb T'bPH08CKHSI AepBeHT'b.cenH~eTO npH Ma.o.apB H new.epH'r-B Ha.o.b U1YMeH'b. (C60PHHK'b aa HBpOAHH YMoTBOpeHH!I H np. KH.20 (II).
1905, CTp. 1-27).

14) H n. C T 0 51HOB
n-B3HB. 103-172). H n, pHil. cera aap'ra

'b. -

Ileuiepara

,,10nn5l"

npa

C. rOn-BMa-}f{e-

(Tpynoae

aa

o'bnr. b.

npHpOAOH3n. -

ApY!KeCTBO.

RH.

II.

1904, CTp.

C T 0 51 HOB

HOBH cepneHTHHOBM cnHC.,KH speaae, H3KonaeMH ocoeeao npHpOAHH AonblltieHO

HaXOARH B'b 6'bllr8' H3HaMepeHH .0.0

Coq,H!I 1907, CTp. 1"':"38.

(nepHOAH'I. Cb 'b. H

67. 1907) Ha 1-101. B'b ,-,-BnoKynHa re01l0rH'IeCRaTa

") X.

B. ill K 0 P n H n 1:0. E'bnrapHSI,

60r.arcT8a

B'b '-''8noKynHa

H8 IOfHH8 01:onrapH!I.

CnHBeH'b'
Jl

1882 rOA. crp,

X. B.
51tnrapHII.

W K0PnH

60raTcnB

BTOpO npepaeoreac

H3AaHHe He "H3KonaeMHT-B

37
60raTCTBI!I", Co eAHa HOaa nnOBAH80 1884, CTp. 1-208. reOnOrHtfeCH8 KapTa Ha ld:nOKYOHa

6 nrapH.II.
o (Rozpr.
2'0110-

H. e t K. S k 0 r P I I. - 0 krasskych zjevech u BUlkarsku. ('eske Rkl!d., Roc nlk IV, Tiida II, ('Islo 29. 1895, p, 35).

X. H3.n8HHe. P 0 H n noPBo6HTHHr'k n'bIlHeHo H K W K 0nnOBAI1Bo 0. 1896.

mOAH 80 5'bnrapHSI.

H. e t K. S k 0 r p f I. Sources et pertes des eaux en Bulgarie. (M«!molres de la soci~te speleologie, t. III, Nil 15. Paris 1&98 HJlI1 1899. 16) C. 10 p 11H H 'f 0. lip. I<H. 6, J891, crp
CTHPla"Ca. RpxaHrenb

362-379).

nel.l.lepara nOJlI1'fI(01 OpH ,ap'kHOBCKHSI MlaHaMHxaHllo". (C60pHHKo aa HapoAHH YMOT,opeHHSI H

I.

f\PXf\HCKf\

CEPVl5I

(f\PXf\HKY repejrs,

M

b).
f\?XaH" ofipaaa

HaH·CTapHSlTb KyM'L (OTb sysa aa oxono Sci;K}KAe rp'susara raxa

HnH f\pxaHcKHSlTb AYMa H Sb

Hape'-leHb Koiho

a p x a HOC b, 06SHSKa,

crap-s),

3eMSITa aenpex-scaara 6bnrapHSI,

OTnH'-IaSa ceo KaKTO KpHCTanH3a~HSI nHCTeCTa crpyxrypa;

Cb rrsnaa norrs

CbCTaBHHT-B CH enexeara T03H repeirs, MeHrapHaTa npoxee,

H Cb aannacreaa

cscraenaea
y HaCb

aacnoeaara SbPXY

HnH cenarbn-BMI1 npo-

cepHSI OCHOSHara

'-IaCTb Ha 3eMHaTa ce paaxpasa

Kopa.

f\pxaHKYMbT"b KeAOHHSI, a Ht,Ma 11 Bb ctsaepaera KpHTb ct,sepb OTb

CTpaHCTBa Sb IOmHaTa nOnOSI1Ha CbMHeHl1e '-IaCTb aa

aa UapCTBOTO, KaKTO H Bb MaOTe'-leCTBO; HO KaTO npanoHa

4e C}KUJ,HSI epeirs ce npomsnmaaa r aaurero TOM HHrAe He H3nbKBa K"bMb AYHaSCKaTa xm-raarnaa AOCTa Abn6oKO r epea s, S"b aananua norrs KOHTO 3eMHaTa H3nH3a He ce 11 KOHTO

OTb nO-MnaAH noaesce

06pa3ys8HHSl. aepara nemH TaMb

Banxaacxara

(AenpeCHSI), nOS"bpXHHHa. OKono e OTb ..Mo4YPHUJ,e"

KpHCTanonHCTeCTHSlTb H npyr a Mt,CTHOCTH aa

6epKOBH~a. apxaiicka

Sb KOMCKHTt, BHCO'-lHHH,OKono B"b3paCTb, a nane030HCKH, nocnenaar-a 4aCHI na

»Cp-B6bpHa-, 6bnrapHSI

OTb CeAHI'1eHTapHH, OTKpHsaTb

MeTaMop<pHH WHCTH. nOA06HH no Bb3SHweHHTt, f\pxaHcKaTa KpHBa aa cepas. M}K'-IHO MOraT"b na ce paann-rar-s H£'H·CTapHSlTb MHoro cBo60AHa nepHOAH H 3pHTenb xora 6bnrapHSI, ront,Mb H3S"bHb

Llearpanna

Crapa-nnaaaaa,

OTb KpHCTanHHHHT-B WI1CTH aa TepeHb, nonoanna aa H e KOHTO ce paa-

KpHCTanOnl1CTeCTb Sb iosoiara Bb BnH3a na

Mt,CTa

aa c'sapexeaaa Tpal<HHCKHSI HnH aa AbnrH CBHAt,renb KOHTO H-B6Hnb oxono Aanl1 5b

CbCTaBa

OpHeHTanCKHSI

OCTPOB"b, ocraaarrs MopeTaTa

Bb rexeaae cb6HTHSI, Espona,

BOAHTt, Bb

Ha BCH4KH OHHSI reonorH4eCKH IOrO-H3T04Ha ryxa

C}K ce cny-tuna HHI1 H-BMa na

BanxaaOCHOSHI1Ti; Ore-

CKHSI nonyocTpOBb. paarnenaaxe cepas, Bbnpoca repean QTb f\pxaHcKaTa npOH3nH3aTb HaWeTO

39
4eCTBO OTb OXIIa,ll,SlBaHeTO Hal OTb 3Be3,ll,H8 Bb nnaae rua rrspsara cre 3eMSITa T. npa npeMHHaBaHeTO T1:;3H repeaa

H

<popMa,

e. nana

npell,CTaBIISlB1Tb 3aTo

spneaa

«opa,

HIIH nbKb

npOH3J1H-

OTb CHIIHOTO MeTaMop<p03HpaHe

aa HaH'CTapHT1:; HaCIIOeHI1 TI1S1cxana Bb HM8Tb xpa-

CKanH. Ep,HO MOH<e cano CTaJlOIlI1CTeCTa crpyxrypa, Kpl1CTaIlH3HpaHI1

na ce l<aH<e, 'Ie T. e. '-Ie

T1:; Ci'K

Ci'KW,OTOapejre 11 pa3nOnOH<eHH CKaJlH, 'Ie T1:;

KaKTO rpaHI1TOH,ll,HHT1:; CKaIlH

Bb IIHCTOBe HIIH CIIOHeBe xaxro

cep,HMeHTapHI1Tt.

Ci'K 1l,0BOnHO OTM1:;CTellH OTb nbpBOHa'-laIlHOTO noncsaeaae TOBa ouie HIIH ll,eCIIOI<HpaHI1:

CH XOpH30HTal1HO a .npa

H!3,ll,HnIleHI1 H pa3nYKaHH,

npOHl1l<Hl'ITI1 (HHH<eI<THpaHH) Cb rpaHI1TOH,ll,HI1 H nopcera, ouie HHr,ll,e He Ci'K 6Hno opraCTpaHI1

<pI1POI1,ll,HI1 H<HJlKH 11 -re Bb T1:;Xb, no HaM1:;peHI1 HH HaH-ManKI1 HI13MI1, KaKTO 11 Bb Ha cBina. vi3CJle,ll,OBaTeJlI1T1:; aa f\pxaHcKaTa rm.pne paxr ep aa raa
i,

cnena

OTb l<aKBI1TO H na na

HaH-CrapI1T1:; repena

p,pynn1:;

cepas

Bb

aauiara

3eMSI

OTpaHO. Ci'K MOrJlH na aa CK8nHI1T1:; H

ce YB1:;pSlTb Bb

e,ll,Hoo6pa3HI1S1xaBb CbCTaBa

ene-rearn,
Bb

KOI1TO BIIH3aTb cnenaaue

Cepl1S1,KaKTO fnaBHI1T1:;

TtXHOTO

ep,I1Hb cnerrs

apyr«.

OTb TI1S1 cxana Tt

Ci'K rHaHCHT1:; 11 MI1KaWI1CTHTt I<pHCTanHHHH CKanH, HMb e no-

Cb TtxH.nt Hape4eHI1

BapHeTeTI1;

Ci'K HaHCTHHa

I<pHCTaOnHCTeCTI1, nouexce IIHCTeCTa. Bb

CTPYKTyp8Ta

MaIlKO I1I1H nO-MHoro

OCHOBaTa B3eMaTb

Y4aCTI1e

rpaHHTOHIl,HH rHaHCH, 0611KHOBeHO ,ll,06pe Hall,b T-!:'Xb cnenear

113Kpl1CTanH311paHI1, a KaTO: H CI1BI1 fHa?!CI1, p,pyrl1 npa-

s

OCTaHanI1Ti:;

rHaHCH

04HI1 rHaHCH, anIlI1Tb-rHaHCI1, ApYH<eHI1 Bb no-rOpHHT-E

aM,jJl16)JlrHai1CI1

XOPl130HTI1 OTb MHKaWI1CTl1, nenr aaar a, 11 nposue ; HanOKOHb Cb CepI1L1,I1T-

aM<pH60nI1TH, XIIOPHTOWI1CTI1, cepneHTI1HI1 HaH-rope Kpl1CTanOJlI1CTeCTaTa cepus ce

aaat-puraa

HI1 WI1CTH, Cb CBI11151CTI1 WI1CTI1 na

11 Cb <pl1nHTHI1 cxena. WI1CTI1 I1nH rHa?!-

VI
pax rep's

TbH,

1l,0 KaTO nbpBI1T1:; Kpl1CTanl1HHI1 npl16nl1H<aBaTb cxana, no TO

CHT-E OTb OCHOBaTa ce KbMb

e.nHo06pa3HI1S! CI1 xaBTOPI1T1:;, HfI,ll,b TtXb

epynTI1BHI1Tt

no pa3Ho06pa311eTO

ua eneMeHTI1T1:; CI1 HanOMHSl1"b Hai1-Be4e H8

Ce,ll,HMeHTapHHTt. cxanu. MeH<,ll,y Kpl1CTaIlI1HHI1Tt WI1CTI1 OTb f\pxai1cKaTa nnaunna aaceneaea BapOBI1Kb cepas 'ic,e I1nl1 aa xa

Puna,
MHoro

POAOnI1T-B MtcTa

11

CTpaH,ll,}I{8

BMtTHaTb

KpHCTanH311paHb

Mpanpo-

MOPb, Bb

neU40BHAHI1 <pOPMI1 I1nl1 nbKb Bb PI1JlC~aHI nn.

Bb AOCTa ront.MH MpaMopb

cTpaHHI1

ner na,

enpoa-spascrs

ce

40
OTKpJ.1aa aa 6t.m1Sl H3TOWb OTb MbHClCTHpst. Bb "OpnOBHual' OKanO

vlcKbpb,

a Bb

PO~OnI1T-B Kpl1CTanH3HpaHHSlTb Bb nnOB.D,I1BCKO 11

BapOBI1Kb

HMa rOJl-BMO paanpocrpeueaae >HI1WKO. Bb He e p-BAbKb POBHKb Cb oc06eHO Bb F\pxaHcKHSI H uarronaaa repem, Hnl1

Tv-Flaaapnaa-

Ha PHJ1CI<O'POAonCKH5I MaCHBb WHCT03HHSI KpHCTanHHeHb a oxono

crnona,

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11 CI1TH03"bpHeCTI1 61,JlI1,

3aXapOBI1AHH AonOMHTH. B'b C~WHst KpHCTaJIOJII1CTeCTb TepeHb OTKpl1Ba ce aa H'h-

KonKO M-BCTa H rparpar-s, MaJlKO HJlH MHoro rpacpl1Tb 4HCTb

pe3nOJIO>HeH"b Bb >HHJIKI1 11 >HI1JI4HUI1, I1JII1 pa3M-BCeHb Me>H.AY rOpHSI nJI. HaAb Cb Apyrl1 MHHepaJll1. Bb

e KOHCTaTl1paHb Bb

11 ,D,OJIHstJhooara

50CHnerpaACKO, Bb ..Ocrpor aat,",

PHJICKaTa

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Bb

5HCTpHu,a M-BCTHOCTbTa

Bb

KaJIO¢epCKHSI H np.

6aJIKaHb

CaMOAHBCKa 4yKapa

KpHCTanOJII1CTeCTI1T-B CKaJIH KOTO H caMOCTOSITellHI1 A8 ce 4eCTO, T-BCHO cz, CBbp3aHI1 na ce

OTb

F\pxaHcKaTa Bb

cepus

1<011-

noxaaaar-s pa3HH

61:>l1rapHSI, rm-pne

Cb

MaCHBHH CKaJII1, Me>HAY pa3HI1 rpaHI1TH (.LBYCJlIOMYCKOBI1nopnop-

KOHTO 3acnY>H.8Ba AeHb rpaaar

cnoxeaar-s
s
anJIHTb,

r

s,

6HOTI1TOBb rpaaar

1111111 rp8HaTI1Tb,

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nerxarur-s,
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aMcpH6onOBb·rpaHI1Tb, AHa6a3b, C~ rafipo,

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;

HO CmUJ,HT-B cxanu cxana H KaTO:

npOHHKHaTI1

11 OTb nO-MnaAI1

epynTI1BHI1

JIl1napl1TI1, TpaXI1TI1 na CKaJIH

11 21HAe3HTH. rpaHHTOHAHHT-B ce SlBSIBaTb Bb Bb 6-Ena BH~b crnona cxena rorrsna

OCTaHanl1T-E epynTHBHH MaCI1BH, Ty n~TI1 Bb

11 MalIKH

>H.I1JIKH H1111 rp2lHHTH

nbKb Cb

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xp acranoBb T-EXb.

¢HJlHTHHTt

101 H3rne>HAaTb

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apxaH4HHT-E xe KPH-

rrsnaa

CHrypHOCTb

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nper-sprrana
(11

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HHSI OTb nbpSOHa4aJIHOTO HaAHnJIeHI1 11.Kpl1JIaTa 3eHb aara ~rbJlb, aa

nonoseeaae.

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rJIaBHO RbMb

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rrsp-

OTb THSI ABe

nOCOKH aa Bb

H no-pas4eCTO ce xpana Cb

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c6bp4aHHTi;

1011111 nYKHaTHHH C'b pa3Mt.CTeHI1 C~ 3anbJIHeHH

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41
F\pxaHCl<aT."1 CepH$I llHHHH WI1CTI1, Bb aanannara HMCI TBbPAe rOn-BMO

pasnpocrp

i-

HeHHe Bb H1WeTO L1,apCTBO. Kar o 113KnlO4HMb 113BeCTHI1 "pI1CTa4aCTb na HaWETO OTe4eCTBO MeTaMOpcp0311paHe repenn, a, T$I ce KaTO 11 Bb no-

Ileurpana-rrs
n04TH aa ior

6anKaHI1, H3

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OK

11/4H1111p1l\l1eCa c

s

OTb

Banxaackara

sepnr

orpaunsaea aaexa Bb ueaA-6nb OTb ceaep s netiena

rpanuara

4,:lCTb na Cr apa-nnanaua 1134e3Ba nozrs

H AOCTa rOn-6Mb c6bp4aHaTa 11 norrs cnaoo npu rp ce

a"pXOBeT-6 )],0 nOnHT-6 na '8pXaHCI<I1S1epems r 'rinacrose Me3030HCt<a ce)]'HMeHTapHa aa Tepl\l1epHI1T-6 Ha IOrb

IO}l{HHT-6 H Cl<nOHOBC_ KbMb AOCTa

cepas

OTM-6CTeHI1T-6

11 KBaTepl1epHI1T-6 OTb Pyi1 nn. ManKa,

06pa3YBaHIHI.

H ioro-aanarrs cano

Tp'sm,
orxpnaa AOCTa cnyura InMb

11 Cb cenoce H3-

-H3Kn!04eHl1e aa enna 'kpaH cp'sficxar . ·Atnb OTb K"M"

He3Ha411TellHa r epem, 3aB3eMa

4aCTb aa

aeps OTb T0311 MaCI1Bb,

apxaHCKHSI rpaHI1L1,a, 11

a 11 TypCl<aTa

rOn-6Mb

Bocunerpancxa

Kiocreanancaa
p. CTpYMa, H

OI{OnI1H, 3anaBSI nn.

!Orb 11 IOrO'113TOl<b KbMb

rp- KIOCTeHAHnb,

3::1XBaw,a OcoAOCTHra

rOBCKaTa nn. 11 KaTO nper-nuraaa -tOK" Pl1nCl<o'POAonCKHSI MaCHBb AO CTpaHAH<a nn., repe-n, n04TH K05lTO e 'npo-ree, caneirs,

npes s Caxap s
apxaiicxa. OTb

Tome

HaH'CTapH5I, e)J.HHb xonoOTb eAI1Ha

CbCTaBnSlBa na ior aenpexwcuar-s HO npp.MHHaBa

s

Banxana

apxai1cKI1

MaCI1Bb,

AO Apyrl1S1 KpaH ua L1,apCTBOTo 11 He ce crrapa raWHH rpaaaun, 'BHllaeTb. KbMb senpeaanno, ceaept, RpXaHCl<aTa CepH5I ce

npa IOH<HI--!T-6ce-

Bb MaKeAOHHSI H Bb OAPHHCKI151

paaxpasa

r aupne Cb ceAO 3aBb

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.• AHMeHTapHI1 06pa3YB8HI151. Rpxal1l<YMbTb :l1HHHSlTa,KOSITOMOH<eMb na 0a)J,H15bnrapl1S1, CTapHSI, ofiase, npaso q,epCKaTa, WHn4eHCI<aTa nore

na cesept,

rnaers

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nn.

npe s u 3naTI1WKaTa, H MbrJll1Wl<aTa 3anaAHa

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nn.
aa

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repea s He e OTl<pHTb

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H2I Htl<OH M-6CTa, KaTO Bb

6bnrapl1S1,

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:a"b

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nn.

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42
ce PHJ1a Cb BHTowa, nJ1aHHHH, Cpt,AHSI a 4pe3b ViXTHMaHCKHTt, OTb H BaKapeJ1CKHT-E epxajicxa no H Ha WHCTH, H3TOKb ropa KOHTO c;v;. CbCTaBeHH Tome ce 3anaS5I Cb

ropa

Parra

H POAonHTt,. Cpt,AHSI

HaH-CTapHSI repea's, Cb POAonCKH5I AenpeCHSITa aa

KOHTO CBbp3Ba OCTaBa

C'spaeaa

MaCHBD, p.

HI13KO Bb H3nOAb

XJ1bTHaTHHaTa HJ1H TeplI.HepHI1Tt, AH-

MapHu,Cl, CKpHTb

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IOm-

HHTt, CKJ10HOBe H~ u.eHTpaJ1HI151 6anKaHb, nona: C;v;.llI,HTt, ce nOKa3BaTb ua IOrb Bb

KaKTO H no

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Ka3bHJ1bWHaTa apxaHCKHSI Cb

H TYHA)t(aHMeAmepJ1HKb,

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OTb

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H npl1KpHTI1

ceAHMeHTapeHb PH)J,b Cb ioro-

ce CBbp3BaTb

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VI
ce C04HHH;

TbH,

nbpBoHa4aIlHHSI npocrpancrsa

apxai1cKHSI Ha ior t, OTb

-reperrs

pasxpaea BH-

BbpXy

rOIlt,MH

6aIlKaHCKHT1; Mt,CTa Cb

TOH e nOKpHTb

car-to

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MJ1aAH

ceAHMeHTapHH

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e npOHHKHaTb xonocanea

Cb CTapH

M:JCHBHH H MIlaAH

cxanu.

T 03H

s

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e CbCTaBJ1S1BaIlbHt,I{Ora nenpex

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scaara

irs-

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11 e MOrJ1a na

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nO-rOJ1t.MaTa

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s

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KOSITO e snaaana OCTpOBb.

CbCTaB8 aa TpaKI1H-

CKI1S1,I1JlI1 Vi3T04HI1S1 Belll1Kb

Pasnpeonaenue
TI1Tt, cxana, xaHcKaTa 6bllrapl1S1 cepus

u pasnpocmpanenue.
per acaanao :-Ia4l1Hb: na ce

Bb

KPl-1CTallOIlI1CHICCbCTaBa H3 ap-

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pa3npe)J,1;J1S1TbBb

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1.
utero CKI1

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x p a n ur e 11 ,D,oraHI1u.a

nIl.-

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11 KIOCTeHAl1llb

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cpb6cKaTa AO Bb3ena

11 rypcsara

nperrsm,

My Cb OcorOBCKaTa

rmaaaua,

3Ha411TenHI1 113KIlI04eHHSI, H311H3aTb CSlllI,H 6eJ1e3HT-B H j apxaiicxara na ce C'lHTa npu cepas.

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t1
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He e HHK"K1>

43
npex'scaaro. CnOMeHaTI1S1 nnaHI1HCKI1 aMqm60nHTI1, nperrsrrs e CbCTaBeHb nocne OTb cepaa OTb rpaHI1Tb-rHaMcb Ll,HTOWHCTI1 H npyra. H npyra pa3HOBI1,n,HH rHaMcl1, 3aB3eMaTb Bb MtcTa

nenTI1HI1TI1, MI1KaWI1CTI1,

a Mq:>H60nOWHCTI1,

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pa3MtpH. non's

ce

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no-orpaaauena CKpHTI1 ,0,011 CTaB:J.Tb

TYKb,

WHCTH OCTaBaTb

nO-MnaAHTt

CT}i'\.nHH aa aafimonarenao

Taxa
Ha TpbHb.

C}f;.llJ,O OTb

rHaMcH,

aMcpl160nOWHcTH

aMcpH60nHTI1

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nn , Bb oKOnHOCTI1Tt Bb

KpI1CTanOnI1CTeCTI1T-E QaCTI1 na 6tnl1 Ll,apCTBO 6bnrapl1S! HHTOI1AHI1 11 noptpapounnu KSapLl,I1THI1 >Kl1nKH.

ioro-aanenuwrh
OTb rpa-

Ha r-rscra

MaCHBHI1 CKanH, KaKTO H OTb ua

2. 0
cTpaHeHI1 HI1Ha; Bb HOBeTt Bb Hero

cor

0 B C K ann.

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nn. e TO>Ke

xpacranonacrecra.

WHCT03HIHt 11 Bb ~ yaCTb

cxana

c s;

pesnpoTaSl nna· H8 cxno113Me>Kgy cnerrs 8 Mcpl-1npo-

Bb rpe6eHa H3TOYHaTa

3ana,n,HaTa

T1:; CN.. orpaanaeun

H H8 rpefieua.

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nn8HI-1Ha, MI1KaWI1CTHTt, Me>Kgy Bb

KaKTO 1-1HaM-11306HnHH51

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WHCTH MO>Ke na ce B3eMe CI1BI1S1rHaHCb; a HaW-ManKO ce HdMl-1paTb nOCnegHI-1T1:; gpyrl-1Tt TtMb OcorOBCKaTa nonotinu, WHCTI-1. npOCl1yaTb OCHOBHHTt K.:ITO nn, TbHKH KpHCTanHHHI1 ce

11 8M<p1-160noWI1CTI1Tt. Me>Kgy rHaika.

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WI-1CTH H HaMl-1paTb

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OTb KOHTO HtKOI-1 KpHce 113-

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Ha MeTaMopcpHH na ras

MaCI-1BHI-1Tt CKanl-1,KCHTO

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nnauana, a

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11 KBapLI,OBI-151nopdiap nOnOBI1Ha, OTb rrspear TyKb 11 nOPCPl1pl1TbTb

s,

rrspaara

(Kana

npyr ara ABe cxarm.

c scraanaaa HtMa

rpe

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na no' CbMHe·

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ls

M3CHBHI1 CKanH nn. ripest,

c»; no MnaAH 06p3'
p. MtcToce CTpYMa rnaaao ce aa-

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3.
naas

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n.

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Cb PHJlCKHSI MaCI1Sb, rHaI1CH. Me>KAY

e CbCTaBeHb rrspso

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HOBHAHI1

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44
CIK ocofieuo THS! rHaHCVI MO>Ke Aa n03HaS!Tb nerrs ce paanpocrpaaeua opHeHTHpaHeTO 3a6ene>KH rpaanra, Bb ras nnaanaa. npH Ht.KOI-I OT'b a enaa paanorHa MHHepaIlHI1Tt. enexear l~oraTb

11 sa TOBa T-B Mb4HO 3::1 KaKSI1TO rl1 ce

na ce

OTb

B3eMaTb Bb

aa 'npbSb

MH03f1HB. He rpaaar

no-p'snxo
e.
HaMl1paTb

cp'suiar-s

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a ouie

11 nen-

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F\MClm60J1b-rHaikH, OTb

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H CepHll,HTOWHcTa.

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excnnoarauas

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H Bb

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Bb

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H npOCJ10HI<H

(10-12

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11 KpHCTaJ1HHHHTt. MHoro

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CIF.. aa

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npek'sceaae
Sb

11

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s rrspso

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aa PHl1a

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s

na

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aa rrspao H

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11 TYI<'b KaKTO H aaenar

s

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a nO-OrpaH114eHO

45
WHCTHTt; nOCneAHHTt ce 3a6ene3BaTb WHCTH oxono a cepneHTHHbTb H np. OTb CTapHTt MtcTa npea s ce MaCHBHH nopi,

no HaH'Be4e 6l1BaTb e

no

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aa nnaaaaara. BepHHTB KYKneHb, Bb nona

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e

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46
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aa

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r:

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s spuecronycnecra rHaHCH H np. CHBHSlTb rHaHcb, rtoprpupao pa3BHTb e paanpocrpeuem, Hai1-Bel.Je MemAY XapMaHnHH H CHBPH xas, HO HaMHpa ce H Bb aerounuara aa nIKHAaKnHK H EHA>KenHH; Bb CptAHHTt l.JaCTH aa ClKWHSI Tepe-rs H3nH3a H MYCKoBHTb-rHaHcb; naycmonetrs rHaHCb ce noKa3Ba H oxono rOn-BMO VI H.o.mHJ1HH. MHKaWI1CTHTt KOHTO nemaTb BbPXY rHai1cHTt., orpaaa-reaa ClK na ManKO npocrpaaCTBO: HaMHpaTb ce Bb aexnauiara aa IOHycl.Ja H nIKHAaKnHH,
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s npeaafierrea3ae,lJ,HO

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aa ta.

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ce

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48
BepHO OTb MOHaCTl1pCKI1T1>BI1CO'-lI1HI1.Bb XOBe, HaCO'-leHI1 OTb IOrO-113TOKb I{bMb J1I1HHI1T1> WI1CTI1 3aS3eMaTb BbpxoBe, BI1CO!{I1Tt. 4acn1 113TO'-l~I1Tt. Tt na Bb CB. HnI1MCKI1T1> m.pKpI1CTaxa TI1S1

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sanamrara

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npe06J1a,lJ,a~aTb Bb cesepHaTa

aa TI1S1 WI1CTI1 CbCTaBnSlBa TaMb cano Hero Bb e

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ilJl1CTI1, a Bb IO>RHI1Tt. nona

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KIOPT'b 113J111-

sa 11 XnOpI1T'b MYCKOBI1TO-WI1CT'b HaAl1nJ1eHI1Tt npyrxr's, KpI1CTaJ1I1HHI1WI1CTI1 ClK HaKnOHeHI1 KaKTO 11 IOrO-3anaAHa nOCOKa. HJ1I1HCKI1Tt B'bP-

HO Hai1-Be'-le. KbMb

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CB. ce

nom,

HaM·MnaAI1Tt. aa CbPCb

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8.

