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Пол Брег - Лечебен глад

Пол Брег - Лечебен глад

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Published by buridan
Pol Breg - Lecheben Glad
Pol Breg - Lecheben Glad

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Published by: buridan on Dec 19, 2009
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02/16/2015

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COCPUR, 1998 B.

.Xpauama mpntiea oa ObOe eatuemo .cexapcmeo, .aetcapcmeomo - eatuama xpaual"

XUnOKpa11l

"Xopama 6o.lleoyoa11l, saiuomo uapyuiaeam npupoooceotipasnume npuuuunu ua JlCUOO11l,

a spe» usntuseanemo na senetiuomo esaoyeaue, me scoeam aa saiipaesm ceostma euspacm"

IIo.ll Bpez

© non 6PEr nE4EEiEH rnA,Q © IIlK .Anerpou"

nPEArOBOP

ldnmepecne e cbg6ama Ha u3BecmHUR aMepUHaHCHU AeHap nOA 5pee. J-1a 11 eoquuu 3a60ARBa om 6eAogp06Ha my6epHYA03a.l\e4eHuemo C MeguHaMeHmu B npogbll>KeHue Ha nem eoquuu e 6e3ycnewHo. Onemonnuemo MY e npeueneuo kemo 6e3HagemHo, HO onmUMU3Mbm Ha t e-eoqiuunun tonotue ocmaBa U moil e 3aBegeH Ha Ae4eHue 8 WBeilL{apuR npu uesecmnun xesuomepenesm g-p A Beycm POAe. TYH nog Bb3geOcmBuemo H8 AeHoBumume cAbH4eBu Ab4U, nAogoBu guemu U eAagyBaHe cmaBa '-Iygomo. 3gpa8emo Ha nOA 3an04Ba 6bP30 ga ce nog06pRBa. 3a gBe eoquuu om 6e3HagemgeH uHBaAug moii ce npe06pa3RBa B 3gpa8 '-IOBeH c ugeaAHa cbpge4Ha qeunocm U eHepeU4Ha 4upHYAa4UR Ha Hpb8ma.

CAeg u3AeHyBaHemo 5pee e cneuesen 3aBuHaeu " om npupoqocsotipeeneme Megu4UHa. Ha HeR moo noceeiues« 4eAUR cu cssnemese« muBom. 5Aaeogapenue ne Ae'-le6HOmO eAagyBaHe B spnseme cu Bb3- pacm moii e 40BeH C qotipo 3gpaBe, ucmUHCHO emsemU4eCHO mesocsontenue U neusvepneeuu tpusu-tecHU CUAU.

nOA Bpee YMupa Ha 95 eoquuu, HO He om cmapocm.

CMbpmma My e neiuecmen cAY4aO no BpeMe > Ha mosesnne CbC CbPC/J BbPXY epetien Ha oepoune oke-, . aHCHa BbAHa, HpaO 6peeoBeme ne (/JAopuga.

B «nueeme CU 111\e4e6eH eAag" tnoii HU npeqseee L{eHeH ypOH HaH mpR6Ba ga muBeeM U Hau-BaH<HOmO, HaH mpR6Ba ga ce xpaHUM, se ga u36eeHeM cmpaganuemo U cmapocmma.

Cnopeg aBmopa, paL{uoHaAHomo xpeneue cuuemeuo c ellagyBaHemo e Hau-BaH<HURm C/JaHmop se npegna3BaHe om 3a60ARBaHe UAU ee Bb3cmaHo§RBaHe ne BAoweHomo 3gpaBe.

Mnceo eOARMa POAR B csonme cucmeue 5pee om-

3

ga8a ne osqpeeumesnomo allagy8aHe. Tou gOHa38a, LJe 3a npeuuctnbene Ha opaaHU3M8 om uempunenume 8 Heao npogyHmu Ha pesneqenemo U pa3I1ULJHUme omposu omne-aso mpR68a ga ce np08eH<ga cegMULJHO 24-LJac080 allagy8aHe, «oemo MOH<e nO-HbCHO ga ce psseue go 7, 14 U 21-gHe8Ho allagy8aHe. no 8peMe Ha allagy8aHemo mpR68a ga ce nue ceuo qecmusupen« 80ga.

Cnopeg Ilos Bpee allagy8aHemo, moe« e npegu 8CULJHO 8b3MOH<HOCm ga ce ustieene cenoompesnnemo ne opeeuusue om nempqnenume 8 neeo 8pegHu Betuecmtse, U3mOLJHULlU H8 «oumo ceA8R8am nenpeBusnomo xpaHeHe, esounompetieme c lIeHapcm8a, 3aMbpceHume 80gu U 8b3gyX.

fIIagyBaHemo He e onocoti se lIeLJei-lue ue HRHaHbB Hegba. To nocmaBR opeenusue 8 maHuBa YClloBuR, npu «oumounseme My H<U3HeHa enepeun ce U3no1l3- Ba se npeuuomsene U 03gpa8R8aHe. To noqnoueee opeenusue ga ce npeuucmu ceu.

Bpee pa3gellR xopama ne gBe apynu:

- ucmUHCHU, «oumo ceuu ce apuH<am se ce6e cu

- HeucmUHCHU, -uoumo npex8bpIIRm epumume se

ce6e cu Ha OHOIIHume U »euepume KbM HOR apyna ce omuecnme 8ue?

Bcesu LJOBeH uetiup« 3a ce6e cu equ« om g8ama HaLJUHa ne H<u80m, «emo no m03U HaLJUH onpeqesn Bpeuempeenemo Ida H<u80ma cu. .

KOIIHomo no-mssno ycneeM ga oBllageeM 8CULJHO moBa, «oemo HU npenopbLJBa Bpee, «emo eo CbLJemaeM B egLfH HOMnlleHC; mO/\H08a no-eosnu e neWURm uienc ga H<UBeeM no-gbllao U no-iuecmsuso 8 _ g06po 3gpa8e U gywe8Ho pa8HoBecue.

ollaaogapeHue ne ny611uLlUCmULJHUR gap ne aBmopa U npaHmU_LJeCHOmO npUIIOH<eHUe, lIeLJe6HOmO allagy8aHe uemupe -npes nocsequume eoqunu Bce no-aollRM 6pou nouumemesu.

4

fJIABA I

M IIO.JWlIHll BCHQKO OT iKUBOTA

BceKM MHcrrem; qOBeK e ,r:oTb)KeH B erran MOMeHT na CM 3a,r:r;a;n;e m-npoca: "Koe e Haij-~eHHoTo aa MeH B )KHBOTa?"

llcKaM,r:r;a I.J;MmpaM BemlKIDl KOMe,lJ,MeH axrsop E.o; YHH, KORTO OCrpO)'MHO orfienaaaa: "OOraTCTBOTO M cnanara ca mynocr, aKO IDIMa snpase",

KaKBO 3Ha~ 6QrreH qOBeK, ,r:r;a)Ke H TOR na e 3HaTeH H 6oraT?

Borarare He MoraT ,r:r;a CM K)'IUIT uiacrae. A TOBa, qe qOBeK e ,r:r;OCTHrHaJI M3BeCTHOCT, oute He 03Ha~IaBa, qe e CTaHaJI rrO-m;aCTJIHB.

He Mora na He O~eH5lBaM 60raTCTBOTO. C'iIUaM, qe napare M 06m;~CTBeHOTO nonozceaae arpasr HeMaJIKa P9ID1 B namara I.J;MBMJlH3all,IDI. KOM¢OPT~1' M y,r:r;oBOrrCTBHHTa ca Ba)KHH sa MHoro xopa. B3eMeTe aa qOBeK I.(IDIOTO cscroaaae M My OCTaBeTe caxo eztao 3,r:r;paBe - rrspaoro My )KeJIaHHe m;e 6'b,r:r;e na CM B'bpHe aaryfieaoTO C'bCTOHHHe. Ho xoraro M e,r:r;HOTO, H npyroro ca B HaJIHqHe, ~ OCTaBa AYMara, KOHTO ce 60HM na nponaaecea, MHC'bJITa, KOHTO rr'b,[(HM OT ce6e CM, KoeTO HOCM M'bKa, 6o.lII(a M C'b)KaJIeHHe. TM ,r:r;yMa, TM MHC'bJI e CM'bPT.

,[(a)Ke xoraro )KHBOT'bT HH ce crpyna HerrOHOCHMO 6p~Me, KaK rpecxaao ce ssomaaae B Hero! KaKBM nynresna CHJlH ce ry6HT B 6op6a C'bC CM'bpTTa! C KaKBa crpacr qOBeK ce ,r:r;'bP)KH aa )KHBOTa! Haii-aenaxara qOBeIIIKa Meqra e snpasero M ,r:r;'bJIfIDlT )KHBOT! qOBeK ce xyncraa B T03M CBHT KaTO B ,r:r;DM M 6M MCKaJI na iKHBee sesno, aKO e snpan M rrsnen C )KH3HeHH CHJlHI!

OBJrqAM JKHBOTA II HCKAM JJ:A JKHBEH!

Ha MOMTe 3,r:r;paBHH JIeKI.J;MH qeCTO rrpHIIOMHHM -,r:r;yMHTe aa enna necen OT cryaearcxare MH rOAHHH: "p6HqaM )KHBOTa M HCKaM na )KHBeH!". Te3M CHJIHH,r:r;yMM M3pa3HBaT C'bKpOBeHOTO )KerraHHe aa BceKH OT Hac. :>KJmOThT caa rro ce6e CM npencrannasa qy,r:r;o. H TOBa qy;n;o ce HaMHpa B HaIIIHTe psne. )l{HBOT'bT e B'b3XHTHTerreH. TOR e cssponaure aa C'bKpOBMm;aTa!

OT BpeMeTO aa A,r:r;aM M Esa, )KHBeeIIJ;H B Ipa,lJ,MHHTe aa E,r:r;eM, rrporrsnacasaaero na qOBeIIIKIDl )KHBOT OCTaBa HaR- Ba)KHHj{T npotinea. ITepCHHCKHTe M rpsnxare M'b,r:r;peI.J;M MHoro CTOrreTIDl - nperm XPHCTHHHCTBOTO ca ce OIIHTBaJIH',r:r;a ro paspenrar, HO aanpasno. Y C'bP,r:r;HO ca ce 3aHHMaBaJIH C TOBa H CXorraCTHI.J;MTe na Cpe,r:r;HOBeKOBfIeTO, HO pe3YJITam, eCTeCTBeHO, He ca ce rrorryqIDIH:

5

11 cera, npes XX BeK, BCl1'llC11 Cep1103HH YMOBe T'bPC5IT, rfa11CTI1Ha "<reCTO HarrOCOK11, peurerme aa saramrara.

Ha HHTO eAHH xoaex OT C'bTBOpeHlleTO na CBeTa no rmec He ce e ynarro na H36eme CM'bpTTa, HO scexa qOBeK, C'b6ruo,n;aBaHK11 npasanara aa XHr11eHam 11 naera, Mo)ICe na p;o)IUIBee no )J,'bJI60Ka CTapOCT, aKO, pasfinpa ce, ce H3ICJIIO"<IaT Hern;aCTHHTe CJIYCIaH. BceIOI e M'b)lCeH na CTOP11 TOBa sapana ce6e CH, sa CBOHTe 6JIH3KH,

- sa CB05ITa crpana, TOBa Mo)ICe na ce rrocrarae, aKO ce rpH)KHM sa CB05I OpraHH3'bM, 3arn;OTO cavo neronara snpasa pafiora npana "<IOBeKa rpaxnaaan, npom.nacaaa )KHBOTa MY no HOPMaJIHl1 rpanaIIH. B5IpBaM, qe na BceKH qOBeIC e orpeneno na I13:>ICHBee He. no-aanxo OT 120 rOAHH11, KaKTO TOBa e Ka3aHO B b116JII15ITa. IIpOA'bIDKI1TemIOcTTa na )IOIBOTa Tp5I6Ba ,n;a_C'bOTBeTCTBa na Ta5I B'b3paCT, K05ITO Mo)Ke na ,n;OCTIITHe 3,n;paBH5IT qOBeIC npa naii-finarorrpIDITHI1 YCJIOBH5I.

J3PEAIUITE H;\BIIU:M YEMBAT ,XOP AT Ai

/

1I0BeK noparra CB05ITa 6e3CpaMHa HeB'b3,n;'bp:>ICaHOCT B xpaneaero 11 naeaero yMHpa 6e3-,n;a e rrpe:>IC11B5IJI H rrOJIOBHHaTa CPOK, KOHTO lV!ye orrrycnar. ,lJ.11B11Te )lCHBOTHH, aKO He 11M BJIH5I5IT He6mirOIIpI1- 5ITHI1Te YCJIOBH5I, I13)IOIB5IBaT II'b.lIHl15I CpOK na CB05I :>ICHBOT. lIoBeK'bT e eAHHCTBeHOTO \M3KmOqeH11e OT rrpaBHJIOTO. Bep05ITIIO open M11JIHOIDrTe )lCHB11 C'blI!eCTBa qOBelIIKH5IT pon e)J;HHCTBeH He ,n;O:>ICHB5IBa no CB05I eCTeCTBeH npenen. )[{l,IBOTHHTe qyBCTBaT HHC'I'HIiKTHBHO KaK'bB Ha"<Itlli na :>ICHBOT TjJ5I6Ba na BOA5IT, KaKBO na 5I,n;aT 11 nH5IT. Koraro ca 60JIIDI HJ1H paaena, o6HKHoBeHO rlJaJJ;yBaT. HnCTHHKT'bT 3aCTaB5I )lUIBOTHOTO na sne TOBa, KoeTO e rrOJIe3HO, a QOBeK ynorpefiaaa TOBa, KoeTO HaH-TjJy,n;HO ce YCB05IBa, 3aJIHBa ro C 01pOBHH HaIIHTIUr 11 cnen TOBa ce QY)J;I1, santo He :>ICHBee CTO rOJJ;HHH!

Ha TeOpH5I HHe OQaKBaMe ,n;'bJI'br )lCHBOT, a aa npaKTI1I<a C'bKpaurasaae :>ICI1BOTa CM,n;O MHHHMyM. I1Ma J1H CMHC'bJI B TOBa?

Y,!I,HB11TeJIHa sararnca OCTaBa TOBa, qe 3a6eJIe:>ICHTe.lIHl15IT MeXaHH3'bM aa qOBeIIIKOTO C'brn;eCTBO, C'bB'bprneH B HaH-p;pe6HaTa IIo,n;p061IOCT, cr=reranant fiorononofiea pa3YM C cpopMa, K05ITO ce OIlliTBaT rta rronpaacasar cKYJIIITYPHTe, 6e3)lCaJIOCTHO ce paspynra-

Ba'OT caMH5I ~OBeK! 3aTOBa H5IMa onpasnanael - - . ~

- . Mpauopaara CTayY5I Ha ArrOJIOH B'bB BaTI1KaHa, CBeTOBHOH3- BeCTHO npoasaeneaae aa M3KYCTBOTO, e He no-uanxo csaspurenc rro KpaCOTa, OTKOJIKO!O TeJIaTa na aatmrre C'bOTeqeCTBeHHIIH, HO

6

sa nero ce rpIDI<aT I<aTO sa 6e3IJ;eHeI-I 6PHlliIHT, a B csnioro npeae )KHBH51T l:IOBeK, finaroponen, aarenarenrea H H3T'bHqeH, C T'bHKa' l:I)'BCTBHTeJIHa cpH3meCI<a C1pYI<1YPa" OT,r:(eJI5l na CBoeTO T5lJIO nO-ManKO BHHMaIIHe, OTreOJIKOTO na CB051Ta xorxa l'mH I<yLle.

BCJ11IKfI 3,r:(paBOMHCJIeru;H xopa )KeJIaJIT ,r:('bJI'br, macrnaa H noneaen )I<Hl30T. Hsmeaoia, KaTO qe JIM npop;'bJI)KyITeJIHOCTTa na )I(HBOTa H Ha,r:(e)K):(HOTO snpaae Tp5I6Ba na 6'b,r:(aT npaBHJIO, HO )'BM - Te ca M3Km01:IeIIHe!