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ce nOKa3BaTb

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s

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rpa-

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npo-

49
crapar p.

s nopn Tononaaua,

,lJ,0 p. CTp'EMa. a na ror

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s

T'E

He ,lJ,OCTl1raTb ,lJ,0 raxa onperrsnesrs ,Ll110PHTHH.AI1-

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T03H

iMaCI1Bb aa H'EKOnI<O M'ECTa H3nH3aTb

rpaHHTHH, cxarra

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npexnaasar's
A06pe pa3BHTb OTb no-

aenpexx
HOBe, Ho

Eanxaaa,
-racre na xaxro

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IO}f{HHT'E My cxrroH3TOl<b

rpaHI1Tb-rHaHCb

H rHaHCb

ce HaMHpa HO Tyl<b

H Bb ioro sananaara nl1HI1S1TaIloatipeae sexe

Cp'E,IJ,HSI-rOpa, Ha H H::I sanarrs HaH'Ba}f{HaTa

-

Kanyrepoao,
e npoxee

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OTb T oncnnaua. H HaH-pa3npo-

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CI<I1S1 ael1Bb. OTb M npezrsnur-s

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em

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Konpaauiaua
4

50
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aa MI1KaWHCTI1Tt. nanar-s sanarrs, Apyra

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BH,ll,8 KpHCT6nHHHH

WHCTH H TO: rpauar

KaTO OCHOBHa CKaJIa aa CbpHeHo-rOpCKI1S!

rHai1cOWI1CTH 11 MI1KaWHCTH, a Hai1-nocne,

HO no-

P-BAKO, 8Mqm60noWHcTH. KpHCT6nHHHonHCTeCTH 0684e CKaJIH, OTb apxaiicxa ce H6MHpaTb Bb Hapb, nepa, neirs, ocsejn, Sb 3anaAH6Ta aa ow,e JIOBHHa, HO THS! CIK orpana-rena IO>HHHTt. 4aCTH Sb3paCTb, no11 Sb H3T04HaTa Me>Hay

~a Mam{l1 npOCTpaHCTB6_ nnaaaaara, Il.lexep-s-tiyMem,ll,Y

Kapansa H KOHyn4HH, a raka Ci'KW,O H Crapa-Saropa H XpHw,eHI1. KaKTO H Bb
MemAY Aon.-l.{aHaK4I1H Ht.KOH orrrsna KpHCT8nHHHHT-B WI1CTH cnoperrs A-Pb aa apxajicxara

Kapaaepoxcno Ci'K noApyrH ofipaCSbPWHCTI1 n04TI1

nponona 60H4esa Morm1 Cepl1SI, a H no-ernana

Tynnsea

KopTeHCKHTt.

r.

6aHH H CTPYna ce no-

Mna,ll,H OTb nbpSHTt.. CTaSSlTb Sb rOpHI1Tt. CbOTseTCBYB3Tb

OTb T-BXb 6HX6

aa MeTaMopqJHH. naneoaojicxa

3YBaHHSI, Tbi1 KaTO TB Ci'K nperrenueaa

Cb Cepl111,HTb. C'b apxaHCKHTt

Cr epar-s
3BaTb HHKaKb

Kpl1CTanOmlCTeCTI1 CKaJlI1 aa CbpHeHa-ropa TYHAm8HCKaTa nonaaa

ce npes's

H6 IO>HHI1SI KJIOHb aa C

Banxana,

OTbKOHTO nerporparpcxa

He ce pa3nH4asaTb.

51
9. VI X T H M a
n n 21 a.-KaKTO H H CK H H ce B a I< 21 pen Ha npyro CK H n rr., Be p H n a H

cnoxeaa
Cb PHna

MtCTO

CptAHoropcKHSI

M~CHBb ce CBbp3Ba H

H POAonHTt

4pe3bHxTHMaHCKHTt

Baaaperrcxar-s

nJlaHHHH,

a BI1TOWKI1S1 4pe3b MaCI1Bb.

Bepana
Bb

H

Flna-

Ha e TtCHO

3aJlOBeHb

Cb P"mcKHSI

THSI nnaHHHI1 npHApY>KeHH apOTb

386eJlSl38HI1 Cx> no

HaH-Be4e

pa3HOBHAHI1 rH8HcH,

OTb MHKZlWI1CTH, aM<jJl160nOWHCTH, XnOpl1TOWI1CTH H npyra X8HCKH WI1CTH, KOI1TO C)!;.ll1,eCTseHO He KpHCTanonHCTeCTHTi; CKanH aa ApyrHTt ce paanavaear-s

OKonHH

MaCI1BI1. Bb

HXTI1MaHCKaTa nnaaaaa rpaHHTH Bb H rpaHHTHTH,

OTb rpaHHTOHAHI1Ti; a OTb ce nOPc!:>HpHI1Tt6110THTHH rHai1cl1,

CKanH H8MHpaTb ce xaapirsnopdiapa.

Bepana

nn.
H

H2IMHpaTb

rH8HcH,

MyCKOBI1THH xnopnaa

rHaHCI1, KaKTO H TeHb-rHaHCb rH8Hca rypa.

ABycnlO,nHI1

annHTb-rH2IHCb,

aMqm60nb-rpaHHTb·rHaHcb.

CTPYI(TYP2lTa

e CHTHa I1nH enpa, Bb CX>UlaTa ouie

HO nOBelJeTO aarrsxsa saenao Cb

04HaTa CTPYK3aeMaTb I<O~ P83I<pH-

nnanaaa,

rHaHCI1Tt

BHAHO MtCTO raro Mtpb

aMc!:>1160nI1THTi; H

aMc!:>H60noWHCTHTt, CIK Bb nO'ManbKb cx> npOHH3aHH

Ml1l<aWHCTHT-E H rpaHHTb-rHaHCHT-E OT'b TtXb, CaMO rrpa C. 6t.n4HHb

CTanonHCTeCTHT-E Ae3HTHH cxana.

CKanH Cb Mn2lAH

epynTI1SHI1.

a Mc!:>H60nb-aH-

10. U e

H T pan

eHb

6a

n

I(

21 'b. H OTb C.

no

IO>KHHTt nona

aa

UeHTp8JlHHSI 68nKaHb.

H3T04HO H8H·se4e

Fopno-Kaxapua,
Bb

xpaCIK-

CTanl1HHHTt WHeTH Cx> no uiara

rH8J1cH, a no-nanexo

nOCOKa qtnHSI rbnIK6eu,b, CIK 3aeTH

cxonaccrar

s Ha 6YHOBO. Ha MHPOTb apX8HCKH cxana, MtcTa TtXb 113nbnHeHH Cb ce HaMl1paTb

KOBO H np. no Hai1-se4e

npeHMYll1,eCTBeHO

OTb MYCKOSI1THI1WI1CTH, CM-ECeHH Cb MYCI<OBI1THH CX> TbHI<O HaCnOeHI1 He TSbp,ne nocra 11 Ha Bb

rH8HCH. Tt

nerM8THTHI1 neuia;

ptAI<O enpa

pYTHnoBI1 11 TypManHHOSI1 HOBO I<pHCTanHHHHTt

xpacrana.

OI<OJlO C. 6ya oxcno

WHCTH CX> no

Hat1-Be4e maticosH,

MI1Pf{OBO MYCI<OBHTHH.[le-na HaCl-1nHTt 11 HaHoont I<bMb aa

H3TOKb Tt

OCTaBaTb CKpHTH

norrs
a

3naTHWI<8Ta

KOTJlOBI1H8. OTb 6YHOBO Cl<anH CIK npenoxpnr

'{enone-rs

I<pI1CT8nOJlHCTecn.Tt

OTb MeprenHI1

BapOBI1lJ,H H rm1HeHI1 06pa3yaaHI1S1.

WI1CTH, 1<81<TO OTb .npyH

rH rOpHbO-l<peAHI1 OTb ABeTt

nOCneAHI1T-E SlCHOce BH>K,naTb oc06eHO no 38na,nHHT'S

CTpaHI1 aa nona

Bb3,nonb,

SHC04HHH Ha CIKllJ,HSI. ce sepuo

OTb '{enone-rs. H npa c. flIKA>KeHe, a noCMtCB8Tb H

MYCI<OBI1THHT-EWHCTH H3nl13aTb na H3TOKb cure KbMb K03HHWKHSI

npOXOAb

CIKW.I1T-Ece <i:b Ksap,",OSH

Cb I1CTHHCI<HrHai1cH,npeL\eneHH

nerxa-

52
THTHH HUlll!{l1. KbMb KbMb

Knxcypa

fHai1CI1T-E no

Pexnaanape

npeofinaneaar-s,

npeoocnaneaar s, a CI<J10HOBeT-E aa CrapaPaXMaHnapCKHSI

nnaaana, sar

rpaHI1TO-rHaikI1T-E. KbMb

CIKUl,HT-EKpI1CTaJ1I1HHI1 WI1CTI11131111KaKTO 11 Bb

s OTb Flacxarrs Banxa-rs. B's apxeticxas

Beacems,

TepeHb

aa ETpononCKO-3J1aniWKHSI KaTO aMcpH6onb·rpaHHTI1,

Eanuam,
6HOTHTb

H3J1113aTb H pa3HI1 rpaHHTH, rpaHHTH, 6HOTHTb-aMcpH60nb

rpaHI1TI1, AHOPI1TI1, AHOpl1THI1 nop-

CPHPI1THH np.

Flpozrsnmeuaero
KbMb 611110TOua Bb Bb06Ul,e

ua

KpHCTanl1HHI1TS WHCTH aafienaasa H3T04HO

ce

TPOSlHCKI1S1npOXOAb,

OTb TeKHSI H

HaH-BHCOKHT-E 4aCTH aa L1,eHTpanHlHI OTA-EnSi eAI1Hb CB... I<nOHb, Kothe orb

Banke-rs.

OTb

CIKUl,HTt. ce MOHacTHpb naaa no

noxpaii C. F\panoBo KbMb

COnOTCKI1S1 ce aanpasMano-Cello

Crract,"
nona

H cesepuo aa

IOmHHT'6

C'rapa-nnaanua
T03H

(Kano pepcuo),
Hai1·ront.MI1Tl> AOBb BbpXb np.

rnero

elK 3aCTIKneHH OC06~HO rpaHI1TO-rHaHCHTl>.

BI1C04HHH Bb (lOMpYl<b-4anb),

Banxa-n., Pocanaro none,
crnona.

xar o

<PepAHHaH11

Mapa·reAHKb

CIK CbCTaBeHI1

OTb H:myKaHI1 6e3b

I<pl1CTanHHHonHCTeCTH cxana CIKUl,HT-E CIK. H KbMb T1>Xb HMa ouie

OTb KBapll,OWI1CTOBb rnrn, F\M6apHll,a, B-EHlJ,HT1; H

Cap x

rsorrs,

HO MemAY

CI1BI1 11 3eneHl11<aBH WI1CTH Bb m :lTb ras 4aCTb aa Olb 6aJ1KaHa 4epHK aa He pt.AKO rHaHCI1Tt. CbAbP11 npocnoiika no oc06eHO

n :lJ1e030HCKH WI1ClH. KbMb MHTI1PH30BO H oc06eHO

IOmHHT-E nona nofipe CIK

4ycpaAapl111,a

npeACT.:lBeHH

MyCI<OBHTHHTt.

ABYC:J1IOAHHTt.rHaHCI1, THTHH mHIlH. TYHAH<a, a KbMb rHaHCb MemAY rHaHCKTS

KOI1TO CbAbpmaTb ce nIJOCTl1p:ITb xanorpepcxoro npeMHHaBaTb Bb

rHaHCOBH H

nerna

KbMb

H3TOKb AO p-sxa 3eMJ1I1Ul,e, rpaHHlb'

AOCTHraTb

.0.0 Tt.

rpaHHTHO THnH4eHb

Hoso-Ceno

Kanodiepcxara
Ma3anaTb

H

WHn4eHCI<aTa ce

nnaHHHH

no -

BHHBI1

COKYlTl> 4aCTI1 aa 4eCTH rHflHCH na 113TOKb OTb

OTKpHBaTb

H 3bpHeCTO

C;KUl,HTt. Cb H-BKOH

113Mt.HeHHSI ce Ka3.1Hnbl<b;

OTl<pHBaTb MemAY

ceno

EHI1Ha 11 rp.

HO ryx-s,

KpHCTanHHHOWI1CT03HI1T-BCKanH oc06eHO, rHaHCH, CI1BI1T1> rHai1cI1, TOKb OTb naxaHIlHHCKI1SI Xal1HCl<l1SI npoxorrs

H3nbKBaTb

3bpHeCTHTt. a aa 113-

MYCI{OBHTHI1Tt. rHaHCI1 HAp., (,l],IK60BCKHSI) npOXOAb, H

KaHTO H I<bMb KPH.0.0-

He CIK. pt.AKH

rpaHHTo·rHaHCHTt..

cTanHHHI1T1>WHCTH no IOmHHTt. CKnOHOBe aa CTHraT-b .0.0 TS.bPAHWKHSI npoxorrsrnero

Crapa-nnenane

T'i;113KJ1I1HSISa'ib.

II. Ilo
KpHsa

nF\nE030HCKF\ KaTO apxai1cKHSlTb npe

fPynF\ repems 6bnrapH5I,

cnF\nE030YlKYMb) 38S3eMa no rorranera rpyna sacri, pasaa

OTb lO»<Ha H lOro-3anaAHa CBOHT'S cnena KaHCKaTa BepHra CTSOTO. H rnasao

nane030HCKaTa Bb nperrsnar

axyutecraeuo

s

Bb 3anaAHH5I H u,eHTpanHH5I aa IOro-3anaAHHTt. nane030HCKH '{aCTH

KaKTO H Sb Ht.KOH otinacr«

Ban11 rrsrrs, ua uap-

B's

3anaAHH5I

Barneasrs

ceAHMeHTH

ce OTKPH-

aar s Ha IOrb aa rorrana ManKH raurxara, Bb Tt.Xb 30Ha

OTb Bp'suixa 4YRa

H CbCl'aBJ1SlBaTb ceaepaar

s

II

BeBepO-113TO'{HHTt. xacn, P13Mt.PI1

CKnOHOBe na CB. HHKonCKHSI, OTb 6epKOSCKI15I

41-mpOBCKI15I H 3aeMaTb cesepno He no11 ce-

Eannaa-s.

Tjs

H oxono

YlCKbPCKH5I nponon-s,

sepO'113T04HO

OTb 6bnrapCKaTa

OpxaHHHCKaTa, nane030HKYMbTb no

cronaua, Erpononcxara H
ce

Bb CocjJl1HCKaTa, Myp3naTHWKaTa nnaaana. 11Mb

5IBSIBa nOy.TH Bb no

aenpexxcaare
cxnoaoee. nane030i1ce nOKa3Cb KOHTO OTb s spxa

H TO H ~ cano

BHCO,{I1HI1TB H

HaH-BHCOKHTt.

BbpXOBe,

HO H no CeBepHI1T-B H IO>f<HHTt. HMb oure Sb TeTeBeHCKI1S1 6anKaHb BTopOCTeneHHa pon»; aaenar's

Hl

H3TOKb OTb PH6apHu,a KpHCTanHHHHTt.

CKI1Tt. 06pa3YBaHHSI BaTb BbPXY

T'l3

WI1CTI1, Hnl1 MeH<AY TtXb, 06pa3YBaTb

3aeAHO CI'K H1AHnneHI1, S1HCKaTaAeMHpb 3anaTa H OTb Ha EHHH8 p-BKa. CI'K aafien saaaa Ha ior s KbMb n4enHHCKI1 VbBbHb

I1nH nbKb

caMOCTOSITenHa

HBI1u,a BbPXY IO}J{HHT-B CTpbMHHHI1 Ha UJHn'{eHCKaTa HanOKoHb caxo pbTb

Crapa-Tlnaaaaa
KbMb KbMb

TpoMarpyna

KanHSI npeas 4ycpaA<lpHu,a nnaHHHa

ropHHSI 6acei1Hb Tp-BBHeHCKI1S16., npOXOAb

CneAI1T-B H3 nane030i1cKaTa Sb XaHHclulSI

aa H-BKOnKO M-BCTa Bb OTb c. PaAeBIJ,H, H

H IOrO-H3TOKb

uenanexo
aepara

TBbPAHu,a Bb nOCOKa KbMb nane030HKYMb ce S1BSlsaBb a OTb Bb

ceaep s. fianaaucuara
6bnrapHSI OTb KbMb

1O ro-sananna
TOH onacsa KbMb IOrb nnacroae

H rnaano

Bb TPbHCKO 11 KlOcTeHAHncKo. nane030HcKH

113T01(b Coq)J1HCKaTa 1{0TnOBHHa,
i,

BHTOWKHSI MaCHBb. Bb IOH<Ha6bnrapHSI ce paaxpaear caao Bb ocaMOTeHH

napTHH,

Ca,

l

·--

-

-

--

54
HnHHCI<HSI PHAb aa CH. OTb 101 aa H3TOKb OTb TYHA>K8 oxono

Taurs-rene
ce

Kas-srrs-ara-r».
I1nl1 Hai1'CTapI1Ti; pa3HI1Ti; CeAI1MeHTI1 HaMHpaTb rHaHCI1, MI1KaWI1CTI1 11 KPI1-

nane030i1cKHT-B Bb

AHCKOpAaHlJ,I1S1HaAb

CTanl1HHI1 WI1CTI1 OTb apxaHCIH1Si 'repeu'e. AHCKOPA8HTHO nOnO>KeHHe CKI1Ti; 06pa3YBaHI1S1_ cnptsno

T1; CJK TbH CJKw.o Bb Me3030H-

nO-MnaAI1T-B I1nH

Flpa
aacnara

Ta:WBa Bb

rorraao
T1;Xb

paanpocrpaaeuae

H8

nane030HCKI1T1; eneneara,

aauiero Bb

OTelJeCTBO,

nerporpacpcxar-s

KOI1TO B3eMaTb HI1Ti:;. Ti:; CJK aprHnOWHCTH, nOWHCTHTt

yYaCTHe, He CJK OTb

Hai1-pa3Hoo6pa3' WI1CTH I1nH

npeanyuiecreeao
ntcb4HHLl,H

DHCTeCTH fnl1HeHI1

H KOHrnOMepaTH. HaAb

nbpBI1T-B

I1DH apra-

HMaTb npeAI1MCTBO

OCTaHanl1Tt

CKaDH; T1; ce TbMHI1, na a

SlBSIBaTb KaTO CI1BO-neneDI1BI1, CI1HKaBI1, 3eneHI1KaBI1, Aa>Ke 11 lJepHI1 ~pyrl1 KptXKH, rnl1HeHI1 na WI1CTI1, OTb

KOI1TO eAHI1 C/Y;.TBbpo,H, F\prl1nOWI1CTHTt

Aa>Ke 11 pa3AP06n11BI1.

06H-

KHOBeHO ce KOMnaKTHI1;

uenar aa

s Bb

TbHKI1 nnOYH, HO Me>KAY TtXb nasce Tt

HMa H AOCTa OTb

Mi:;cTa

C/Y;.TOIlI<OB':I npOM1;HeHH

AI1HaMOMeTaMopCPH3Ma, UJ,OTO C/Y;.nony4H11H CBOHCTBaTa aa HCTI1HCKHTt q,HI1HTH. Me»<AY nOCneAHI1T1; 3a6el1S13BaTb ce H TaKI1Ba,

KOHTO, KaTO C/Y;. H3ry6111111 nbpBOHayanHHTi; 6nHH<aBaTb ce KbMb apxaHCKHTt CKal1H 11

CH CBOHCTBa, npH-

npanasar-s

aa

xno-

PI1TOWHCTI1, TanKOWI1CTH, CepHLJ,I1TOWHCTH, KBapu,OWHCTl'1, a ua MtcTa Aa>Ke 101 Ha MHKaWI1CTI1. npOM1;HeHHTi; Cb TbHKI1 11 Ae6enH 4HCTO rnl1HeHI1 aprl1nOWHCTI1 CJK

npeueneaa

KBapu,I1THI1 6t1111 )l{l1nl1 11H<11U,11. aep-snuo B3eceria-

Ocaetrs
MaTb MeHTI1Tt. Bb

WHCTI1, Me>KAY TtXb

Y4aCTI1e H ntcb4HI1

npI1M1;CI1,

KOI1TO H3M1;HSlBaTb Bb

nt.CbYHO-rnI1HeHl1 THSI 11 Bb

WI1CTI1.

113BeCTHI1 06naCTI1 I1AaTb ouie

3aeAHO ClrnHHeHH,

APY>K6a Cb

aprHnOWI1CTHTt

cnlOAHH

n1;CbYHI1Ll,H, KBapLl,HTHH n1;CbYHI1U,I1, not nasce Cb ntcbYnl1Bb nnacroae HnH KpeMeHeHb eli\. rm.pne u,HMeHTb. ua Ml:;CTa BbPXY

11 KOHrnOMepaTH

nane030HCKHT1; npexaoro C6bpyeHI1,

nanannena.

a Ha APyrH

AaH<e H npeXBbpneHH nanenae

nO-MnaAHTt. na ce B3eNe -

06pa3YBaHHSI. T-SXHOTO 06w.0 KaTO IOH<HO KbMb

MO>Kerl1aBHO ceno-

103. H 1Ol1., a nO-ManKO 113KnlO4eHHSI OTb raa KaTO nOKanHH. xpas aa

BepHO

KbMb

CH. H C3.; I1Ma otiaue na ce B3eMaTb epa

COKa, HO r

s

MoraTb

Flpes-s
nocra Pa3Hl1

nane030HCKaTa

HJ1H Bb

CJKw.aTa epa OTe'leCTBO. KaTo:rpa·

Ba>KHH epynuaa rpaHHTOHAHl1

eli\. ee cnyLij:1DI1 Bb l1 nop~HpOHAHH

aauiero

MaCI1BHH (KanH

.

,.
' ....

'

d

55
HHTI1, CHeHHTH, H8 nane030HCI<aTa nesa SbPXy AHOPHTH, CepH~. AHa6:13H, H TH~ nopspapar», npOHHI<SI:lTb nOPCPHpH H nnaCTOSeT'B

APyrH, SHH<AaTb ce na

np06HSaTb

epynUHH

OCTaSHnH C~ ~CHH 6e-

OKOnHHT'B ceAHMeHTH, Bb npeA'BnHT'B

HO He HaSC'BI<~Ae.

p a 3 A 'B n e H H e H p a 3 n p 0 C T P a He H He. CKaTa rpyna aa C H n y p c I< a, Cb plCTHTenHH Bb HaH-HOBO no K a p 6 0 H C I< a 06a4e, H n e p M C I<a

Ilaneosotlnbpa

aa uapCTSOTO MOH<e na ce pa3A'BnH, CHCTeMH. Cb rparrronara, a aropara H 'rperar

sara OTb T'BXb e noxasaaa OCTaTbUH, apene CKa CHCTeMH,ow,e

OTb npel<eM6pHHCKa ce noxaaaxa Bb

H AeSOH-

HHKaKSH cnena

He C~ OTKPHTH Bb 5bnrapH~. Ma4HHCKHT'B

(1908)

nnaHHHH aa ,lJ,06pYAH<a nonaso H'BMaHe aa AOCTaTb4HO Sb naurero o6a4e TPH CHCTeMH, CKH ceAHMeHTH Bb cnOMeHaTHT'B rorrsnar sa cera a HMb

AeSOHCKH nnacrose. cpOCl1m1, He BCH'iKI1 naneoaoiiMoraTb na ce

ore4eCTSO a cano

rpynaparu
T'BXb. no

H'BKOH OTb reonoraaecxara

4aCTb HHe CMe npHHYAeHH H3061l10 H Bb onaraane Bb H na xaprara

na onauresrs xapra Bb CH-

KaTO naneoaoacxa H'BMa na ce rpaHHUHT-B na

aa 5bnrapH~ CTeMH, noaesce sa na MoraTb KbMb elJ,HHHUI1

r a paazrsnaree xaro

aa nocnenuar s ouie

He C~ H3Y4eHH. caMOCTOHHH

I

!

ce OTA'Bn~Tb

f

Hepa34J1eHeHHT'B TepeHH cnaA3Tb:

no-noAP06HO

Hepa3A-BJ1eHHT-B CbCTaH T'BXb HnH

naJ1e030HCKH

a) 3eJ1eHHKaSHT'B seHH ceaepnar-s 6epKoscKH5I n04TH

WHCT03HH CB. Bb

CKaJ1H, OTb KOHTO C~ HHKonCKH5I, aprHnOWHCTH, nopana 5bJ1rapH~. Bb

Cl<nOHOBe aa

4HnpOSCKH~ ManKO

Banxam.,

Ceaepo-aananaa

H3KJ1104HTeJ1HO ce HaMHpaTb AOSOJ1HO TSbPAH nO·MeKH ypa, raxa ApyrHT'B

MHoro npOM'BHeHH, T-BXb C~ a npyra crpyxr

OTb AHHaMOMopcpH3Ma, H npHJ1H'-laTb aapapar H ce npH6nHH<aSBTb

KoeTO eAHH OTb CPHJ1HTH. KahTO no CI1HKaSI1 paanaraH'BKOI1 no

aa HCTHHCKH MHoro,

AO HCTHHCI<HT-B apranorm.pne rJ1aBHO 3eJ1eHHl<aSH,

WHCTH. EAHHT'B H

s

C~LUO H no 60S!; WI1CTI1, a

T'B C~ Bb

HnH 3eJ1eHI1 rnHHeHI1UI1, na nasce 11 TbMHI1 ce 386eJ1~3SaTb

nOMeH<AY Tt.Xb

113J1113aTb ow,e

caxo

113KnlO_'iI1TeJ1HI1 cnyxaa

114epBeHHKaSI1 Cb M83eHb nasce

WI1CTI1,

ofiarpeua

OTb

HeTO aa H'BI{OI1 mtpl1T03HI1 ce OTnl14aS8Tb OTb T'BXb npl1J1114)Tb

PYAI1. Onl1nb

3eneHI1KaSI1T-B 11 CSHneHb

WI1CTH 4ecTO

6n'BCbKb.

aa XnOpl1TOWI1CTI1 H I<sapUOWI1CTI1. 11 TaI<HSa, KOHTO KbMb CPHJ111 TI1T'B, MYCKOBI1THI1T'B

Ilpa

TOBa aaoenaaear

s

ce MeH<AY T'BXb

CTpyKTypa

ce npI16J1I1H<aBaTb

56
rHaHCH, MHKaWHCTHT'E, aMq>H60nOWHCTHT'E H APyrH MH03HHa reonosn KpHCTanOnHCTeCTH CKanH, aa KaKBHTO ClK rH B3HManH

rrsnro spexe.
KpHCTanHHHHT-E WHCTH Bb CB. HHKoncKHSI naAb OTb CTaKeB~H H Bb GepKOBCKHSI oKono

Eanxam,

na

3a-

KOMCKHT'E BHCOWHCTH. 11 enaa

'tHHH He ClK npyro KbMb rorrsrea KaHb.

OC13eHb nane030HcKH uie Tp'E6Ba na

MeTaMopcpHH ce npH4HcnH

cxuiare
sacn,

Bb3pacTb

OTb KpHCTanHHHHT'E WHCTH Bb L1,eHTpanHHSI BanBb ropasoro CH rexenae. KaKTO H BCH4KH sasanoro CH Bb

P-BKaTa OrOCTb

OCTaHanH P-BKI14KH H nOTO~H, ceBepHHT'E HMaTb BHCO'tHHH aa CH

KOHTO HMaTb

CeBepO'3anaAH3

C'rapa-nnaunaa,
WHCTH TaMb !-Ie e aafimo-

H31wnaHH

xoparara

caxo

Bb T'HSI nane030HCKH ow,e

H AO KonKOTO HH e H3seCTHO, HHrAe AaBaHb Ha THnH4eHb MHoro apxaHCKH TepeHb.

M-BCTaBb

Ceaepo-aananna
Cb TbHKH

6bnrapHSI 11 nefierra, H no

naneosori6tnH xaap-

CKHT'E WHCTH ClK npeuerreaa ~HTHH mHnH,

OTb KOHTO H-BKOH Cb,D,bpmaTb T-B aaraapar's ow,e 6tnH,

H'EW,O 3naTO.

Oxono

6epKOBI1~a

CHHKaBH, sepseMpSiMOpH. HaH-CTapHT-B ce cnoneAHOPHTbH

HHKaBH H Bb06w,e OTb ceAHMeHTH HaTb:

pa3HO~B'ETHH CHTH03bpHeCHI

epYnTI1BHHT-B CKanH, KOHTO npOHHKBaTb Bb TaSi 4aCTb aa 6bnrapHSI. MoraTb

na

6HOTHTb-rpaHHTb, AHOPHTb,

aMcpH60nb-6HOTHTb ,D,Ha6~3b,

rpaaar-s,

rpaHHTb, nopcpHpH.<

pa3HOBHAHH

nOpcpHpHTH

OnHCaHHT-B WHCTH

H3b

CeBepO'3ana,D,HHT-B

6anKaHH

~b-

I

CTaBnSlBaTb 4aCTb OTb PY,D,OHOCHHT'E HaWH nnaHHHH ClK HaM-BpeHH OCBeHb cpeopoaoceat, men'E3eHb ru, 3naTO H H

H Bb T'EXb ow,e H

Me,D,eHb napar's, npyra CI{iY\nO~eHHH rOpHHH oxono Bb

raneun

PY,D,H, 4Hn-

KOHTO CTapHT-B ClK p33pa60TBanH pOB~H, Bb ropasoro

oxono

Jloers,
XIV

Te4HHHe aa p. ce e

OrOCTb, cnaaurrs 3aceneHb

KaMeHHHT-B CTOn-BTHe CaKCOH~I1,

BHC04HHH 11 np.

4HnpOB~11

KaTO PYAapCKH rpaAe~b KOI1TO ClK paspatioraana 6)

H e Dl1nb

OTb

H-BKOKI<O AeceTKH rOAI1HH THSI PY,D,HI1~I1. nnaHHHH, Bb TPbHCKO H KlOcTeH-

B's

IOro-3anaAHI1T-B

,D,HnCKO 113nH38Tb Tome nOA06HH aa nOBe4eTO M-BCTa nexcar

nane030HCKI1

ceAHMeHTH, I<OHTO xpacranonace oxono KaKTO 11 Aon-

s aenocp'snao

BbPXY

CTeCTH CKanH. THSI WI1CT03HH 06pa3YBaHHSI C. C. PaHHnYKb
:I

BHmAaTb

H Cm ..uiesua KbMb KbMb cenara

cbp6cKaT8 L1,erpHnoB~I1,

rpaaaua, I'opaa

11 na

IOrb

OTb T'SXb

r
,

51
l-Ia-MenHa, rparrs, Bb ,D,bllra nYI<3 H V'bBOPb; rOpaHOBLI,H 30Ha nocne VI na IOrb OTb no ce

Bee-meH3. H3-

Fopao-Yriao,

Flepnaorrs.

TOKb OTb cno neaarare BaTb Me>KAY

Cl'KllI,VlT-E r-ror-ar-s na H Pb}l{AaBHLI,a,

Ha6mOAaC.

C_ C_ 3norOWb

KaKTO H KbMb

KOHSIBO. OTHOCHTenHO nerpor xaace, orb -re T-E CI'K patpcxaa HMb CbCTaBb I1Ma na ce

nO'-lTI1 113I<nlO'-IHTenHO CbCTaBeHI1, H CI1HKaBH aprl1nOWHCTI1, MaCI1BHH Hnl1 a

r.o-nanxo OTb

CI1BO-nenenHBH Hnl1

nOB€'-Ie

3eneHVlKaBH TO>Ke r a spne

XnOpI1THI1,

aacnar aan

WHCTH, xsap-

aanunnenn;

11 T-E CI'K npourapenn

Cb 6'BnH

L1,I1THI1 >KHTlKI1H S1IJ,KI1. I'orraxa CTVI CI'K no-ae-re aa

'-IaCTb OTb TI151 naTle030HCKH WH-

I1nH no- ManKO KpHCTam13HpaHH 11npenauaaar-s rHaHCH. oc06eHO KbMb C. I'opa-

M'BCTa Bb MI1KaWHCTI1 H T-EXb aarrsnao

HOBLI,H. Bb

OTCiKTcTBYBaTb p sxara

n-ECb'-lHHLI,I1 H KOB-

rnoreeparu.
Bb CMonH4eHO oxono EJ1eWHHLI,a,KbMb ,l],J1bX4eBO, WI1CTI1 EIJ,Ba HIEpeMHSi H HeBt.CTlmO npl1Te>KaBaTb KbMb aa (KIOCTeHlJ,l1nCKO). nane030HCKI1T-E

M-ECTa TO>Ke nonYKpl1CTaJ1113l1paHb rarrs. CTpYMa TI1S1 WI1CTH 6enerb. n0J1Y4asaTb

KaIJ,I1I1Hb-MOCTb aa

nl1~HI1Si CI1 aprI1TlHTHO-WI1CT03eHb B) rOn-EMa 4aCTb OTb Bb

cpHllHTonOA06HI1T-E

aprHnOWHCTH, aa ce

KOHTO paarnenaxne nnaanaa H Bb

cesepo-aananaard
nnaHHHI1. Ht.KOY! 11 Bb

4aCTb HaMHpaTb 06naCTl1

IOrO-3anaIJ,HHTt. nnanuaa

Crapecure Bb
Bb

F\pa6aKoHaWKaTa UeHTpanHHSI

Bb06w,e

6anKaHb. OTb Pl16apl1L1,a Bb TeTeBeHcKI1S1 6. a aa ror Tt. OTb ce S1B5IBaTb Tr05lHCKHSI H 3eneHI1-

Ha
H3nOAb npOXOAb

IOrb

nHaCOBHT-E o6pa3YBaHH5I. BbPXY

e

KpI1CTanHHJ-:l11 I1CTH, W

KaTO

seneaa

KaBH cpl1nl1To·nOAo6HH nO-Wl1pOKa

WI1CTI1 Cb KBapLl,OBI1 raur a. CI'KW,I1Tt. Bb ce H npOBnlo1'-1aTb no IO>KHHT-B <PepAHHaHAOBb re-ieaae BbpXb aa TYHA>Ka H3TOKb

H npOAbJ1>KHTenHa 30Ha F\M6apHLI,a. KpHBHHHrt.

CKnOHOBe aa (IOMpYK4anb), 11 ce

AOCTa C}K H3MHTH Bb ropasoro

S1BSlBaTbMe»<AY Ma3anaTa nom,

H r On-EMO-Ceno; 110 ua aaaas,

T-E nOTbBaTb

Me3030HCKHT'B otipaay

BbPXY L1,-EnOTO n04HBaTb

TOBa rOn-EMO npOCTpaHCTBo, BbPXY rpaaaro-rnecica, Cb

nane030iicKI1T-E

WHCTH

rHaHCH H Bbo6w,e CI'K

BbPXY KpHCTanonHCT-E HaHOBO 6., a ua IOrb

TeCTH cxana. acpllbOpHpaTb OTb CB. neneaana,

KOHTO Bl<ynoMb KbMb

c6bp4aHH.

OTb XHMHTnHH H no na ua

WHn4aHCKH5I

HI1KOlla

H3TOKb

16

ce

51B5IBaTb KaTO CHBO' WHCTH, npl1IJ,PY>KeHI1

3eneHI1

Ha Mi;cTa

H TbMHI1

.J

..

~

./

58
OTb qmnoTo-nOA06HH npyra Ha IOrb HaTO: aprHnOWHCTH, pa3HOBHAHH HBapfJ,OWHCTH H Cb 6-EnH OKono HBapfJ,OBH H<HfJ,H.

nHCTeCTH CHanH, npeueneua H3nH3aTb

OTb Tp-EBHa T-E ClK pa3BHTH HbMb apmnOWHCTH aenaneso OTb

Benex s,
Cb

a Bb

Xa-

HHKbOHCKH~ npOXOAb T-E cpHnHTo-nOA06HH aa ceaep s, WHCTH, a

nYenHHCKH

pbTb

3aeAHO

XJ10PHTHH KpHCTanHH-

TBbPAHfJ,a, BbnpOCHHT-E

WHCTH ClK HaM-ECTeHH Bb TbHHH HHT-E WHCTH.

HBHfJ,H H3Me}f{AY

flo aa H3TOHb He ClK Ha6nlOAaBaHH none030HCHI1 o6pa3yBaHI1~.

CHnYPCHa
Ao rpyna HonHOTO ce npocrapar
ClK,

CHCTeIVIa. s
cerauiaar-s HH n03HaHH~. HaH' CHC'

CTap~1Tt. nOnOH<HTenHI1 cnenn, Bb 6bnrapH~ Bb TeMa HnH OTb rOTnaHACKH~ HaAHnneHHTt. H3nH3aTb 06pa3YBaHH~,

I<OHTO'e OCTaBHna naneosoiicxera yaCTb aa canypcxara WHCTH, nom, Mt.CTa Bb KaTb. Kap60HCKHTt. cesepno rnHHeHH paanaxacrpaeAHH OTb

OTb ropaara noneososicxa aa MHoro

Banxaaa,

OTb CocpHHCKaTa KOTnOBI1Ha, CHnypCKH, WHCTH, KOHTO no CBOSInerporpatpcsa

rpanTonHTHH pasrnenana

xa6HTYCb He ce na ce OTnHyaTb

aar-s

OTb Kap60HCKHTt..

Ofiaxe

BHHMaTenHO

THrpacpCKH, Tt. MoraTb npyr a no oxono CbBceMb npo-iee Hal1CTHHa AO xaro 6YOBCI<aTa ~CHO ce

AOCTa nofipe

AHCI<0pAaHfJ,H~Ta. I<O~TO clKw,eCTBYBa l<ap60HCI<HTt. pt.l<a I<bMb cnyuiar-i, CC3.-Ha COl.;

Me}f{.llY I-1Mb.

VI

aprHnOWHCTI1 c7'l' Hal<nOHeHI1 nocoxa, Cl1nYPCI<HTt. nOCneAHI1T-B I1MaTb

I<bMb

ceBepO-113TOYHO 11 IOrO-3anaAHO rpanrornrra OTb COCPI1~ Bb re-ieuae a cnezrs }t{enSlBCl<aTa C.

nanenae.

nbpBHT-B

e H2IM-Epl1nb r. AHM. f\nnaxBepA}f{H-

ea s aa ceaepo-xsrox's WI1CTH I<bMb ropas o ro HbOTO re-ieuae rOTeHb 11 no-na HaH-ceBepHO nl1Tt. aa oxorro

Eanxaaa,

Bb

rnHHeHI1Tt. Bb ropSbPxa

aa 6YOBCI<aTa TOBa nenaneko no

p'sxa,

P-E1<21 aa H3TOKb OTb ,

ceaep's,

c.716naHI1fJ,a, cr xnxa HaMt.pH cxaaa

Orcs.
e MO}f{anb na

ClKW,H~Tb, aa cesep's BC~lKAe

I<OHTO e npocnenarrs cr.xnua OTb C. 6YOBO, He Bb rllHHeHHT-E

rpanTOnHTI1 Bb

WHCTH, a caxo no CBt.TlIH

Bb OHHSI, cxana H

YHHTO nnacrose Bb TH~ HaAb Mt.PHlIb

ClK Hal<1I0HeHH I<bMb CCI1.11 I<OHTO ClK nO-TbMBCI1YI<H OCTaHanH T-EXb, W,O naAd.Tb I<bMb CC3'1 TOM HHrAt. He e aa-

HI1, nasce H -repna. rpanronara.

59
Bb KaKBH nbpBHT-B rpanronaru. narteo sojicxa EABa crrerrs Tt.Xb ee WHCTH na CH. OTb C. 6YOBO, He ee 3a6e1lSl3SaTb nbpBHT-B HaXOAH~a HHCb

HaK1I0HeHH KbMb pOBHHa" H3nOAb Tt

ccs., KaTO Kap60HCKH nOKa3BaTb rtorrs ]iUbnb

M-BeTHOeTbTa ",lJ,onHSI-3naTaWHeTH. <PoeHnOHoeHH-

XHAP030H, Bb eAHH nO'ITH '1epHH rnHHeHH n1laCTOBe naAaTb Kap60HeKHT-B, H npyrar's H cane Ha rope nypcxa no Bb uensr TaMb HaAb xoraro raxa nnoxa 'IaTb. nnaaaaara H3nH3aTb HMb

HaKnOHeHH K'bMb cca., norrs

70 - 75° KbMb cca., T-BXb, nesear s AHcKopAaHTHO H CLY\: LY\:rbnb 50°. Ilpa TOBa KaKTO eAHHT-B,
AOCTa rOn-BMH TbHKI1 MoraTb AO HeHA-B na ce pasnaTy Kap60HCI\H, otiase craaa TY CHHe Tonno

s

ce Bb xytiaaa

LJ,B-BTaeH

WHCTH H arrrepaapauero OCHOBa LJ,a'ETa aa HMb.

aa eAHHT-B Cb ,QpyrHT-B 6HBa WHCTHT-B, HO'H3Kn!O'IHTenHO

AOCTa HenpaBH1IHO; pa3n03HaBaHeTO KOBa Bb3b nOCOKaTa Ha naAeHHeTO

Cnerrs .Fopacra-Srara
crpaaa " BbPXY npocnojixn, Hl1e, 'Ie aara Cb

pOBHHa"

Bb M-BCTHOCTbTa"illHpOKa npocrapar Cb TbHKH

rpanTonHTHHT-B oouro naaeaae

WHCTH ce paarrsneaa KbMb

s

mbnTernHHeHH Bb

HI1K8BH n-BCb'lHHLJ,H Bb 6aHKH,

3C3. T-B CLY\: nposee

SlBHa AHCKOpAaHLJ,I1S1Cb rpanTonHTHHT-B H T-B CLY\:AonHbO-Kap60HCKH. fpanTOnI1THHT-B 5:111KaHa npa

WI1CTH H H'EMa CbMHeH3HOBO HbMb ~a,QHBLY\:TpeWHOCTbTa na p-BHa, npa OrOHCKaTa ceno Bb

WHCTH ce nOKa3BaTb BOAHH KbMb noms, npoxona a Bb

Fyropxoaaua H Crona,

aa K03nYAapCHa

BOAopa3,Q-Bna H:I EnewHHLJ,a 11 716naHcKa p sxa, oxono

psxa aa !Orb OTb C. Oros 11 Ha ceeep s OTb
no nLYi:TSI a C. 6YI<OBeLJ,b. s Ho canypcxara q,opMaLJ,HSI He raxa

nocnenaero cano

ce orpenaxaea T-BXb

cnOMeHaTHT-B nperrsna: J.1cKbpa ce npOBnH~b ne030HCHH TepeHb,

HeHHHT-B rOTnaHACKH WHCTH H 3ana,QHO OTb sanarrs, no ce HO KbMb

H3nH3aTb H npea's

HaS-BpHO KaKTO H3TO'lHO,

caxo

Bb TbHKH H neHa,QHnneHHSI naCb H30HnHHa1lHH rnero H3'
,~

6enH HBI1LJ,H,HaCO'leHI1 OTb IOH. KbMb npeACTaBeHb WHCTH rbHKH, rpanTonHTHHT-B HanHT-B aa Ae6enHT-B nOAb TtXb

C3. Bb HaH'Be'le

SlBSIBaTb car-to TaMb, nnacrose, sa .a,a MoraTb

ep0311S1Tae OTHena rOn-BMa '1aCTb OTb CBoAoBeTi:; HnH aHTHHnHHap60HCKH Aa ce pa3KpHSlTb CHnYPCKHT-B. H3cneABaHHSI OCT8BSlMe na XBbp'

·.·.'.·1···

.-1

Ha

6LYi:Aa~HT-h nOAp06HH

60
mlTb no rOJ1t.Ma CBt.TJ1HH8 SbPXy Sb HaWHTt. 6aJ1KaHH. T03H K8Tb orb naneosoiicaara

rpyne

na rparrronaraar-s u..fi1CTH OTb rOTJ1aHACKHSI Karb ornaxaaa ce aa Bct.K.:KAe Cb rorrsno H30611J1He H8 HHAI18I1AH, a Cb H3BbHpeAHa 6eAHocTb aa BHAOBe. HaH-pa3npOCTpaHeHH
ctJayH8T8

cx : Monograptus priodon Bronn; Monograptus. priodon oar. oalidus Perner; Monograptus Nttssont Barr.: Monograptus dubius Suess; Monograptus colonus Barr. H APYrI1. Ts'spne pt.AKO ce HaMHpaTb: Cyriograptus tubuliferus Barr. sp., Dictionema
OTb rt.Xb sp.

xakro

H MHoro

npyr a

Monograptusu.
CHCTeMa.
cano HaH-AonHHSI xar-s, noBb

Kap60HCRa
OTb 3HaTb Kap60HCKaTa HMero CI1CreMa y n M b, e

norrs

K

AOKa3aHb

nonoxcarenao

6bnrapl1S1.

TOH e oT6eJ1S13aHb Cb KOHTHHeHTaneHb oTne'laTblJ,11 11 npeAcT8BeHb Orb ABert. oc06eHo

<palJ,l1eCb H A06pe Ha

Cb pacTHTenHI1 ceaep

s

OTb CO<pI1S1 Bb na ras

Eanxaaa,

CTpaHI1 H8 ViCKbp8. 113TOKb, KbMb

npOAbJ1»<eHl1eTO CTbpre11CKHrt., VlnAb3b-T86HSI, Bb3b

CHCTeM8 Bb

nOCOKa H8

ETpon011CKHrt. 6a6a,

11 3n8THWKI1Tt. OTb

BHC04I1HH, KaTO: e 04eSI1AHO,

KOCHlJ,a11 'laCTb

Flackarru,

OCHOS8 H8 neTporp8<pCKI1T'B CeAI1MeHTI1. aepara,

eneMeHTI1,

KOHTO s11113aTbSb

CbCTaB8 Ha HeHHHTt. Vi3SbHb onacear-s

6anKaHCKaTa

CffiLll,HTt.

KynMcKI1

nnacrose

CO<P11 ikKara

KOT110BHHa OTb KbMb

113TOKb, AeTO npa

c. rlOpeA>t<I1S1 11311113aTb113nOAb nJ1110lJ,eHCKI1Tt.06pa3yB8HI1S1 11 npes-s B3Kape11b AOCTl1raTb AO MOHaCTl1pSl CB. ,lJ,I1MI1TPI1H,Hece HaMl1paTb TbH C.:KLlI,O 11 aa

A2IJ1eKO OTb C. 4YKYPOBO.

Tt.

ior-s orb

BI1TOWKHSI MaCHBb. sanenna 6bn-

TI1nl14HI1 C.:K KYJ1MCKI1Tt. 06pa3YBaHI1S1 11 Bb rapns. uiepa MemAY

Tp sm,

11 PaAOMY1pb, KaKTO 11 AO cera na

11 Me>t<AY C. C. He C.:K HaMt.pe?-m

FleBb

H TpeKJ1S!Ho, MaKapb

T-BXb <pOCI1J1HI1 OCTaT'hlJ,I1. Bb ViCKbPCKI1S16aCel1Hb se nemaTb npaso ceaepao OTb CT011HlJ,aTa,Kap60H·

CKI1Tt. nnacro WI1CTI1, 8 Bb nanua

BbPXY CI111ypCKI1T'l;rpanTOnl1THI1

OCT8Ha11v!T-E4aCTI1 na BbPXy

Banxaaa,

l{aKTO

11 Bb 3a-

6b11rapl1S!

MHKaWY1CTI111 rHaHCI1. Vi Bb ABaTa C11y-

'laS! pe4eHI1T'B

n11aCTOBe C.:K Sb AI1CHOPA8HTHOn0110meHl1e KaKTO

&

-~---~----~-~~-~---=~=====~

61
BbPXY I<pI1CTanOnI1CTeCHIT-E cxana, CKHT-EaprHnOWHCTI1, nJK48Tb. r axa CJKUJ,O SbPXy canyp11 na ce OT-

OTb KOHTO T-E MJK4HO MoraTb

Taxa

CJKUJ,oHHKal<S8 KOHKOpp,8HIJ,H51He ce 3a6en513Sa Me3030HCI<HTt 06pa3ysaHH51, KOHTO ne-

Me>KAY I<YllMCI<HTt H >KaTb Ha,lJ,b TtXb.

Flerporpatpcxar
CBtTJIH H TbMHH

s

eneneurn,

KOHTO BllH3aTb

Bb

cscreae
CJK:

Ha P,011HbO-l<ap60HCI<l-1Tt nnacro rllHHeHH

se Sb YfCKbPCKHSI 6a~eHHb (aprHnOWI1CTH),

WHCTH Sb

ntcb4HHIJ,H,

KOHTO npereauaaar-i,

Ha MtcTa

I<SaplJ,HTHI1 ni;Cb4HHIJ,I1 H na-

nOKOHb KOHrll0MepaTI1. f\prlAll0WHCTHTt T6 aepapar saeerar-s nocra rorraaopaanpocrpeueaae;

s

no CbCTaSb. 6051 H

AHHaTa CH. Me>Kp,y TtXb

cnoperrs IJ,enHTeJlHOCTbTa11TBbppaarnoreaar s ce 4HCTO rnaaeaa WHHO HMa H T81<HSa KOHTO csmspSb nocnenWI1CTH. CHTHH 3pbH~8,

CTI1, HCTI1HCI<HaprHJlOWHCTH, >KaTb ManKO HJlH MHoro

11 ntcb4HH

HHSi CllY4::1I1 T-E npeMHHaBaTb seHb

Sb n-ECb4HI1 rllHHeHH 3a6ellS13B8Tb HllH 6e3b
~1

OcIlpn

CHSO-neneJlI1BH 4eCTO ce WHCTH. Cb

CI1Hl<aSH, HllH nerua.

nenellI1BO-CHHKaSH HtKOH nap

TbMHI1

snxo

Mome

p,a ce SH,lJ,HH CBHJleCTb 6J1-ECbKb SbPXy Oc06eHO Sb TbHKI1 JlH48Tb HJlI1 Bb rJKCTHT-E, CS-ETJlH 11 nJl0411; HMa

HaCJlOemlT-E nOBbpXHHHH. TbMHH WHCTH, aacnoeaa ,lJ,ame H 4epHH npH HtKOH

netiena

OHTYMHH03HH WHCTI1, 6J1tCbKb. nO-MJK4HO;

KOHTO ce

aaoensaaa

H rpacpHTeHb a APyrH

E,lJ,HHce

QenSlTb JleCHO Sb 11 rm.pna KOM-

TbHKH nacroae, c scraaa

I1Ma nasce

nal<THI1, Ha KOHTO HacnoeHHeTO Bb aa I<YllMCKHTt

e HeSiCHO. nn8CTOBe BJlI13aTb 11 ep,HH 3eaa TBbPAb TYCPb,

11eHHKaBI1 MaCHBHH CKaJlI1, OT4aCTI1 nop,06HH . KOHTO 6e3CbMHeHO

CJK nOJlY4HJlH TOsa CBoi1cTSO OTnOCJle.KbMb CI1CTeMa MoraTb na ce npH411CJlSlTb H

CJKUJ,aTareonor-auecxa OHHSICBtTJlH,

c11a60-6tJle3HHl<aSI1,

Cb aescua

BI1HarH WI1CT03-

HOCTb Cl<a11l1,Cbp,bpmaUJ,11 I111H He crnona, xaasar-s 4aCHf. 11 I<SapIJ,I1TI1;TI1S1 CJKUI,HTt aa Bb

Me>Kp,y KOI1TO ce nonpeMI1HaSaTb, OT-

MtcTa

QJH11HTOnO,lJ,06HH WHCTI1. Pa3Ho06pa3l1eTO, Tpt6sa na

1<0eTO no-

Ka3BaTb

ep,HI1 H CJKUI,I1cxana,

OT,lJ,a,lJ,eMb rJlaBHO aa CTpYKTypaTa c snpoanrepClllO,lJ,HI1

MeTaMopcpl13Ma, I<OHTOe npOM-EHI1J1b AOCTa MHoro aa Kap60HCKHTt WHCTH.

Ocaem,
Hl1paT1;>;Bb ntcb4HI1IJ,H,

caMOCTO~l'enHO, rnl1HeHHTt

WI1CTH 6HsaTb

BO>K,lJ,8HH OTb ntcb4HHQH

H 1{0HrJlOMepaTH, Cb KOHTO Tt TtXb l1,lJ,aTbH rllHHeHI1, Sb

TOSICJlY4aH Memp,y nop,06HH xa

ropHbO-IOPCI<HTi3

3ana)J,Ha 6bJIra-

62

f•
~-

1f.

PHSI, HnH

nbRb

He Kpe,o,HHT-S n-SCbl.lHI'IIIH

Bb

cesepaar

a lJaCTb

aa

u,apCTBOTO. n-SCb4HHLI,J.1T-S C}l;. CHHKaBo-nenenHBH, AOKaTO CI'I'i OUJ,e

np-SCHH, 8 J.13nOmeHH

scenro
ua

K8CPSlBHHnH

'"IepBeHHKaBH,

xoraro

OCTaBaTb

aTMoccpepHHTl;

areHTJ.1.

Floaexero

OTb T-BXb Ci'i'\.

KBa pU,HTHH n-SCbl.lHHLI,H, HHKaBH ab

npannereaa
H 06pa3yaaTb OTb

Cb 6-S11J.1H

cnatio
OTb

-iepaepa3HH

KBapLI,OBH mH11'"1HlI,H.TBbp,o,HT-S ni;Cb4HHlJ,H

ce S1aSlBaTb

AOCTa

neoena

6aHKH

ROMnneKCH

,o,e6enHHI1; Ti; TBbPAH OTb

ce paanoaaaaar-s

naneao,

aautoro,

KaTO no-

r11HHeHLI,HT-B, MOrJlH Ci'i'\.na npOTHaOCTOSiTb

no-rrsnro

aa

ep03HSlTa,

nopana

RoeTO Ha M-BCT8cr-spsar-s

WHCTHT-S. Ho

Me>R)J.y Ti;xb

LJeCTO H3nH3aT'b

rllHHeHO-cnIOAHH Ha nbpBHTi; Ho

ni;Cb'"lHHlJ,H, KOHTO He lJ,enSlTb ab TbHKH

nocra SHCOROHaAb ouie CDIOAHH H npareseaear-s TSbpAHHaT8
H3BeCTHH M-SCTa H ab lJ,HMeHTb. BnH38Tb

H ce

nn04H.

ni;Cb4HHLI,HT-B

npeMHHaBaTb Cb n-SCb4eHb

ua
HnH

Ci'i'\.UJ,HKOHrnOMepaTH Bb CbCTasa

xpexeaem,
KBaplJ,HTH,

na

KOHrnOMepaTHTl;,

OCBe:Hb

oure

H Ape6HH

nap-iera
6HsaTb

OTb H

apnlJlOWJ.1CTJ.1; Ti;

H-BM8Tb TbMH8

6051, a nOH-BKt,ra nnaCTOSeT-B Kop,o,aHLI,HSIcnpano

uiapeaa.
Ci'i'\. aanarmean rnaBHOTO H Sb ,tI,HCHMb ce,o,HMeHTH; e KbMb

na

HaWHSI Kap60Hb

no-cr

apar-s

naOTb

neaue
TBXb peHb

Sb ViCKbPCKHSI 6aceHHb

<:3. H IOH.;

noaexero

nnaCTOBeT-B 3lB3eMaTb CTOSlTb Aame

nocra

CTPbMHO nOnO>ReHHe, 8 Hi;KOH OTb Bb C6bp'"laHHSI Kap60HCKH Te-

BepTHKanHO.

ua

H CHnypCKH

na

ce

norrs T1;Xb H3nH3aTb Bb TbHKH HBHlJ,H rparrronaraa WHCTH, I<OHTO HaBC1;Ki'i'\.,o,eHe MoraTb crfienescar s BbPXY reonoraaecxara xapra.
H-BKOnl(O M1;CTa CKam1 npOHHKBaTb KYWHCTH H D,OaOnHO CrK H3M1;HJ.1nHCPH3110HOMHSlTa 101Mb. OTb T1;Xb H

Pa3HOBH,o,HH KpHCTanHHHO-MaCHBHH nMCKHTt.

Karo

HaH-BamHI1

uie
srs

cnoneueers:
H3Mt.peHH 06a4e

pa3HH

rpaHHTI1,

,o,HOPHTH, nOpcpHpHTH

noprpnpa.

Oxono
KonKO ,o,HH

ViCKbPCKHSI

npono

CrK AO cera

aa

H-B-

M-BCT8 paCTHTenHH

OTne4aTblJ,H. <:rK

KOllKOTO H OCIOl>,KOHTHHeH' CHCTeM8.

na

Ci'i'\. T1;, AOCTaTb4HH

na xapaxrepaaapar-t,
Kap60HCKaTa 6aTynl1S1,

TanHHSI THnb

aa

,o,onHHSI KaTb

OTb

Ta-

KHBa ClYi. HaMtpeHH

OKOnO Pe6pOBO,

UapH4HHo,

3m1-

Ilorn,

BbPXY

npa Csore, ,D,bn60LJHLI,8, CBH,tI,HSI, a no aa ceaepo-aarows cesepana CKnOHb na Banxaaa npa C. nlOTI1Aonb 101 np, Flo-aatieneaorrenaar's <pOPMH OTb TaS! KynMcKa cpnopa C~:
Brongn.

Neuropteris antecedens Stur, Stephanopteris tridactylites

63
Cardiopteris polymorpha Gopp., Calamites sp , Asterophyliites HnH Annularia cfr. radiata Brongn., Bornia radiata Schimp., Archaeocalamites radiatus Stur, Lepidodendron rimosum Sternb., Lepidod, Veltheimianum Sternb., Lepidodendron sp., Sigillaria sp. Stigmaria ficoides Brongn., Stigmaria inaequalis Gopp.
KP3H6ptH<HHSlTb <jJaLl,HeCb OTb ,D,HHaHcKHSI xar-s ~aB3eMa OTb HeMam<a yaCTb OTb 3anaAHHTt UeHTpanHI1Tt. Bb nOCOKa TOM ce KbMb npocrupa

Bansaaa,
ceaepno

a ouie

no-rorraxa

OTb CO<jJHSI11AOCTl1ra

113T01<b AO npea

311aTI1WI<I1S1 5.

P'sxara
HaH-BelJe

VlCKbPb Bb CKaKynM-

OTBOpl1na CI1 e nli'\Tb nl1Tt CKHTt

s

Crapa-nnanaaa,
CHCTeMa, HeeAHaKSH

Ha TaS! reOnOrHyeCKa 06pa3YBaHHSI na ABe

KaTO e p~3Atnl111a nonOSHHH, Kap60HCKHTt

OTb KOHTO nnacroae

M3TOYHaTa e AOCTHraTb CKOTO woce ry6B8Tb

no-rorrssra
11 npes-s

OTb sanenaara.