BOJIECTTA - TOBA E IIPECT'hIIJIEIII1E,

,[(A HE B'h,[(EM I1PECT'hIIHI1IJ;11

B aasanoro na Berea aa 651x 6JIM3'bK C BeJIHKH5I Bepaapn MaKq)eJIAeH, OCHOBaTeJI aa ):(BI1)KeHHeTO sa cpM3meCKa xyrrrypa, H3,r:(aTeJI na CITHCaImeTO ,,<PI13meCKa rcyJITYPa". Ha ofirrozxara na CITHcaHHeTO BHHarH nnnrerne: .Bonecrra - TOBa e npeCT'bI1JIeHHe, na He O'b,r:(eM npecT'bIIlIHIJ,I1!"

<PH3meCKaTa cnafiocr, B5lJIOCT M 60rre3HeHOCT BMHarn M11 ca ce C1p)'BaJIH npeCT'bITHH, OCK'bp6JIeHHe narreceao ira TaK'bB qy,r:(ecen IDlC'I'pyMeHT, KaK'bBTO e "lOBeIIIKOTO TIDlO. OT MOMeHTa, xoraTO as pe_ 0HpaBI1X M B'b3CTaHOBI1X snpaaero CM, C'b6mo,r:(aBaM BCIWKO He06xo)J.HMO aa nomrspxane na CBoeTO TIDIO B C'bCTOmIHe aa C'bB'bIlIIIeHCTBO. Ilpaaapsaaocrra K'bM BMCOKHTe I1,r:(eaJIH aa 60APocrra, )I(H3HeHOCrra, snpasero 11 M3,r:('bp)KJIHBOCrra MH HOCM TOJIKOBa BMCOKH )J.HBH):(elI'iH, xe .as ce HapmaM "MHmIOHep aa snpasero".

, /(a 6'bOelU .MUJlUOnep ua sopaeemo, oa ce uacsaxcoaeauc ua paoocmma om 30paOe11l0, uesaeucetuo om O'b3paC11l11la - samoea ell ctupyea oa pa601ll11lU. ,;railliam" na neracnemoro, nesnaeuto CTapOCT snpaae ce xpne B'bB B'b'I'peIIIHOTO npesncraane M B'b3CTaHOB5IBaHe C rrOMo~a Ha HaTYPaJIHa xpaHa H ,r:(PYTH 06HOB5IBaID;H qOBeKa rrpHHIJ,HIDI, KaTO nanpnaep "lHCTHJI B'b3):(yX, rnanyaanero, cpM3HqeCKHTe ynpaaoreaaa, rrosassara H np.

Koraro npesncmare TAAOTO CM C rrOMOlIU'a aa ,r:(03HpaHO rnanyaaae H HaTYPaJIHH nponyxra, BaIIIH51T OpraHH3'bM H3HCKBa e)KeAHeBHO cpH3HqeCKO HaTOBapBaHe. A C nosronrra na HaTOBapBaHeTO BI-Ie casra c'bTBOpJIBaTe TH.lIOTO ca TaKOBa, KaKBOTO Bn ce HCKa na 6'b,r:(e.

CaMO UOMH:CJIeTe! Bae MO)KeTe caMH na necraraere no CPM- 3I-rqeCKO C'bB'bpmeHCTBO. 3HaHIDlTa, ncsepnaan OTTa3nKIDITa, nre BM troxroraar na )l{HBeeTe rr'bJIHOI~eHeH )KUBOT!

7

qOBeKbT e )'l-IH.KaJIBO 5IBJIeI-IHe na IIpHpO,lJ,aTa, HO !3aKOHHTe, KOHTO ro yrrpaBJI5IBaT, ca rrrspne npOCTIf H Ml-IOrO IIOH5ITHH sa T03H, KOllTO He )I(aJIH npene ,lJ,a rH nsynaaa 11 na nafinronana )I<HBOTa na CB05I opranasr.x nen no nea, -

)IUlBOT'hT MOJKE )l;A B'h)l;E m:ACTJUIBO

M PA)l;OCTHO nPMI{'JlIQqEHHE

3a,lJ,al.IaTa aa caaoonosnanaaero H3rne)l<,lJ,a 6e3I<paiffia, HO IIpH aficornorao 5ICeH nornen aa nenrara H e)Ke,lJ,HeBHO 113nOJI3BaHe aa Te311 npocra, HO TOl.IHI1 3aK0HI1, )l<HBOTbT ce npeapr.rna He casro B 3aBJIa,lJ,SIBarn;O rrpaxmoveaae, HO 11 B y,lJ,HBI1TeJII-Ia pa,lJ,OCT. BceKH OT Hac Tp5I6Ba na CJIe,lJ,Ba T03H )l<H3HeH I<YPC no snpase. Hsyaaaaiire ro C ro,lJ,HHI1 11 BCeI<H nea ute BH HOCH pa,lJ,OCT, macrae H Y,lJ,OBOJICTBHe OT snpanaa, rn;aCTJII1BH5I, ,lJ,bJIbrH5I H enepraxea )I<HBOT.

rJIABA II qyAOTOHArHAAYBABETO

Koe e HaM-3Hal.IHTeJII-IOTO OTKpI1TIfe na nanraa BeI<?

, TOBa, 'tie ca HaMepeHI1 5Ifu.J;a na ,lJ,I1I-I03aBpI1'B nYCTHm'ITe na MOHfOJIIUl, KOHTO, KaKTO C'll1TaT yseaare, ca aa 10 MI1JII10Ha rO,lJ,l1l-IH? Pa3KOIII<H aa ,lJ,peBHI1 norpefienaa 11 rpanose, III1c¥eHI1 n(lMeTHImH - 6e3u;eHHI1 CBH,lJ,eTeJICTBa na OTMI1I-IaJII'I IJ;HBHJII13aIJ;HH? OTICpHBaHeTo na pa,l],HOaKTIfBHH5I qaCOBm'IK, no KOMTO npo<pecop TIeiffi OT Tarp KOJIe,lJ,)I( orrpenenn m.spacrra na 3eM5ITa na 1 250000000 ro,lJ,IIHH.? PeaKTIIBHI1Te CaMOJIeTIf? TeJIeBH3H5ITa? Pa,lJ,HOTo? ATOMI-IaTa eaepras? BO,lJ,OpO,lJ,HaTa 6oM6a?

He! HHTO e,lJ,HO OT T5IX!

HAH-BEJIlUCOTO OTKPMTHE HA HAIIIETO BPEME Cnopeo Afell, naii-eeauxomo 011lKpU11lUe na cuepeuenuunm l106eK ce Jl6Jl6(l omupueauetno HCl cIloco6HOC11l11lCl cau oa ce 1l00.MJlClOlilU ifizI311'leCKJI, YAtC11l6ellO U OYX06HO C 110.A101l111lCl HCl PCllfllOHClJlHO 2JlCloY6ClHe. IJcClOY6CliiKU IlClYllHO, uoee« nonce OCl npuootiue HeY(JJlX6ClU{Cl.AtJlClOOCIIl. IJcCloyeCliiKll, uoee« uoince oa npeoomepamu npeieoeepesenuom 0 em apeeue.

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8

Crpaxsr C'hCTap5IBa H 'CTaBa 6peMe sa CaMII5I ~OBeK H sa 06Kp'h)KaBall~HTe roo TOM ce 3arHe3ABa Ha)J;'hJI60I<O, B caMOTO cspuel

C noxronrra na rrsnaa HHcpopMaU;H5I sa manysarrero, H3JIo)Ke- aa B Ta5I KlIHI'a, BHe ure C'hYMeeTe na ce H36aBHTe OT crpaxa sa npeaoieapeaeaaoro crapeeae.

E)Kece)J;~IHOTO 24-T.IaCOBO rrsmro manysaae, KoeTO npencTaBJI5IBa 52,lJ,HH B rornraara H B xpaaaa CMeTKa TpH cenesr-necer,JJ;HeBHH IJIa,lJ,)'BaIlli5I rue HH noxroraar rta ce H36aBHM OT TOKClffiHTe H mnaxara na C'h)J;OBeTe H MYcKYIDITe. Tp5I6Ba na ce snae, ~e B HaIIIH5I CJI~aM CTaBa .JJ;YMa sa crpamrnra rrpo)J.YI<TH na MeTa60- JlH3Ma (6HOJIOrmeCI<H rrpoiiec na npenpt.ntane na xpanara B )KI1Ba MaTepH5I, a Ta3H MaTepH5I na CBOM pen - B eaepraa), KOHTO HOC5IT C'hC ce6e CH 60JIeCmTe H npeaoieapeuermara crapocr.

Koraro )KH3HeHHTe CHJlH na HallIH5I OpraHH3'hM nanaar non HOpMaTa, rorasa nper; aac ce H3rrpaB5IT cpH3HQeCKH H )J;mKe ncaXOJIOrmeCKI<I rrpo6rreMH.

r JIA,1l.YBAHETO 3AnA3BA BAIIH:lTE iKM3HElIl:I Cl:IJIl:I II03BorreTe MIl na BH 065ICH5I no-nonpofino. Hae nonrsutaae xpana H cnopen TOBa, KaK npesraaana rrpes opranasaa, TlI ce paanpotisna, npeaapzaa, aCHMHITHpa, aH3JIHllIHOTO ce crcrpaassa OT opranasaa. Hae HMaMe xerapa oprana, OTrOBap~ sa OTCTpaH.sIBaHe aa Bpe)J;HHTe Be~eCTBa. ~epBa, 6'h6peu;n, )J;p060Be l1 KO)Ka. 3a rta pa60T5IT )J;06pe Te3l1 oprana, OpraHH3M'l.T e M'h)KeH na l1Ma BHCOK )l<M3HeH rrOTeHIJ;I1Cl!JI, ToeCT eneprerasecxa B'h3MO)1(nocra.

3a)J;a ce orcrpaaa H3JIHllIHOTO TP.sI6Ba na ce 3ary6H enepras.

He06xo)J;l1M0 e orposrao KOrrnqeCTBO )KH3HeHa eaepraa, sa na ce nponycae ronmro xomraecrao xpaHa npes croxanrao=rpeaaaa TPaKT, T'hM KaTO TOM l1Ma )J;'hJl)lGllia Tpl1)J;eCeT <PYTa H e, rrsrrsr OT

,ycTaTa no npasoro ~epBO. OrpOMHO KOrrnqeCTBO enepraa ce H3HCKBa, sa.na ce rrponycae Te~OCTTa npes )J;Ba MHlIHOHa CPHJI1:pH na 6'b6peIJ,HTe aa ~OBeKa. ')J_('_n3HeHa enepraa ce H3pa31WABa H aa XI~eCKH nponeca B )J;p060BeTe l1 )l(JI'b~ Mex~p, KOHTO nparOTB.sIT xpaaa sa YCBO.sIBaHe OT MHITHap)J;H KJIeTKH B opramrsna.

Macro )KH3HeHa enepras ce H3HCKBa sa ooorarsaaae aa ner ------;- ocev ITHTpa Kp'bB C KHCJIOPO)J; C noaonrra na )J;p060BeTe H OT)J;eJI.sIHe OT opranaasra na ssmeponaaa )J;ByOKHC. ')J_('_n3HeHa

9

eaeprna e H)l)KHa csuto sa KQ)KaTa C HemUITe 96 MlillHOHa nopa, spea KOHTO ceornenar oTPoBHHTe nentecraa B'bB BH,n; na nor,

-, HHE :>KHBEEM B OTPOBEH CBnT

POJUITa aa )KJ.13HeIIHTe CHJllI ce C'bCTOH B ofiearrexaaaae na enepraa sa OTCTPaIDIBaHe na OTPOBHTe OT opranasxa, KOHTO ca ce 06pa3- )'BaIDI B rrponeca na npepafiorxara na xpanara. }RH3HeHaTa CIDm nomrspzca resmeparypa na TIDIOTO rrpe3 rt;IDIOTO apeve 36.6 °C (axo rexmeparypara ce rrOBHIIIaBa, HHe ce pa3QOmmaMe, aKO ce

noanzcaaa, csrno ce pasfionsnaae). I

B C'bBpeMeHIDI5I rt;HBHJllI30BaH CBJIT )ICH3HemITe CHJllI HMaT - MHoro nparose - OTPOBH, C KOHTO TPJI6Ba na ce CrrpaBJIT, THJl OTPOBH, KOHTO tIOBeK cau CH cssnana.

HAH-rOIDIMATA MP'hCOTIDl E B HERETO Mp'bCOTHJlTa HH 60M6aE,n;Hpa OT B'b3,n;yxa, xoiiro ,D;HIIIaMe. )J;a B3eMeM sa npmrep HIO ilOPK: oxono 60 TOHa rrpax e)KeMeCetIHO ce aarpynsa B'bpXy BCJlKa xaanparaa MHJffi OT rpana, II6MHcneTe sa T0311 rrpax, C KORTO TPJI6Ba na ce 60PH 'OpraHH3M'bT,'"3a na O)KHBee B aruocrpepara na Hro HopK. He e tIYAIfO, tIe B T03H

orposea rpan HMa TOJIKOBa 60JIHHrt;H H fiornra xopa. '

Y"leHHTe ca YCTaHOBHJllI, tIe )KJ.1Tem1Te na ¥HAYCTPHaJ~lllTe rpanose KaTO IlHTC6'bpr HJllI EHpMHHI'aM (mar Arrafiawa), HMaT nonese IIIaHCOBe na ce CpeIrt;HaT .JIHU;e B rnme C'bC CM'bPTOHOCHHTe 60necTH na npotionere; na cTPa,n;aT OT c'bp,n;etIHOC'b,n;oBH 60necTH caao sapann TOBa, ~Ie ,D;HIIIaT 3aM'bpCeH B'b3,n;yx. 3nOBerna csrec OT ca)K,lJ;H H ,l1,I1M OT <pa6pHKHTe, OT ,l1,OMeHHHTe rrenm B 3aBO,D;HTe, rasose OT XI1MI1tIeCICH npennpaaraa H OTIIa,n;'btIHH raaone OT aBTOMo6HJllI H aBTo6YCH, KOHTO ,D;I1IIIaT 60JIlllliHCTBOTO OT asrepxsaanare ca crpanren KOKTeHrr.

3aM'bpCJlBaHeTO rra B'b3,n;yxa - TOBa e peannara sanrraxa aa namero snpaae H )KJ.1BOT. A manynanero - TOBa e e,n;rmCTBeHOTO cpencrso, KoeTO MQ)Ke na H3Ba,D;H OT opraaasua HH Te3H yxacan ornairsna.

HAllHTE PEKH, E3EP A H PYlffiH CA C'hIIJ:O TAKA CHJIHO 3AM'hPCEHH

He ca~o B'b3,l1,yx'bT oTPaBJI HaIIIHJl OpraHH3'bM C OTPOBH, HO H sonara ct.mo e raxa sasrspcena, tIe ca Heo6xo,D;l1MH cnenaanaa

/

10

XHMFI'IeCKH MeTO,n;H, sana CTaHe ronaa sa rmeae. 3a O'llIC1BaHe na naurara mrreitaa aona ce H3rrOJI3Ba HeOpram1'IHO 13eIIJ;eC1BO, aapeqeHO XJIOP, 3a C~~OTO CJI~ H C~aTa H IIHKOH ,n;PYTH HeOpra.HJIlIHH Be~eC1Ba. IIoMHeTe, qe HaIIIH~lT OpraHH3~M yCBOana caao OpraHMlIHHTe semecraa (OT paCTHTeJIeH HJ1Ii )l(IffiOTHHCKH rrpOH3XO,n;). Bcmco HeOpraHMlIHO Be~eC1BO ce orcrpanrraa OT opraaasaa (pasfiapa ce, esc sarytia na )KIf3HeHa eneprna). AIm qOBeK ce I'IaMHpa na npenena na )KIf3HeHHTe CH CHJU.i, TO MHoro OT Te3H neopramrma Be~eC1Ba ce aarpynsar B T~KaIDITe, KoeTO B 6~,n;e~e MO:>Ke,n;a ce OKa:>Ke B ynrspfi aa snpaaero.

Haacaxr.ne B crpanara BHe ute HaMepHTe 3aM~pceHH H3TOqIJI.fWi aa nona, Ho HHe CMe AJI~)l(HH,n;a yrrorpefianasre nona, MHoro nona H ra 1p.sr6Ba ,n;a ce nonnara na XHMFI'IeCKO I1pe'llIC1BaHe. M noanere: BCIfqKH TH.sI neopranaxaa Be~eC1Ba rpsfiaa Jla 6~,n;aT H3Be,n;eHH OT opraHH3Ma, aaase me HaHeCaT crpannra spena.

Axo )KIf3HeIDITe CRJIH I,Ia opraaasva ce rrOHH)I{aT H He MoraT ,n;a ce c~rrpOTHB.sIBaT na HallleC1BHeTO na Te3H HeOpraHH:qHH Be~eC1Ba C rrOMO~Ta na csoara OT,n;eJIHTeJIHa cHCTeMa, B T03H CJJY'1aM Te pCTaBaT B opraaasaa H rrpe,lJ;H3BHICBaT rrary6HH lJOc~e,I{C1BIDI.

Areo HHe HMaMe HaMepemre na H3XB~PJIHM OTpOBaTa OT opraHH3Ma, AJI~)l(HH CMe na manyaasre, T~n KaTO c nOMOlQ'I'a rra rnanysaaero nanaae na opraaassra <pH3HOJIOrnqecIill noxoa. T03H nOKon B~3CTaHOB.srBa HaIIIHTe )l{H3HeHH CRJIH, a KOIDmTO nonese CRJIH HMaMe, TOJIICOBa no-cxopo 01pOBHTe H TOKCIffi:HTe rne-frsnar OTCTpaHeHH OT opranasaa.

Inanyaaaero -,- TOBa e B~1peIIIHO H3rreJIeHHe H rrpO'llIC1Ba-

He.

OTPABJlHE C XHMfflIECKH AEP030JIH

TOHOBe 01paB.srII(H Be~eC1Ba ce HOC.srT B~B B~3,n;yxa, KaTO He cavo y6HBaT HaCeKOMHTe-BpeAHTeJIH, HO H OCTaBaT rro IIJIo,n;OBeTe H 3eJIe~Te, KOHTO HHe rrOCJIe ICOHCyMHpa.Me.

Cananrre, pasfiapa ce, ca BKyCHH, HO ce OKa3BaT onacaa sapann TOBa, qe ca nOKpHTH C rreCTHIIHAH

PeKOJITaTa OT IIJIo,n;OBe H 3eJIe~ cera, noaeae OT xoraro H,n;a 6HJIO, ce honnara aa ofipafiorxa C rreCTHrrHAH CJIe,n;OBaTeJIHO, rpafisa na 6~,n;eM npe)J;IIa3JIHBH, sa na He nonnaraxre na orraCHOCT CBoeTO snpase. )J;OpH canarara MO:>Ke na OTPOBH qOBeK.

~ BeAH~:>K H.sIKOJIICO :>KeHH 3aKyCBaJIH B XOTeJI B MaiiaMH H

11

CI<OPO cnen TOBa rlOJI)"'llfJIH rpecxa, CBeTOB'hpTe)K H raneae, Koraro rrpHCTHrH<lJJa Mep;HIJ;HHCKa rrOMO~ ce oxasano, qe 're ca OTpOBeIllI C anerarna serreaa canara. JIeI<ap51T KOHCTaTHparr: OTpaB5IHeTO e rrpe)J;H3BHKaIIO OT rrpenoaaposxa na ropose H npyra OTPOBHH XHMHKaJIH rro 3eJIeH'fj'IJ;HTe.

PEI{QJlT A, OBP ABOTEHA C OTPOBA

Bee nonexe H noaese ce 06pa60TBaT C OTpOBIllI rreCTIrr~H)J;H nanrare nponyxra sa xpaaene. Vnpaaneaaero aa xpaHHTeJIIllI nponyxra H rrexapcrsa 065IBH: "TPH naprann IIJIOp;OBe, cnopen p;aHHH OT aHaJIH3a, ca sapaseaa C rreC~HAI1. gBe rrapTII)J;H [Q:1KOPH5I, KaKTO ce OKa3a, C'bp;'hp)KaT rronese OT npenermo nonycraaara nosa OTpOBa. Ilaprana canara e yr¥i~O)KeHa, T'hH I<aTO C'hp;'hp:>Ka rOJI5IMO KOJIWreCTBO HH'TpaTH".

M TOBa He e BCI.JqKO. ITo rrpaBHJIO ce nposepaaar cauo IIJIOnonere, KOHTO OTHBaT B Tl;>prOBCKaTa Mpe)l<a Me:>K)J;y ~aTHTe, raxa qe casro emra MaJIKa ~JaCT OT xpaHHTeITBHTe nportyma npeaaaaaa npea HIICrreKI.J;H5ITa. TQHOBe carrara, C'hp;'hp)Ka~ OCTaThWI na rreCTHWiAH, "rrpeBHIIIaBa~1 rrpenerrao nonycrauare P;03H", OCTUBaT B mara Hm1 B oxpsra, K'hp;eTO ca rrpOH3Bep;eHI1. T5IX He ill rrposepaaar. Illo ce xacae no H3HaC5IHI1Te rrponyxra, TO VnpaaneHHeTO rra XpaHHTeJIHHTe rrpop;yrn'!1 H JIeKapCTBaTa rrpaaaasa, qe rrperman na CBOHTe orpaaaxeaa B'h3MO:>KHOCm ce I!POBep5IBaT caao aacr OT rrponyxrare, rrOA1Ie:>Ka~I H&- T'hprOBH5I Me:>KAY utaTIITe.

IDIKOH rPEBAT C II'bJlHII IIIEIIII OT <I)OHT AHA HA 3HAHHETO,

, A APYfH CAMO CII OIIJIAKBAT r'hPJIOTO

Crpanmara HCTHHa ce C'hCTOH B TOBa, qe BHCOKlffiT nponear OT cerrcxocronaacxa rrpoAYKI.J;H5I, nocrarama P;O naurara canarnepa, e orrpt.cxarra c nmpox aCOpTI1MeHT OT pa3JIWIIllI OTPOBH, cpen .KOHTO ca XJIOpHHTe sr.mepomr, Q:>OCQ:>0PHH c'he)J;HHeHH5I H npyra rrecranarra. JIeKapHTe ca P;OKa3am1, qe XIifMlIKaJIHTe, norranaana B no-mara, OCTaBaT sa MHoro xecemr TaM H ce YCB05IBaT OT npyrara peKOJITa, aspacaana na TOBa none. OTpOBaTa CTaBa qaCT-OT pacTeHHeTO H He MO)Ke na 6'hp;e H3BJIeqeHa OT Hero. AKo BHe aaaere, qe IIJIOP;'hT e OTpOBeH, TO ce OIIHTBaTe fia ce H36aBIue OT OTpOBaTa, xaro CHeMaTe nanpaaep 06BHBKaTa aa nosrara Hm1 ropHH5I cnoii

12

;: na canarara. )]{aJIKO, HO BHe ce crapaere narrpasrro Pa36:Hpa ce, OTCTpaHHJIH CTe HeIIJ,O, HO O'TpOBaTa OCTaBa p;'bn60KO B TbKamiTe aa pacrenaero. OTpOBaTa He ce paspymaaa npn sapeaero IiI cnen nparornaae aa xpanara OTpOBaTa nax CIiI OCTaBa:

rJIA,l1,YBAHETO 1l0MA!' A,l1,A CE M3BJIE1.IE OTPOBATA

OT orr AHM3MA

Koraro manysaae - xoraro rrpeKpaTliIM xpanenero - nanara )I<H3HeHa enepraa, KOJITO ce asrronsna sa YCBOJIBaHe aa xpanara, ce HaCOqBa aa IiI3BnHLIaHe na OTpoBIiITe OT opraaasaa.

A3, aanpanep, C'bM rrsrynan MHoro IiI3 CAIIJ; H p;pyrn: crpann, K'bp;eTO C'bM 'len neKI1,IDI. HMM C'bM macraero na ce 3arr03HaJI C

" HeManKQ xopa, KOHTO ca MH asrrpauiana nnonose 11 aerrenxyna, npoasaenena B TeXHHTe rpamraa. Ho TB'bpp;e qeCTO C'bM 6Hn npnaynen na JIM TOBa, KoeTO UMaM B MOMeHTa, MaKap IiI p;a 3HaM, qe e HaCHTeHO C O'IpOBa OT XIifMHLIe_pr<H nenrecrna. Etno satuo as 2JlaOY8a.M no 24 Will 36 saca enceceouuuuo, a C'bUfO IIUl1W 110 oecem onu uemupu nsmu 8 20011na11la.

Koraro ce nonnarax aa p;eCeTp;HeBHO rrsmro manysaae, BCJIxa Cy'IpHH B3eMaM rrpo6a OT rrspsara ypaaa cnen C'bH. Cnarav JI B ManKa 6ymnI<a H JI nasa na npoxnanno M5JCTO. Cnen HJIKOnKO ,_ )J;HH B ypanara ce 3a6enJI3BaT ManKH KPHCTanH.

E,lJ;HH II'bT, xoraro rnanyaax B reneaae na 21 )J;HH, na 19-THJI p;eH noxyacraax CHnIDI 60nKIiI B IIHKOqmrn Mexyp, ocofieao Herr-

-i

pIUITHH npn ypnaapane. Hsnparax ypana sa aaamrs H ce YCTaHO-

BH, 'Ie e rrpem~CHTeHa C narparn H npyra TOKCm;rn:. Koraro mJI O'IpOBH H3mI30Xa OT MeH, as rrOqYSCTBax CHneH npanan aa eHeprna, EMOTO na O'IHTe MH CTaHa 6enOCHe)l{HO, a xoxcara MH rrpa-

c', P;06H rrpHJITeH TeH.

c-- OT MOJI rnep;Ha TO'IKa rnap;ysaHeTO - TOBa e e,lJ;HHcTBeIDIJIT -

crroco6 na ce H36aBH opranaasra OT 01pOBHHTe sentecraa, KOHTO

, npepafiorna rrpOMHllIJIeHOCTTa

nAPA~MH'bT no llJIOAOBETE M 3EJIEHQYI1,HTE E onACEH 3A HAIIIETO 3AP ABE

__ IIoJIBH. ce HOBa sannaxa sa snpasero aa HaIl,IDlTa. Koraro MeTe , JI6'bnKa, Kpyrrra, cnana, senen IIHrrep HnH xpacranana, nofipe -I pasrnertairre rrOB'bp~OCTTa na nnona, 5IPKO nn finecra? ,AanH e r rnarnca H rnaanapaaa? Axo TOBa e raxa, 6'bp;eTe npennaanasal

13

MMa BepORTIIOCT TR na e .rroxpara C BOC'r;'IeH pa3TBOp na napaqnm, KoiiTo cnopen MeAHIJ;MHCKHTe aBTOpMTeTH npep;CTaBllilsa onacna sannaxa sa 3ApaBeTO na asrepaxaaena. Bocr.anara 06BMBKa 3aTBapR IIJIOp;a B saumrea CJIOR, IWRTO rrpennassa OT

~ sarytia na nona M COkOBe, aanasna BKYCa M CBe)l(IDI BRA aa IIpOP;yKTHTe. Ho T03M CJIOR HaHaCR OrpOMHa npena aa 3ApaBeTO.lbIDKp;amrn IIJIOp;a, HHe IIOJIyqaBaMe nento KaTO BOC'bK, KORTO He MO:>Ke na 6'bp;e YCBoeH OT opraaasua. Ilapaoamr - TOBa e rrponytcr OT npepafiorxara na nedrra, a B HaJ.IIIDL OpraHH3'bM HRM&. HHTO eAHH opran, 6e3 na M3KJIIoqBaMe nepaaa npoti, KORTO na MO:>Ke na ro npepafiora.

OnacHHRT BOC'bK ce nacnaraa B opranasaa. Taxa '-Ie JIeKapMTe MMaT OCHOBaHMe sa 1peBora. Macro HOBM 60JIecTII ce IIO.SlBHXa B

\

AMepHKa, xoraro sarrosnaxa na ce nORB5IBaT XpaHHTeJIHH npony-

KTII, 06pa6OTeHH aa KOMepqeCKH u;eJIH. HHe He 1p5I6Ba na OCTaB5IMe B HaIIIl'JJI OpraHH3'bM uapaqnnra, KORTO HOCM 60rrecTII. Cnopen M~H 24-36-qaCOBOTO manyaane M rrO-A'J,JIrn IIepMOAH na manysane B re-renae aa romraara me HH nouoraar rra M36aBHM opraHM3Ma OT T03M onacea rrpOAYKT.

IIoMHeTe, "Ie npa rnRAYBaHeTO rrO-rOJI5IMOTO KOJIHqeCTBO OT ocnofioneaara :>KM3HeHa enepras rrpoaenna orpoxaa OqfICTIlTeJIna pafiora B OpraHH3Ma.

B ocuoeama na 8CJ'llCG tionecm nexcu neiinama npuuuua, 1CORmo He MOJICe oa 6boe omcmpaueua om numo eOHO /le1Capcm~o.

HOBInE MOII(HH OTPOBH HAXJIYBAT

BnB BAIllAT A XP AHA

IIoBe'Ie OT xanana CHHTeTII_[IIUI xpaHMTeJIHH p;06aBKH ca BKJIIO'IeHH B HaD;HOHaJIHH.SI IIoPu;HoH, KaTO ,,06e3neqaBaT" orpozno KOJIHqeCTBO 60JIecTH )J;'bJIrn rOAHHH TOR 6erne nperonapen, KaKTO HH y6e)l()J;aBaXa, C ,,6e3Bpep;HM" p;06aBKR, KORTO ce oxasaxa onacaa sa nanrero snpaae. Onte noaeae, qe H5IKOR R.o;O cera ce 113IIOJI3BaT

B3eMeTe cppaH3erra 6RJI XIDl6, TR 6erne oopatioreaa, 1136eJIena, pa3KpaCeHa, 060raTeHa, OMeK'IeHa, KOHCepBHpaHa, apOMaTI1:-

J

sapaaa, H BCJ1l.IKO TOBa C rroxourra na XHMH'IeCKH CI1HTeTI1:'IeCICH

MHrpeAHeHTII Cera e nO'ITI1: HeB'b3MO:>KHo.o;a ce HaMepl1 cppm-I3eJIa, C'bCTORm;a ce 100 % OT IIIuemi'IIIO 6paIIlHo 11 MaR, HeapOMaTIl3Mpana 11 6e3 CIlliTe1J1qIill xpamrrenaa p;06aBKI1:

14,

1I0BeIllI<IDlT OpraHH3'bM - TOBa e C'bBKYIIHOCT OT ornenna meTKH H HHII.J;O nose-re. Arm BHe ce xpanare HOPMaJIHO, aKO \ naurara xpaaa yp;OBJIeTBOp5IBa OCIIOBHHTe rroTpe6HOCTH na pacTe)l(a H cpymru;HOI-IHpaHeTO, Te3H KJIeTI<H rr03BOJUIBaT p;a ce P;O)1(HBee no 120 rop;HHH 11 noaese. Ho xoraro "tIOBeK He ce csofipassna

'C'bC CBOH OpraHH3'bM, AMIlIa satrspcen B'b3P;YX, TO HerOBHTe KJIeTKR C'bOTBeTHO pearapar aa TOBa H "tJ:OBeK ce OmpaB5I K'bM 60JIIIH"tJ:HOTO nerno HJIR K'&M rp06RII.J;eTO Koraro TOM 3aM'bpCH CB05ITa xpana H H3MeHH C'bCTaBa H_ C'bC CHI-lTeTIflHR XRMHI<aJIR, TOBa HeMHllyeMo BOAl1 no YIIJ,1>p6 na KJIeTI<HTe aa opranaaaa Te 3ano-tear na CPyHKI1;HOfIHpaT JIQIIIO, 3am;OTO He MoraT p;a ce npacnoC065IT K'bM raxasa nenrecrsa,

KaK MO)lee na pa60TH p;o6pe opraaasua, aKO TOM e 3aTOpMo- 3eH or CHHTeTI1"tJ:IfR XpaHRTeJIHR p;06aBI<H?