Me>t<AY MbHaCTl1pH~e Hero

11 Fleveao-tiupno WYMa,

AO 5epKOBrAeTO ce 113"
"

OTHBaTb KbMb ni:;cblJHI1Ll,I1. nOYTH

nom,

yepSeHI1Tt

Hafi-aenenaare
Ha cp'snara li'\rbnb saeera

11Mb rpaMe>t<AY C.

HI1Ll,a ce HaMl1pa, WYMa

cneAOS8TenHO. woce. KbMb

11 cncxexa+oro npocr apa

OTb

T0311

Kap60HCKaTa BI1COYI1HI1Tt oure 11

CHCTeMa ce aa

113TOKb, KaTO 11 OpXaHI1HCKI1" 11Mb. cesepao

CO<jJHMCKHSI, MyprawKI151

5anKaHI1,

rorrsrea

yaCTb OTb CKnOHOBeTt UeHTpanHI1S1

Bt,
noae-rero

Banxam,

OTb

t:.

C.

Cr apr-errs,
",;

6YHOBO, 3naTI1Ll,a 11 flli'\H<eHe aa Kap60HCKI1Tt,

nane030HCKI1Tt

WI1CTI1OTrOBapS!Tb Tt Cb-

OTK011KOTO Ha canypcxar-s.

CT2ISnSlBaTb rorrar-ia Abn6oKI1Tt

yaCTb OTb BbpXOBeTt, KaKTO H Sb

BI1>t<AaTb ce Bb Ha.:1-

A0110Be, no

ptYHI1Tt Ha

OTl<pHSaTb ce oure no

ceBepHHT-B

CKnOHOBe

Ilpa TOBa Crapa-nnaanaa, a
nerna, 11

I1HTeH311SHO 11 no

IOH<HI1T-B. HaH-SI1COK-I1Tt BbpXOBe Cstlll,l1-nna3b, CKanH.

HaTO Vl11Ab3b-Ta6I1S1, 6a6a, CbCT8SeHI1 Cli'\ OTb Cli'\llI,HTt nn8CTOBeT1:; na T03H 6P83HI1 11 C6bp'laHI1 HaH-BenKHO MtCTO Bb

Kocaua

Flacxarrs

repe-rs

Sb

TaS! 06naCTb

Cli'\ pa3HOO-

KakTO 11 Bb

VlCKbpCKaTa

AOnI1H8. KOI1TO ce

VI

TVKb

aaexar-s

aprl1nOWHCTHTt,

uenar

s

nOCOK8 OTb sanarrs

HbMb

113TOKb Bb TbHKH, rnaAKI1 nnOYI1, a npyra

OTb KOI1TO eAHH Cli'\ Ma3HH OTb Cepl1Ll,I1THO aeuiecrao, nb~SlTb KaTO CSHna. 60SlT8 HMb HMb

e CI1BO-CI1HKaSa,>t<bnTeHHKasa paaua, MeKH Tt Cli'\ na MilCTa TSbPTyKb 113-

I111HKa<jJSlsa, a TSbPAI1HaTa

AI1 11 <jJl1nHTOnOA06HI1, a He npyra

11 KpilXKI1;

nl1311Tb p.a>t<e 11 TbMHI1 aCnl1AHH nnoxa.

64
Me»<AY KaTO: ceaep ua ceaepuo rOpHHTt OTb

naneosoiicxa
norrs HbMb

WHCTH HCl H3BeCTHH MtcTa, Bbpxa 6a6a, norrs Bb p. YCTe ua H

3naTHLl,a,

s

OTb 6YHOBO,

Kanm.pnare
ce

WHHAapHHKb ntcb4HHll,H, Cb

,l.I,pyrl1 Mt.CTa,

3a6eml3BaTb

H AOCTa TBbPAH cnerteua

CbCTaBeHH OTb Ll,HTeHb HnH HMb,

3a06neHH

KBapLl,OBH 3bpHa, Ll,HMeHT'b;

xsap-

KBapLJ,HTO-rmiHeHb

OTHOCHTenHO 60SlTa ClK CB-BTnO-605lAHMYCKOBHTHH H np, 6ClHKH

T5i e pa3HOLl,BtTHa, TtXb

HO C6HKHOBeHO Tt

C::lHH_Cb nycnaun,

arrr epnapa'r ce aep

s

H ni;Cb4HHll,HTl; 3nClTHLJ,Cl, Bb Bb TbHKH

Cb

KaTO aa ce

s

OTb

I(YPY-Aepe H p,e6enH

ntcb4HHLJ,HTt.

S1BSlBaTb H306w.0

H HMClTb napanenonHne,l.l,HO

pa3nYKBaHe. ClK xoar no aeparar-s, CbC-

Hepaazrsnna
TaBeHH OTb rpanwrt-, eAPH OTb

OTb

ni;cb4HHL~HT1;

H ,l.I,pe6HH 3a06neHH

H 113rnap;eHH K~COBe OTb OTb KBapLl,b, cnenenu

KpHCTanOnYlCTeCTH CKanH, UHMeHTb. ua

Cb KBapUOBb Sb Ll,eneHb

TaS! 4aCTb

Earncaua

nane030HCKI15i

repe-rs

e npe-

Cb rpaHHTOI1AHI1

CKanl1 H AI10pHTHI1

nOP¢HpHTH. 6., KaKTO Ha

KbMb 11 OKono

TPOSl,HCKI1S1, KapnOBCKI15i H

Kanodiepcaas
MHoro

UUHnKa 11 no

Ha H3TOKb, CbCTClBbTb H CTpYKTypaTa pa3Jll14aBaTb OTb

nane030HcKHTt

CKanl1 He ce

OHHS! Ha

H3TOKb OTb V1cKbpCKHSI

nponorah
Kap60HcKH nJ1aCTOBe cnenar Ha

.D,o KaTO onHCaHHT"E AO TYKb nO(OKaTd aa CTapa'nJ1CtHHHa, ce npocr

s

Bb 3anaAHa Apyrb

6bnrapHSI,

ioro-

H3TOKb OTb TPbHb, r epeu-s, KOHTO ce

paaxpasa
apa

nOA06eHb Cb

nane030HcKH nn.

ycnopenuo

Flapanyacsara
H npe31

TOM Ha4eBa

HelJ,aneKO OTb

nOC11eAHHSI rpaAb

cenaTCl H ce

MHC11bOBLl,I1, MH11KbOBUH, UbpHCl-ropa, Sl13S1Ba no H Bb -iaaar-s cnyuia ua ce

Baauuiopa,
PaAOMl1pb; C. C.

KOW3peBo,

rl1reHLl,I1

KbMb Me»<ny

CiY\.W.I1S1Tb epeu r H

s

aanam,

Fleuiepa

Tpexnsuo.
CKaJ1H ce OT11I1WI1CTH TBbP,l.l,f.1 11 113-

lOro-aananaa
Cb

6bnrapHSI aa

Kap60HCKHTt 60sITa

eAHo06pa3HeTo

Cf.1. rm1HeHHTt.

06HKHoBeHo ce

elK S1CHOf.1 TbMHO-CHHKaBH, He ClK MHoro H nefierra TYKb,

'113MUHSlaaTb Cb TbHKH Cb 61:.11a cnrona. ua

Cf.1HKaBH ntcb4Hf.1LJ,H, Kap60HCKHSI Cb

nbllHeHI1

npo-iee,

repe-n. ¢11HWKH

HOCH BCI-14Kf.1T-E 6ene311 rnrrs, KoeTO e nano

Kpe)J,HHT"E ni;cb4HI1Ll,~ aa MH03HHa

nOBOAb

4y>HAI-1 H HaWI1 reoxpenaa

110311 na CHCTeMa. KbMb

npI14Y1CJ15iTb norp

suiao
KbMb

THSI H3.C11arH KbMb HO 06a4e,

VI

TtXHHT13 H3TOf(b e

nnacr oae HllH

CiY\. Ha)J,HnneHH, ioro-aanarrs,

HaK110HeHf.1

ceaepo

rrspeoro

11Mb naAeHl1e

MHoro

no-pa3npOCTpaHeHO

1
65
OTb CTeMa uie nOne3HI1T-B 113KOnaeMI1 seurecra CnOMeHeMb Bb Kap60HCKaTa CI1aHTp2lLl,I1THI1Tt l<aMeHHI1 BJi'i.rnl1~a, KOI1TO HtKonKO MtcTa MemJJ;Y CI'i\ KOHCTaTHpaHI1 HeHH

aa

onacaaar-s rna-

nnacrose. 321 manOCTb, Tt HtMaTb npaKTI14eCKO 3Ha4eHl1e, 3a~OTO ce HaMHpaTb Bb TBbpJJ;e nnl1TKI1 nerna, KOI1TO ce 113KnI1HBaTb, sa KoeTO no npaso Tt MoraTb JJ;a ce aepexar-s "rHt3JJ;a". OCBeHb axrnaura Sb CJi'i.~HSI repetrs ce HaMl1paTb Htl<OI1 MeJJ;JiI111 ment3HI1 PYJJ;I1, KaTO xanxonapar-s, ment3H2I cmona, 0611KHoseHb nl1pHTb. MapKa311Tb 11 nI1MOHI1Tb.

Flepsscaa
HaH·nocneAHI1S1Tb 4neHb CKaTa CI1CTeMa JJ;OKa3aHb e Sb 6tnorpaJJ;4l1Kb ,!!,onHI1S1 KaTb Sb OKono

CHCTeMa.
rpyna I1nl1

OTb nane030HCKaTa

nepx-

aananaa

6bnrapl1S1,

Ha IOrb OTb

CTaHKOBCKaTa ptKa,

11 TO caMO Cb HaH-

CbCTaBa

aa raa CI1CTeMa. aa raa CI1CTeMa

B3eMaTb

Y4aCTI1e

113Kn10411'

TenHO KOHTI1HeHTanHI106pa3YBaHI1S1,npeJJ;CT2IBeHI1 rnaano Cb pa3HO 60SlJJ;I1CaHI1 ntcb4HO'MeprenHI1 CI1TH03bpHeCTI1 ntcb4HI1L1,H, 11 rnl1HeHH Bl'i\rnl1~HI1 WI1CTI1,

CbJJ;bpmaUJ,11 paCTI1TenHI1 KaMeHHI1 Bl'i'\rnl1~a

ornexe11npyra,

TbLl,I1, Bl'i'\rnl1UJ,HI1 OCTaTbLl,l1, 4epHI1 BCI1'.fKI1 TI1S1nnacrose, rl1Tt nane030HCKI1 Bb HaMHpaTb

KOHTO ne>KaTb KOHKopJJ;aHTHO BbPXY APY-

rnl1HeHI1 WI1CTH, CTOSlTbAOCTa CTpbMHO H ,!!,HCKop,!!,aHLI,HSI ~'KbMb HaJJ;b TtXb. Tt 4epBeHHTt

ce

rrsnaa

ntcb4·

HI1L1,H KOHrnOMepaTH 11 nO'CTapHTt nane030HCKH

Cbenl1HSlBaTb,

nposee,
rpaHI14HI1 KaMeHHH

06pa3YBaHI1S1 Cb OCHOBaTa JJ;21 ce B3eMaTb rpyna. KaTO

aa xepee-

HHTi; ntcb4HHLI,I1 KbMb

11 MoraTb

Me3030HCK2ITa KOHTO Tt

CeAI1MeHTapHa

4epHI1Tt

Bl'i\rnH~a,

caxo
sa

OTb

0'30

M.

aaraapsr-s Bb BH,!!,b aa neuia, aa rHt3JJ;a, JJ;O0'50 M. JJ;e6enHHa, He 06e~aB3Tb MHoro 11
3eneHHKaBI1 ntcb4HI1L1,I1 CneJJ;HI1Tt paCTI1TenHI1

TOBa JJ;Ocera OTb

He CI'i'\ 611nl1 pa3pa60TeHI1.

HaH-ropHHTt CI'i\

aa

CTaHKOBCKara

nonaaa
AOflHHH

cb6paHI1

OTne421TbLl,I1OTb

Flepsrs,

Cyaiheites (Pecopteris) cfr. arborescens Brongn .. Alethopteris (Callipteris) gigas v, Gutbier sp., Taeniopteris abnormis v. Gutbier, Odontopteris obtusiloba Naum., Calamites efr. dubius Srongn., Calamites infractus v. Gutbier var. Durri Geinitz, Annularia sp., Walchia piniformis Schloth.

66
Vi TbH, HHKaKbBb He e n03HaTb KaKBH MOpCKH ¢aLl,HeCb OTb nepncxa r-s CHCTeMa Hi;Bb HaWHT"B CTpaHH, HHTO nbKb OTb CiY' aanaaeaa

cnena

rto-ropaa

nnacroae

aa

Ta3H CHCTeMa. AonHHTi;

OTHOCHTenHO YepBeHHTi; HMb YaCTH, MaTepHanH, CbcTaBeHH OTb KOHTO 3aeAHO

ni;CbYHHLl,H H oc06eHO CiY'

rmspne pasnpocrpaLlearpanHHSI Earneairs, HeMO>Re ouie Cb nOnO>RHTenHOCTb na ce Kamel nana no He THSi Cb no-enpa xarepaana He npaaannesaar-s aa
HeHH oc06eHO Bb 3anaAHa 6bnrapHSI, a OTyaCTH H Bb nepxcsa RnnHTi;. CHCTeMa, KiY'AeTO npasacnsaar-s Ha MHoro M-BCTa HaWHTi; rmspne H CbCTaSb, Ti;XHHT-B nOA06HH Bb 4epBeHH TaKa H no BbH~aw· KOHrnOMepaTHH

no-xpvnaa, Cb rrspaar's

Aa>Re KOHrnOMepaTHH

n-BCb4HHLl,H, KaKTO no ¢opMa HHSI CH H3rneAb npeA-BnH. oxono TaKHsa oxono rtpanaxar-s

MHorO aa BepYKaHCKr1Ti; HnH Bb MeAI1TepaHCKHTi; Ha VicKbpa. H np. H Bb06~e Cnp-BMO KaKTO H Bb ceo

Bb nOM6apAo·BeHeLl,HaHCKHT-B RnnH, C. Kypano 11 KbMb

CiY' 4epSeHHT-B n-BCb4HI1Ll,11 11 KOHrnOMepaTI1 C. 3si;pHHO CO¢I1HCKaTa KOTnOBHHa H oc06eHO oxono 5imorpaAYHKb

MHoro npyra eepo-sananaa

6bnrapHSI

RKO ce otrspae weHHSI cnp sao

BHHMaHHe aa CTpaTl1rpa¢CKHT-B HMb OTHOKap60HCKHTi; KbMb KOHTO T-B SCH4f<H CiY' B~ Bb nbnH(KOH' sa I1nH Sbnpoca KaTO

nepMCKHT-B,

nane030HCKHT-B apnmOWHCTI1, AHcKOpAaHLl,HSI, a KbMb xopnauruocrs, Ka>ReMb, rcraaa AonHO·Tpl1aCOBI1. HHH -ie no nanca >RI1BOTHHCKH, sapecn-ra a HHLl,I1,KOHTO Hai1-MHoro aa cera He aarrsnao BHAb, 4e rorrseia HMaMe w,e

TpHaCOBHTi; HaAb Ti;xb CKnlO4HMb TyKb

OCHOeaHl1e na rH B3eMeMb 6HnH T-B paCTHTenHH

aa ¢OCHnH, none

aa OHHSI KOHrnOMepaTHH ni;CbY' OCTaBa nperrs n-B06a4e KaTO HMaMe

nOAXO>RAaTb aa BepYK~HCKHTi;,

paspeureaa.

4aCTb OTb YepSeHI1Ti; OTb enna OTb npyra

ni;Cb4HHLl,11 11 xoarnorrscr par-s

MepaTH HOCSlTb fierreaar's, C'b4HHll,11(Buntsandstein),

CTpaHa aa

aa Bore3KHT-B OTb AonHHH H TOBa BamHO 06CiY' KOHKOPnpaso na

Tpaac's,

a KaTO ce 1J3eMe Bb cb06pa>ReHHe

CTOSiTenCTBO, ye He caxo

eAHHT-B, HO H APyrHTt, HMaMe

p,aHTHH ~b Tpl1aCOBI1T-BBapOBI1ll,H HaAb T-BXb,

a AHCKopAaHTHH rrsnao OTKonKOTO npH4HcnHMb

cnpano
KbMb KbMb

nane030HCKHTi; nane030HCKHTt. AonHI1S1Tpaac's.

WHCTI1, HHH 06pa3YBaHHSI,

rH CM-BCTI1MbnpeAnOYTHTenHO KbMb

Me3030HCKHTi;, T. e. na rH

III. ME3030HCKf\ Ylfll-1CPoAHf\ rpynf\.
Me3030~1cI<HTi; Cep;I1MeHTH, KOHro cnenaar s Hap;b nan eo30HCKHT'B, C}i'\~eCTBeHO ce paanaxaaar-s OTb Ti;xb. Ti; C'bCTOSlTb rnaeao OTb aapoaara H rnaaecra 06pa3YBElHHSI, OTb rrsCb'-lHI'Il.l,H,rnHHeHLI,H 1'1 npyru, OTb KOHTO nose-rero ce He cp'suiarj, Sb npeAHAY~HTi; cHcTeMH; p;a>Ke H rnaseao-nacrecrar's uecnara He nparemeaar s 6ene3HT'E aa nane030HCKHT'E apranOWHCTH. Bb 6bnrapHlI '-IneHOBeT'E aa Me3030HCKaTa rpyna A06pe C}i'\ 3aCT}i'\neHH no LI,'EnOTOnporesceaae aa Earrxaacxara separa, a aa M'ECTa H H3S'bHb nes. Ilocra nonpofiao C}i'\ H3Y'-leHH H paaaneaeaa seve: T p Hac 0 BaT a, 10p CKaT a H oc06eHO I{ p e n HaT a C H CT e M H. .

1. Tpaacoaa

CHCTeMa.

Flpa HaCT~nBaHeTO aa TpHaCOSHSI nepaom., senHKHSlTb crap-s TpaKH~kKo"opHeHTanCKH OCTPOSb, fib KOHlO C}i'\ snH3anH roraaa no-rorrsreara '-IaCTb OTb 3eMHTB Ha 6am<aHCKHSI nonyOCTPOSb, a cnenoaarenao H OTb HaWHT'E, BH>KAa ce nee ripeTbpnt.nb '-IYSCTBHTenHHnpOM'EHH, ocofieno oxorro ceBepHHTB My nona, Bcnencrsae aa CHnHHT'E BOAHH ep03HSHH AeHCTBHSI, Cb KOHTO e 03HaMeHYBaHO HaqanOTO Ha TOSInepHop;b, roni;Ma 'laCTb OTb paspyureaarb H cAp06eHH MaTepHanH aa TOSIcrap-s MaCHBb, noanexeaa OTb nopOHHHT'E SOAH, AOCTHranH ClK AO HH3KHTB nperrsna HnH AO narYHHTB, rAeTO T'E, KaTO nocnenno npoasaeneaae, elK 6HnH aacnaraaa Bb SHAb aa KOHrnOMepaTH H n'ECb'-lHHLI,H. Cb TaKHBa KOHTHHeHTanHH o6pa3ysaHHSI Ha'-leBa Y HaCb Bep<peHCKHSIKelTb. . Ho KbMb cp'snara aa AonHO"TpHaCOBHSI nepaorrs xoperc HaCT",nsa se-re Bb HaWHTB nperrsnn H npOH3Se>KAa AOCTa'-IYSCTSHTenHa TpaHcrpeCHSI. HaBOAHSIsa ce eAHa '-IaCTb OTb CTapHSI 6pt.rb H8 T paKHi1cKo-opHeH ranCKHSI OCTPOl!lb H B'b nnHTKOTO Mope ce HacnarB8Tb BbPXY eAH8 qaCTb OTb qep.eHHTB n~Cbq-

68
HHllH paeTb, Mope Bb H ppyrHTl; nO-CTapH 06pa3YBaHHSI OTb nane030HCKa BapOBHLI,H. Bb3TOBa

n-SCb4HO-MeprenHH e OCTBSHno carypna p33HH

WI1CTH H MeprenHH noxaaarencraa OTb

sa CBoeTO npefiaaaaane ropaara H 4aCTb apyra Ha ,o,onHHSI

nHLI,eTO aa KaTO

cpOCHnH,

Tpaac-s,
cpOPMH.

Myophoria
06a4e, na

costata Zenk.
He ce

BepcpeHcKH

TOBa cpi;AHHSI

Mope,

OTTerJ1SI; TO npozrsnseaaa OCBeHb KaTO Hnl1 Ho

npeai, TOBa

Tpaac»

HaBOAHSIBa C}i'\LU,I1T1; nperrsna, 06naCTH pa3HH Bb 6bnrapl1S1. ManKO

TO 3aBJ1aASIBa H HOBI1 MOPCKOTO KOPHTO Cb HeHH, Cb A0J10MHTHI1

asrrsnaa
rJ1HMope

BapOBHLI,I1,

MHoro

BapOBHLI,H H A0J10MI1.TH. noaesce 11 Bb

11. TOBa

I

He e 611no TBbpAe peHI1

AbJ160Ko,

Hero

He C}i'\ HaM1;'

L1,ecpaJ10nO,ll,HI1OCTaTbLl,I1., a

caxo Enirochus,
anra I1.nl1. Bb

Biualua, Gastropoda

11 BapOBHTI1.

Brachiopoda, Diplopora (Oy·
CbCTaBa aa H1;'

t

roporella),
MI1THI1Tl; HaH-Be4e Mope

KOI1TO C}i'\

KOI1. BapOBI1TI1 pl1cpoBe. CRaJ1HCTH np0l13XOAa

aaexann Enaa
MaCH Bb CI1 aa

m.I1BO Y4aCTI1e 4aCTb OTb

BapOBI1TI1T-B H A0J10separa Abnm.aTb Tpl1aCOBOTO

6anKaHCKaTa TI1.SI anr a, anroaa

KOI1TO Bb

C}i'\ 06pa3YBanH

rOn1;MI1 aa Bb

nonsaa.

J..1
4eHI1

KbMb

xpaa

Tpl1aCOBI1S1nepaozrs aaurero ab OTe4eCTBo, Cpi;,ll,HHSI, na

xopero
HO Bb Aam.e

e noxpasano nO-OrpaHI1' ,l1,onHI1S1

113BeCTHI1 nperrsna paaerspa,

OTKonKOTO

H Bb

Tpaac's.

K'l.TO no-zrsnfioko

Mope, Cb

TO HI1 e OCTaBl1nO pa3HH cpaYHa 11 IlPYrH, OTb

xep-

reJ1H 11 rJ1HHeHI1 WI1CTI1

60raTa

Hexacoralla,
KOI1TO no-

Hydrozoa,
PEAKO ce

Crinoidea, Echinoidea
cp'suiar-s 11 OCTaTbLl,H OTb

Mem.IlY

Cephalopoda.
CI1CTeMa Bb na ce KaTb, 6bnrapcKoTo aa Tpl1 paazrsna 6)

p a s n i; n e H 11e. L1,apCTBO Mom.e xara: a) Cb

Tpaacosara
BepcpeHcKI1 KaT b

nonom.I1TeJ1HOCTb HnH

AOJ1eH.b

c p.s n eu

s

11J111 11P r J10 B eo Bb KaT b.

P H H CK H
CaMO

H B) r 0 p e H b OTb

HJ111He 0 T P H aHaH-AOJ1Hl1a KaTb C}i'\ MOpCKI1

AOJ1HBTa n0J10BHHa 6enerb,

I1Ma KOHTI1HeHTaJ1eHb 06pa3YBaHI1S1.

a BCI14KI1 OCTaHanl1

a) ,D,oneH'b tpHaC'b.
,l1,onHl1aTb

..
6eJ1e3HTl; ua Bb OCHOBBT6 eH

Tpaac s

Bb

6bJ1rapH5I

npareseaaa

3tmaAHo~eBponeHCKHSI Cb

Tl1nb

11, e npencraaesrs

KOHTI1.HeHTaJ1HH., a orrcpe

c.

MOPCRH 06pB3yaaHI1S1.

K 0 H T I1H
HI1Tt 11 4epBeHI1 OTBeTcTBylO~I1Tt n1,pBI1Tt

eli T anHI1

00

P

a 3 Y BaH 11 :51.-

KOHTI1~HTanQepBeHKaBI1'

06pa3YBaHI1S1 ce CbCTOSlTb rnaaao KOHrnOMepaTI1 11Mb 11 ntcb4HI1I1I1,

OTb rpy611

npl1,l:1pY>KeHl10Tb Ii MeprenHI1 raa cepas,

-cs-

ntcb4HO-rnl1HeHI1

LUI1CTI1. a rrs-

3aeMBTb

0611KHOBeHO OCHOBaTa aa no-ropaoro

Cb4HI1l1,I1Tt Cb OCTaHanI1T1; rnero Tt ce OTnl14aBaTb 4aCTb

HI1BO HB

rmecroeerra,

cbntcbl.JHO·WI1CT03eHb OTb ntcb4HI1L1,I1Tt

<pal1,I1eCb. CJK yxpaceaa CD

Flo-rorrsxara
ra'spne KOHTO npeofinanaaa 06a4e, Mem,l:ly TtXb

>KI1BI1:4epBeHI1,

P030BI1, Ka<pSlBI111 >KbnTI1 6011, -repaeaara

Me>K,l:Iy

npeaeryuiecrseao

11 po aoaara;

Cb4HI1L1,I1. ontMI1HaTa He e HaBctKJKge CHTHO-3bpHeCTI1 HeCTI1

r

I1Ma 11 CbBCeM'b 6tmf,CI1BO-nenem:lBI1 aa KBapl1,0BI1Tt

rrs'
YfMaMe

enexearn
na

Bb

TI1S1 cxana

ennaxsa;

HI e TB'bp,l:Ie

npoersanaaa.

n1;Cb'lHHl1,H,

cp'snno-a'spaecra,
Bb

11 enpo-s

sp-

KBapl1,0BI1

ntC'b4HI1L1,I1, HaCnOeHI1 OTb TI1S1 3bpHBTa

TbHKH

11 netiena 11 Tt rnero

6aHKH; aa MHoro HOCSlTb asrnena r

CJK KBapLl,HTH3yBaHH C}i\ ptgl<H cnY4aHTt

Ha KBapLI,I1TI1. He Bb

s

npeMHHaBaT'b 4eCTO enpa,

KOHrnOMepaTHI1 ntcbl.JHI1I1I1,

KaTO C"b,l:l'bP-

maTb

6tnH,

<;I1HKaSH,game H TbMHI1 I<BapLl,OBHKI'i'\aa M1;CTa 11Bb HCTHHCKI1xoarnoreepar-s,

COBe, Tt nonotiem,

npeMHHaBaTb

aa BepYKaHcKHSI, KOHTO OCBeH'b KBapI1,OBH, CbAbpma or'b KpHcTanHHHO-MaCI1BHH HWHCT03HH cKanH.KJK-

ouie napsera COBeTt

aa 4I1CTI1T1; KOHrnOMepaTI1 CI'i'\ cneneaa 06arpeHI1

Cb KpeM'b4eH'b OTb men1;3eHb

L1,I1MeHT'b 4eCTO 611BaTb ,l.JepBeHO 11 XHgpOKCHgb. YepBeHI1Tt MtcTa ce n1;Cb4HHIII1

He C}i\. BI1HarH

411CTI111 aa MHoro yKpaCeHH THSI nt.

satiensaaar's

11 n1;CbtIHO rnHHeHH nnacroae,

TO>KeC'b C}i\.llI,I1Tt L1,BtToBe; HO Me>Kgy TtXb 11 nbCTpHTE ntcb4HH rnHHI1.

He C}i\ H3KnlO4eHI1,

KBapIlOBI1T1; 3p'bHLI,a HB ntC'b4HO-rnHHeHb.

Cb4HI1l1,HC}i\. cneneaa HnH ment3eHb

Cb rmfHeHb,

I<peMb4eH'b

L1,eMeHT'b. Kal<TO

enaar's,
11 Cb

raae

HAPyrl1TtntHacnOeHHB!b

C'b4HI1L1,H 6HSaT'b

MaCHBHO HannaCTeHI1. 113nbnHeHH

I1nl1 fl'bKb 6tna

TbHKH nn0411, xecro crnona.

I1nH ,MYCKOBI1THa

M'BCTHOTO aaceneaae

ynoTpt6S1sa aa

HtK0l10TbnocneA"" To0611LfB ga

HI1T'B n1;Cbl.JHI1L1,H sa n01{pl1Bb CI1 113611pa OTb 4epBeHHTt 3,:1 rrparoraaaena KOHrnqMepaTHHTt K!!lMbHH.

>KHnHllI,aTa CH;

H6tnHTt

ntcbLfHI1L1,H H MaTepl1amf a OTb egp03bpHecTI1tt game H

T04.Hna H 6pycose,

ntC'b'-lHI1l1,11 nparoroanaaa

11BOAeHI14HI1

70
HacnarHTt CTO~Tb TBbpAe cTpaTHqJHKa~H~, BaHH~. Ha qepBeHHTt AHCKopAaHTHa
I

H 6tnH3HesHTt KbMb ropaara 4eCTO ce

ntcbq~H~H H nonaara

C~· noBb He Bb

4eCTO OTb ManKH, TbHKH cnoeBe

Cb HaKnOHeHa 06pa3Y-

BPbXHOCTb Ha HacnaraTa, TaKHB8 nbH<nHBH AonHO-TpHaCOBHTt MtCT8 Bb aaurero
CIK

KaTO HanOMH~Tb nopOHHHTt

acnoeaas
oxono

saoenassar-s

ntcb4HH~H OTe4eCTBO. no HtKOH Cb rnaaa, H 6tna

COCPHSI, K8KTO HHa npyra TOBa ntcb4HH~HTt

OCBeHb

BHHarH XOMoreHHO CbCTaBeHH OTb KBap~OBH ce HaMHpaTb H3nbnHeHH 3aTBopeHH a aa MtcTa

enexenra:

TtXb rHt3Aa,

ManKH

HnH rontMH ntcb4' oraeorropaa

Aa>t<e noms

HH~I1Tt ce saeensaea

HnH nenerraao-caaa na nonana

rnaaa.
Bb YBIKrneHH Barb Tt renaar
CIK

KOHTHHeHTanHHTt ntcb4HH~H paCTHTenHH OCTaTb~H, Bb HHW.O He HH KOHKopAaH~H~ Cb HaAb TtXb, fierreaa

Tpaacs
ce

ouie

HHKal<BH n0J10>t<HTenHH cpOCHnH He CIK ua MtcTa, Bb rrsnaa

HaMtpeHH.

He~CHHTt

KOHTO Bb TtXb nOY4aBaTb. a Bb

satiensaarparpcka H

Crpar rrsc's-rao-xeprenaar-a
rrsnaa TtXb.

xep-

s

BapOBH~H

AHCKopAaH~I1S1 a MO>t<e Bb

cnp~MO nane030HCKHTt TaKHBa CIK 6H H aa 6bnrapH~. n03HaBaTb 06W.HTt narYHCKHTt aaeaar's

06pa3YBaHH~nOAb 06pa3YBaHH~ aa

aa KOHTHHeHTanHHTt,

Beprpeacxaa
HMb

KaTb

OTHOCHTenHO paanpocrpaaenaero no ~BtTa

MO>t<ena ce

xasce, 'Ie Tt

ron BMH npOCTpaHCTBa H neCHO ee pasH eeTeCTBOTO CH OTb ApyrHTtcpopMaUHH. 4aeTb aa ~apCTBOTO ocotieuo ntcb4HH~H
CIK

B's sanenaara
BH>t<AaTb 4epBeHHTt rpaA4HKb. KbMb

pa3BHTH oxono

ee

H xoarnonepara 51CHH

6i;no·

"BtHe~b"

rrspaar-s,
!Orb

Me>t<AY KOHTO H !OrO-H3TOKb elK KOHrnOMe-

HMa BMeTHaTH H 6tnH OTb enOMeHaTHSI rpam, paTHHTt xpacar's crpana npyra rrsnaa Bb ntcb4HH~H xy6aBHTt 8bPXy

nteb4HH~H, H CIKW.HTt

a KbMb

0c:06eHO paanpocrpaaeaa aoarnoerepara.

Ilocnenaar's
H ocofieao po-

OKonHOCTH aa 6tnorpaA4HKb

MaHTH4HOTO AecpHne aa ror s OTb Hero, nepMCKH, BbPXY nane030HCKH AHCKopAaH~H5I. rOA.: CKanHCTH rpaeiana, • TtCHHTt

KaTO ne>t<aTb OTb enaa

KOHTHHeHTanHH 06pa3YBaHHSI, a OTb WHeTH; HO H Bb ABaTa B len

cnysas Bb
6tnorpaA-

Bb3XHTeHb

qui

OTb e

4HWKHTt

TBbpAe

aa MteTo

1843

npOXOAH aa

Onayrrs

xasam, ouie Bb Flpoeaac s,
HaH-

npOXOAa aa Flaaxopoo AHBHTt A8 ce

Bb J.1cnaHH~, F\nnHTt,

nHpHHeHTt.

Taponcxn H WBeH~apcKH nnaHHHH cpaensr-s Cb 6tnorpaA'IHWKHTt".

He MClraTb Bb HHW.O

71
613norpaA'II1WE<HTl; npocrapart, BaTb KbMb aanpaanaaar Tl; nocrarar-s C. C. rlOprHlJb AO AonHa nl;Cb'lHH~H, H AonHa OCSeHb KbMb nocnenaara PHI<Ca, a KbMb 6nH30 AO aanams, pasIOrb ce H E<bMb H3TOE<b. Bb nOCOKa

rs OTHT'B ce

s KbMb CMonSlHOB~H H Kaeieaa PMKca;

aa H3TOKb <:PepAHHaHAb

Bepeaaua,

(6HB. I{YTnOB~H). r acaa KbMb

THSI nocnenaar'a npoxoms.

npes's

Wl1pOKa npa

nn.

4pe3b

HSH~a ce aanaasrrt, l{aA}K·60a3KHSI

Cb 6i>norpa,lJ,4HWKHTii Bb npyra PaBHa, Ho T'B

Ilpeynaca
E<OSlTO

C}K1.4HT'B ce SlBSIBaTb H OTHBa OTb KbMb rOpHI1-nOMb, rOpHO-03I1POBO H KbMb

nO'IO>KHa 30Ha,

npes's

T'araaaua,

1{0MapeBO 11 no Sb

6epKoBcKHSI oxorro aa

6.

T13 C}K ocofieao

SlCHH Bb 3ropl1rpa,lJ,CKHSI 6aceHHb. BHCOlJI1HHT'BHa Bpa4aHcKHSI 6. aa MHoro

a<pnbopHpaTb ntcblJHH~11 H

Crapa-nnaaaaa
rpaaaua

4HnpOBCE<HSInpOXOAb. Yepenl1WKI1S1 AO C. rHH-

HaH'H3T04HaTa

'1epseHHT13 aanarrs Cb

ce HaMHpa Me>HAY c. 3StPHHO HO KbMb rrocnenaara C}K CBbp3aHI1 Ha 3anaAb p'Bl{a

MOHaCTl1pb aa HCKbpa, M'BCTa noxpaii L1,epOBO. nOCneAHI1Tt naTa rO,lJ,eYKa paBHHHa, 1I0lJTH OTb woce. onacsa Ho KbMb H3TOKb npecasar-s OTb I{bMb

H IOrb T'B ce BI1>KAaTb 11 AOCTl1raTb neTpOXaHCKI1Tt,

CI{HT'B KaKTO H Cb OHHSI aa IOrb C}K~I1T13 ntcblJHI1~I1, Ha Hl;Konl<o ceaep's

OTb I{OMCKHT'E BHCOlJI1HI1.U13OTb HCKbpa. KOl1rO KbMb MtcTa cnem, CbCTaBeH8 e 11 no-aa 1011.H WYMa

C0<pI1HCKO-6epI{OBCKOTO TOBa KbMb

C}KLU,I1S1Tb repeat, 4~pBeHI1T-S

ce cnY1.48

Coq,HHCKaTa KOTnOBHHa. 3aeMaTb BI1C04I1HHT13aa !Orb IOrb S1SSlBaTbce a no-aa

nl;Cb4HI1~11

OTb C. C. YaKaH4eBO n06HTb-l{aMbKb, I{bMb saTb

11 ManKOlJeBO, KaTO oneceer 1011.

s

4aCTb OTb Co(lmHcl{aTa THSI n-ECb'lHH~H ce SlB!t·

KOTnOBHHa 11 OTb KbMb

H3TOKb Bb UeHTpanHHSl 6. BD orpaaa-reaa Bb napTI1H,

caxo Cr'sprem,

KaTO aanp.

Me>H,o:ycenara (OpxaHHM' C}KUJ,HT-E ,nOCTa roni;Mo

H 6YHOBO 11 Ha H3TOKb OTb C. TeTeBeHcKHSI 6. cesepac

Flpaaeirs

CKO).

Otiaxe

rh

nOCTHraTb

pasnpocrpeaeaae H3nl13aTb

H H3T04HO OTb

Tereaea's,
H 6HHKOCb.

Bb ra6pOBCKHSl

11 TpesHecKHSI 6.,

KaKTO H Sb CnH6bnrapHSI 4ep' HaMI1-

seHCIU1S1aa H3TOKb OTb C. c. H3BbHb par BeHH ntcbLfHI1~H,

Tepsaooacs

6anKaHCKaTa separa

Sb 3anaAHa

npH,o:PY>KeHH '1eCTO OTb KOHrnOMepaTH,

s

ce HaH'YeCTO pa3KI'KCaHH Bb ocaMOTeHH napraa, YepBeHHTi:. nl;C-b4HI1~H

BbPXY KpHH

CTanonHCTeCTH CRanH H nane030HCKH 'aprl1nOWI1CTH. CaMO oxono TPbHb CbCTaBnSlsaTb H'I;1.40 no-irsno

72
nOt{TH

aerrpexacaaro

ce cnyurar

t{epBeHI1T'5

n'5Cbt{HI1L\11 aa KbMb

r OnO-6bpAO.

s

kbMb

1011. H ce 3Sna.BSlT'b C1> C. C. n'5THI1L\a 11

Ha C3. OTb TPbHb 3BOHL\H, aa aanazrs
103. H 10. I<bMb

T'5 ce SlBSIBaTb I<bMb C. c. 3a6'5nb BOpeHL\H, VbBOPb, 11 np.

11 3eneHl1rpaAb,

a H8

cenara

KOCTYPHHL\J.1, Mpa" t{epBeHI1T'5 a na ce 30Ha, n'5Cbt{" BI1ASlTb 1<0SlTO

MOPb, KO>RI1.HL\I1,,lJ,ywaHL\I1,

Epyrrs

Ilc-aa
11Mb cnena orb. ABers

IOrb

Bb KlOcreHAl1nCI<I1S1 oxpxr-s Bb He3Hat{HTenHI1 Bbnrapl1S1 oxono

HHL\11 ce nOK83BaTb

napTI1I1, MoraTb

nocnenaar-s

Bb lOrO"3anaAHa

CTpa.;11 aa p. CTpYMa OTb TpbHb noxpaa

C. B060weBo. aa napa"

nO-Ba>RHa e aenpeaxcnarare ce cnyuia MYHCK8Ta nnaHI1H3. KbMb KaTO npeMI1HaB8 Abn>ReHl1erO no CeBepHI1Tt HaJlOrb ropa xacr aa TI1S1 xa CTpYMa,

sepaeno-rrscussa

3anaJJ,HHT'5 CKnOHOBe H8 r ono-fit.pno,

Me>RAy Flepaax s H PaAOMl1pb, CneAI1 .oTb npoce 3a6enSl3BaTb J.1 H no IOH<HI1T-Bcxno-.

Bb OCHOBlna

nona OTb

-repseaa ntcb'-lHI1L\11 Fono-trspno. KaKTO
aepara

HOBe aa BJ.1TOWKJ.1S1 MaCJ.1Bb.

Banxaacxara
CiK

AonHO-Tpl1aCOBJ.1T'5 n-BC'bt{" nOt{TJ.1 caxo aa CbpHeHa" ce npOCTJ.1" ,lJ,epMeHb" T-B J.1311113aTbB'b Cp-BAH8Ta nporrsnsceaaero J.1Bb pJ.1Aa CB. YInJ.1Sl

HI1 06pa3YBaHI1Sl

OrpaHI1t{eHJ.1

J.1pJ.1Aa CB. YInJ.1S1. b B

rrspaara
KbMb

s

aa Cl<nOHOBer'5 ce

11 6J.1nOTO H J.1 Bb r scaa 30Ha p. TYHAH<a; c. Crpyneu's Bb

par s KbMb J.1Mb 06at{e

ceBepO-113TOKb, OTb

3a6e11Sl3Ba J.1 np« Ba11KaHa.

6aJ.1Pb aa IOrb CTBO oxono Mop Cb aa Orb tie Tt

HanOKOH'b

KBapL\J.1THJ.1Tt t{epBeHI1 ntcb'-lHl1l1,J.1 11311113aTb Ha ManKO npocrpaaC. C. BOTeBO, C K J.1 06 P a

Fiofiem, J.1Kypcpa11J.1H. 3 Y BaH 11s. MOPCKJ.1T'5
Zenk. CiK 3anaAHa 11

06pa3YBaHJ.1Sl .0.0 cera 6bnrapJ.1Sl.

Myophoria
H-BKOnKO cb6paHHTt I1MaTb

costata
MtcTa B'b

KOHCTaHTl1paHJ.1

Ilearpanaa

,o;aHHI1 Cb KOHTO paanonaraxe, 38 pCHOBa t{epBeHJ.1Tt

SlCHOce BI1>RAa,

n-BCbt{HJ.1L\I1,Cb KOI1TO T'5CHO Cb BapOBI1L\11 11 AOnOMI1T" 1<0l1TO B3eMaT'b ntcbt{HI1L\I1, ntcbt{nHBI1 Ha6nlOA8BaTb yt{a" rrs-

CiK CBbp3aHJ.1; npl1nOKpJ.1TJ.1 CiK ofia-re HH BapOBJ.1L\11OTb CptAHHa rnaBHI1Tt crae

Tpaecs.
eneMeHTH, CiK C11eA"

nerporpacpcl<l1

Bb CbCTaBa aa THSI nnHTKoBo,o;!-I11 06pa3YBaHHSI J.1nH WapeHI1 BapOBI1TI1 M.eprenl1. MOraT'bAa ce

HHT'5: POH11HBI1 YH<'b11To-t{epBeHH Cbt{HI1 rJIHHI1, ntcbt{11I1BI1 BI1L\I1, 3aXapOBI1AHI1 11I1BI1 m1TOnOrl1t{eCKI1

sapoaa-

,o;onOMI1THH BapQBl1l1,l1 11 np. 6ene3H

TI1S1 npOM'5H"

73
ediKIKP,e r nero HMa OTBOpeHH, eCTeCTBeHH HnH H3KycTBeHH

nporparra, I('1lKBI1TOHe nancsar-s Bb aauiero OTe'leCTBO. Cnenaris aa P,onHO-TpHaCOBHTi; MOPCKH 06pa3YBaHHSI, KOHTO OTrOBapSlTb aa BepcpeHCKHSI KaTb Bb fOmHHT"6 f\nnH HnH aa H3BbHannH~kKHSI R 6 t h, HaH-S1CHH CIK Bb OHaSi Tpl1aCOBa aapoaara 30Ha. KOSITOce npocrapa aa fOrb OTb KOMCKHTi; H 5epKOBCKHTi; BHC04I1HH; r s CIK TbH CIKUJ,OSlCHI1H Bb BpasaaCKI1S1 6. no

Fnoxceae 11 Ter eeea s, KaKTO H npa CB. Haxona Bb WI1n4eHCIHISI 6. Bb IOro-3anap,Ha 5bnrapHSI OTb CIKUJ,HTi; CIK HaMi;peHI1 oxono p. CYKaBa npa TPbHb, Bb FlapaMYHCHaTa nn. H Bb Fono-B'spno, MemP,y PaP,OMHpb H nepHHHb. Ha fOrb OTb Flerpoxam, nbpBHT-B Tpl1aCOBH MOPCHH 06pa3YBaHI1S1 eacar s Bb rrsnaa KOHKOpp,aHLI,I1S1 n BbPXY 4epBeHHT-B 11 6i;Bb UeHTpa~HI1S1 5. nHTi; ni;Cb4HI1UI1 11 CIK npeP;CTaBeHI1 H3nbnHeHI1 Zenk.. Cb pOHmlBH Cb ymbllHaMeHHH T04epBeHHaBH Slp,HH OTb Lefroy 11 HI1BO ce nop,06HH ni;Cb4HHlI,H, 4eCTO

,

CIKUJ,aTa nOCOKa KbMb

H3TOKb 3a6enSl3aHI1 CIK

ouie

oxono

Myophoria

costata
Mano

Naticella
ManoBo

Gaillardoti .
Bb CIKill,OTO

np, Oxono
nOKa3BaTb

H rOn-BMO

CI1BO-nenenI1BI1, rm1HeHI1 I1nl1 n-BCbllHI1 H

nnacrose 113nbnHeHI1 cano Cb B i val va aa cnoxeaarara Myophoria; xor aro nbHb Bb CYXI1S1 non-s aa fOrb OTb rl1HLI,I1 H aa ceaep's OTb C. Tynea's oxono p, B-bp6eWHHLI,a Ti; CIK npencreaeaa Cb BapOBHLI,I1. MHoro no-seem, e npocpHnbTb aa T0311KaTb Bb ViCKbPCKHSI nponoers np» C. UepOBO, Ml1nHoBa Jlaaana H C. OnneTHSI. rIPH UepOBO Hai1-Aony 113nH3aTb caso-nenenaaa Hnl1 CHHBapoBHTo-rHnHeHI1 KaBI1 ni;Cb4nHBI1. a BapOBHTH Meprenl1 Cb

Myophoria

costata
sa-

Zenk.,

Hap,b Ti;xb

3axapOBHp,HH, CI1TH03bpHeCTH KOI1TO sp., Zenk. na ce

TbMHH

POBI1L1,I1, OT'IaCTI1 rm1HeHI1, Bb

ce

ten

af], discites Schloth. sp., Myophoria costata nnacroaer s Mome .0.0 aerne
HOBa-nI1BaAa, rnero POBHKb oxono Bb

Geruillia mytiloides
HAp. aafimonaaa

pasnoaaaaar-s: PecSc:hloth,
H8 H OKOJlO Ml1nsa-

CIKUJ,HSlTb perrs

TbMHHSI 11 cBi;Tnl1S1 aaxapceanem, ce

HaHTOHa Hai1-lIeCTO H

HaMHpaTbMyophoria
Taers

costata

Zenk.,

Naticella Gailiardoti

Lefroy.

Hanoaom,
4epBeHI1Ti;

THnH4Ha e cepasra

aa AonHO-TpHaCOBHT-BnnacHMeHHOHap,b H3nH3aTb sacmona,

TOBe, KOSITOce OTHpHBa oxono

C. OnneTHSI.

KBapLI,OBH nt.Cb4HHLI,I1 Cb 6-Bna cmona, n-BCb'-lHHUI1, 60raTH TOme

POBHTO-MeprenHH

na 6-Bna

KOSITOcnoco6CTBYBa

3a neCHOTO L1,eneHe Ha CKanHTt

Bb TbHKI1

74
~,. .

nno-ia. B'spxy uenar ennara nOBbpXHOCTb aa TI1S1rrnoxa <pOCHnl1Tt. Myophorie costata Zenk. sp., Myophoria ooata Gldf. 11 Myacites mactroides v. Schloth, sp. CN\. e,o;HH OTb H8H-'-IeCTI1Tt.. Bb HaH·ropHHTt. nbKb '-IaCTHH8 THSI nt.Cb'-lHHLI,H 3'a6em13BaTb ce 11 omexar-sua OTb Anoplophora. nO-CnO>KHae otiase nonuo TpHaCOBaTa cepas Bb 3ropHrpa,o;CKI1S1 6aceHHb, OKano e,lJ,HHb KHnOMeTbpb na toro-aanarrs OTb BpaTLI,aTa. BbPXY 4epSeHI1Tt. KOHTI1HeHTanHH nt.cb4HHLI,I1 oTKpHBaTb ce rnnaeao-rracsxaa '-IepBeHI168HKH, KOI1TO no-nocrrs npeMHHaBaTb Bb Y>KbnTH H caso-nenenaaa: Me>KAY THSICN\. MeB CTeHI1'BapOBHTo-rnHHeHH, CHHKaSH cnoeae, Ham, TI1S1 ne>KaTb TbMHo-nenenHSH BapOBHLI,HSb TbHI<H 6aHHH, nocnenaana OTb xepaeaa, TbHKocnoHHH nt.cb'-lnHBI1 rnl1HI1, rnaaeaa '-IepBeHI1 BapOBHLI,HH CI1BO'3eneHHKaBH nt.cbLJ.nHBI1 rnl1HeHLI,H Cb Myo. phoria, Geroillia H np, BbPXY Tt.Xb cnensar-s caso-nenenaaa fllHHeHH nt.cb'-lHI1L1,I1. Ha,o;b THSI apOBHLI,H a B OTb CN\.W.HSI L1,St.Tb, Cb KOHTO ce saep-suiaa ropaara '-IaCTbOTb AOnHl1a-TpHac», 'IHSlTOnefiermna aa TOBa Mt.CTO ,lJ,OCTHra oaono 25 AO 30 M. BCH'IKH TI1S1nacrose. 3ae,lJ,HO YepBeHHTt. nt.cb'lHHlJ,11 norrs n Cb Tt.Xb, CTOSlTbn04TH aepraxenno. RKO npocnenaers H3Cne,lJ,SaHHSlTa MopcKHa ,D,oneHb TPHaa acs Bb nOCOKaTa aa Crapa-Flnaaaae KbMb H3TOKb, uie HaMt.pHMb oxono c. Fnosceae MeprenHO cmOAHH 6aHKH Cb Myophoria costata Zenk. Spa, a Sb nt.cb'lHO nacrecrur-s CnIO,lJ,HH CKaJlI1 Bb nt.cb4nHBHTt. BapOBHlJ,H H3TOKbOTb Te reaems, HaH aa KnOHeHH KbMu ceeepo-aenarrs, ocaetrs nocnennara - npencraseaa Cb ManKI1 <pOPMH ce HaMHpa ouie Geroillia mytiloides v. Schloth. sp. 11 Naiica gregaria Sc.hloth. sp. Ha cesep's nbKb OTb nocnenaas rparrs, KaTO ce npesana 6HnOTO KbMb KonH6H Fpaneuiaaua, H3]1113aTb TbMHHSapOBHLI,H Cb,lJ,bp>KaUJ,11 atiN cella Gaillardoti Lefroy, a Sb nona B::>AHa HaMt.pHxa ce HaTbpKanSlHH K}i'\.COBe OTb TbMHo-nenenHBb sapOSHKb, asrrsnHeHb Cb My opho ria, Bt.pOSITHO Myophoria costata Zenk. H TyKb sapOsHLI,I1T-Bne>KaTb KOHKop,o;aHTHO SbPXY 4epseHHTt. nt.cb'lHHLI,I1. Hopnanaoro cneASaH€! na normo rpxacoaara cepna oco6eHo A06pe ce BH>K,o;a npa Cs. HI1KOnaSb WHn4eHCKI1S1 H npoxon-s, Bb ocaoaara 113nl13aTb '-IepBeHI1Tt. nt.cb4HI1lJ,I1, a HaAb Tt.Xb TbHKO nnO'-leCTI1 MeprenHH nt.cb4HHLI,I1,BbPXY KOHTOcnensaTb: n-SCbYHa 6aHKa. nnosecr-s caso-nenenaa-s ooepreneHb sa-

I'

L
I; ~,

I.

i

t. ,
I

\I' .

II: I
,
,

,h

.
i :',
t.

75
POSi'lKb, a HaAb Cb T-SXb 1l-SCb4HH WHCT03HH sapOBHTI1 Zenk.CN\UJ,HTii MeprenH ce

Myacites
H Yl3SbHb

H

Myophoria costat

HastpHo

HaMHpaTb

no-na H3TOKb. Bankaacxera separa
H Cb

nonao-rpaacoea

nonxar's

Cb CN\UJ,HT-S JlHTonO>KKH 6ene3H e H Sb Bb 21COSb

cxuiera
TPbHb,

cpaYHa ,[I.OKa3aHb

ioro-aananaa 6bnrapH5I. nonaaara aa Cyxaaa oxono
XOPH30HTb Seebach, Cb

SbnpOCHHSJ

rpa-

triquetra
nasa aa
AO

Myophoria costata Zenk., Modiola Myacites 11 npyra, MO>Ke na ce aatirnoHa n-ssHSJ 6pl;rb

H-SKonK0 Ml;cTa. TOM e

aa

p. H

Cyxasa -

6nl130

rpaaa,

npencraaesrs
aa cesep»

Cb 3eneHHKaBH OTb CN\UJ,H5I

4epBeHHKaBH Cb a

n-scbLJHI1 MeprenH;

rparn,

LJeCTHsapOSHlJ,H, ne>KaUJ,H BbPXY C. TYPSIKOBlJ,HTOM e H TbHKH nOKOHb n-scbLJHH Bb SHAb H

LJepSeHHTl; ntcbLJHHlJ,H,

nnonpa Ha~ ..

npencraaeers
6aHKH,

Cb n-SCb'lHO BapOIiHTH MeprenH KbMb

HaKnOHeHH

toro-aanarrs.
Cb

aa

sapOBHlJ,H

H3nbnHeHH

Naticella, Geruillia
c.

np.

CIi\UJ,HSlTbnOAKaTb

Myophoria, ce noxaasa 6nH30
KbMb OTb

:~

na IOrb OTb· TpbHb Ilapexyacsara nnaaaaa, nacoxeaa orb TpbHb IOrOH3TOKb, enaocopaae-rs e CbCTaSbTb na nnacroaer s
Epyrrs,
Bb ,lJ,OJlHHa TPH2ICb. Cs. 60ropOAHlJ,a,

Flpa xourapa'rs

ua

E3,[1.HMHPCKHSIMOHaCTHpb H Pe6po

aa

sanazrs
BbPXY

OTb C. C.

BCl;KN\Ae KbMb

ce

HaMHpa

CN\UJ,H5I ems p

Jhonsaua aa nnacroeer s,

aa

HaKnOHeHI1 Sb

cesepO-113TOKb.

LJepSeHHTt ntcb4HHlJ,11

rrsnaa

1<0HKOpAaHLJ,HSl e>KaTb n Cb

3eneHHI<aSH OTb H

n-SCbLJHO-rnHHeHH WHCTH

ornexar sua H Myophoria costata
TbHI<O'HaCJlOeHH Zenk., npa neaa

5IAKH Zenk.

Modiola
APYrH, a Cb

triquetra
HaAb

Seebach, costata

TH5I CHHKaBH,

rnHHeHH sp.
H

sapOSHLJ,H

Myophoria
ce

Geruillia

np.

CN\UJ,H5ITb ,lJ,oneHb nepHHl<b pl;l<aTa AonHH

Tpaact,
CTPYMa

HaMHpa npep'haaa 8b aa

11 Sb I'ono-rrspnc; TpHaCOSHTl; HaAHneapoSb

CP-SAHH H

nnacroae.

ocao sara

HMb

BHTo.n-SCbLJnHBHT-S 6aHKH repMaHH5I. YI TbH ,lJ,onHHa BeHb TanHH orrope Cb: Bb 6bnrapHSI

orroaapsr-s

Rot

h'CI<HSl KaTb

Tpaac s
AOCTa

HnH BepcpeHcKHSI KaTb

e npencra-

,[I.06pe H TO OTAOJ1Y Cb KOHTHHeHKOHrnOMepaTH 6e3b cpOCHnH, a oT6enSl3aHH

LJepSeHH n-SCbLJHHLJ,H 11 Cb MOpCKI1

nnHTKOSOAHH

06pa3ysaHHSI, sp., v.

Pecten
sp.,

Schloth.

discites v. Schloth. Geruillia mytiloides

Geruillia
Schloth.

sp.,

socialis v. Modiola

~

-

--

---

-

-

-

16
triquetra Sebach, Anoplophora af]. musculoides v. Schloth .. My .. ophoria costata Zenk- Myophoria ooata Goldt., Natica gregaria Schloth, sp., Naticella Gaillardott Lefroy 11 APYrI1. 6) Cpi;,n,eH'b Tpaac».
BbPXY nJ1aCTOBeT'B aa Bep<peHCKI151 KaTb cnenaar-s nOYTI1

HenpeKN\.CHaTO CeAI1MeHTI1TB KaKTO

aa

Cp-BAHl1a

Tpaac-s,
Bb

nOcneAHHT-B,

ce

cnoxeae

aexe

aa

npyro

M-BCTO, CN\. 113KJ1f04HTenHO

MOPCKI1, 06a"le HaMt.peHH

He H AbJ160KOMOPCKH,

noaesxe

T-BXb He CN\.

OCTaTbLl,H OTb OT.

ue-panonona.
Cpt.AHHSlTb Bb KaTb OTHa BHprJ10pHHCKl1rt. Y"laCTHe H3TO"lHHTt.

BapoBHLl,HTt.

KOI1TO e CbCTaseHb

rOBap51Tb npel1My~ecTseHO F\nnH. Ae6eJll1 Bb Hero B3eMaTb

pa3HOBI1AHI1 BapOBI1Ll,I1, Bb Cb rnHHeHI1 Hnl1 MeprenHI1 Ll,B-BTb,

11 TbHKI1 6aHKH, nOSe"leTO

pa3A-BJleHH OTb Tt.Xb

npOCJlOHKI1.