E)J,HHCTBeHR5IT C'bBeT ce CBe)l()J;a no TOBa, na ce xpaaax C xpaaa, 6JIR3Ka, P;OKOJII<OTO TOBa e B'b3MO)1(HO, no HaT)'PaJIHH npon)'KTH, na ce crapaex na R365IffiaMe XRMlf"tleCKH 06pa6oTeHHTe nponyxra. Xpanere ce C HaM-ecTecTBeHaTa XPaIJa, KaKBaTO e B'h3MO)l(HO na CH Ha6aBHTe. BH11MaTeJIHO xerere eTI1KeTHTe na

I nponyxrare, I(OHTO CH xynyaare! Sanaaaiire B'brrpOCH B Mara3HHHTe sa BC5IKa xpana, KOHTO BH narepecyaa, naace IIHIlleTe aa rrpoH3Bop;HTeJIRTe na xpaaarenna nponyara H H3HcKBaMTe OT T5IX rrsnea aHaJIR3 aa nponaaanare croxa'

C 24 - 36-"tJ:acoBo rnanyaaae BHe MO)l(eTe rta ce H36aBHTe OT \ 60JIllIHHCTBOTO T'hprOBCKl1 OTPOBH Axo 'l.)'BCTBaTe, "tJ:e He MO)l(eTe \ na ce cnpasare C T5IX, npoaenere 7-10-p;HeBHo manynaae, p;06pe nposacrere opraaasxa CH. Ille 6'hp;eTe norpeceaa KOJIKO OTPOBHH semecrsa HMa B'hB saurara xpana. IIoMHeTe, "tJ:e KOMep"tJ:eCK1!ITe ~ HHTepeCH H5IMaT namo ofimo C'hC 3aHHTepeCOBaHOCTTa sa BaIIIR5I

i)l(I1BOT H snpase.

.Jia 06RO ussotcme uanxo, ua eeuepn - oiue 720- uantco, a uau-ootipe e oa CLl neeueme oa cnume C'b6CeM 6e3 eeuepn "

EeHO:JlcaMUH ([JpaH1UlUll ~

Koraro rnanyaare, )I{I13HeHaTa eneprna H3rr'hJIH5IBa O'llICTHl~ TeJIHa pafiora B'hB BallIH5I opraaassu OpraHH3M'hT ce caMoO"tIHCTBa, CaMOJIeIC)'Ba H CaMOB'b3CTaHOB5IBa Koraro rrpeCTaHeTe na Hp;eTe, B'hB BaIIIR5I oprarrassx ce H3B'bpIIIBaT npexpacaa HeIIIal

15

(

AI<O MCKaTe rta nomrspxare 'illCT OpraIDI3Ma CH, )J;JI'b)KHU CTe

na rnanynare!

Omrraare na rrornazrysare IDIKOJIKO rrsra M BUe nre rroxyacTBaTe TOBa, KOeTO mncora no-pane He CTe T.J)'BCTBaJIM - B'bTpeIII-

HO npouacrsane, KoeTO BH BOP;H K'bM snpaae! _

COJI. TOBA, KOETO IlI,E Y3HAETE 3A T03H OBllKHOBEH npOAYKT BE3KP AMHO IlI,E Bll I13HEHAAA!

II(e M3IIOJI3BaTe JIM aa rrormpasxa B xpanara C11 HaTpm1, I<oiho B'bB sonara ce rrpesp'sma B rm.prte CI11IHa ocnosa? Hrra XJIOp - - TB'bpp;e oTpoBeH ras? "CMeIIIeH B'bIIPOC, - m;e Ka)KeTe B11e. - HnTO ~p;HH 3p;paBOMMCJIem; qOBeK IillMa p;a nanpasa TOBa".

Pasfiapa ce, He. Ho rrorpecanamara MCTI1Ha ce C'bCTOH B TOBa, 'Ie 60J1IIIMHCTBOTO OT xopaaa rrOCT'bIIBaT MMeHHO raxa, 3am;OTO He 3Ha5IT, 'Ie Te3M aKTIIBIDI nemecraa otipasysar HeOpraHJ1tIHo KP11C-

TaJIHO Bem;eCTBO, I13BeCTIIO KaTO carr.' _

BeKOBe aapen 113pa3'bT "COJ1 na 3eM5ITa" ce e M3rrOJI3BaJI KaTO 0603Ha'leHHe aa aemo notipo M BaJKHO. H5IMa HMIIJ;O no-rpenrao OT TOBa. Ta HaJIM T03M OIIaceH nponyar, KOHTO IIpM6aB5ITe K'bM xpaaara CM BCeKI1 nea nonponsa snpasero. ,D;aHTe p;a pasrnenaae cpaKTMTe: _).

1. COJITa - TOBa He e xpanal Orrpa~p;aHHeTO sa HeHHOTO M3rr0J13BaHe B xymrrrapaara e He rro-rOJI5IMO OT M3rr0J13BaHeTO aa KaJII1eB XJIOPM)J;, samnres XJIOPM)J;, 6apI1eB XJIOPM)J; MJII1 KaK'bBTO 11 p;a e p;pyr peaKTI1B, B3eT OT anreaaara IIO.JIIID;a.

2. COJITa He ce rrpesapana, He ce YCB05IBa OT opraaaana, H5IMaxpaHHTeJ1Ha CTOHHOCT. He C'b,IJ.'bp)KaBI1TaMMIDI, opramrrecKM M P;PyrH xpaHMTeJIHH nemecraa. HaIIpOTI1B, T5I e npenaa M MO)Ke na IIpM'IMIDI Maca irerrpM5ITIIOcm na xepaara, na )KJ1'b'IHH5I M' llHKO'IHH5I Mexyp, na cspnero, apTepI1I1Te a npyrare KP'bBOHOCHH C'bp;OBe. COJ1Ta MO)Ke na 06e3BO,IJ.HH T'bKaHHTe, na ill nonene P;O KpMTI1'IeCKO C'bCT05IHHe.' \

3. COJ1Ta MO)Ke na ce OKa)Ke orpcsa sa cspnero. T5I ynenaxana B'b36Y)J.MMOCTTa na uepanara C11CTeMa.

4. COJ1Ta C'bp;eHCTBa sa M3BJIHqaHeTO na KaJI:u;M5I OT OpraHJiI3Ma M B'b3p;eHCTBa aa CJIM3eCTaTa 06BJiIBKa, noxpanarna n;eJnci CTOMaJIIIfO'lpeBeH 1"paKT.

AKo COJITa e rasa spemra sa opraaasua, samo T5I rasa IIII1pOKO ce M3II0JI3Ba? Haa-aexe 3apa,IJ.I1 TOBa, 'Ie na ce COJIM e CTaHaJIO

16

HaBHK, BKOpeHeH B Tel:J.eHI.J:e na CTOJIeTIDI. Ho T03H HaBl1K e OCHO~ BaH na cepH03HO nenopaayraeaae. Ilpenpaacsirstcsr e B TOBa, lie COJITa e rasa neofixonaxa sa HallIIDI opranaster. 06aqe MHoro aapona, nanpaaep eCKMMocMTe, naxora He yrrOTpe65IBaT COJI H He

- CTpa)J,aT OT TOBa, Y l:J.OBeK, M36a)npr ce OT T03H HamIK, COJITa npe)J,H3BHKBa ycemaae, nO)J,06HO na TOBa, KoeTO M3nI1TBa qOBeK, xoraro BH)J,H rmrapa 6e3 na e nynran IDIKora. 3a IDIKOH BH)J,OBe )J(HBOTlUI conra ce 5IB5IBa a6comoma OTpOBa.

KAI<: CE E IIOHBHJI HABJU<:'bT AA CE YIIOTPEBHBA COJI BHOXMMHK'bT EYHfe csara, ~Ie B npaI1CTOpM1ieCKMTe BpeMeHa na

, 3eM5ITa e csurecrsysan aficomcrea fiananc aa COJIHTe na HaTpH5I M KaJIH5I. Ho npom.nxarenrra )J,'hIK)J,OBe ca M3MHJIH sa MHOrOTO CTOJIeTIDI OT 3eMHaTa xopa nO-JIeCHO pa3TBOpMMHTe COIDl na HaTpH5I B nosnara M B pacrenaara ce e n05IBMJI ~-re)J,OCTIIT na HaTpIDi: H M3JIMllI'bK na Kamm.

B pesyrrrar aa TOBa Y )Kl.ffiOTHIue H xopara ce e n05IBMJI CTpeMe)K)J,a ce JIMKBM)J,Hpa )J,ec)m:O;MT'bT aa HaTpH5I. Te ca IIaMepMJIM noma, Hee<peKTIIBHa H raspne orracaa 3aM5IHa B'bB BM)J, aa neoprar: HHl:J.eH HaTpHeB XJIOPH)J, MJIH con.

Aa ce norrrsnta Ta3M corr, sa na ce Ha6aBH He06xo,n;MMOTO .., KOJIM1ieCTBO HaTpIDi: e see e)J,HO na ce Ha6aB5I He,n;OCTIIT'hT na > Ka.JJI.J.HH C ynorpetia na HeOpralUIl:J.HHTe COJIM aa KaJ1I.l;IDI (BapOBl1K). ":,. 11 )J,BeTe nenrecrsa ce YCB05IBaT nonro OT KJIeTI<MTe. jJ;OKOJIKO TIN

~

~ neopraaaxan nenrecraa ca Bpe)J,HM sa XpaHOCMMJIaTeJlHIUe opi a-

!I,' HI1 MO)lCeM ,n;a paafiepex, KaTO 3HaeM, l:J.e cnen yrrorpetia aa con ce ,~ n05IB5IBa BHe3aIIHa H aHOMaID-ra )I(a)l(il:a. CTOMaX'hT pearnpa aa

qy)l(il:OTO Bem;eC1BO, npe)J,IlpHeMaIDm 6'bp3 OIIHT na ro M3MMe C

" nOTOK OT BO)J,a Qpe3 l:J.epBaTa. MO)I(eM na ca rrpencraamr KaKBO ~ i )J,eHC1BHe oxasna conra aa He)I(HI.J:Te <pMJITpH na QepBaTa. Or

:. BCH1iKM opraaa aa aamero T5IJlO l:J.epBaTa HaH-MHoro crpanar OT

~ corrra. KaKBO crasa, xoraro HHe nonysax IIOBeQe con, OTKOJIKOTO

J. _MoraT)J,a npepatiorar xepaara? 113IDrrm.K'hT nre 6'h)J,e OTJIO)I(eH B '- pa3.JII1lIHM -eracm na opranaaaa, ocofieao B crsnanara H B )J,OJlHaTa { QaCT na mesemrre, KoeTO BO)J,H no orasaae na xpaxara.

~. 3a na samara rr.xanare OT 'fa3H orposa, OpraHH3M'hT aBTO-

--.-.' MaTIl'ieCKH ce cTpeMI1 na pa31BOpH coma, aarpynaaaxa nona B l'f ~yqaCT'hD;MTe, K'b)J,eTo e OTJIO)I(eHa COJITa. T'bH KaTO T'hKamue I(OH;, nearpnpar BO)J,a, re sanosaar rta ce nO)J,JBaT. Crsrranara M rnese-

~ lUITe fioneaaeao OTIN<l.T. He nO-ManKO apenna e COJITa M sa 1:\

~ 17

~~'

~ff~

~~d

cspnero. B orrpenenenn ycnoans nasce ManKO KOJIRl.IeCTBO con ce OKa3Ba sa nero CM'bPTOHOCHO. Aei1J.mCTTa na' C'bpAe~nn'l5I MYCKyrr peryrrapa OTHOCliTemIaTa KOHu;eH1paIJ;I'l5I H C'bOTHOIIIeIlHe na ecTeCTBeHHTe com! na Ha1pHJI H xamma B xpsnra. IIpH TOBa H3nHIII'bK'bT OT HaTpHH BOAH AO pa36aITaHCHpaHe na Ta3H AeHIIocT, YBeJIWlaBa ~IeCTOTaTa na cspueoaeaero H KP'bBHOTO HaIDIraHe. 5InoHu;HTe, C'bAellm no MeAIfIJ;HHCKaTa CTaTIlCTHKa, HaH-MHOrO B CBeTa cTIJaAaT OT nOBHIIIeHO aprepnarrao Ha.JI5II'aHe, T'bH I<aTO ca naii-rorrenare rroTpe6HTeITH na roraapcxa con B cnera.

KAK BJIIDIE CO.lITA HA APTEPMA.lIHOTO HAmJTAHE?

Koe BOAH AO rrOBHIIIaBaHe na KP'bBIIOTO Ha.JI5II'aHe? Ha MeAH~ara ca H3BeCTIlH IDIKOJIKO IIpWIHHH: nanpeacenae, npeaaronapaaHe, c1pec, roxcnxaa nentecrna - nanpaaep unrapa, H3rOpeITH rasone, xpaaarenna nomrpasxa, HHceKTIIu;H)J,H, crpammra AeHCTBH5I na nexapcraa, nOCneAIfIJ;H na nanycrpaanaaerrasra. KaK rra ce 3allJ,HTHM OT BCWIKH TI'l5I B'b3AeHCTBIUI? Pa36Hpa ce, HaH-A06pe e Aa H3KrrIOqFJ:M OT 06Kp'b)l(eHHeTO CH Te3H cpaKTOpH. B KpaHua CMeTKa none OT enao OT spezarare BmUIHH5I B'bpXy nOBHIIIeHOTO Ha.JI5II'aHe MO)l(eM na ce H36aBHM. CTaBa)J.yMa sa HaTpHeBH5I xnoPH)], - 06HI<HOBeHaTa rOTBapCKa con, aait-aaxaara npasana aa nOBHIlleHHeTO na aprepnanaoro Ha.JI5II'aHe.

Ao T03H MOMeHT IDle rOBopHXMe sa nOBHIIIeHOTO Ha.JI5II'aHe aa "HopMarrmrn" ~IOBeK, HO KaKBO e BITH5IHHeTO na corrra B'bpXy TIUI rpaxnaaa, KOHTO crpanar OT Ha)J,HOpMeHO rerno?

TOBa e 6narOAaTHO none sa H3Crre)J,BaHH5I, T'bH KaTO e H3BecTHO, qe 3aTJI'bCT5IBaHeTO qeCTO ce C'bIIpOBO)l()J,a C IIOBHIIIeHO Kp'bBHO HaJI5IfaHe. C'bm;eCTBYBll JIM Bp'b3Ka Me)l(py IIOBHIIIeHOTO HaIDI-

• raae H yrrorpefiara aa con?

MHT'hT 3A CO.lIIIATA HE)];OCTAT'hqHOCT

5In5IBa JIM ce aacxocorreaara )J,HeTa Hen'bJIHOu;eHHa? H~aeM JIM

ce OT ,\,OJIH, aa Aa ce IIOM'bp)KaMe B HOPManHO C'bCT05IHHe? IIIHPOKO pasnpocrparrenara mensa romca yrsr.pxnasa, qe lIMa nOTpe6HOCT{)T con BceKH ce e HacJIYIIIaIT na TOBa, qe MHoro )l(HBOTIlH MoraT na npeonorrear XHIl.lI,lJ,H MHJIH, aa na HaMep5IT M5ICTO, I<:~~TO

na "rrH)l(aT con", A3 m;aTeJIHO C'bM H3crre)J,BaIT raxaaa MeCTa EAHI-ICTBeHO 06m;0 npa T5IX e n'bJIHOTO OTC'bCTBHe na Ha1pHeB i xnopan (rOTBapCKa con). Hento noaese, aa Ta3H no-ma B'b06ru;e 1

18

r" He e HMarro opramrnra IDII1 rreopramman cr.emraeaas na HaTpH51.

f Ho TaM HMaIIIe MHoro APyrH aeutecrsa, neo6XOAHMH aa )!<HBOT\' fine.