I1MaTb

CHBO'ne~eJ1HBb

HO nOMeH<AY HMb Mpe>KeHI1 Cb 6t.JlH

H3JlH3aTb

H TbMHI1

rN\.CTH SapOBHLl,H,

asnpe-

KaJllJ,HTHH >KHJ1"1I1lJ,H,HOCSlUI,I16eJ1e311TE C h elk a

aa

113BeCTHH BapOBI1Ll,I1 OTb repMaHCKI1S1 Mus TEXb Hep-BAKO

I k.

MeH<AY

ce

3a6eJl513BaTb

H 6peK"IaCTI1 BapOBI1Ll,H, CbCTa-

BeHH OTb

rOJ1t.MI1

H MaJ1KI1 KN\.COBe

sepseaa

11 6EJll1 11 ApyrH

n-BCbYCJleneHI1

HI-iLl,I1, 3eJ1eHI1KaBI1 naJle030HCKI1 Cb BapOBI1Tb

aprHJlOWHCTI1

lJ,eMeHTb. EAHI1 OTb Tt.Xb

CIK H3KnlO"II1TenHO 6eAHI1

aa

xoraro Sb npyra ce HaMl1pa 60raTa q,aYHa, Bb K051TO npeofinanaaar s E n t roc h U S-HT-B 11 rnaaao Entrochus Iiliiformis Lam., Enirochus Schlotheimi Quenst, Entroehus Silesianus Beyr., Waldheimia vulgaris v. 5chloth. Reizia irigonella v. Schlth. sp. Spirif'erina Menteeli Dunckan sp .. Spririferina fragllis v. 5chloth sp. H npyra.
q,OCI1J1I1,

na

B. Ht.KOH
HMaTb T-B

XOPl130HTI1 BapOBI1l.l,I1T-B CN\. OOJ1I1THH, HO 6e3b Bb no'

rorrana .nefienaaa,
Sb CpEAHHa

nefiena nnacrose ce
Bb OTb TEXb HaH-4ea

nOKa3BaTb KOHTO CTO

06a"le

Tpaacs

AOJlOMHTHI1TE BapOBHl.l,H,

ce paanoaaaear-s
BI1H<AaTb APYrH

J1eCHO OTb APyrHTE. CTbn64eTa

ce

"IJleH"IeCTH

Entroehus,

no-pbnao
H 6e3b

q,OCHJlH. OKOJlO HCKbPCKI1S1 H 3axapOBI1AHI1

npcncers, ce

cesepao

OTb CO¢H51,H3JlI13aTb q,OCHJ1H; Bb

AOJlOMHTHH BapOBI1Ll,H Cb neCHO

rrspaasr's
Lam. H

cnY"lai1

Entrochus ltutformts

Spiriferina

fragilis

paanosaaear-s Schloth. sp.

..;-

, ,

77
Flpa
CneD,BaHeTO Ha

nnacroaer-s

Bb

sepraxanem,

perrs

HHKaKBO npaaano nO>KHTenHOCTb na naD,aBaTb nOBe4e aa TtXb

He ce ce

aatienssaa.

CaMO eD,HO MO}f{e Cb no-

Ka>Ke, 'Ie

D,0J10MHTHHTt BapOBHIJ,H npeofiOTKonKOTO Bb cepas. D,OnHHTt 4aCTH 4aCTb OTb MaCH'

Bb no-ropHHTt

CeD,HMeHTapHaTa cptD,HO-TpHacoBa
CIK

Forrarea

6e3b

SlCHa cTpaTHci)HKaIJ,HSI H HMaTb HO HMa rH H Bb 6aHKH.

nOBe4eTO

setrs

asrnerrs,

B's
anra

D,OnOMHTHHT-E. apOBHIJ,H aa B aa HtKonKo Mi;cTa,

V13T04HHSI H aa

Banaam,
enna

aafie-

nSl3aHO e,

Y4acTHeTo

B3poBHTa KOH-

m, H3311D,BaHeTOaa THSI BapOBI1TH MaCI1BI1;Ta311 anra, HaH rrupso Bb TBbPD,HWKHSI

crarapeaa

Eanxams,

ce

aapa-ra

Gyroporella annulata Schafh.
BapOBHIJ,HT-E. OTb TpHaCOBa Cp-E.D,eHb KaTb a HtKOH qaeHI Bb nOKa3BaTb ce H3061..1.J,0BbpD,e pa3nYKaHH, T rs'spne pa3CeD,HT'B H D,HCnO-

0 TM-E.CTeHHOTb nbpBOHa4anHOTO BC-E.KH;.D,e HeMoraTb pa3CeD,H Bb na

CH M-BCTO. Ho ce

KaIJ,HHT-E.HMb aa SlCHHH HaH-xy6aBH

Ha6nlOD,SBaTb. HaHpa3M-E.Bb

T-E.Xb, Cb 4YBcTBHTenHH na ce

CTBaHHSI na pa3nYKaHHTt CTonoB8 3YBanH nnaaaaa

qaCTH, MoraTb

aatimonaaar-s

HeD,aneKO 6-E.nOrpaD,4HKb, repaca, Sb

rD,eTO O;:H;. oopace CH;. aaCH;. Ty

eD,HHb BHD,b sapOBHTH pa3HH H;.rnH H

qHHTO nnacroae

KnOHeHH norrs BbnHo06pa3HO KbMb

pa3HH

nOCOKH; HH8qe Tt HMb ce cnyurar

HaD,HnneHH Ty

H KnOHOBeTt

s

IOrO-3anaD,HS, nbKb

KloMb

ceBepO-H3TOqHa

nOCOKa. BbPXY

nOBpbXHOCTbTa AaTb

HS THSI BapOBHIJ,H oc06eHO BbpTonH.

D,06pe ce BH>K-

pa3BHTH pa3HH

Pa3npOCTpaHeHHeTO OTb OHOBa CToBeTi; na

aa BHprnopHHCKHSI KaTb He e no-nanxo MO>Ke D,a>Ke na aa ce xasce, 'Ie nna-

ua

Bepq,eHCKHSI;

nbpBHSI

H3nH3aTb

JIII-E.CTa H3BbHb H

rpaHHIJ,HT1l

aa D,OnHHa TpHaCOBb xar-s,

Ilpencrasem,

npeHMYl..I.J,eCTBeHO OTb MaCHKaKTO Bb D,Be

BapOBHIJ,H H D,OnOMHTHH BapOBHIJ,H, TOH CbCT2IBnSlBa IJ,tnH BH, HnH ce SlBSlBa Bb pa3nOKH;.CaHH H H30nHpaHH MoraTb na ce qaCTH.

eD,HHT-E.,raxa pa3nH4HH enaara

H D,pyrHTt,

npocnenar»

nOCOKH H na

ce nOD,-E.nSlTbaa ABe rpyna, KbMb

OTb KOHTO HMa

OTHBa OTb cesepo-sanarrs nOCOKa.

H3TOKb, a npyrara

IOrO-H3T04Ha

BHprnopHHCKHTt. Ban. ce HaH·nbpBO Bb

BapOBHIJ,H Bb CTonOBa rrn.,

3anaD,Ha aenanexo aa

6bnrapHSI

SlSSI-

6tnorpaD,qHKb C. 6-E.Jl()· Ht.ll.lO no-

H Tt.XHOTO npomsmseaae THHIJ,H. ClKl..I.J,HTt, HO Bb aa-ior's H no-aa H3TOKb

ce ~aMHpa nO-WHpOKa OTb C.

H3TOKb npa

HBHIJ,S H3nH3sTb

PaSHO

npeas

C.

Jl'scxoaetrs

78
KbMb Ta3H KOMapeBO, BapOBHTa Te4eHHe. MHoro OTb Hero Sb nO-rOJ1t.MH 11 l.d:;J1HHH H3J1113aT0311 K8Tb BI1C04HHH. Ha IOrb He;l1.aJ1eKOEepKOBCKO·<PepAHHaHACKOTO 30Ha uioce,

npecaseua

e OTb p.

OrOCTa

Sb

He~HOTO

ropao

KOMCKI1Tt.

neTpOX8HCKHTt.

Enaa

48CTb OTb

npenaaaea OTb Cbp61151, 6nl130 c. C-BHOKOCb H ce pa3WHpoxaaa ua H3TOKb OTb. LbpH6pOAb, KaTO ce aanpaenaaa KbMb HCKbpa; nOCJ1eAHaTa ce npOAbJ1H<aBa H OTb ,o,-BCH8Tacrpaaa aa
Ta311 p-BKa KbMb C. OCeHOBJ1aKb. q,OCI1J111 b B 3anaP,HI1T-B Ha~-3a6eJ1eH<I1TeJ1HH BHprnopHi1cKH 6anKaHH Ci'i'i.: Enirochus

(Encrinus)l illiiformis Lam •• Spirijerina Mentzeli Dunker, Retzia trigonella v. Schloth., Waldkeimia vulgaris v. Schloth., Pecten discites v. Schloth., Lima striata v. Schloth., Geroillia nutiloides v, Schloth., Ostrea spondyloides v. Schloth., Modiola gibba v. Rlberti, Area triasina Romer, Myo. phoria elegans Dunker H np.
Flo-aa
06a4e OTb H3rOKb, Ci'i'i.lll,I1S1Tb KaTb

ce

OTKpl1B8

oxono

c. r J10-

H<eHe 11 Tereeeirs,

KaKTO H nOBHC04HHI1T-B KbMb

aa

TP05lHCKI1S16. SapOBHlJ,HTf. 11 no - KOMnaKTHH

ra6pOBCKI151 6anKal1b BapOBI1lJ,H

113TOKb

p,onOMHTHHT-B

113HOBO CbCTaBnSlsaTb 6bnrapl151 H Cb

MaCI1BI1, KaKTO 11 Bb BaHHSI ce AOPI1 npOCTl1paTb

3anaP,Ha

ManKI1

npeazsc-

11 OTb ABeTt. BI1C04I1HI1.

CTpaHH Ha CTapa-nJ1aHI1Ha Bb

no

CnI1BeHCKHT-B OTb

ras
ce

4aCTb

aa aaurero

Encrinus tilliiformis Lam., Encrinus dubius Gldf., Spiriferina Ment zeli Dunk., Pecten Albertii Gldf;, Pecten discites Schloth. sp. Myophoria iaeoigata Gldf., Natica gregaria v. Schroth. Gyroporella annulata Schaft sp. 11 npyra,
OTe4eCTBO <pOCHJlHT-B MoraTb

na

cno steaar s:

Sb BaTb

nO'ManKH fOrb

napTHI1

BHprnOpl1~icKI1Tt separa Bb

aapOBI1lJ,H ce Cp-BAHa

51BSI-

H ua

OTb

6anKaHCKaTa

H CbP-

neua-ropa.
OLLte Bb OTA-EnSi eAHHb BHlJ,I1, KoiiTo 3:lnaP,Ha ManbKb 6bnrapHSI KnOHb npa OTb ceno ront.Mo·Manoso ce CP-BAHO-TpHaCOBHT-E aaporopHHTt. CKnOHOBe aa nona na Co-

Bb ioro-aananaa c. 6anwa,

nOCOKa no BbPXY

Banxaua

,J:tOCTl1ra no

CeBepHI1Tt.

q,HHCKaTa KOTnOBHHa, CaMO eAHa BapOBI1Ll,11onacaa OTb KbMb IOrb

He3Ha"lI1TenHa enaa 4aCTb

HBHlJ,a OT'b THSI

OTb cnOMeH8TaTa H)

KOTnOBHHa Me>KAY c. CI1MeOHOBO (6HBwe

6eHnepb-4H¢nHKb

l. ~,<
s.

79
n03eHCKHSI MOHaCTHpb CB. Cnacs, CI'K~HTt. HO npeK}I\CHaTO a~nbopHpHTb BbPXY H3T04HHSI KpaH Ha CO~HHCKHSI 6aceHHb H OTb c. ManK04eBO Bb T1;CHa HBHu,a- xa Mt.CTa pasnsoena ce cnyurar s KbMb p. Tononaaua npa C. Flerpa-rs, KaTO 3aBnaASIsar-s H enaa ManKa <faCTb OTb Cp'anaa-ropa. Bb Cp'snna-ropa BHprnopHHCKHSI KaTb ce SlBSIBaBb pasnOKi'hCaHH <faCTH, KaTO na-reea IO>KHO OTb C. F\narIOHb, 4aCTb OTb Hero ce BH>KAa aa H3TOKb OTb Ka3aHKa, KaKTO H oxono 6HTepb-6aHpb, OTb rAeTO Bb irsna HBHu,ace HanpaBJ1S1Ba bMb K H3TOKb. Flocnennar-h cnena aa TOSIKaTb 3a6enSl3BaTb ce oxono c. Crpyneus aa IOrb OTb 6HHKOCb. TpHaCOBHT-B aepoaaua H 0.0nOMHTHH aepoaaua OTb CB. YinHHcKHSI pHAb MoraTb na ce B3eMaTb KaTO KnOHb O,b CbpHeHoropCKHT1;. rpyna aa-reaa OK0J10PYH nrr., aenanexo cp sticxera rpaanua H ce cny~a OTb enaa crpaaa KbMb tor-s, a OTb Apyra KbMb IOrO-H3TOKb OTb TpbHb. nbpBaTa, Bb ManKH H ron1;MH OCTPOBH,ce SlBSIBaaa IOrb OTb nocnenaas rperrs H nOCTHra HaH-ron1;Mo paaurapo-reuae oxono CTpYMHWKaTa nonaaa, Me>HAY cenara Yi3BOPb H Ileuiepa Olb KbMb cesep-s H CKaKaBHu,a OTb KbMb ror u. OTb Ta3H rpaeranaa BapOBHTa Maca ce OTAt.nSl T1;· ceHb KnOHb, KOHTO onacsa OTb IO>KHacrpaaa KOHSIBa nn. H ce CBpbWBa npenn I'opaa K03HHu,a. OcaMOTeHH nbKb sapOBHTC1 naprua OTb cp snaa rpaacoaa B'b3paCTb ce BH>KAaTb oxono CTpYMa KbMb KaAHHb-MOCTb H no 3anaAHHT1; CKnOHOBe aa 606oBAoncKaTa KOTnOSHHa, ocotieao H8 tor e OP. urocero, KOeTO BOP,HOTb AynHHu,a aa KIOCTeHAHnb; nocne Me>KAYC. c. CKPHHO H 6060weBO, MelHAY EpeMHSI H THwaHOSO, KaKTO H KbMb Yepaare-cxana na rpauauara KbMb MaKeAOHHSI. KbMb CI'K~aTa rpyna uie npH4HcnHMb H T1;CHaTa OTb na4ano TpHaCOBa HBHu,a. KOSITO n04TH onacsa PYH nn. H OTb TpbHb ce cnyuia Bb Flapanyacaara nnaaaaa AO c. CaAOBHKb. H8 aanarrs OTb 6p1;3HHKb. CI'KllI,8Ta TBbpAe pasurapo-rena 30HB ce 3a6eJ1S13SaBb Fono-Bupno, Me>KAY PaAOMHpb H Ilepaax», KOSITO HenpeKI'KCHaTO ce npocrapa KbMb 6HnOTO KOCMaTHu,a na IOrb OTb C. 60CHeKb. OTb TpHaCOBH BapOBHTH 06pa3YBaHHSI e H Bb3BHweHOCTbTa Ocrpetrs S-bPaAOMHpCKaTa KOTJ10BHHa,KaKTO H OHHSIna IOrO'H3TOKb OTb MycH-6eH. Bb IOro-3anaJJ,Ha 6bnrapHSI, Sb Cp1;AHHa Tpaac» HaH-<feCnl CIK q>ocHnHTii: Encrinus liliiformis Lam., Pecten Albertii Godf ••

Bropara

Pecten discites v. Schloth., Pecten tnaequtstriatus

Godf.,

Lima

'80

striata v. Schloth. sp., Geroillia costata v. Schloth. mytiloides v. Schloth. sp., Pleurotomaria iriadica gregaria v. Schloth. sp. H np.
B) rOpeH"b Tpaac's.
Cne,lJ,I1T"B aa rOpHHB Bb OKonHOCTHTt KaTb, Ha

'sp., Ben.,

Geroillia Natica

Tpnacs AOKa3aHH C}\\ nOnO>lHtTe11enHO
Sb ~3TO~HHH 6a11KaHb. uarrs T03H Hero. a

Kore11b,

KOHTO e MOpCKH, HMa TB"bp,lJ,enpOCTH 11HT0110)HKH6ene3H OTb IOPCKHT1; 06pa3YBaHHSI e e,lJ,HHCraeHO OTb Mepreml, aenocp'snao Me)HAY HOHTO ce no-

H MiV\~HO ce pB3nH4BBa

Flpencraaea-s
Ka3saTb

H BapOBHTH TbHKH 6aHKH, H3nb11HeHH Cb C r i n 0 ide C}\\ c6bp4aHH 3aeAHO Cb na OTb Cb

nnaCTOBeT-B My ne)HaTb 3YBaHHSI, noope ManKO npocTpaHCTSO

H3nO,lJ,b 11HlaCOBHTt. ofipenOC11e,ll,HHTt. H aa cnOMeHaTHSI rpaAb. pa3BJ.1Hle H 60raTa ol<ono

ce OTKpHBaTb nnacrose

Haunrr a
q,aYHa, Bb

ropHo-TpHaCOBH ce Cb TBbpAe

xanuiancxo

OTnH4asaTb

J.1HTepeCHa, xapaKTepH8 AnnH.

KOSI TO OTrOBapSl oc06eHO Bb ~3T04HHTi; rbpHIOSHLI,a
~

ropHO-HOPJ.1HcI<6Ta HnH aa

unaafiaxcaerra

Ha ceaep

s

Korerru
v

H3nO,lJ,b nejiacoMeprem-l,
,

;.-

.

SHTt. 06pa3YBaHHSI ce npox MHpaTb: no-p'snxo H a no-nocrrs

acpnbopHpaTb

3eneHI1KBSH Sb TtXb

KOHTO

bHSlBaTb BbPXY

noap-sxaocrara H,

HaH- n"bpeo

Sb CJ.1HKaBH,

Bb 6"Bl1H3HeBH MeprenH.

H306H11HO ce na-

en 0 H r H 11, K 0 pan

X

HAP 0 301'1,

E l{
OTb

H H H,lJ,W,

6

P a x H 0 n 0,lJ, 1'1,

IIe <p a

n aM

K p a H 0 H ,ll, H, a en W6 P a H x H H
ce H TbHKH Cb K

110 n 0,lJ, H. MeH<,lJ,YMeprenHT"B 3a6eml3BaTb CI1BO-nenenJ.1BH eapOBHLI,H, H3nbnHeHH BbPXY Ha noep-sxuocr s're aa Ht.KOH cpHrYPH.

6aHKw

H 0 1'1 H H npyru;

n

P H-

OTb Ti;xb OK0110

3a6e11H3BaTb ce H H3nbKHanH

Flnacfoaer-s

ropHO-TpHacoBHTB

06pi:nYBaHHSI

Korerre,
MoraTb TEXb, nenae rnero 4aSBTb ,lJ,BTb Ty Bb

KaKTO ce cnoxeaa Ti; cKynoMb

sexe, eN\.TBbp,lJ,e Ha)J,HnneHH H MJiI\.4HO neHaCOBWT"B Ha,lJ,b naC}h C6bpQaHH; 10103. H Sb 4epHOBWll.\eTO, H ce ce pasnaBH>f<ce OTKpHBaTb Ti;xHOTO rnaaao

na ce OT11Ji1\.4aTb OTb IOPCKHTE resp. noaesee Bb rbpHIOBHu,a e KbMb

Ho

CJiI\.llI,HT"Bnnacrcse eAHHCTseHo

oc06eHO

S1tHO ce BH>K,lJ,aTb,lJ,HnnHT-B HMb no U,SBT8 CH.

Flopann

CHl1HOTO Ha,lJ,Hnl1S1He MeprenH oc06eHO KaTO:

H pa3KJiI\.CBaHe aa repeaa

ropHO-TpHaCOBHT"t KOSITO ce HaMHpa H3n.KB2ITb .KopenHrl

nozrs,

TY H8D,b IOPCKHTt. 06p:nYBBHHSI. q,BYH8, MtCTO Bb r",p'

60raTaTa

HIOBHLI,a,Ha rrspao

Isastraea

81

profunda Rs., Latimeandra labyrintica Klipst., sp., Astraeomorpha confusa Wink!. sp., H npyra; nocne Htl<OnKO HOBHBH,IlOBe xaTO: Isastraea grandiflora Bak., Astrocoenia bulgarica BaL Cyathocoenia Koteli Bak., Thamnastraea grassa Bak. Astraeomorpha Zlatarskii BaL H npyr«.
He 3~Tt TtXb nO-ManKO CJi'\ HHTepeCHH H XHAP030HTt HnH HnH XH,lJ,pOMe,lJ,y' annHHCI<HTt.OTb I<OHTO npHnH~aTb Ha XHManaHCI<HTt

uie cnoxexeers: Stoliczkaria granulata Dunk., Heterastridium conglobatum Reuss., Heier. intermedium Dunk. sp, Heier.

Heier. tuberculatum Dunk. sp. H np. HMaMe: Encrinus granulosus Munster, Enirochus insignis Toula, Pentacrinus aff. laeuigatus Munster, Pentacr. aff. Fuchsii Laube; a OTb eXI1HOI1,lJ,eHTt pa,lJ,110nH OTb Cidaris sp. OTb 6paXHOnO,lJ,HTt H 611BanBHTt ~aCTHQH caMO Olb: Terebratula. sp., Halobia sp., Ostrea sp., Corbis sp. 11 ,lJ,p. Hanoxotrs nerpenononar's CJi'\ npe,lJ,CTaSeHI1 Cb: Orthoceras eiegans Munstr. 11 Cladiscites tornatus Bronn. sp. nOCpe,lJ,HI1S1Tb
Steinm., Orb KPHHOH,lJ,HTt aMOHHTb KaTOTl1nH~Ha <popMa Bb3paCTbTa HaH-Be~e ne HH e nocnyaoers aa TOlJHOTO onpensneaae THSI MepreJIJ1. npo-

geometricum

B'spxy

IOH<H8'ra crpaaa

Ha PHWKI1J1 I1nl1 4anJi'\KaBaWKHSI ,lJ,OnHO-lOpcKH

XO,lJ,b, a I1MeHHOTaMb

r ,lJ,eTO aq,JIbOpHpaTb

otipasynpaBb

BaHI1S1, 113JIH3aTb MeprenHH JII1~aTb aa TtXb KOTneHCI<I1Tt. Cb ouie

WI1CTI1, J<OI1TOnO

BbHWHOCTb Bronn. sp.,

Cladiscites tornatus
CPOCHJII1,HO H TB Sb3paCTb.

He CJi'\ HaMtpeHI1

MoraTb

.,lJ,a 6Ji'\-

,lJ,arb OTb

cxuiera

ropaa-rpaacoaa

IOpcRa
Flpa
ouie HaCTJi'\nBaHeTO 06naCTH Ha

CHCTeMa.
ibpCKHSI nepaozrs, MaKe,ll,oHHSI nO~TH CJi'\ BCI14KI1 BJIH3anH Mope, I<HO

IOH<HO-6bJIrapCKH

3ae,lJ,HO Cb

Bb TpaKHHCKO-Opl1eHTanCKI1S1 OTb

MaCHBb. }OPCKOTO nbl<b HawHTt 3eMH,

KoeTO noxpaaa

113TOl<b H IOrO-H3TOKb

ce e B,lJ,aBanO Bb

BH,lJ,"h Ha TBbp,lJ,e npOCTpaHeHb

3aJII1Bb

Bbcno-

MeHaTHSI MaCHBb, OCTaBHJIO e CI1, npe3b na T0311 nepHO,lJ,b, Bb

ra'spne
Cbp611S1,

S1CHHcnena

3<:1npe6HBaHeTO nonOBHHa POMbHHSI.

ceBepHaTa Bb

H 3ana,ll,HaTa 6aHaTb H

QapCTBOTO, Bb aacnar«,

Yi3TOlJHa

nbpBHTB 6PB}I{HH,

llI,O haMHpaMe

OTb neHaCOBOTO Mope, CJi'\ KpaHH enaa K'bM'b cp'snara 6 H

rUUHKOBOAHH,

HJIH KnaCTHl{HH

aae

spureaaero

aa

iopcxara

enoxa

T1,

CTaBaTb

npenxyutecrseuo
AeSITe11HOCTb H

sapOBHTH,

KaTO npoaaseneaae

H6 opraaa-recxa KOHTO 3aeMaTb He

HaC11araHH He Bb 6YPHH, HO Bb IOPCI<HT'B 06pa3YBaHH51, POKO Bb 3anaAHHT1; 3anaAHHT'B Bb c6bp4aHI1Tt

MHpHH MOpCKH BOAH. nO-ManKO. npoOTKpHBaTb 4aCTH H Ti; TO ce aa WHH311113aTb

CTpaHCTBO OTb TpHaCOBHT'B Bb 5bllrapHSI. H lI,eHTpanHHT'B aa n11aHHHH. Bb nperrsna H3T04HHT1; 06a4e

5a11KaHH,

KaKTO H Bb ioro-

Crape-nnaaaaa

caxo

TaMb, H H3IOrb

rAeTO n11aCTOBerB aa xpenaare MHTH; Bb THSI npo-iee H3BeCTHH AHcnOKHpaHH OTb ECKH-AmYMaSl, npa Me>KAY f\iisa,o;)f{HKb HHT-BnpeA'BnH se CKpHTa nom, nperrsna

CHCTeMa Ci'K nponyxaava

1'15

acp11bopHpaTb

eAHHCTBeHO Bb KaTO aa

Mt.CTHOCTH aa

Banxaae,

KOTe11b, Ha IOrb H aa cesep's IOpa, nnacroae. ntcb'lHI1L1,I1;

OTb PHWKHSI npOXOAb, ua p. Bb

H Kl4pHMHTnHKb,

Bb nonnaara OTb C. 5i;na. OTsopeHHTi:; HMa 06a4e nbKb

Eneuinocnen-

HHLI,a (AenH,o;>He nepe) AonHaTa KpeAHl1rn

MaKapb H A06pe pa3BI1Ta, OCTaBa 06aceAHMeHTI1 no HaH sese BbPXY Tpl1aCOSI1 Mepre11l1• C11Y4al1 rAeTO Ti:; HeT-BX'b nnacrose aprl1110WHCTI1, I111Hn'bK'b .CKa11l1. IOpCJ<I1Tt

OTb C}!\.UJ,aTa CHCTeMa nemaTb BapOBHLI,I1 111111repaeaa c}!\. aacnaraaa

B'bpXY nane030HCKH

nOCp-BAHO BbPXY xpacranonacrecra

ce HaXO>KAaT'b B'b KOHKOp,o;6HLI,I1S1 cnpaao TPH6COBHrn noms 11 KpeAHHT-B HaA'b T-BX'b. vi311omeHI1 zrsnro HHT-B areHTI1 Cb crayeaaero

spexe

HS arxoopep-

H3BeCTHa 4aCTb OT'b T1;X'b e AeHYAl1paH8.

113KnlO'IeHl1e HS HaH-A011HHSI 111111 peTCKI1S1 Kal'b, aa KOHTO ouie He e AOKa3aHO, B'b 6'bnrapHSI OTb' e Hac a, C p

exineCI'i'\.saa aH

CTN;.neHH ,o;OCTOHHO OCT6Ha11I1T'B cepaa HMeHHO A 0 n HaT a I1nl1 r o p a a r a HnH ManMa.

JOpCKa tCI1CTeMa, HI1H

Jl

sAH8 Ta

.0. 0 rep

AonHa topCKa ce.pHSIHnH neaac'b.
fleH8C'bT'b nocoxa saeaa AOCTa aepara, rOn1;MI1 pa3MtpH KbMb B'b rnaaaara 60nITa

H6 5anKaHCKaTa

OT'b senam,

113TOKb H H6

SC1;KN;.Ae 113BeCTHH aerosa THnH4Ha cpaYHa. 3 a n a A Ha rapHSl

nl1aCTOBe CN;. OT6enS13aHH Cb. Bb

6b

n r.a p HSI. -

3an3,AHHT'E l.JaCTHH6 5bnOTb Cbp611S1,

AOJ1HO-lOpCKaTa cepas, 113TOKb nor

KOSlTO npenaaaea nom.

!olB9tSace Haii-nbpso 4YI<a 11 KbMb 6eHO nom,

BbPXY ManKO npoCTpaHCTBO. oxono

Bp'suraaH OCOC"'W,OTO,

eea

MsnMCKHT:B .sepoeara ni3cbYHI1L1,H.