3AlUO HA KP ABI1TE AABAT MHoro com

tIoBeK, BJIO)!(IDI B MJIeqHa cpepMa CBOHTe napa, 06HKHOBeHO ce crapae na II3BJIeqe MaKCI1MaJIHH nexanfia Taxa q)epMepHTe ca - 3a6eJI5I3aJIH, ~Ie Ao6aB5IHeTO na COJI B Aa)!(6aTa na xpasare rn

~ 3aCTaB5l na IIH5lT MIloro BOAa. A KOJIKOTO nOBe~I~ BOAa IlH5IT, TomCOBa nosexe MJI5IKO AaBaT. B pe3YJITaT xsapra (0,94 n) MJI5IKO C'bA'bp)Ka roJUIMO I(O~IeC1BO COJIH (0,5 - 1 rpaa)

c,

i OT6uRTe ce B asrepanaacao ysamnne H BH)!(Te cpH3HlIecKoTo

~ paasnrae aa nenara BI1(~ rge 6'bAeTe rropaseaa - KOJIKO MHoro II cpen rnx ca IIIHIIIKOBIJ;H. Te III15IT MIloro T'bprOBCKo MJI5IKO, a OCBeH t" TOBa B xpanara HM ce C'bA'bP)!<a roJUIMO KonHlIeCTBO COJI. Bnesre

"

B asrepaxaucaa Mara3HH u norne)J.I-Iere xoncepnapamrre npoJJ.YK-

TH. Te ca HaCHTeHH C'bC COJI Con B MJI5IKOTO, COJI B llJIOAOBeTe H f B npynrre nporryxra CYMMpaHTe BCH:qKO TOBa H BHe nre pasfiepeI,t re santo c'bpAe~OC'bAOBHTe 3a6oJI5lBaHI15[ ca CTaHaJIH y6HeIJ; HO- 4 Mep eARO B aanrero o6rn;ec1Bo. Hue CMe HaIJ;I15l OT COJIID1: napxoI~ MaHH! Capeaero, KOHcepBHpaHHTe llJIOAOBe, XJI5I6'bT - BCHlIKH ", HaH-noIIy.IDIpHH nponysra ca IIpeHaClITeHH C'bC con. ,D;eTcmTe

,J

'\. XPaHH cr.nro ca rrperosapeaa OT con!

::~

,\

'Jr I,

MORT nPExOA nPE3 ",u,OJUIHATA HA CM'hPTTN' B KAJIH<I>OPHRH

<It 3a na AOKa:>I<a, tIe B ropennraara corrra C'bBCeM He e HY:>ICHa, as ce ;; orrrpanax K'bM ",D;OJIHHaTa aa CM'bpTTa" B Kamupopaas, eARO OT ,£/ MeCTaTa C naii-ropenr K.JII1MaT na 3eM5lTa npes IOJIH H aBrYCT. 3a

, "

,,>,, HatIaJIO naex sa npexona 10 MJIa)J.H cnopracra OT KOne)K OT

11 ~ <I>epHec KpHK PaHqO B ",[(OJIHHaTa na CM'bPTTa" AO CTOYBIIaHrr

J~ Yenc, KoeTO npeACTaBJI5IBa npH9JIH3HTeJIHO 48 KIDIoMe1pa. CHa6- ; i ,II;HX CIIOpmCTIITe C'bC COlIeHH Ta6neTI<H If nona, KORTO MO)Ke.n;a HM '1, n01p5l6Ba. <I>yproH'bT, C KORTO nrcsnponoxnax aa, 6eIIIe HaTOBa-

i <

\' pen C BC5IKaKBH xpaaa sa BC5lKaK'bB BKYC - XJI5I6, KHCPJIHlIKH,

>\ KOHCepBl1:paHO sanynreao xecc, KaIIIKaBaJI, KpeMBHpIllI1: u T H. ITo *,~." zcenaaae B'bB ncexa npOAYKT MO)KeIIIe na ce Ao6aBH COJI. 3a ce6e ff

-l; CH as ar.ofime He nsex con H B reaenne na IJ;eJII15[ npexon rnanysax,

~ EKCnepHMeHThT sanosna B xpas na IOJIH. Tepxoaersp'sr rroxasik'

II,

l

~ 19

ifil''''

~It

~ ,

saute 41°C. Tpsraaxxe B nener cyrpaara KOJIKOTO nO-BMCOKO ce asnaratue crrsnnero, TOJIKOBa nO-)I<eCTOKa crasanre )l(eraTa, )KMBaK'bT na repaosrerspa ce noxasa rrarope M crren 06HP; nocrarna 54°C. Cyxa ropeumaa, KOHTO CHKam HM Pa3TOIIHBame.

MOMqeTaTa r'smaxa conena Ta6neTKM, HaJ1MBaXa ce C J1MTPH

- nona. 3a saxycxa Hp;HXa caHp;Bnqn c nryssa a CHpeI-Ie, naexa xona.

Otrrsxaaxxe nOnOBMH qac M npozrsnxaxae noxona rro zcapxaa, nHC'bK. Ho CKOPO C'hC CHJ1HMTe M snpaea MOMqeTa aanoxnaxa na CTaBaT CTpaHI-IM nema. Ornaaano na TpMMa OT THX MM crana nouro, npetinennaxa, noxyacraaxa ce sne, 06XBaHa ra CTpalIIHa cna60CT OmpaBHXMe ra B'bB <pepHec KpMK Paaso B nonro C'bCTOHHMe. C OCTaHaJIHTe cep;eM npOA'bJT)l(HXMe excnepaaeara. Te nee raxa naexa conean Ta6neTKH M MHOfO nona. Cnen TOBa HeOqaKBaHO ner OT THX nonysaxa Cna3MM .aa CTOMaxa 11 MM CTaHa nomo. Te3I1: neraaara csmo M3rrpaTHXMe B pa~OTO. Ocranaxa/ ,!J;BaMa OT necerre. berne nene xerapa xaca cnenofiezt M 6e3)l(aJ10CTHOTO crrsane 6e3no:rn;ap;H0 rrexenre r-sptioaere HH. Jlo-rra ermoapeueaHO ,!J;BeTe MOM"IeTa rranaaxa OT TOIUIMHeH ynap H 6HXa orxapana B paaxoro, K'bp;eTO MM OKa3aXa Me,D;HIJ;HHCKa rrOMOIII;. CaMO T03H, KOMTO He noeaanre con YCIIH Aa saaspma T03H npexon'

TOBa 6eme BeJ1MKHHT quqo Bper! OCTaHax no MapilipYTa caa H ce qYSCTBax csezc KaTO KpaCTaBWIKa. A3 He caxo He npaeuax con, HO H B'ho6:rn;e He Hp;HX, cauo naex TQIIJIa nona, xoraro noncxax. 3aB'bpIIIHX npexona sa 10.5 -craca H He 3a6eJIH3ax HHKaKBM npaanana aa nomo caxo-ryncrsae. Ilpeaouryaax B nanarsara, a cytpaara rrpeononsx 06paTHHH II'hT P;O paH"C[OTO, OTHOBO 6e3 BCHKaKBa xpana H coneaa Ta6neTKH.

Jlexapnre :rn;aTeJIHO Me npernenaxa H YCTaHOBHXa, qe C'hM B IIpeB'h3XO,D,H0 cr.croaaae. fOTOB -C'bM na nOBTopH T03H excnepnMeHT B "AOJIMlIaTa na CM'bpTTa" sa THH yaena, KOHTO HCKaT na H3Cne,!J;BaT BJ1MmIMeTO na conra B'hPXY opramrsua.

j

OlI\E EARH API'YMEHT B nOJI3A !fA TOBA, 1

qE COJITA HE E HYiKHA j

HeMcKHHT a<ppHKaHCKH xopnyc aa POMen nperspnan B Eraner J! rexxo nopaacemre npn En AnaMeMH. TOM OTCT'bmm CTOTHIW MHJlH no 6e3)l(H3HeHaTa nycraaa. Ho xoraro BOeHImTe p;eMcTBMH 61iJIH rrpHKJIIO-creHM, aHIJIHllaHHTe BHp;eJ1M, qe KarruTYJ1Mpa!!J,HTe BOMcKH 6HJIH B npeassxonao cscrosaae, MaKap HaU;HCTKIne BOMIUm}! na He 61iJIH cHa6p;emr C'bC sanaca OT coneaa Ta6neTKH. Ta3H

20

HCTOPIill, KaKTO H M05ITa C06CTBeHa non ropemoro om-nne B ,,,IJ;omm:am aa CM'hpTTa" B KaJIH<pOPHIDI, nOTB'hp)K,lJ,aBaT ;n;aHHRTe OT MHOrO eKCnepHMeHTH, nposeneaa OT yseaa B ycnosasra na

nYCTHH$lTa 6e3 norrsnaarenno COJ1eHO xpaaene. t

C'bp;e}rrCH no naysnare p;aHHH CTaBa $lCII0 cnenaoro: crrert nsxonxo ;n;HH aKJII1MaTH3a~ 'lOBeK npecrasa p;a ry6H con npa rrOTOOTp;eJ15IHe. Bep0$l1H0 CTaBa ananrarraa aa Q)H3H0J10rH'leCKHre MeXaHH3MH, KOHTO npep;OTBpaT5IBaT aaryfiara f,Ia aarpaa. ,lJ;06- pOTO C'bCT05IHHe na xopa B 06HKHOBeHH nOXOp;HH ycnosaa npa IDlCKOCOJ1eHO xpaneae nOKa3BaT, 'Ie He06xop;HMOCTTa OT COJ1eI-lli Ta6J1eTKH npa ropento spexe e CHJIHO npeysemrreaa.

Haeuxsm - moea e emopatna npupooa.

ECTeCTBeHIillT narpmi e narrsmro nocrarsvea B nnonosere, pzfiara, MeCOTO H npyrare npoP;YKTH, nazce re na He ca 06pa60- TeIDl C'bC COJ1. T03H narypanea HaTpIDi aarrsrrao MO)l(e na ynosnersopa HOpMaJIHHTe rrorpe6HOCTII na opraaasxa. IIoTB'bp)K,lJ,e-

, IDle aa Ta3H reopna MO)l(e na ce naxepa B HCTOpIDITa aa MIloro aapona, K0l1TO HHKora He ca ynoTpe65IBaJIH con. AMepHKaHCKHTe HHp;Ha:HIJ,H go H,IJ,BaHeTO na eeponeanare He ca 3HaeJIH HHm;0 sa

.' conra. KOnyM6 H BClftIKH H3cne)J,OBaTeJIH aa HOBH5I CBKT ca naxrepHITH <pH3H1leCKOTO C'bCT05IHHe aa HH,D;HaHlUITe sa npest.sxonao, li3pIDK)J,aHeTO na TY3e~Te sanosraa C'hC 3arr03HaHCTBOTO liM C'hC conra, aJIKOXOna ~ rrpOTHBOeCTeCTBeHaTa xpaaa.

Y'IaCTBaJI C'hM B nosese OT 13 excrrenmraa B HaH-HeIJ,HBHJIH- 30BaHFlTe 'hThJ1'IeTa aa 3eM5ITa H nnxora He C'hM BH)K,lJ,aJI TY3eMIJ,H- - re na yrrorpetianar con. 3aTOBa HHKOM OT T5IX He e crpanan OT XImepTOHH5I ,lJ;eHCTBHTenHO, He3aBHCHMO OT B'h3paCTTa aprepaaJIHOTO HM HaJI5IraHe e 120 na 80, KoeTO ce C'lHTa sa npeB'b3XOp;H0.

KOJJKO COJI E HY)KHA HA qOBEK 3A AEH.H?

ITo T03H nOBOp; ca nanpaneaa HeMaJIKO H3Cne,lJ;BaHH5I. MHeHIDITa aa yxeaare ce xorrefiasr OTO.5 go 1 r-COJI3ap;eH. Ta3Mg03aMO)f{e c na 6'b,lJ;e YCBoeHa OT opraanaaa. Cpenanar axrepaxaaerr, mofinren , na corrra, npenmnasa Ta5I nopxa 15 - 30 rrsrn,

Ta3M yxacasamo BHCOKa D;M<ppa ce o65IcH5IBa C OrpOMHOTO

KOJIH'leCTBO CpJ1, K05ITO ce c'bg'bp)f{a nO'ITII B'hB BCH'lKH "roToBH" ~, npo)J;YKTH. T5I ce c'b,lJ;'bp)l(a B XJI5I6a, capeaero, MeCHHTe rrpo)J;YKTII ; ~ (nrynxa, 6eKoH, KOHCepBI-IpaHO sanymeao Meco), xoacepaapaaa .. c, 3erreH'lYD;M H B ~ ,lJ;pym npo,!1;YKTII.

,~

21

-Herpares lO)KIDITe lI.\aTHHMaT ir'aH:-BHCO!<OTOKP'bBHoIi:8-/Ur ...

TaHeB C'be,n;I1HeIDITe lI.\aTH,· a cpaI<TI1Te rrOKa3BaT, "Ie 31;1. 60rrvrnHc:" TBOjOOT t5IX COnTa ce 5IB5IBa B8)I(eHKOM110HellTHa .xpanara,

, . I .. ~ '. . _ _ _ ,_,. _.

ocofieno qeCTO 're 5I,ll;aTCOneHOCBI1HCKO.A3.C'bM cepormn H,

aspacnan B'PB BHP~ H MHoro OT MOHTe POtr,HHHH crpanaxa. OT xHl1epTO~.,TeYMp5ixa, paao-or Hm}mpKT HJlHCToMarirIDI'

. _:3a6.0IT5IBaB}UI~T'bH: KaTO 65IXa ronexra n106HTen~1 na conenoro GBHHCKO, IIIYI-IKl't H6eKOH.,B-bB BC5Ii(o'6mo,n;o' ceAo6aB5Iirre MHOro - con. Orne KbM30";Te TO,n;I1IDI 're-rtocromraoSonenyaaxaccraaare HM 65IX8MI-IOrOnollIlL.3a TOBa' cnocoficraame mi:coKoCOneHI15I nopnaon aa o6ill<HoBel'IIffi IO)I:G-I5IK.

Hau-006puJl171 uauuu oa cenpoinauncu :JICUB011ZMi e ad ue ce CTCbCJlBa.

Cspsxnosa orcomroxe 6'bp3o,n;a y6.He,,n;~Te. Ha opram13Ma

. e H'eo6xo.$MectectBeH HaypMIf; a HecoJteHI1 Ta6nem, re0I1TO y~ .. He HeIti,o,n;pyro; a l!eOprafII1qeHMHHeparr.BHe. MO)l(eTe,n;a' nony-: '<lliTe H~i1''YPaneH HatpHil:, .r(QH:TO npaponara.e 3MO)fdiJIa B:O;BeICJIO~ .

'.' TO,:MOpKOBa, I<apTocpa; pSIIIaTa, MOp cream xpacranana, xpec-cana-

ra H,,n;pyrnTe aarypamra nP0.n;yKTM. IIoMHeie, He. MmIepaJII1Te; MoraT zra 6b,n;aTYCBOeHI1'OT H!J,llII1TercnenaicaMOB'bBBH.n;'Ha .' opramrsne, xpaaa.

M3BJIIIQAHETO HA COJI OT KJIETKHTE'I1 T'bKAHMTE

.. :',-- _--. ,'", .... - '-,' "_' .

. IIP~ rfIAp;YBAHETO

i i A3'HMaM rremecerronamea rrparc-'fHqeCKH a.naysea oIDIT3a H3-'

nonssaae aa-parraoaanno rna,n;JBaHe .• 3a6eJI5I3'bn C'bM,i:Je naxe qeTIlpH.n;HeBHQ rna)zyBaHe noasonssa nace.aasneseconra OT

OpraIDI3:Ma: -, . . .

. ·3a,n;a ce-3a6erteror TOBa _e lieo6x0):(IiM.aHruta3 rra ypaaara.

IJtaoY8aiime'lelllupu OllU,KalliO YTio11lpe6.fl8ame oecmUJlUpalla . eooa; Huujo He 11lPJl~8aOanOl,aOlle 80pZa1:l113Ma BU 30; mesu 'le'ftlllpllOllll. oC8eitiJecl11UJlUpalla800f,l, KOJtmO<.AW3fCeme oa

nuetne KOJlKOmOUcKaTile,. .'

. C;'b6epeTerr'bpBaTa cyrpellmaYPHHa.· Ilocraaerefiyranaara c. ypHHaHanpoXJI~lio-MJICTOn JI nasere.nse.ana TPnce~, CJIe,n;iPBa'JInOrne,lJ;HeTe HaCBerJIHHaTa.· BHe' BID1<,UateKOnneIfTpapaa Ha'TpHeBXJIOpn,n;Ha,lJ;'bHOTO Ha-pyTIDIKaTa 3ae)J;:HO c,n;pyrn

. CT_p3.HIDIHH11pO.n;yKTHHa)l(J13HeHaTa' ,n;eih'!-ocT,. Koraro raaa con I' ",,~e,'e OT O]lI1lH"""a,Komio ~e;OlHe .6],J1e H. tYh6peI1MTe!. III" ]

22j

V ?)~'.:. :

" IIpecraHe,lJ,aC~XHe YCTaTa, ~e CeupeKpaTIIHeHOPMaJIHaTa )KIDK- .

. , na, 06bpiIeTe BllliMaIffi.e aa emicTIciHoCTTaHaKO)Ka'ra.;H8. TOHYCR R~ MYClcynH.Te. Iqe.H.3rJIe~,lJ,aTe IIo-ryUIa)J,li U IIO-CBe:>KH.. IIOAIIyxHaJIOCTTa me H.3'Qe3He. Ilr.pnoro OT ImeTO OprClffiI3MbT· ~y ce

., .H.36ami-·- TOBa e COJITa H.CBbp3aHaTRC He5I.IIb:JIHOTa., .

:.~_. ·,BEe ,TpY',IUfO ~e _ rtoBHI)]~aTeHa·. ~~~e - ClI. 'Ilo.apeae na - man. '. YBaHeTO CBac ~eCTaHeHeBep05ITfIO npe~bnJIb~eHH.e.1y10r'i,lI!aTa

" ..)KH3HeHa eHeprmf,K05ITOo6UKHOBe!IO e HaCO"IeHa KbMnpepa6oT- , . saae na xpaaara, cera ce H3IIO]J:3Ba3a .M31IHCTBaHe aa BQ5IKO .

. . irb.J1'lIeml 13aIIlIffi opranaater, sa ot):(eIDII-Ie':nRBpe)J,HiITe npo,IJ,yK-"

. . 'hI, OTpOBHTe, KOMTO ca ce narpynana B KJ1eTIGfTen TbKaHH.Te ..

2 113BbpllIBa ce nO,lJ,MJIa)J,5IBaHe na B'C5IKa KJ1eTKa.CJIe,z:( lfempM )J,IDI t. ma)zyBaaecerrp01IHCTBaTe oTcomaM' ce rroerapaare-saaanpen <; narre Jr yrrOTPe65IBaTe, rrsnpexa TOBa na e AOCTa TPYWIO, TbM KaTO

13'bB BCeKH. np())zyKT MMacKpi1Ta COJI, '.. .

• . ' .. '.' • 3ae;)Jcece(J"utlfllomo npO'ltiCl1iaalleOmCOJlc1l.o.Maza 24~

.' .< 3 6~'taCOBOli~O 2JlaoY8aHe. Ha11f!HMU 6eme oco6eHo TPY,lJ,HO na, ... ce M36~m~r OT cxparara COJI, TbM xaroxecro IIbTerneCTBaM aa JIeK[(HMH.Ha)'lfHH excnepaaeara. Haacrmra B pecropaarare aa OKe/lHcKMTy najiHepM, caxonera ii BnaKOBea3 BMHam Momi: ,;Ee3 COJI, aKO 06MlfaTe! '~.qY8C11l8tl.M{ 'Ie.Awellioe;}ICeCeO.AtUlmO 2Jllla,.

"lJt[UH:f"': e meueuue ua 24-.-'-36'1aca titu IlO.AWZa..

· •. HUKfJZa lie a06(18Jl.At COJl8 xpallama.· Cosma 8bo6ufe lie ce

..... "..,J.·.".u .•••. 6 O(J.MaHq ppezl HHenO~aB5IMeXpaHaTac:rPeBU M .' KOUTO ca ectecTBeIDi:@uPo~,lJ,06aBKM. TenpHp;aB3TI,' , ." ~. UTr"." '''''<'T",r''''' IIaxp~Ha:ra, KOJIKO p;opp{: BueMO)KeTe p;aH3pIe)I(J(3Te

<: .' ~.):J;a. C_elfYBCTBaTe, aKO ma,rzyBaTe U np~Cl.raTe 6e3COJ1Ha ,n;ueTa!

"'-, . _".. '. . '. ". . . -_ ',- -,,- ,,' ,'_ _. "

r JIAAYBAIIETO-- TOBA E(OJU,lMb JIPEqm:TBAHE,

. HO HE EJIEKAPCTBO 3A BOJIECTH '

;a·'-'IJ'"uu secro Me. rrarar. YPTIIO Ullli llliCMeHO.:,,IiJ;eMO)KeJ_lli

.,~'-'-,",'J ----. .,lJ,a Me H3JIeKYB~ OT eJ(HaIDIM~pyra 60JIeCT?" MCKaM

·;·!...· .. ·.11ynV UTO~O Aa n05IcIDJ;: Henperrop:nlffim.;r ma.rr,y:saHero.KaTO ';:;1;'iJleKllPc:1BO safionecral He ce 3<,tImMaBau cJIeqeIDIe: He B5IpBaM. HJ1"KaKB~JIeKapGTBa,OCBeIf' aa .. npHpoiWI~Te .. Bc~o,KoeTo tN;}! MO)KeM. p;aHimpai3H.M, e na yicpeIIMM:>KH.3HeIlliTe cMJIIi[ no TaK1.B "'ACl'"UJlfl,;.-qe JIelfegu~To Ha6oJIeCmTeA3 CTaHe BbTpenrno)J;eJIo aa opraHU~bM. A3BU ysa na ma,IzyBaTe, 3a,lw.M02KeTe .sce .TT""';~TTn na YKpeIIBaTe BanrnT,e2KU3HeHu CUllli sa rrpeOAommaHeHa

1 ....

23

KAK CE OBJICHHBA OTITA,ll,AHETO HA CI1JIHTE

HHe )!UIBeeM 13 6e3)fMeH, notrspsaa CB5IT. I1311CKBaHlliITa, npensB5IBaH11 OT ~BI1JI113alI,IDlTa K'bM '-IOBeIllI(aTa eHeprI15I, ca OrpOMH11. H11e CMe ,lJ!l'b)!(HI1 ,[(a nOM'bp)KaMe craanapren aasaa aa )l(I1BOT, ,lJ!l'b)!(HI1 CMe na saexaxe onpeneneno rronoxeaae cpen pOAHI1IDlTe 11 npaarerrare. ,iJ;'bJIr'bT - TOBa e )lceCTOK BJIaCTeJlliH. Hae CMe ,lJ!l'b)KH11 na My ce rrOA'-II1IDIBaMe. BCeK11 xac 60A'bpCTBaHe 11311CKBa orpoxso ornaaaae aa )!(I13HeHH CHIlli, aa Aa H3pa60TI1Ill cpencrna sa ceaeticraoro, Aa xapam KOJIaTa no HaTOBapeHI1Te rr'bTI1IIJ;a, na 01TOBap5IIll3a CB05ITa pafiora HIlli rta pafiorarn BK'b:uzyr, na B'b3IIM'rasanr nenara, na H3rr'bJIH5IBarn o6IIJ;eCTBeH R rpU)I{)J;aHCKH A'bJIr. XH.r.rnAH HeIIJ;a, KORTO R311CKBaT eaepras n rrax eaeprax. Eaepra- 5IT!i e TB'bPAe nenao nento, HO He5I He MO)!(ern na 5I onaxonanr B 6yTI1JIKa arra B KYTI15I R,[(a 5I KYIIMill. Mnoro xopa MRCJHIT, "Ie MoraT na 5I nonysar =pea JIeKapCTBa, aJIKOXOJI, narapa, Kacpe, '-JaH, nerrCR-KOJIa, HO rerpemar, EHeprI15ITa - TOBa e aarpana sa )!(HBOT, KOID<OTO MO)!(e no-firraasx AO eCTeCTBeHI15I.

L

3A JIOIllI1TE HABllIJ;I1 CME HAKA3AHI1,

A 3A,l19BPI1TE - B'b3HArPA,l1;EHI1

MMeHHo sapana JIOIIIHTe HaBHU;R sanorraa yrramacsr na CI1JIHTe H 60JIeCTHTe aa OpraHI13Ma. JIoIIIHTe HaBI~ :HI{.oTcJIa6BaT, HaMaJI5IBaT sanacare OT eHeprI15I R nacr-srraa orcnafiaaae aa oprarma-

, Ma. He HI1 CTHra eHeprI15I sa rr'bJIHO npesacrnaae na opraaaasra.

HaMaJI5IBaHeTo na eHeprI15ITa BOAR ,[(0 3a6aB5IHe AeHHOCTTa aa U;IDIaTa C11CTeMa na OT_ge.IDIHeTO: '-lepBa, 6'b6peW-l:, KO)!(a 11 APo60- Be. 3a Te3R oprana He CTHra eaepras, aa na cp~OHI1paT C

\ rr'bJIHH CHIlli. Torasa OTp01311Te OT p33JIH'ieH BMA He ce OT,[(eJI5IT Harr'bJIHO OT opranasaa, rrOCTeneHHO ce narpyrraar R HaHaC5IT crpanraa npena,

O'IpOBRTe ce KOHu;eHTpRpaTB p33JIH'iHH qaCTH na opraaasua,

, B'b3,[(eHCTBaT aa nepsnara CRCTeMa :!:I BRe crpanare OT 6oJIecTI1.

TOBa e cnraan aa npaponara, KOffIO 13R rrpenynpeaotaaa, "Ie He zcaaeere no Te3R 3aKOHH, KORTO TH 13M e npemracana, rpIDKem ce sa nanrero 6JIarorroJIY"IHe. Ho BRe 06Blffi5IBaTe sa TOBa KorOTO BR e yrO,lJ;HO, BMeCTO na ce ofrspaere K'bM HCTHHCKam rrpH'iHHa sa HerrpI15ITHOCTI1Te.

24

XOP AT A HMIWf A HE BMIDIT CERE CM 3A CBOMTE HEnPMJITHOCTM

"He, - Ka3BaT re, - as C'bM ce rrpoc'I)'AI1JI, as ce 'ryBC1BaM 3JIe, 3arn;OTO CTape5I". CJIep;BaT onpasnaaae cnen onpannaaae, HO naxora He ce Ha30BaBa I1CTIIHCKaTa nprrtmra - mre CaMl1Te! Bae 11' caao BHe OTfOBap5ITe sa BaIlIHTe 60JIKH H 6oJIecTII, sa samero rrpeaoreapeaenao cTal?eeHe.

Bop;eHKM HerrpaBI1JIeH HalOlliH na )l(HBOT, BMe ce caaonoryfisare. HMBOTO na naunrre )KI13IIeHI1 C~U ce rromosasa, OTpOBHTe He 113JII13aT OT opraansua. Te BI1 M'bqaT, OTfOBap5IHrcM C 60JIecTII na TIUI OpraHI1, K'b~eTO ca ICOIm;eHTIJHpamr. Ho 60JIKaTa BC'bIIJ;HOCT rrponsrasa OT sanraa uaxaa 1-Ia )KMBOT. He BHHeTe anxoro, OCBeH

, sac CaMl1Te. Bae CTe oTcJIa6MJIH sanner Opramr3'bM U OTpoBIDne

>,

senrecraa, rrpOM3TI1Qarn;H OT MHO)l(eC1BO 113TOq}mIJ,I1, BH OTpaB5IT.

YreperreTe sanrare )KI13HeJU1 CMJIH rro rrsrs na manysanero H eCTeC1BeID15I nasaa na )KI1BOT H CJIa60CTTa nte OTCThrrH.

HerrpaBHJIHI15IT HaqJ1H na )l(l1BOT - eTO HCTIffiCKaTa npasaaa sa namero JIOIllO caaoayncraae, CJIa600TTa, npexneapeaeanoro crapeeae U BC5IICaKBI1 6oJIecTII, ICOUTO MoraT na BU npemprrar B )KaJIKa Pa3Ba.JIHI-Ia. EHX ncxan na CU U35ICmrTe TOBa Be,lJ;H'b)K 3aBH-

'~ narn.

:: )KuseeHKl1 raxa, KaKTO BU e 3arrOB5I,IJ;ana npaponara, aae

~ aarrossare rta ce rrO,IJ;MJIa,IJ;5IBaTe. Macro xopa MHCJI5IT, <Ie xorar

-,

6e3HaKa3aHO ,lJ;a ce OllI1BaT na napymanar BCJ1ql(U p;o6pu U cnpa-

, ,

Be,IJ;JIl1BH 3aKOHH na 3,lJ;paBOCJIOBHID,I Ha~ na )):a1BOT, rrpeAIIMCaH OT rrpnponara KOJIKO He ca npaaal Bae He MQ)KeTe na npecrsrrnare ecrecrneaare aaxorra. TOBa me B11 CJIOMH. Hue MO)l(e 611 ca MI1cID1Te, Qe rrperrsaxoznaae BCJ1ql(11 3areOHU na npaporrara, HO

cnen TOBa Bll npencroa na T'bpCIIlTe nexapare, sa na 3aMeH5IT 'r::" npaponara H ,lJ;a H3B'bpillaT "<I)',lJ;o.

, I

~' qYAOTO E B'bB BAC

F{~\\.'"

~f' Ha QOBerca e npacsnto na MeQTae sa -rynol Ee3 na- e nsrraran Y-t' peaJIHHTe ,lJ;OCTIDKeHH5I na eCTeC1BeHOTO xpanene, 4:>H3H''IeCICIITe ,>,yrrpa)KHeHH5I H rrranynanero, KOHTO casor rro ce6e CH ca YAI1BI1- f1.f: Tenmr, mH: ThpCH syzteca B crpepare, KOUTO He e B CiCT05IIDIe na

~ ,

~~i( npoyxee.

\1~' Aa ce CJIe,lJ;BaT BeJIHKHTe saxoaa na npaponara e 1B'bpp;e 1J~ npocro. Xopa, CTpa,n;aIUH: OT 6orrecTH, rrpe)l(,lJ;eBpeMeHHO crapee-

~t' )

l$.i~ - 25

~\

~~f"{

fft~

II(M, MeqTa5lT 3a O'bP3 R nex rrsr' K'bM snpasero R MJIa,r:t;OCTTa. IIoMHeTe: snpanero 1pHOBa ,n;a ce 3aCJI)1)KH:! To He MOJKe na ce xynn. Hmmti ne ro nponana, A3 C'bM rrsnen C enepras Ii snpase IiMeHHO sapana TOBa, qe Ii3yqaBaM 3aICOHMTe aa npaponara Ii ill CJIe,lJ.BaM. 3aKOHIiTe na eCTeCTBeHOTO xpaaese, 3aKOHIiTe na caaoO'lHC'Q3ar-reTO xpes rnanynaae, ¢Ii3IiqeCKIiTe( ynpa)ICHeHRH IiMeHHO TOBa BO,D;H ,lJ.0 )I{IiBOT oe3 CTaPOCT.