AonHq-KpeAHHTt

6apeMCKH

BD ManKO r10-rontMH

paserspa, ce orxpaaa

01D ABeTB crpaaa

aa p. KanHMaHH~a, oxono C. Faraaaua H I<bMb IOH. H3KnHHBa aeneneso urocero, KoeTO BO~H OTb EepKOBH~a KbMb <Pep~HHaH~b. 8b Bpauaacaara nn. Ta3H cepas acpnbopHpa aa H'BKOnKO M'BCTa H3nO~b ManMCIOfTB BapOBI1~I1, a BbPXY OCHKOBCKOTO nnaTO orb He51ce BH>KAaTb OCTaHanH casro H'BKOnKOManKH oesace, BbPXY TpHaCOBHTB BapOBH~H. no BHCOl{HHHT'B 11 no IO>KHHT'BCKnOHOBe xa 3ana~HHrl; 6anKaHH, neHaCbTb CbCTaBn5lBa ~Be nOl{TH OT~'BnHH 3OHI1, KOHTO OTb e~Ha crpaaa ~OCTHraTb ~O cp sricxara rpaaaua, a OTb Apyra npeeraaaaar-s HCKbpa KbMb H3TOKb. n'bpBaTa e MHoro no-trsna OTb aropara H nocrara HaH-ronBMO pa3WHpOl{eHHe OKOno HCK'bPCKHSInponoers H oc06eHO cesepao OTb C. Llepoao. lSI 3aB3eMa BHCOl{HHaTa 60Bb-flaKaTHHK'b, npexaaaaa KbMb 3anaAb HCKbpa H CbCTasnSlsa OCHOBaTa aa BHCOKHTB Bb3BHweHHSI Me>K,o;ycenara 3acene, 3HMeBH~a H 3ar~>KeHe, Iv.e>K,o;y. 6p'B3e c H rHHCKHT'B xaasnne H Me>K,[IY c. c. EpaKeB~H H rHH~HiHa ceBepo-H3TOKb 0T'b nocne,o;HOTO ceno neHaCOBHT'B nnaCTose C"bCTaSnSlBaTb Tt.cHa HBH~a Ha cesep's OTb cenara KOM~H~a H KaMeHH~a, KOSITOrtpes's C'BHOKOCb npexaaeae Bb Cbp6HSI . .QpyraTa 30Ha ce HaMMpa no Ha IOfb OTb rrspaara H 3aB3eMl1 rrraaac ,[Ienpecmna Ha 3ana,[lb OTb C. Fone-rs, KaTO Ha"leaa OTb C. Tyaem, H CBbPWB8 6nH30 ,[10 C. CMHnOB~H; Ha sanaA'\>· TSi ~OCTHra ,[10 c. Baxeso, a IO>KHO,0;0 Kanoraaa H Flpaxapcne. no T03H Hal{HH'b ,[IOnHo IOpCKaTa cepaa 3aB3eMa rorrsMa sacrs OT'b 3a6bp,[leTO. 6nH30 c. Myprawb neHaCbTb HC"Ie3Ba,3a na ce SlSM no aa 1011., KbMb c. Flcaopt, Bb TbHKa HBHua, He no-nefiena orb KHnOMeTbpb, KOSiTOce aanpaensaa KbM'b KpHBa pt.K8 aa CH. 0T'b 6enl1AMe xerrs H OTb TaMb npea's FpaAe~'b cnasa ,[IOpH ,[10 Coq:>HHCKl1Ta KOTnOBHH8, aenanexo C. Sanwa. C~w.aTa nO"lTM r'BCHa HBH~a, n04TH Cb CJIi\W.HSI nerporparpCKH xapexrep's nOKa3BiiI ce npes s HCKbpa Ha ceaep s OTb c. KpeMHKOBlJ,I1.

P a 3,[1t. n e H He. -

B's Banenaa 6bnrapl1S1 4epH8Ta IOpa

MnM neHaCbTb e nOYTH aarrsnao npencraaea's. HaH-cna60 pesBMTa ce nOKa3Ba nonaara "IaCTb HnH XeTaHfCKHSi H CHHeMYPCKMSI KaTb; CPB,o;HMSlT'b HOCH 6ene3HTt. aa 4epMaYTCKHSI KaTb H ce OTnH4aBa no CBOSITa60raTa <paYHa, HanOKOHb rOpHHSlTb neHaC'b Hnl1 10apcKHS'I RaTb HMa TO>Ke fOn-BMO pasnpccrpaxeaae •

.
--

84
Ilonaara
Bb 3anaAHHT13 YBCTb He

Jleiiace

CbCTaBeHa e

nOYTH HaBci:'Kb,D.e OTb yepHH ce H

Banxaaa

OTb KBapllOBH n13cbYHHIIH, MeprenH.

rm1HeHH UlHCTH H OTb TbMHH rr!sCbYHH SlS5ISaTb Sb AOCTa Ae6enH ce H 6aHKH, 6eAHH Cb

nbpSHT13 crnona

eN\. aa 613na IIB13Tb H Cb

ornavaaar s enpo-aupaecra
2
AO

rnasuo

cB13TnHBb

Ape6HO Ae6eKbMb H XO-

CTpyKTypa.

n13Cb"lHHIIHT13, KOHTO HMarb

nHHa

3
a

MeTpa, HaKnOHeHH CN\.

norrs

cna6b

;v;.rbnb Aa}l{e

103. HCH.,

aa

M13cTa 6aHKHT13 HMb ce

noxaasar-s

pH30HTanHO H8M13cTeHH Bb

xeraarciorrs
OTb

n13cb"lHHIIH y HaCb He c;v;. AO

cera

sefiee ua

nSl3eHH ow,e

HI1KaKBH cpOCHnl1. Bb

TbMHHT13 MeprenHH

rnHHH H

n13cb"lHH MepreJIH

CHHeMypCKa Sb3paCTb

H8M13peHa

iors

OTb 38rN\.}I{eHe et OTb

cano

Pholadomya
HaH-A06pe TOH e H

Idea oar. Deshayesi
pa3SHTb ce nOKa3Ba

Chap.

Daw.
neHaCOS8Ta

cepas

CP-EAHHSIHJ1H 4epMaYTCKHSI KaTb. Hasc13K~Ae, rAeTO acpnbopHpa

KOHCTaTHp8Hb nOYTH

Jletiaca

ce

OTnH"IaSa

Cb

H3-

BbHpeAHO 60rara

H THnH"IHa cpaYHa. CeAHMeHTHT13 ae T03H KaTb,

KonKOTO H pa3Ho06pa3HH

rrapar's

aa

ABe. OTb

na ce noxaaear-s, MoraTb na ce rpyenna crpaaa aa TbMHH, caao-nenenaaa H
sapOBHTH n13-

n13cb4HH TBbPAH S8POSHIIH, HnH TbMHH rnHHeHH nbnHeHI1 Ha M13cTa Cb rJlHHeHH

Cb"lHHlJ,H,aa TbMHH CIIIOAHHMeprenHH HnH rnl1HeHH n13cbYHHIIH. H3enHnCOHAaJlHH H }l{en133Ho-xHAce HaMl1paTb
11

POKCHAHH KOHKpeIlHH, Me}l{AY KOHTb sapOBI1I1H. OTb 'BeHHKaSH ntcb"lHHIIH HO ce

n13cb"lHH

npyra nbKb crpaaa aa "IepBeHH 11 >HbnrO-"Iepaeposara rJlI1HeIlH, "IepSeHHK8BI1 I1JlH TbMHH KBapllOBI1
H He"ll1CTH n13cb"lHH BapOBHIII1. H "IynSlTb, a C"bAbp}l{aTb nbpBHT13

aenpasan-

uensrrt,

yeCTO

.q,aYHa, KOraTO Bb APyrHT13, BKaMeHenOCTI1T13, ce p13AKO.

nosonao 60raTa aafienaaaaru no-

aa 3anaAHa Pentacrinus basaltiformis Mil., Spiriferina rostrata Schloth., Spiro Haueri Suess., Rhynchonella rimosa Buch., Terebratula punctata Sow., Ter. Lakatnikensis Toula., Waldheimia numismalis Lam. sp., Pecten aequiualois Sow., : Hinmtes Zlatarskii Toula., Plicatula spinosa Sow., Gryphaea cymbium Larn., Pleuromya unioides Gldf., Pholadomya corrugata Koch • .u. Dunker., Nautilus striatus Sow., Phyll. af]. Loscombi Sow., Aegoceras capricornus Schloth., Almatheus spinatus Brug., Belemnnites paxilosus Schloth., Bel. claoatus Schloth.
HaH THnH"IHHT13cpOCHnl1 Bb Cp13AHI1S1 neHaCb CN\.: 6bnrapHSI

85
.nOCTa rOnBMO HnH TOapCHeHa; HeAOCTH\neH'b e pasnpocrpaaeaaero H aa rOpHHSI fleHaC'b HO TOH, KaTO H3MHT'b Ha6n1OAeHHe. T03H

ua

MHOrO M'BCTa,

aa

KaT'b HMa

crauarrs e no-npocr-s nerpo.B's
Tt.Xb

rpacpCKH C'bCTaB'b H e HaH-4eCTH
CH\:

npencraaem,

Cb CHHKaBO-THHeCTHn'Bc.'b4npOCnOHKH.

HHLI,H, Me)l{AY KOHTO H3nH3?lTb

H rnHHeHH

Rhynehonella Moorei Dav.. Nautilus aff. truncatus Sow., Harpoeeras radians Reinecke, Harp. aff. bifrons Bruq., Harp. aff. bicarinatum Wrig., Coeloeeras aff. anguinum Rein. sp., Stephanoeeras cfr. anulatum Sow., Steph. cfr. crassum Yonng. Belemnites tripartitus Schloth.

U. e H T pan

e H'b

TpanHHSI

Banxaa-s,

VI 3 T 0 4 e H 'b paanpocrpaaeuaero
H

6a Ha

n K a H b. neiiacoeara

-

Bb

L1,eHno-

cepaa

ManKO· ce BH)I{Aa, OTKonKOTO Bb 3anaAHHSI,

a Bb Vl3T04HHSI OUJ,e KbM'b

no-orpeiurseao
Ha

ce SlBSlBa T~

H3TOKb OTb f\pa6aKoHawKHSI H no-na H3TOKb, fleHacbTb A06pe norepcxar Ho TbH

npoxorrs, Bb nocoxa
ce OTKpHBa Hcl

Erponone
Bb ras

H'Bt<onKo

M'BCTa H3nOAb Ma WHp04HHa. T'B CH 6ene3H MoraTb

4aCTb aa

s Barncaaa,

nnacrose; H saexa KaKTO H Bb Tereaeucxo, AOCTa rorrsKaTO ceAHMeHTHT'B My no nerporpaocxapa3BHTH HaAb MoraTb Hero, Tis MH\4HO ua MHoro BKaBb roe H eAHH OTb npyrn: TaMb Bb rAeTO npo-iee H3nOAb T'BXb T'S Aa)l{e

ce CXO)l{AaTb Cb AorepCKHT'B 3aeAHO H cano

na ce paamr-rar-s

M'BCTa ce cnaaar-s

na ce pesnosaacepas

SlTb eAHHT'S OTb APYrHT'B, MeHenOCTH. npHCH\TCTBHeTO ETponOnCKHT'B nt.MOTO aarrsnuo none ra xara KH npa pt.Ka, nnaHHHH,

ce HaMHpaTb

na AonHO-lOpCKaTa

a raxa

CH\UJ,O Bb TeTeBeHCKHTt.

H

paanpocrpaaeaae KonH6H oxono

norepcaara

06pa3YBaHHSl, OT'b ua

AOKa3aHO Cb pa3HOBHAHCl cpayHa aa aanarrs PaBHO, oxono ropHOTO Te4eHHe

ETPO-

JloneacxaC'b ManPHH

psxa,

Tereaeirs,

Bb AOWIOTO Te4eHHe p sxa H np. OTb KonH6H

aa rpaAeWHH4npes's

Bb BaCHJleBa TPOSlHCKHSl

C}i'\UJ,HSlTb flei1acb AHB4eBO,

npeaxcsaaas

ce npocrupa

6apHLI,a KbMb no

Banxam,

H OTb TaMb

T'BCHaTa IOpCKa AO VlMHTnHi1cKHSl H Tp'sanap10. H IOH_ orpaaaxena aa

HBHLI,a,KaTO ce nparrspxca

no BHC04HHHT'B Ha Bb

Crapa-nnaaaaa

cesepn-rr-s

H CKnOHOBe, AOCTHra HaH-nocnt.
OTb c. CKo6eneBO. acpnbopHpa H AonoMHTHHTt. 'Bb flei1acbTb H3Me)l{AY rs'spne rpaacoaa

npOXOAb niH, OTb

aa ceaep's

ra6pOBCKHSl KaKTO e

HeHCKHSl 6.,

cMtCTeHH

Me)l{AY THToHa

Tpaaca,

Er-spa,

BapOBHLI,H H ce,,6}i'\A:lUJ,e",

hOHCKHTt. oopasyaaaaa

Sb KOHu,ecHHTt.

aa MHHHTt.

~,
.s
'~

86
Ha ,,KH1013b60PHCb", Bb HnH nbKb npOCTO H3nOAb e KpeAHHTt. 06·

pa3YBaHHSI, KaKTO e rrpa 6t.nHoBbpxb.

f ,

f'

113TO"lHHSI6. Cb THnH"IHa q,aYHa
10. OTb PHWKHSI npOXOAb,

AOKa3aHb MemAY H -

nei1aca

npa Korerrs, na
HH~a (AenHAme ECKH AmYMaSi

FUiBaAmHKb

H KHPHMHTnI1Kb, aa 10. OTb KaM"IHSlTa oxono 6pt.rOBeTt.

aa p. Eneur-

nepe): oxono C. cepns

C}iUl~HSlTb aq,nbopHpa CTpaTHAme.

na

IOrb

OTb

~

"

I.,

C b C TaB b, AonHO-lOpCKI!ITa

p a 3 At.

ne e

H H e,

q, a Y H a.

CbCT/aBbTb

aa

no ~t.nOTO

nporesceaae

aa

UeHTpanHHSI 6. H Mepren-

Cb Ht.KOH ManKH npoMt.HH HH, aa Mi:.cTa nt.cb"lHH Cb"lHO-rnHHeHH BHTH nt.cb"lHH~H
III HCTH,

nO"lTH Ci"i'\~HSI: rnHHeHH

IllHCTH, TbMHH IllHCT03HH nt.cb"lHH~H, nt.cb"lHO-rnHHeHH TbMHH BapOBI1~H, BCH"IKH THSI ceAHMeHTH Mome OTnH"IaB:lTb

rrsaapoce

H np.

Cb pa3HoBHAHa q,aYHa, Cb nOMO~bTa

aara "IaCTb H:I Banxaaa H Fopea s Jleiiec-s, Bb

na

ce

aa KOSITOJleiiaca nonpasrrsna aa
q,OPMH KaTO;

Bb Cpi;ACpt.AeHb

Spirijerina rostrata Schloth., Rhynchonella amalihei Ouenst., Tereb: ratula punctata Sow., Waldheimia numismalis Lam. sp., Plicatula spinosa Sow., Gryphaea cymbium Lam., Pholadomya ambigua Sow. sp., Phol. bulgarica Toula, Nautilus intermedius Sow., Aegoceras breoispina Sow., Belemnites paxillosus Schloth., Bel. compressus Stahl. Bb rOpHHSI nei1aCb nO-p-BAKH Ci"i'\ q,OtHnHT-B HO 3aTOBa nbKb rmspne xapaxrepaa KaTO: Inoceramus dubius Sow., Harpoceras bifrons Brug., Harp. radians Rein. sp., Ludwigia aalentis Ziet , Coeloceras commune Sow. sp., Belemnites exilis d'Orb.
nbpBHSlTb nH"IaTb Bb 113TO"lHHSIBanxam, nei1acoSHT-B

nnacrose

Ci"i'\ TbMHH,

Ha Mt.CTa 6HTYMHH03HH HnH CS-BTnH MeprenHH CTH, MemAY KOHTO nem:tTb q,aYHa Bb Tt.Xb ce BH~H, KaKTO H n-BCb"lHH sapOSH~H. Bb3b

H rnHHeHH H

urnsapo-

TbHKOnnO"leCTl1 nt.cb"lHH~H

ocaosa aa cb6paHaTa paanoaaaaar-s H TPHTt. pa3At.neHHSI aa Jlei1aca, ortiensaaaa ouie Cb Ht.KOH nrspne THnH"IHH ~eq,anonoAH. B's nonaara "IaCTb Hai1-06HKHOSeHI1 C}i'\: Arietites aff. Bucklandi Sow., Arietites aff. breoidorsalis Ouenst., Aegoceras aff. posttaurinum Wiihner, Schlotheimia angulata Schloth, sp., Bb Cp-BAHaTa "IaCTb aa nefiacoaare cepas HaMHpaTb ce: Pentacri-

nus basaltiformis Mill., Extracrinus subangularis Mill. sp., Spiriferina pinguis Ziet., Spiro Walcotti Sow., Rhynchonella cfr. uariabilis Ziet., Waldheimia cornuta Sow. sp., Aegoceras capricornus Scholh. sp., Belemnites paxillosus Schloth, H Apyrl1

87 Hanoxom,
C~: Bb H3H-rOpHHT-B

nnacrose oxono Korerrs

06HKHOBeHO

Phylloceras heterophyllum Sow., Lytoceras aff. Jurense Ziet., Beleminites tripartitus Schloth., Belem, exilis d'Orb.
Cpi:.,o,Ha topCKa cepaa
Cp-BAHaTa IOpCKa cepas

HnH ,D,orep'b.
nocra 4eCTO Bb saCHKaTOBe

CbnpOBO>KAa AonHHTt.

nanaara

4aCTb

aa
Bb

6bnrapHSI UeHTpanHHSI

CTeMa, 06a4e

H Vl3T04HHSI nei'aca, BbpXy

ua Banxams
KOHTO

IOpCKa

TSI e n04TH ne>KH H3-

nepaarrsnea's
KnI04HTenHO. Ha

npyrap-s

na

nnaaaaa,
TPbHb, H Bb

ceaep's OTb CB. HHKonCKaTa H 4HnpOBCKaTa Crapea rasa cxuio H Bb IOrO-3anaAHHT-B nnaHHHH oxono
AorepCKHT-B ceAHMeHTH ne>KaTb nOKa3BaTb BbPXY

ce
a

no-caMOCTOSITenHO n-BCb4HHLI,H H KOH-

n"QpBHSI cnY4aH

4epBeHH

rnoxepara
xy POBHLI,H.

OTb AonHO-TpHaCOBa aprHnOWHCTH, ABaTa

msspacrs,
a Bb Orb

caxo

OT4aCTH Bbp-

nane030HCKH

BTOpHSI BbPXY TpHaCOBH T-BXb' CiY\. H

sa-

VI

Bb

cnysas
HnH

nOBe4eTO

TH Cb ropHO-IOPCRH

ManMCRH 06pa3YBaHHSI eAHHT-B,

npanoxpaCiY\. Bb rrsnaa
APyrHT-B. -

KOHKOPA8HLI,HSIRaKTO KbMb

raxe
Pa

H K1:.Mb H e H H e.

Pa
6bnrapHSI AOKa3aHb ropHHSlTb cnena

3 A t. n e H H e

H

p a 3 n p 0 CT

Cnoperrs
Bb e

AoceraWHHT-B

H3cneABaHHSI

He nO-ManKO Orb

Ba>KHO M-BCTO aaexa ROSITO HaH-A06pe b

H Cp-BAHaTa AonHHSlTb HnH

IOpCKa cepas,

Ilorep's

HnH 6 a HOC K H SI KaT

(Bajocien);

6 a T C K H SI RaT b

(Bethonien)
aa

nOKa3Ba no-cnafia

OTb Bb

rrspsas. 4aCTb 6bnrapHSI, cesepao OTb OTb

ceaepo-aananaara aepara, C.

6anKaHCKaTa Cbp6HSf XOAb

AOrepCKI1T-B

nnacrose OTb

npeMHHaBaTb

aenanexo TBbpAe

Canaurs,

cesepao

KaAiY\.6oa3CKHSf nponoxpaii C.

H Bb

T15cHa HBHu,a ce

cnyurar's Maxane,

Ilpayncenara aa-

>Ka, Me>KAY c. c.

Bbp60BO nOMb

H 60CTaHb' KbMb

6nH30

T'sproaaute
BpbWBaTb 6e3b na no

H Aon. Sb

IOrO-H3T04Ha Ha ceaep PHKca.

nOCOKa; T-B ce OTb C.

WHpOKa

nnaHHHl KaMeHa

s

Benanerrs,
HBH-

AOCTHraTb

0,0 c.

TOBa L1,-Bno npOTOTe>KeHHa, e OTb nt.Cb4HHLI,H,

T.:I3H TbHKa

norepcxa

L1,aCbCTaBeHa

BapOBHTo-nt.Cb4HH OTb

rnHHH H OTb WHCTH. Bb no-

rnHHeHO-n-BCb4HH

BapOBHLI,H, npHApY>KeHH

MeprenHH a

n-BCb4HHLI,HT-E KbMb

OCHOBaTa CH CiY\.eAp03bpHeCTH, Bb Ape6H031:.pHeCTH. caMO OTb

BHCOKO HHBO T-B npeMHHaBaTb cepas n04TH HaBC-BK~p.e

Ilorepcxara
ropHO-IOPCKH

e npanoxpara

sapoeaua,

.(,_

88
Ilorepcsara
nOKa3Ba CI'i'\~HTt 30Ha Cb Mam<H 113Mi:;HeHHSI. n04TI1, HaBci:;I<~Ae nerporpedxxa 6ene3H. TSI CbAbpma AOCTa hH"

repecaa q,aYHa, OTb KOSITO ute cnoxeaem, cano : Rhynchonella uarians Schloth. sp., Terebratula peroualis Sow., Tereb. globata uar. Birdlipensis Walker., Tereb. sphaeroidalis Sow., Waldheimia bullata Sow" Monolis elegans Gldf., Pecten aff. cingula" tus Phil I., Pecten demissus Phill., Belemnites aff. canaliculatus Schloth.
Bb3anaAHHSI COBHrt CeAI1MeHTI1

Bankams,
H

aa

IOrb

OTb 6HnOTO, MemAY iJei1a" 06WI1H nBcb4Ho-rnHHeHI1 ABeTi; 60Bb a

ManMCKI1Ti; BapOBHIIH, CptAHO-IOPCKHTt

pa3YB 1HI1S1 ce SlBSIBaTb KaTO rnl1HeHl-f CTI1 Cb TbMeHb Ae6enH, HH Ha Hnl1

caeo-nenenam, IIBtTb.MaKapb na H3BeCTHH Mi;cTa 11OTb YfCKbPCKI1S1nporrosrs, 113T04HO MemAY cerrara Til
a¢nbopHpaTb C. c. 3acene H

11HeMHoro

crpa11 JlaOTb TI1S1

KaTHHKb, a 3aoaAHO Me}l{AY

11 3arl'i'\meHe,

Rhinchonella quadriplicata Ziet., Pholadomya ouulum Rg., Belemni: tes giganteus Schioth H Belemnites Bleinoiliei Voltz, a oxono c. 3arl'i'\meHe Cb Pholadomya cfr. Murchison! Sow., Belemnites canaliculatus Schloth, 11 Bel. semihasiatus Blainv.
naKaTHHKbCb Bb L1,eHTpanHHSI npOXOAb pasxpar-s norep'sr-s KbMb

C. Bp'sae aa ceeepo-aanam, KbMb rHHIIH norepcxa nnacroae oT6enSl3aHI1 c~ oxono

no-nanexo.

Banxaat, Ha Erponone 11 no-aa

113TOKb OTb f\pa6aI<OHaWI<HSI 113TOKbOTb T03H rparrs, KaKTO H xyfiaso

H Bb TeTeBeHCKHSI Banxam., oc06eHO e paanpocrpauem, ,D,onHI1S1 ,D,orepb Mome HnH 6aHOCKI1S1xar na na ce uafiruonaaa

s. Oxono Erponone H3TOKb H sanam, OTb p.
H iorb

Eaepa
oxono

HnH Manl<l1S1 VlCHbPb, HaHrO ~ na cesep's a Bb TeTeBeHcKHSI 6. OTb ABeTt aa cesepo-aenarrs, KbMb 11 c. J]tCHApi;Hb; aa cesep» a TaK!! HO cneAHTB rpane, OTb

OTb na

p. 113no-

5I6naHl1l1a,

CTpaHH Ha p, BI1Tb, H. ocofieao

roxs

Tereaeirs,

WHnKOBO,

cxuio
aa ceno,

MemAY ,D,orepa

cneAHOTO ceno n03HaBaTb

pac-

ce H aa 3ana~b

Orb nocneAHOTO Me>KAY TtXb

Oxono Erponone,
BH 11 TbMHI1 rnHHeHH

113TO'lHO 3an~AHO OTb rpane BCI14HHCI1HKa11 WHCTH,a TbMHI1Tt rnHHeHH WI1H .ManI<HKOHKpeKIIHH, TBbPAH, ntcb'fnHBH KimTO 11 CHrnl1HeHI1

BapOBHTI1 6aHf(H Cb rontMH.

ao-nerrenaaar-s
OTb norepcxa

Hnl1 TbMHHTt ntcb4HHlIH 8b3pacTb.

CTH H KSapIlH:THHTt CTaBeH8 cpfsnaare

OTb nO-B~COKO HHBO CI'i'\ BCl141<H enpeArAeTO H3H TbMHHH oxono '

[104TI1 Cb CI'i'\1UH~ nnecrose

IOpCKa ..cepaa TbMHI1Ti;

Teresea-s,

rrskaart,

oc06eHO

nl;Cb4HH

MeprenHH 'weCTH

89
T1; rnHHeHO·SapOSl-iTH TO 11 npa TS"bPAH 6aHIUf

cs

I{QHKpeK~I1I1; 11TYKb, KaKnO-rOpHHT1:> XOPl130HTI1 WI1CTH. H Bb

Erportone,

ce aatienaaears

Bb

KBap~I1THI1 n1:>Cbtml1~l1, npI1APY>KeHI1 OTb TbMHH

naara

6aTCKI1T1:>

npezrsna ce HaMl1pa AOCTa 60raTa cpaYHa, Me>KAY KOSITO uerpanonona H3b E TpOnOnCKI1Tt OKonHOCTH 3aeMaTb

rrspao MtCTO. no 3a6ene>KHTenHHT1:> OTb T1:>Xb CIi'\.: Harpoceras aff. Eduardianum d'Orb. sp., Oppelia subradiaia Sow. sp., Stephanoceras Humphriesianus Sew., Sfephanoceras Braikenridgii Sow., Sphaeroceras Geroillii Sow., Perisphinctes arbostigerus d'Orb. sp., Belemnites Blatnotllei Voltz, Bel. giganteus Schloth,
Ho AorepCKHT1:> 06pa3YBaHHSI 3aB3eMaTb

ouie

nO-rOn1:>MI1 BI1Tb, pt.KaTa KaK-

npocrpaacrae Sb TeTeseHcKI1S1 5., a HMeHHO oxono p. TO cesepao, raica H H3T04HO OTb ras p sxa. Flpea s IOrb OTb Teresem., no nona K03HI11..\a OTKpHBaTb
n1:>Cb4nHSI1 Mepreml, Me>KAY KOHTO HMa SMeTHaTI1 Bb TBbPAI1 6aHKH; Sb H CI1HKaBI1 H TbMHI1 Meprenl1 CTI1 C"" 6eneMHHTI1T1:>. HO Sb HCKpeHCKI1

ua

ce

TbM~~,

BapOBHTH,

T1:>Xb HaH-4ea HMeHTbM-

Ilo-aa

sanams

OTb C""UJ,HSI norrs,

norrs,

113nH3aTb 4epHH

WHCTH H TBbPAH,

HI1 rnHHeHO

BapOBHTH 6aHKH,

CbA'bp>KaUJ,11no HaMHpaTb:

HaH-SeYe nI1MOHI1T-

HH KOHKpeKI..\I1H. Bb

THSI WHCTH ce

lis

Sow.,

Sow.

Turbo n. sp., Cerithium sp., Belemnites breuiformis
Ham,
WI1CTI1, a

sp , Harpoceras
Voltz,

Bel.

Nucula oa riabiMurchisone Blain v illii Voltz
H titKsapl..\l1THH

OTb 6aHOCl<HSI KaTb. Cb4Ho-rnHHeHH ni;Cb'lHI1~I1, KOMnneKCb e

THSI ne>KaTb nO-SHCOKO

BapOBHTo-rnHHeHH

adinsopapar-s
WI1CTI1.

npHAPymeHI1

OTb

TbMHH

U1:>nl1S1Tb T0311

npanoxpar-s
e

.0Tb ropHO-IOPCKH sapOBHI..\I1, KOHlO C"" KaKTO H OKono V13T04HHSI ETponone.

11 BbnHo06pa3HO

HaAHnneHH,

Ilorep'sr-s rerrs,
rAeTO Sb

seem,

H Sb

Banxaire,

oxono
H

Ko-

KOHKpe~HT1:> ua

TbMHHT1:> rm'lHeHH

MeprenHH

WI1CTH npa Ilorrs Fsopresoro ce HaMl1paTb AO p'sxara: Stephanoceras Humphriesianus Sow. sp , a Sb rbpHIOSHLI,a: Belemnites sulcatus Miller, Bel. tripartiius Schloth., Bel. canaliculatus Schloth., Bel. Blainoillii Voltz., Bel. giganteus Scbloth. Bb AorepbTb IOro-3anaAHI1Ti; ce nnaHI1HI1 oxono TpbHb H na ceeep» SlBSIsa Cb BapOBI1L1,H,Cb rnHHeHI1 BTopOCTeneHHa pons. cepas AO){a3aHa p. e UJHCTH 11 n1:>Cb4Bb ras 4aCTb aa nOnOH<J.1TenHO aa ua n""TSI

HI1~I1; nOCneAHI1Ti:. I1rpaSlTb L1,apCTBOTOCpi;AHO-lOpCKaTa cesep's KbMb ua OTb TPbHb oxono

YCTl1eTO aa oxono

nOMHI1~a, ){bMb

TPbHCKOTO mApeno, Bb

neTa4eHI..\I1,

OAOpOS~I1, Sb

cOH. OTb TpbHb

AOnl1HaTa noms

AparOSHWK.HSI BPbXb,

I

J

90
Flepaxyacxara
OTb

nn.

H

np, Oxono

IO>KHHTt. H H3TO"lHHTi;

nona

aa

PYH nn. ,D,orepbTb

e CbMHHTeneHb. nOKanHTeTH HaH-THnH"IHo ce

cnOMeHaTHTt.

pasxpaaa
satieCb

,D,orepcKaTa nSl3saTb:

cepas oxono

>K.QpenOTO ua p.

Epxa,

r.QeTO' ce

sapOSHTH 6peK"IH, OOIlHTHH BapOBHLI,H, CI1BO-nenemfBI1 11 rnl1HeHI1 SapOBI1QH,

TbMHH, OT"IaCTI1 ni;Cbt.jHH, 6snH

npeapesceaa

KanQIofTHI1 H<HIILJHQH,rs'spne

60raT'1

H6 BKaMeHenOCTH KaTO:

Rhynchonella uarians Schloth. sp., Rh. spinosa Schloth. sp., Terebratula peroualis Sow. sp., Tereb. maxillata Sow., Pecten demissus Phill., Gresslya unioides Romer sp., Goniomya angulifera Sow. sp., Parkinsonia Parkinsoni Sow., Park. Garantianus d'Orb., Belemnites aff. giganteus Schloth. sp H MHoro npyra,
Oxono
KsapQI1TI1. C. neTC1LJeHQH,Bb

ocaoaara
6':lHKI1

~11, 113nl13aTb Sb KOI1TO otipaayear-s

TbHKH 11 Ae6enH

aa nt.CbLJHI1TE BapOSHouie 11 CI1BO-neneIlI1BI1
ce 11 BapOBI1QI1, OTb p.

Oxono nocnennoro

cerro

SH>K~aTb CTeHl1,

SI1COKH CTpbMHI1

npecsxexa

Epxa. KbMb C. OAOPOSQI1 Bb THSI SapOBI1QH C}K HaMi;peHI1 Ostrea af], Knori Ziet. 11 Osirea (Oryphaea). Trnensis Toule, Ha H3TOKb OTb TPbHb nom, ,UperOBCKHSI BbpXb Bb WHCT03HI1Tt CHTH03bpHeCTI1 ntcbLJHH~11 HaH-lJeCTO ce cpsuiar-s Pecten cfr. disciformis Ziet. 11 Anomia aff. nummismalis OTb
,D,OIlHI1S1 ,lJ,orepb, a Bb 6peKLJaCTHSI sapoSHKb Gldf. H OTb Gldf. ce Ha6nlOAaaa aanerrs H AO-

cxuiare

CTa-

t
j

POCTb

Pecteu demissus
Flapaxyacxare

P. textorius

t

Bb sa oxono

nn.

Cpt AHa IOpa

MO>Ke na

E3AHMHPCKI1S1 MOHacTHp b Ca.

60ropOAI1Qa,

OTb C. Q)l1mmOBQI1.

Hsnorrs

TbMHo-nenenl1BHTt

BapOBHQI1

nOMHTHI1Tt BapOBI1QI1 OTb ManMCKa Bb3paCTb, paTb C"b Bb TbHKa I1BHQa OTb C3. KbMb 1011., nensa c

KOI1TO ce npOCTHSapOBI1Tb oonar-s

, ,

Pholadomya Murchison! Sow., a aa no C}KIlJ,HSIHaMtpHxa ce Terebraiula peroualis
S6POBI1QI1Ti;

HI13bKb XOPl130HTb Bb Sow. H APyrH.

Ouie

no

..

HH3KO

npexauasar's
Sb

B-b caso-nenenas's LJeCTI1 C}K

3bpHeCTb

H MepreneHb

BapOBI1Kb, Quenst.

KOHTO oc06eHO Ti;xb ce

Ostrea
OTb TtXb Bb

Knorri obscura
CI1TH03bpHeCTb 3bpHeCTb

Flozn,

nOSlBSlB6Tb 66HKH

ntcbLJHHKb

Cb S6POBHTb QeMeHTb, 6 nom,

AOnOMI1TeHb B6POSI1Kb, KOHTO no

Aony

npenaaaea

OOnl1TeHb BapOBI1Kb. Ll,tIlI1S1Tb SbPXy Tpl1aCOBI1 06p63YB6HHSI.

T0311norepem,

KOMnneKCb ne>K11

rOpHa IOpCKa cepas
rOpHO-lOpCK6ra npOBI1HQI1S1, He e cepas, nO-ManKo

unu ManM'b.
H6 MeAI1TepaHCKaT8

npaaannescauia

pa3SI1T6 OT"b OCT8Hanl1Tt LjneHOBe Ha

91
JOpCKa CI1CTeMa Bb HaWeTO rasa crpaaa aa U,eHTpanHI1 6anKaHH SepTI1KanHO, 11 neHaCKHT-B 411, SbPXy KHrn aepaara crpaae 4apCTSO; TSI S3eMa Yl.JaCTHe Sb CbCl.JaCTI1, oc06eHO Sb 3anaAHI1ri; H OTC-Bl.JeHI1OTb enaara

SI1COKI1T-B nnaHI1HCKH

11 HeHHI1T"S aaposaua,

11311l1raTb ce 0611KHOSeHO SbPXy ,£I,OrepCKI1T'E KaKTO 11 BbPXY TpHaCOBI1T-B BapOBI1WI1CTH. OTb ce HaMl1paTb KbMb KbMb AO ceM,

06pa3ysaHI1S1,

l.JepBeHI1 n-BCbl.JHI1411 11 nane030HcKH no HaH-Be4e MeTpa. OTb H ce H3AI1raTb noaexe HaAb

o TC-B430

aa BapOBI14I1T-B crpaaa H

OCHOBaTa CH

10

a aa MtcTa

npoTHBOnOJlOmHaTa MHoro HaKnOHeHI1 H TaKI1Ba ropaapo-

BapOSI1THT-B 6aHKI1 611BaTb ManKO Hnl1 He3a6enSl3aHI1. YiMa otia-re KOI1TO ce 113AI1raTb e T03H aa C3. Olb

11 3aTOBa MI1HaSaTb

HO-IOPCKI1 06pa3YBaHI1S1, SI1TI1 MaCI1BI1, KaKbSTO BbPXY CTa HeOKOMCKH nnacrose, He ce pa3nl1l.JaBaTb THHCKO cneneaa eAHI1Tt npocrapa
KbM'b

Bb rpaMaAHH

COq,HSI. ce aa M-Bce I1CnOl.JTI1 HHKaKb safiensaaa 11BHI1MaTenHO nponl1HHSI MemAY , Ha 6Tb KOSITO ce aenarrs IOmHaTa MiY\l.JHO 11 Ha nnaKOHKOP-

ropHO-IOPCI<I1T-B BapOSI1411 npomsnaeaear's KOI1TO nerporpedicxa Aame OTb T-BXb, a HanpOTI1Bb, aa ceAHMeHTHT-B; TbH H. np.

npomsmseaae
11 APyrHT-B. OTb

HeMO>t<e na ce 110CTaSI1 <PepAI1HaH,£I,b

AeMapKa4HOHHa KYTnOSI14a) c'scraaetra e OTb H Ha

BHC04HHaTa (6l1Bwa

" 6bpAO"

Ilonaa

11 Fopaa

-

Bepeaaua,
6e3b

crpeaa Mome

OTb HeOKOMCKI1, a KbMb na ce Kame rne npecraaart,

ceaepnara eAHI1T-B 6ene3H

ropHO-JOPCKH rne Hal.JeBaTb

Hnl1 ManMCKI1 nnacroae. ,£I,pyrHT-B, TbH HI1Ha nemclTb

Ha,lJ,nemHI1T-B cpOCl1nH TyKb eAHI1Tl;

KaTO narorpadicxar-s nposee BbPXY cepas rnaaao TPbHb, oxono

,£I,pyrI1T-B CiY\ eAHI1 11 CiY\w.I1. HeOKOMCKI1T-B BapOBI1411 Bb res HOBO-IOPCKI1T-B Bb 103. npencreseaa

rrsnaa

AaH411S1 H CiY\ HaKnOHeHH Cb T-BXb KbMb rOpHO-JOPCKan TpanHHSI 6anKaHb nnaHI1HH oxono rn

e Bb 35na,lJ,HI1S1 11 UeHBb IOrO'3anaAHHT-B MemAY P-BKI16.,

Cb sapOBI1411, HO aa fOrb PaAOMHpb, KbMb

OTb T0311 rpazrs, npOXOAb Bb

Epxa

11 CTpYMa,

Bb KOHSIsa nn. H np., KaKUeHTpanHI1S1 OTb H no nanexo Bb ra6-

TO H' na 113TOKb OTb npes's

P03anCKHSI

Kypara,

3eneHo-AbpBO

Er spa

pOBCKI1S16., Ha cpmlwKHTt paaeaae

Ta311 cepas

e npencraseua q,a4Hecb,

rnasao

n-BCbl.JnI1Bb

H rrraaeao-neprenea's

nOA06eHb

aa KapnaTCKI1T-B Hnl1 OTb sapOBl1411.

n-BCb4HH411, a BTopOCTeneHO cpa411ecb cbno-60raTa 6~AeHb

Flsp-

SI1S1Tb Hnl1 sapoBHTHSlTb 11 ce ornasaaa H~HI1S11 KOi1TO ~ TSbPA~

I1Ma AOCTa rOn-BMO cpayHa OTb

paanpocr-

n-BCbl.JHO-rnHSb3pbCTbTa

H@ BKaMeHeHOcTHi

Ha

92
nocnenuas caeio Cb: cpa~HeCb e onperrsneaa B'b IOro-3anaAHa 6bnrapHSI

Perisphlnctes cfr. triplex Quenst. sp., Perisph. aff. Richieri Oppel. H Lytocera s montanum Oppel. sp., a Bb FafipoaCKHSI Banxatrs, aa IOrO-H3TOKb H ioro-sanam, OTb c. Erspe - Cb Hl:;KOnKO THTPIiCKH, He SleHH Perisphinctes-w, Hoplites-w, H Aptychus-H.
Ep03HSlTa Ha nO,[J,3eMHHTt H HaA3eMHHTt Bb ropHO-IOPCI{HT-B BapOBHLI,H ,lJ,bn60KH cnena. HO pa3nYKaHH H H3MHTaTa HMb nOBpbxHOCTb H yKpaCeHv. OTb BOAH OCTaBHnl T1; CIK uertpeaanHMa e H3CIK aep-

ocooem,
Tt xy6aBH OTb

rnerrs,
nOKpHHI pH Hml

csoiicreem. WpaTv., ua

aa TH5! H H1;KOH Kpe,o,HH BapOBHLI,H. Cb pa3HoBHAHH KaHbOHH H COCPHSI, n04TH npencraanaaar's TOBa Bb Cb ManI{H H rOn-BMH Cb

Cb rp anaaaaa

msp rona, H3TOKb Cb nnoManKH oaHa

uapeneaa KbMb

ceeepo-aanams nOCneAHv.T1;

aanam-.

KaT03anbnHeHH

noaevero

AHa npbCTb

H nOKpHTH Cb seneuana,

3HCH Bb KaMeHH.CTa nYCTHHSI. npH BapOBHLI,HT-E,HaMHpa Hi>KOH ce OTnH'iaBaTb BapOBH~H BbPXY no

BN.TpeWHOCTbTa

ce H rOn-BMO '-IHCnO neurepa,

MemAY KOHTO npoxee, BHAb Te-

rorrsaanera
oute

CH.

ManMCKHTt,

I<OHTO H34e3BaTb

H Bct.KaKbBb

l<yll.\H BOAH, OTnH4aBaTb

ce Cb THnH4HH

KapCTOBH S1BneHHSI.

Pa Cnoperrs

3 ,0, t. n e H He.

Cb

C TaB b.

P

a 3 n p o C T P a He H H e_ -'-

cb6paHaTa cpaYHa Bb BapOBHTHSI <pa~HeCb ua ropHOIOpCKaTa cepns, TSI Mome Cb nOnO)l{HTenHOCTb na ce pa3,O;Bnv. aa xara, KOHTO He3a6enSl3HO npenaaaaar ce nOCTaBH na ce nom, na Ht.KaKB8 npH6aBI1,

TpH oTAtnHH APyrb, 6e3b T1;Xb. KbMb OTb AonHHTt.

s

e,o,l1Hb Bb Mem.t:\y '-IaCTb Manno Bb

na Mo»<e na TOBa Tpt.6Ba nnacroae rmacroaer-s

rpaaaua ua

4e no-rcrranara K~Tb H

aa TJ5I CepH5I npHHa,o,ne»<aTb nOpTnaHACKH5I THTOHa.

, r-

Ma, T. e. aa

cano

MaI1KaTa qaCTb npaaanne»;n 5bnrapHSI
T0 HCK H

rOpHO-IOPCKHT1; 06pa3YBaHI151 MoraTb Ha :

na ce pa3,o,t.mlTb

0

K C cp 0 PAC K H,

K H M e p H ,0,

m CK H

H

T H-

xar-s.
S1B5IBace Cb cs-srno-nenenaeo cbAbpmaLl.\11 '-Iepb npOCnOHKI1 ce 3a6enSl3BaTb CrK TbMHo-nenenHBH, Cb 6tJ1H KaKTo OTb CI1HKaKpeMbKb, CHHKanorteMeprenHH BapOBHLI,H,

OKCCPOPACKHSlTb KaTb BI1 11 TbMHH BH MeprenH. a MemAY TtXHI1Tt. 6aHKI1 Sb

Ha

113BeCTHH Mt.cTa Tt pa3nYKaHH. nasce HtKOH

MHTHH BapOBI1~I1. npl1Mpe»<eHI1 aa nOBpbxHoCTbTa CN. nocra TBbPAH,

K:lIlLl,I1THI1 }f{Hn'Il1L1,H ' H eAHHT"E, rexa 11 APyrHT-B, CIY\. nO-TBbpAHOTb

rSXb

SapOBI11,(I1T"SH8 cnenaar-s

KaTOBe. OKC¢OPACKI1 BapOBHl\11 ce 113-

93
IHSl

:ff.
:>sCb

AHraTb

BbPXY ,[IOrepCf<I1Tt d'Orb. KpeMbKb

o6pa3ysaHI151

OTb naer

s

CTpaHI1

aa

p. Esepa oxono Erponorre 11 C)i':. oT6eJlS13aHH Cb aMOHI1Ta

PeltoIlpa

ceras ardienensis
POSI1QI1 Cb yepb C. 6aTKOBQI1,

OTb .D.onHI1S1 OKCCPOP,[lb; C)i':.UJ,HT"B sace HaMHpaTb 11 oxorro

Ipe
In13-

Tereaerrs.
KaTO TpbHb.

aenanexo

COCPI1S1 ropHO-OKCCPOP,[lCKH C)i':. BapOBHQI1-

ris

Cb

Perisphinctes triplicatum albis Ouenst.,
na
ce B3eMaTb 11 Ht,KOH BapoBHQH sapOBHQI1 Cb

a

TaKHBa Bb

MoraTb

oxono

KOHSIBa nn, TbMHHTt,

Phylloceras af], mediterranno-na C~UJ,O aa
113TOl<b, npa FopOKCCPOP,[lCKI1TbM-

:}K
pH,
tb 0-

eum Uhl.
aa
HI1Tt

C)i':. H3b

AonHHSI OKCCPOP,[lb, a

K03HI1Qa, MoraTb rnl1HeHH

na

ce

s3eMaTb Cb

Cryptocaenia octonaria d'Orb. sp. KaKTO H TbMHI1Tt ntcbYHH aapoaaua Cb Rhynchonella astieriana d'Orb., Pecten uitreus Romer, Anomia aff. undata
sapOBHUI1 Contej. ouie H np, HtMa CbMHeHl1e, M"BCTa. xar-s e npencreaem, rosee TSbPAI1, 6aHKH 6aHI<H. rpanasa Cb sapOBHQI1, CHHno-neHnl1 ye C~UJ,HSlTb xar's UJ,e ce ,[IoJ<a}f{e 11 aa MHoro npyr« KHMepHA}I{cJ<HSlTb ManKO I1nH MHoro KaBH I1nH M., a nO-TbMHH noajsxora

aia
'0

e,

rnaaeaa.

T's C~ CB"BTnH, CI1Bo-nenenHSH,
06HKHoseHO Sb OTb

KOMnaRTHH, nosonao H Bb AOCTa ,[Ie6enH aenpesanaa, oxono C.

.KH BapOBHQH, «ecnarana

0,20
)-

0,10 ,1.1.0 Hanoseeaera
I1nH H np. SlAKaBb H3nbKb Ha,[lb OTb

.I1Mb noep'sxaocn, CTa H pasrraneaa "BtHeQb" MeprenHHr-B npa

yeCTO 6HBa 6tnorpa,[lYHl<b, KpeMbKb

a
b

Cb np0CnOHRI1 OTb aeneaaxasa

XYMa, KaTO Bb nerna

B'spfioao

y
b

BapOBHQH rmspne

yeCTO ce 3a6enSl3saTb H TO Bb SHAb Ho I<peMbl<b

nbnHE:HH. Cb yo pb cs'arna

Ha SlAI<H, HnH npeofinanaea aa !Orb

Bb TbHKH, He MHoro npOCTpaHHH cnoiieae.
)

I1Ma H Cb 1<0nl1LfeCTBa

H LfepBeHKasa

6051 H aa Mt,cTa rrspsuar's HaMHpa Bb c. LJemoWHHQa 11 Lfe Bb

TbMHHSI, o6a"le OTb nocrrenaaa, .HaH-AOnHI1Tt, CTBYBaTb. nnacroae rt }l{aTb

TOH ce KbMb

rto-orpenaxeaa H Frrereare Tt, ouie, nensr-s

c. 6"BnOTHHQH 3a6enSl3aHO

e, Lfe KpeMeHHHTt

S1,[1KI1neacar KaTO OTb

s

Sb

nrracrose

ropaar-s
ce

na OTC~TAonHHTt; KOHrO ne-

Ha

C~UJ,OTO MtCTO e 3a6enSl3eHO H no-necno noae-rero KbMb

Lfe no-ropaar-s

C~ no-rnaxexa Ti:;Xb.

ce npl16nl1)I{aSaTb HaAb KHMepHA}f{CKI1Tt,

XOTpI1BCKl1rt, na ce

SapOBI1QI1 neCHO MoraTb nO-TbMeHb, 60raTa 11 aa roperrs, no cstTnHBb,

pearrsnsr s

aa ABa XOpH30HTa: CTHT"B C~ ptAKOCTb 113nbnHeHb CHnI1T'5,l(aTO

aa nonem.,

Bb KOHTO

axaxeaenoH MO-

no-rnaaea-s M~LfHO

Cb pa3Ho06pa3HCi, aapacrnana

aMOHHTHa rs'spne

cpaYHa; HO CPO-

Bb CaM8Ta cxana,

nocnenans

cpa~HeCb

e onperrsneaa

Bb IOro-3anaAHa sp., sp.,

6bnrapH$I

caxo

Perisphinctes cfr, triplex Quenst. Rlchteri Oppel. H Lytoeeras montanum Oppel.
Cb: aa JOrO-H3TOKb H toro-sanazn,

Perisph,
a Bb

af].

Fatipos-

CKH5I .6anKaHb,

irsxonxo THTPijCKH, He 51CHH Perisphinctes-n,

Er-spa - Cb Hoplites-n, H ApOTb c. BOAH OCTaBHn1 e H3xap-

tjehUs-H.
Ep03H5ITa HO pa3nYKaHH rnerrs, aa nOA3eMHHTi=:. H HaA3eMHHTb Abn60KH cnenu. H H3MHTaTa HMb nOBpbxHOCTb Bb ropHo-JOPCKHTi=:. BapoBH~H

T's C)K aerrpasanHIVta ocotiem, BapoBH~H. H Cb OTb xy6aBH Ti=:. C)K

CBOHCTI~eHb aa TH5I H Hi=:.KOH KpeAHH H yxpaceaa OTb Cb ManKH H rorrsxa ceaepo-aanams

nOKpHTH Cb rpanaaaua pa HnH urpara, uapeneaa KbMb AHa np-scri, na aanam-.

Cb pa3HoBHAHH KaHbOHH COCPHSI, n04TH npencraanasar-s 4Hcno ouie neuiepa,

asprona,
H3TOKb Cb nnoaa

Flocnenaar-s

KaTO aarrsnaeau

nOBe4eTO

H nOKpHTH Cb seneaaua, ce H rorrsrco no

ManKH oaMe>t<AY KOHro nposee, BHAb re-

3HCH Bb KaMeHHCTa BapoBH~HTi=:., HaMHpa Hi=:.KOHce OTnH46B6Tb BapOBJ.1U,HBbPXY

nYCTHH5I. Flpn TOBa

Bb B-'KTpeWHOCTbTa ManMcKHTt,

rorrsnaaera

CH.

I<OHTO H3ye3BaTb C b C TaB b.

H Bci=:.KaKbBb

I<yLll,H SOAH, OTnl1yaBaTb p a 3 A i=:. e H l1e. n

ce Cb THnl1YHH KapCTOBH SlBneHH5I. P a 3 n p 0 C T P a He H H e. ...(...

Cnoperrs
rpa

cb6paHaTa cjJaYHa Bb BapOBHTI151 <pa~HeCb aa ropaoJOpCKaTa Cepl151, T5I MO>t<e Cb nonO>t<I1TenHOCTb na ce paarrsna aa oTAi=:.nHH xara, 6e3b na roaa KOI1TO He3a6eml3HO Tpt6sa npeMI1HaSaTb eAHHb Bb Mo>t<e na ce nOCTaBI1 Hi=:.KaKBa rpaaaua aa 11 cano MemAy Manno

Apyrb,

Ti=:.Xb. KbMb Ma, T. e. aa MaJlKaTa 6bnrapH5I

na ce npatiaaa, nOAb aa

4e nO-rOn-EM8Ta 4aCTb

OTb AOnHI1Ti=:. nnacrose nnacroaer-s

ua T351 Cepl151 npnnannexcar't, nOpTnaHACKI1S1 K3Tb TI1TOHa. MoraTb

4aCTb npauannexor aa :

rOpHO-JOPCKI1Ti=:. 06pa3ysaHI151

Aa ce pa3Ai=:.nSlTb Sb 11

0

K C cjJ0 PAC K 11,

K 11Me p a A >t<C K 11

T 11-

TO H C K 11 KaTb. OKCcjJOPACKHSlTb KaTb BI1 11 TbMHI1 MeprenHI1 BI1 xeprerra. SlS5lBa ce Cb cBi=:.Tno-nenenI1BO CI1HKaCbAbp>t<aLll,I1 4epb KpeMbKb, CI1HKanonoH sapoeaua,

a Me>t<AY TtXHI1Ti=:. 6aHKI1 Bb npOCnOHKI1 ce 3a6en5l3SaTb

Ha

H3SeCTHI1 Mi=:.cTa T'B CiYl. TbMHo-nenenI1SH, Cb 6tm1 KaKTO K:In~I1THI1 pa3nYKaHH. nasee eAHI1T'B, raaa

MHTHH BapOBHQH, npHMpe}!{eHH aa rrosp-sxaoc'n.ra CiYl. AOCTa TBbPAI1,

>t<l1n'IH~H H npyrar-s,

Hi=:.KOI1OTb

Ti=:.Xb CiYl. nO-TBbpAI10Tb

BapOBI1~I1Ti=:. H6 CneAHI1T'B xaroae.

OKCcjJOPACKI1 S6pOBI1~11 ce 113-

93
Al1raTb p. BbPXY oxono AOrepCKl1rE 06pa3YBaHI15! OTb ABerB Cb CTpaHH aa

Esepa

Erponone
d'Orb. KpeMbKb

11 ClK oT6ens13aHH

aMOHI1Ta

Peltoaa-

ceras ardienensis
POBHQI1 Cb 4epb

OTb ,QonHI1S1 OI<Cq:,0PAb; ce HaMHpaTb 11 oxorro

Ci"KW.HTt

Teresesrs. Flpa
a xaro TpbHb. TaKI1Ba Bb

C. 6aTI<OBQI1, nenanexo

COq:,I1S1ropHO-OI<Cq:,0PACKI1 Ci"K BapOBI1QI1-

rs

Cb

Perisphinctes triplicatum albis Ouenst.,
na ce B3eMaTb 11 HtKOI1 BapOBHIIH BapOBl1l1H Cb TbMHHTt

MoraTb

oxono

KOHSIBa nn.

Phylloceras aff. mediterrana no-aa 113TOKb, npa

eum Uhl.
aa HHT'B sp.

Ci"K H3b

,QonHI1S1OKCq:,OPAb, na ce B3eMaTb Cb

Fop-

K03HHlIa,

MoraTb

CiY\.W.Oaa OI<Cq:,OPACKI1 TbM-

rnHHeHI1

BapOBHIIH

Cryptocaenia
BapOBl1l111 Cb

KaKTO 11 TbMHHTt

ntcb4HH

tieriana d'Orb.,
Contej. ouie 11 np. H aa MHoro

Pecten oitreus Romer,
CbMHeHHe, MtcTa. e npencreaerrs 'Ie apyr»

octonaria d'Orb. Rhynchonella asAnomia aff. undata
ce AOKaH<e

HtMa

Ci"KlUHSlTb l<aTb uie

KHMepI1AH<CKI1S1Tb l<aTb ManKO I1nl1 MHoro KaSH HnH rnHHeHH.

TOH<e Cb BapOBI1l(I1, CI1Hno-ne,1.1,0

T'B Ci"K CB'BTnH, CI1Bo-nenenHBH, I1nl1

nO-TbMHH eacrreraaa

KOMnaRTHH, AOBOTlHO TBbPAH, 06HI<HOSeHO H Bb Bb 6aHI<H 6aHI<H. rpanaaa

1<H BapOBHl(H,

OTb

0,10

0.20
HMb

M., a

noajsxora

AOCTa Ae6enH aenpasamra,

v13TlOH<eHaTa HTlH SlAKa-

nOBpbxHOCTb

4eCTO 6HBa

CTa 11 pa3AtneHa

Cb np0CTlOHI<I1 OTb 3eTleHHKaSa 6'BnOrpaA411I<b, oxono C. Bbp60BO

xyMa, H

KaTO Bb np.

..Bisaem,"
MeprenHHT'B

npn

B's
H3nbl<b

BapOSl1l1H raupne KpeMbl<b

4eCTO ce 3a6enSl3BaTb H TO Bb BHAb Ho

nerrra

flbTlHE:HH Cb 4~Pb Bb TbHKI1, He MHoro

Ha SlAKH, HnH KpeMbKb

npOCTpaHHH cnoiiese. 60Sl 11aa MtCTa HaMHpa c. Bb

HMa H Cb HaAb

CB'BTnl H xepeeaxaaa TbMHHSI, 06a4e OTb

nbpBHSlTb

npeoonanaaa

TOH ce

no-orpeaa-reaa H

KonH4eCTBa aa !Orb OTb Bb

nOCTleAHHSI. KbMb

-lemounurua
e, 'Ie Bb

Fnexara
Tt ouie,

C. 6'BTlOTHHIIH !iaH-AonHHTt CTBYBaTb. Ha

3a6enSl3aHO

I<peMeHHHT'B SlAKH neH<aTb rOpHHT-E KaTO 'Ie na

nl1aCTOBe 11 'Ie Ci"KW.OTO MtCTO

OTCi"KT-

e 3a6enSl3eHO

no-ropaar's AOnHI1T'B; KOHTO rre-

nTlaCTOBe Ci"K no-rnaxeaa T'B ce npH6nHH<aBaTb T-5Xb.

H nO-TleCHO ce nOBe4eTO KbMb

uenar s

OTb

XOTPHBCKHTt,

H<aTb HaAb

KHMepHAH<CKHTt HaABa XOpH30HTa: na

BapOBHQH neCHO MoraTb nonea

na

ce

pesrrsnar-s
H
-, j

s,

rto-r-sxerrs, no

Bb

I<OHTO BKaMeHenorro-rnnaext,

CTHT'B Ci'i\. P'BAI<OCTb 11 Ha rope-rs, H3nbTlHeHb Cb

CB'BTnHBb, BMOHHTHa

pesacocpesaa,

60raTa

q:,aYHa; HO q:,oMi'K4.HO MO-

CHTlHT-5,KaTO 3apaCTHaTlH

Bb caxare

cxana,

rs'spne

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