I 5J.AeTe JIIi COJI IiJIIi COJIeHa xpaaa? Ilaere JIIi Ka¢e? IIynIHTe JIIi? YrrOTpeOHBaTe JIIi anKOXOJIHM HaIDITKIi? IIoJI3BaTe JIIi parpnmrpa-

aa 05lJIa aaxap IDIFI npyra nponysra C TOBa 6e3)I{Ii3HeHO nentecrl30? KaKBa ,lJ.eBI1TaMHHIi3IipaHa a ,lJ.eMMflepaJIIi3IipaHa xpaaa orpa-

B5I nanraa OpraHM3'bM? H.Ma11le JlU cunua eonx? KaKOO P'bKOBOOli eauiemo 11lJlJlO? Ilotuume uaeuuu? HJlll pasyuen: ynpaBJlJlBa eatuutne :JiCeJlall11Jl? Iloscueme: IIJI'hTTA E rJIYIlABA. TJlJlOIllO ne uouce OaJltllCJl1l3apaOlioac. Cauo C ycunue ua pasyu« eue life npeoooneeme sotuume uaeuuu, sa K01l111O ce e xeauano eatuemo 6e3CJlOOeCllo 11lJlJlQ. AKo BHe ,lJ.etiCTBIiTeJIHO IiCKaTe na rrparexaaare cspr.xeaepraa, p;oopo anpane, PMKa CHJIa R 3p;paBR aepsa - BCR'lKO, C KoeTO MO)I{eM na ce ropneea - 01' naec

aarroxaairre na patiorare C npaponara, a He npOTIiB nea. ~ ,

Inanyaanero - TOBa e KJIIO'l'bT 01' CKJIap;a, "K'bp;eTO npaponara nasa CBOjITa enepras, Inanyaaaero ,lJ.OCTIITa ,lJ.0 BC5IKa KJIeTI<a, no ncexa opran R renepapa )I{H3HeHH CIiJIH. H:Ill<OH IDIMa na nanpann TOBa 3a sacl CaMO BRe MO)I{eTe na ro aanpamrre. H BRe 1pHOBa p;a ro aanpasarel HIll<OH He MO)I{e na ce xpana BMecTO aac, A aa B5IpBaM, qe 99 % OT OOrreCTHTe"rrpOR3TIIt1aT OT HerrpaBHJIHOTO R HeeCTeCTBeHO xpaneae.

E¢eKTHBHOCrra aa pafiorara aa BC5IKa MaJ.lTIIHa 3aBRCIi 01' KOJIIil.j_eCTBOTO R KaqeCTBOTO na Ta3Ii enepras, K05lTO TH ynorpe- 6HBa. C'bru;OTO ce OTHac.5I R sa qOBellIKlliI OpraHH3'bM;.

Xopara BRH5IT aa CBOIiTe fiorrecra H rrpesneapeaermoro CTapeene BCH'lKO npyro, HO He H xpaaenero. 3aTOBa IIpH'llIHaTa sa T.lIXHOTO crpanaaae CH OCTaBa sa T.5IX raiiaa. 06HKHOBeHO QOBeK He anae KaK e "H3M'bpCeH" HerOBHHT OpraHR3'bM or MHOrOTO npeIDK,I(aHIDI, OT HeH3nOrr3BaHHTe manynanaa, a cr.uto rasa R OT H3nOJI3BaHaTa 6e3)I{H3HeHa xpana. BcH'lKO TOBa B3eTO saenao

aarpynsa B OpraHM3Ma 01pOBHH nemecraa, l

AKo QOBeK, Koiho MIDIee aa CBoeTO snpase, ce nonnoaor na

MMATE JIM BPE)1,HM HABMII;M

26

5-6-AHeBeH pe)l(MM na rrranysarre C geCTIiJIMpaHa aorta, TO nero>' BIDIT OpraHH3'hM 3a~Oqna na H3KapBa OTpOBHTe C )J.HllIaHeTO H 1 ypaaara, K05ITO npanotiasa T'bMeH IJ;B5IT H JIOm rrsx. TOBa orrpegeJIeHO gOKa3Ba, qe OpraHH~M'bT e nperrsnaea C pa3JIO)KeHH neneJIHMH neutecraa, KORTO ca nonamrana TaM C xpaaara.

Te311 nocmosuuo nampyneatuu ce OIIlPOfJll uocsm e ce6e Cll 6'boeUfllme 60JteC1I111 ua 1l0BeKa. H xozamo npupooama pelllll oa 113XB'bPAli 11U3311 otnpoeu, tnn 1I3611pa B3PUfJ, Koi/1Il0 ce Hall'tlta tiosecm. B 1110311 CA)'ltaU noees mpecsaeo 111'bPCll lI'bII',

~l sa aa osopaeee AeCHO II 6'bP30. EOllHC1ItOeH011l0, sa soemo , HUK02a He At)' UOBa lia)'At - mona e 2AaO),fJaHeIllO.

I

fJIA)l,YBAHETO E TIPIfPO)l,EH IfHCTIfHKT

EOJIeCTTa - TOBa e HaqM.H, C rrosronrra na KOHTO rrpnponara

",

~, ./ rroxasna, qe BaIIIH5IT OpraHH3'bM e rrperrsnnea C TOKC~ nenrec-

TBa 11 C B'b'I'peIIIHH O'I'pOBH. M'bpT'bBIJ;HTe He 60JIep;yBaT. IIp06JIe-

,x MH B'b3HHKBaT caao, aKO CTe )KHBH. fJIap;yBamrn BHe IIOMaraTe na

npaponara na H3XB'bPJIH nponyxrare na pasnananero H O'I'pOBHTe, ' ~

»; narpyrrana ce B'hB sanrero T5IJIO. TOBa e H3BeCTHO na BC5IKO )];HBO

";:- )l(HBOTHO. Inanyaarrero e eOTeCTBeHIDIT II'bT, KOHTO noaara aa

, )l(HBOTHOTO rta npeononee <pH3~eCKHTe nem.sa, KORTO ca ro ( '<: HaABHJIU. TOBa e ~CTO )KHBOTHHCKM HHCTIffiKT. HHe, xopara,

;' KOHTO rasa P;'bJITO CMe )KHBemr B YCJIOBH5ITa aa nnsanaaanasra, qeCTO aarytiaaae }mCTHHKTa: na nranynaae B cnyqaii aa 60JIecT.

,'1 Bepo5ITHo CTe 3a6eJffi3aJIH, 1.£e rrpH CepH03'Ha 60JIeCT H5IMaTe

1 HHKaK'bB arrerar, ,[(0PH H3rrHTBaTe OTB"pam;eHHe K'bM xpanara. A

rp}DKJ1HBHTe, HO HeKOMIIeTeIIT'Hl'l pO,D;HHHH H rrpIDlTeJIH Ka3BaT. '\ ,,5bK, sa na rromrspxaur CHJIl1le en". B T03H MOMeHT BHe HaH-MaJIKO OT BCH1.£KO ce rryxnaere OT xpana, 'ra H~ rroncr.snaaaero BH e CHrHaJIH3HPaJIO ga npexparare xpaneaero. Ilpzponara 6R HC, KaJIa BHe na nornanyaare, aa na MO)Ke cnOKOHHO na npeXB'bPJIR

eaepraa sa npO~CTBaHe na opraaasaa. TRXIDlT mac aa Mafu<ara=-npapona rpyrmo ce gOJIaBSI. IIpH manysaae nanrare m.srrpai; 5ITIDI CTaBaT nO-OC1pH. Dranynanero H30C1p5I pasysra, aacrpoiraa aa OT1.£eTJIHBIDI mac na npnponara A3 g06pe 3HaSl. KaK .uo6pe _ ~3anOqBa Aa paoora rnanara etten BceKH nepnon aa manyaaae. '

BEJIHKIfTE XOPA csnto CA fJIA,[(YBAJlH

B'LB BeJIRKaTa Anexcaanpns B ErHITeT no spesrero, xoraro T5I e 6HJIa CBeTOBeH xyrrrypen nerrrsp, xopara e 'I'p5I6BaJIO na manyaar

27

B npom.nxeaae aa 40 ,n;ID!, rrpena na sano-raar MaitcTOpCKR KYPc. Hcyc XpI1'CTOC rnanysan 40 )J;llli, rrsnro e rnanysan Byna, raxa e nOCT'brrBaJI R I'aana. BcH'IKR BeJ~HIlli )J,YXOBHH nacrnpa B npozrsrr-; )KeI-rne aa lJ,5IJ1aTa qOBeIIIKa HCTOPIDI ca 1:IeprrenH OT marryaanero ,lJ,yxQBHH cnmr. TIPH TOBa manyaaaero He caxo He e HaMamIBaJIO T5IXHOTO qJH3H:qeCKO C'bCT05IHHe, HO MM e )J,aBaJIO orpouna HHTenexryamra CHJIa!

Ilpooaaare nenpeaeaao caxa R BHe ute ce y6e)J,MTe KOJIKO rrO-OCTbP H no-nponyxraaea me crane cnen manyaanero BaIIIillIT Pa3yM, xornco nO-6'bp30 ute 3arr01:IHeTe na Bb3rrpI1eMaTe HHCPOpMalJ,IDITa. Ofrspaere BHHMaHHe, KOJIKO noaese ute YCB05IBaTe npa sereae.

.Koiano tie floe MH020, mOLL He e Mbp3e1lUB. Bpamama ua M'bOpOCmma uuxoea HRMa aa 6'boe -3al1180peHa. "

EeHo:J/caMUH (fJpmll(./lUT-l

rJIABAIII

BP Ar'hT E B'hTPE B HAC

BHKTOP 10ro rrOeTI.flUIO e napercsn orposare B aanras OpraI-IH3'bM ,,3MIN, xosro CTOH B noaexa". Maxap H TIDI )J,yMH na ca mCTO noera-nra xeradopa, Te C'b)J,'bP)!<:aT noaesre HCTHHa, OTKOJIKOTO rroesan. A3 C'bM CKnOHeH na rrpH3Ha5I aBToHHToKcmcalJ,IDITa sa HaH-nOIllIDI, HaH-3.JIID1. spar B fiopfia'ra sa m.nronerae rrpOTHB crapeerrero. T5I nopa HH JIIHm;O)!(aBa nosese MOPanHO, OTKOJIKOTO qJH3H:qeCKR. TOBa e orpassae He caxro aa T5IJIOTO, HO M na pasyaa. )J;a)!(e xoraro npMTOK'bT aa eaeprna ce B'b306HOB5IBa, qOBeK MO)!(e )J,a sanaaa ycemane aa 6e3none3HOCT na BCJIKaK'bB rrpHTOK na enepras. qOBeK B TaKRBa cnysaa qeCTO e CKnOHeH na Ka3Ba caa na ce6e CM: "Hait-xy6aBoTo B )!(HBOTa e MHHaJIO. bb,n;em;eTo e ManKO, rr'bJIHO caao C HenpH5ITHOCTM. OT )!(HBOTa CH oranoxa TOJIKOBa MHoro rrpIDITeJIH M PO,ll,HHHH. OqeBH)J;HO H):J.Ba H M05I'f pen", TaKHBa MHCnH BO,n;srr no T'b)!(HO, nenpecasno C'bCT05IHHe H HHKaK He crroC06CTBaT aa anpase H rrsnronerae.

Haroxcaxamerra caaa rro ce6e CM ce 5IB5IBa HaH-rOrreMINT spar aa croneraero nopana cnafiara M3yqeHOCT. Bonesaeno Hac-

28

ijt,..", ~~,,\

,~

~:' rpoeane, 6e3noKoMcrno, aanpexeaae, crpec, HepBHOCT, neapoiI, 3Il, HeH)')I<Ha B'b36y.n;a CBH,JJ;eTeJICrnaT sa aesnpaso G'bCT05IHMe na [~ xpr.nra, 06wmeH sa H'!C rpsfiaa na 6'b.n;e OnTIlMII3M'bT, BecelllieTO, ~,~ 6e3rpII)I(HOCTTa, ysepeaocrra B ce6e CII. Ho naace rorana, KOra'lQ /' macraero mr ce YCMIIXBa C~6JIa3mITeJIHO, Hue ce crapaex .n;a t, OCTaHeM T'b)Kmr 11 naxp'smena. A npa Hey.n;atJJ1 mr ce crryxaa rta

~1

~: y.n;HB5IBaMe BCHlIICH C naurero .n;YIIIeBI-IO cnoxojicraae. BCWIICH TH5I

'e aHOMaJIHH .MO)I(eM .n;a 065ICIDlM C enao - npesncreaa HJIH nenpe~!~

'-

tJJ1CTeHa Kp'bB.

A3 HCKaM.n;a )l{IIBe5I 120 rO)J;HHH ll.n;a)lCe noaese, 3am;OTO C'bM

[ ,

,;- B npem.sxonno ¢H3~ecKo C'bCT05IHHe - as o6~aM )l(HBOTa!

~\ Bcexa MOM nea OT )l(HBOTa e qy.n;o! A3 ro ynpaBJI5IBaM caa, as HCKaM na 6'b.n;a CTOIIaHIlH na CB05I )I(IIBOT Ii 1penep5I nan BceKH H3)KIIB5IH'lac!

'1'

f~l I'"

J T'bMHA M'bf JIA HA)], P A3YMA

~,

!~;\ Haii-rronro OT BClf'IKO e, ~e aBTOHHTOKCIiKaU;H5ITa napacrna, aKY-

~'/ .MYJIHpa ceo 3a na ce npeononee e neofixoznnro rnanynaae, npa;~I BIIJIHO, eCTeCTBeHO manynane Ii snpaaocrroaen nasaa na )lamOT. J~~ Koraro OpraHH3M'bT e orposea, BHe CTaBaTe 6e3npWlliHHo ~{; neCHMIIC~, aecnocotiaa na npeononeere nenpecaara. Ho B i!('~' ep;Ho npespacno YTpo BHe ce C'b6J)I(.n;aTe OTIIOBO 6o.n;'bp 11 3.n;paB. ;~?f 3ary6BaMrcH HeMaIIKO YCIIJIH5I, Bl1e n06e)I(.D;aBaTe spara. BecTHH-

'if'f~\

~{l; IJ;H, cnacaaas, parmo - BCwrKH BH ofiemasar cpencraa, 6opeIIJ,H

;~%ce C .n;eIIpeCH5ITa. OT KaKBO cpencrao na ce B'b3II0JI3BaTe? IIoM,~ .aerc - ~y.n;eca He CTaBaT, nexa rrsrania, Bo.n;eIIJ;H K'bM II'bJIHO ¢Il3~eCKO Ii P;YXOBHO snpase He C'bm;eCTBYBaT.

BAIDETO HAKA3AHHE CA BPE,l1;HHTE HABHIl,H, BAllIATA HAH-fOJIHMA HArP A)],A E

3,l1;P ABOCJlOBHIDIT HA qHH HA :>KlIBOT

"' .... L~" .. ,~Ta - IIpHpo.n;a He II03BOJI5IBa 6e3HaKa3aHO Aa H3.n;eBaTenCTHa.n; CB05I OpraHH31>M. BceKH II'bT, xoraro HaHaC5lTe ynap no T5IJIO C M'IlpTBa H 6e3)l(H3HeHa xpaaa, BHe IIJIam;aTe cicsna ~ Pa36Hpa ce, BHe MO)I(eTe na B3eMeTe IDIKaK'bB AOITHHr, sa na C'bB3eMeTe, HO ae 6HBa rta MIIcJllITe KaTO nenara, ~e alto ....,.,.'PWt:.'T'<TPrr·p nemo Heno.n;xO.D;5IIlJ,O, a crren TOBa na ITH:i1:HeTe nexapcrBCwrKO me MHHe. BHe m;e IIJIamaTe CK'bIIO BceKH II'bT, xoraro CTOMaxa CH B noMH:i1:Ha 5IMa. III;e crpanar cspnero, J ,"J1'~"'T"~1~T.HX'T·". BC5IKa HOBa llHTOKCHKau;H5I - TOBa e orne enaa CT'bITKa

29

K'bM csxpantaaaae na )KMBOTa BM. Bcsxa HHToKcHKau,lUI OCTaB5l cnena, a MMeHHO OT TOBa Tp,SI6Ba na ce 6oHM. He 3aM'bpC5lBaRTe xpssra CM. Y-qeTe ce na ce samaraaare OT HHTOKClIKap;HH. '

IIpe,lJ;H BCH"'lKO aaysere ce na npoaesnare rrsnno manysaae e)[CeCe,lJ;MH"'lHO C rrpO,lJ;'b.JDl<HTeJlHOCT OT 24 ,lJ;O 36 xaca C ynorpefia caao na ne cranap ana BO,lJ;a. A B OCTaHaJIHTe,lJ;Illi mKre naryparnra, aeorpoaena xpaaa, Helm BaIIIlUIT pa3YM P'bKOBO,lJ;H TillIOTO. IIJIbTTA E fJIYIIABA. Aa aarranmrre CTOMaxa MQ)Kere c KaKBOT() noncsare, HO cera, B'bOp'b){{eHH C'bC snpaa CMHC'bJI, BHe CTe )Vl'b)l(HH ,lJ;a ce xpanare pa3YMHO. Hexa BCH"'lKO, C KoeTO BHe ce xpamrre, na 6'b,lJ;e KOJIKOTO e B'b3MO){{HO rrO-6JlH30 ,lJ;O npapona-

ra! -

3AllI,O,LI;A CE YBHBAME TAKA PARO?

IIoMJIeTe 5lCHO, -qe aBToHHTOKcMKau,M5lTa e HalIIIDIT naa-crpanrea spar; TOBa e HCTIIHCKaTa npasmra sa noxra acH"'lKH fiorrecrx, aamoro BCH"'lKO 3a110'-IBa OT OTpaB5lHeTO na 'Kp'bBl'a. TOBa e npa"'lHHaTa sa 60JIeCmTe, nopaaasanm cspnero, -qepHM5l ,lJ;po6, 6'b6- pemire, CTaBHTe M aprepmrre, O'I'paB5lHeTO e HenOCpe,lJ;CTBeHa rrspsonpnsaaa sa npeaneepeaerraoro crapeeae, npa TOBa B HaRrOJI5lMa crenen B cpasaerrae C npyrare np~. Aa ce nonrrspzca Kp'bBTa "IlI'lCTa - TOBa e casro rrOJIOBHHaTa OT pafiorara. BMe, OCBeH TOBa, '-leCTO rrperosapsare crouaxa, AaBaiiKH MY HOBa

pafiora, xoraro TOR orne He ce e CrrpaBMJI C npenaara. '

Bac BHHarM ca BM y-qHJIH, qe 'I'p5l6Ba ,lJ;a ce Me B onpenerreno apexre. He3aBHcHMo narra CTe ma,lJ;HH HJIH He, BHe no 065l,lJ; Tp5l6Ba ,lJ;a ce uacamare, TOBa e yzsacea crroco6 sa xpaaene, C'bB'bpIlleHO nenaysea, nporaaopesam aa HaR-HoBHTe OTKpMTIUl3a palJ,I1:OHaJIno xpanene. ,A3 HeOT,lJ;aBHa H3B'bpIllHX Mopcreo rr'bTeIIIeCTBMe, npozrsnxano Hill<OJIKO ,lJ;HH. Xpaaexa nacaxepare cyrpna pano B KaIOTHTe, CJIe,lJ; qac HJIH IDIKOJIKO xaca ra aarosapnaxa C orpourra KOJIJiIqeCma fexoa, nryaxa 11 5riiu,a, ronna KJiICPJIH, MapMeJIa,lJ;, aapena xaprorpn M rOJI5lMO reOJIJiIqeCTBO Kacpe. CJIe,lJ; TOBa na nanyfiara HMaIIIe saxycxa B 11 qaca cY'I'pHHTa. B 13 xaca HMaIIIe rOJISIM o65I,lJ;, B 16 qaca CJIe,lJ; otien - ,lJ;HeBeH -qaR 0 xypafiaa, a B 19 -raca - rOJI5lMa neaepx, B ~3 -qaca - romasxa B 6IOcpeTa. Areo MCKaTe B5lpBaRTe, aKO MCKaTe He,lJ;eRTe, no cnen Hill<OJIKO ce,lJ;MJiIlJ,I'l nae norpetiaxsre B xopero 9 qOBeKa. BCWIKH ncsnnaxa B peaynTaT na caMOOTpaB5lHe. ABTOHHTOKCHICarIll!l! Kozamo npenncoa- , me 611e ycuneame npouecume uaeuueue euepeama, C'b30U6ame

\

30

lJ

~

f uapytuaeaue lUI paeuoeecuemo II C 11l0e{(, cnocoticmeaiue sa

~ PU3AtIlO;)ICaeane na uuxpotiume e cmouaxa.

[L

~ C'bBPEMEHHIUlT HA qMn HA 'l(HBOT E

BABHO CAMOYBHHCTBO

\'

, OT JIIOJIKaTa BMe sanounare )];a ce MaMHTe, KOraTO 6e3rpIDKHO

(J orsarare H3MHHanMTe rO)];HHH. ltbrra)J;HanH B neseneaae, BHe ce

CTOIUIBaTe KaTO cseur OT nnara Kpa5I. IIoH5IKora ,n;a)!{e ce M'b1Jl1Te ,n;a ce IIo,n;IIanMTe B cpenara, HMe YMMpaMe IIo-paHO OT onpeneneHAA cpox, 3arn;OTO He HM ,n;OCTHI'a 3APaB pa3YM

He ce C'bMH5IBaM, TIe TIOBeK, KoiiTo e ponen HaITbnHO rrsnnonenea, KoiiTo )KMBee B C'bOTBeTCTBHe C nayxara aa snpanerc, e ),

)J;JI'b)!(eH 6e3 oc06eIDI yCMITH5I na nozoraee no 120 rO)];HHH!

Sarno He? He csurecrsyaa 60JIeCT, CTapOCT ¥IMa caxro emro, \' KoeTO MO)!(e )];a BM y6Me TOBa e KOHKpeTHaTa 60JIeCT Ho aKO BHe l' OT ,n;eTCTBOTO CM ce xpanare rrpaBfIJIHO, rna,Jzy13amm e,r:o:rn II'bT ~, ce,n;MHlIHO M H5IKOJIKO rrsra B rommara rrepnonasecxa rro necer

't

,'i Will, TO P5l3KO me CHH)!(MTe Bep05ITHOCTTa na safioneere OT CM'bP-

1,- TOHOCHa 60neCT. F

;, Ae~aTa B Harne speue ce XpaH5IT csasprrreao HerrpaBMJIHO

~~. Ha II'bPBO M5{CTO MHoro Maillrn: He K'bpM5IT nenara CH M re He

'!¥ ~ 6 ~ IT

~'r I rronysaaar naa-neo xonaaara xpana - MaHllliHOTO Mn5IK0. p,e-

\i"

\, { nara 6MBaT xpaneaa OT 6M6epoHH M 6yrnrrr<M - xpaaa, nperoaa-

~ ~ -pena OT paoaaapaaa 6AAa saxap, 6AAO 6pallIHo H CM'bPTOHOCHara r-\\ con. Paspymaaarrero na ,n;eTCKH5I OpraIDI3'bM 3arrOTIBa OT CaMOTO

l\r- MY pascnane "J(eaem OyUlU om oecem ca cauoytiuiiuu "

~: EeHo:J/CGMUH cPpaHK/lUli

W;"

~' J Ilomenaere OKOJIO ce6e CH, aKO HCKaTe na CTe HMCHO C t.'\: ~ asnpocare na snpaaero - 25 MMJIHOHa aMepHKaIIIl;H JIe)!(aT B ~,:",;~XMlliI)J.I1 60JIHHu;H, Pa3IIOJIO)!(eHH OT Hsrosnoro no 3aIIa)J;HOTO

, fKpai1:6pe)]{He, 300 000 JIeKaP!1 IIOCT05IHHO ca sacra, aa rta ce , ,\oIIHTBaT ,n;a cnacar Te3H 6e3HaAe)!(,D;lf0 60nIDI xopa, 80 000 3'060- :;

f~JIeKapH He MoraT na M3II'bJIH5IT ,n;a)£(e enaa necera OT pafiorara,

'~K05ITO e He06xo,lJ,HMa aa aMepHKaHI1;IiTe

B 60JIlIlliHCTBOTO OT nenara xoncrarapax MHO)!(eCTBO rIDIJIH passanena 3'b6H. Maoro OT TJIX, He,n;OCTHrHaJIH AO 20 ronaan, MaT rrporesn HHe CMe 6e3Ha,n;e)!(,lJ;HO 60nHa, 60nHa nanas! Hac , 1: 3a6JlY)I(,1J;aBaT, xoraro IDI Ka3BaT, TIe )!(MBeeM B snpasa H )[{H3-

, ,

31

HeHOCIIoco6Ha crpana, HO cpaKTIlTe II nacppllTe He n'h)KaT. )::(OPI1 na He npeaxnare, TOBa, ~oeTO KOHC)'MHpaTe, He Bll HOCll noma Bamara xpaaa ce 5IB5ma KHCeJIHHHa no CB05ITa peaKIJ;H5I, BMeCTO ,Il;a np05IB5IBa OCHOBHa peaKIJ;H5I, A ,Il;a)l{e MIDillMamll! 3HaHIDI 110 <bH3llonoIWI, xpaaene II manyaane MoraT,Il;a Ill! CnaC5IT. HenezcecTBOTO e crpanren spar. )::(OKaTO CTe B'hpBHm;a cpa6pHKa sa npOH3- BO,Il;CTBO ria MHKpo6H, H5IMa ,Il;a HMate nopuanea )KHBOT.

OT CIfJlHO HAMA3AHIfH C MAC rar AH

I

j

A3 C'hM B"h3IIlITaBaH na lor, B'hB Bl'IP,Il;JKHlIIHI. XpmIHJI C'hM ce '

)')KaCHO - 19°~ OT xpanara ce rOTBl'I B THI'aH: II'hpKeIDl rranera, ~ rrspxeaa nrynxa, 6eKOH, xaprorpa, CBHHCKO II rrspsceno Meco OT J BC5IKaK'hB PO,Il;. 5.ljJ:51X r'hCTH CMeTaHOBI1 samraxa, KpeM, 6HCKBllTH

If OrpOMHO KOJIHqeCTBO IIHPO)l{KH H 6HCICBHTH. Cera KaTO CH ' crrOMlUIM TOBa, BH)l{,Il;aM, rre OT ro,Il;HHH C"hM crpanan OT aBTOHl;[TOKCHKaIUi51 H He C"hM snaen TOBa. C MHO)KeCTBO B1>36Y)I(,IJ;aIII.ll cpencraa C"hM npaexan O'I'pOBH. MoeTO C'hCT05lHlle 6enre nanes OT TOBa snpaae, KoeTO K'hM nacrrenan OT npennrrre CH. 06mmOBeHO CIT5IX necer saca BMeCTO ocesr no rropxara H TOBa 6enre pesynrar OT aBTOHHTOKCHKaIUi5lTa. )::(a)I(e cnen npozrsnxarenea C'hll He ce C'h6)')K,Il;ax 60,ll;"hp, a orrrycnar H C'hHeH. B YCTaTa liMax OTBpaTHTeJIeH BK)'C.

nOJIIlIHHCTBOTO xopa He )I(HBe5lT, a casro C'bm;eCTB)'BaT. BcasKH Te ca nperrsnaena C TOKCJfqHl1 sentecraa rasa, ~Ie )l{lfBOTa liM l ~TaBa 6peMe. Manzo ca Tl'I5I xopa, KORTO CYTpHH CTaBaT 60APH, C aersprrenaso )KerraI-rue ,Il;a npozrsnzcar YAHBHTeIIHOTO rrpHKIIIOqeIDle, napexeao )KHBOT.

Xaii,lJ;e na IIOrne)],HeM B namare CIIanHM KaTO M5ICTO, K'bAeTO CIIHM, aa na 3ape)].HM HaIIIlITe eHeprrriffin: )l{ll3HeIlli fiarepna. XaHne na aanpaaaa HaIIIMTe cnanna osapoaarenan II II"hIIHll C IIOKOH, HO na He n03BO.JI5IBaMe aa xpacorara na rasa 06CTaHOBKa na novpasa KpaCOTaTa aa pa3C'hMBaHeTO. He 6llBa rta nporrycxaae 3rraTHMTe qaCOBe, xoraro CJl"hHIJ;eTO sanosna CBOJI )],HeBeH rrsr no Re6eTo, H3rpJlBaillrn: OT H3TOK. B paHRHTe yTP.HHHH qaCOBe na nacs BH ce crpysa, -re nre ycneere ,Il;a csspnnrre TB1>p,Il;e smoro. 3aToBa, ce rrocrapaiire p;a K)'IITHBHpaTe B ce6e CH pannoro crasaae. AKo, aanpasare ycanae 3a nOCTHraRe na TOBa, me IIOCTHrHeTe pesyn-' TaT. A cnen o6M MO)KeTe na nOCIIHTe MaJIKO - T"hH KaTO CTaBaTe

,

32_

paao, BHe ynenasaaare CB05I ;n;eH.

Harr1>JIHo e o65ICHHMo, samo MIloro xopa ynOTp.e65IBaT TaKH-

,

,I

sa CTHMyrraTOpR KaTO IJ,HI'apR, xarpe, anxoxon, nenca-xona Te ce OrrI1TBaT na ce 60PHT C p;'hrr60ICaTa MeJIaHXOJJID[ 11 6e3pa3JII1'lI1e, npenasamcaaa OT aBTOIDITOKCI1KarZY_UITa

A3 6I1x Mor'hJI na rrOCBeTH 11 rro-aarar-sx :u;eJIM crpamnta na yxaca OT OTpOBI1Te. MOHTa KP'hB fienre OTpOBeHa, pexara 'aa r )IG:l.BOTa npecynreaa OT caMOTO nanano. fUIIcoti C'h3HaTeJIHO H51Ma na OTPOBI1 1fI1CTMH pyqdl., HO HI1e caMI1 nOCTOHHHO TpOBMM naiiCK'hrrOu;eHHaTa tIaCT OT HallII1H )l(MB<:>T - xpr.nra

rrOBE~ABAHTEKHCEn~HHOCTTA

)J,a, aanoxa ce ,n:OCTa ,n:t! ce norpyna TI1H ro,IJ,HHI1, sa na OTKpMH 3a6eJIe)KMTeJIHMH q)aKT, qe aanrara KP'hB TpH6Ba rta RMa anxanna peaKU;MH. A npa nosexerc xopa T5I nasa KI1Cerra pearCIJ,I1H OT rnaBo6oJIMeTO no 60JIHMH CTOMax, npI111IKI1Te H 06HKHOBeHaTa / xpesra - MHoro OT HaIUMTe fiorrecra B'h3HI1KBaT B pe3YJITaT na

t KMCemIHHOcTTa, a TH OT CBOH crpana e cnencrnae aa aBTOHHTOK-

"! K

.;l CI1KammTa. oraro xpssra e TOJIKOBa CMJIHO sasrspceaa, TO xax

" MO)l(eM na ce sautaraaaae OT 60rreCTOTBOpHIlTe MllKp06H, KORTO ~ catro TOBa tIareaT na rill HaMep51T HaT5ICHO? Hne rpIDKJIMBO rOTBMM , no-ma sa MlIKp06RTe, KallliM ra na ce t:JYBCTBaT y Hac KaTO y,n:OMa

If

~; CI1 11 HM rr03BOJIHBaMe na HI1 pa30p5IBaT 11 paspynraaar sa nanra

";' CMeTKa

~ Cera, aKO BI1e CTe raxa neyxa, KaKTO as HaBpeMeTO, BHe rue ; I nOITMTaTe',,A KaKBO MO)l(e na ce aanpana, tIe,n:a ce HeYTPaJII13Hpa t, Ta3R KRCeJIHHa? Kax na rrpOtIHCTI1M CB05ITa KP'hB?" OrrOBOp'bT e ~ TaK'hB' "ToBa MO)l(e na CTaHe aKO HaCHTHM CB05ITa KP'hB C arrKaJIHM ~~ KoMrtOHeHTH". Ilpn mpBI1Te CHMIITOMI1 aa aBTOHHTOKCI1KaU;MH I'll", rpstisa na nponenea 3 - 4-.u;HeBHO nranyaane, a cnen rosa na ce ~

!j.I npesraae na aJIKaJIHa .IlI1eTa 11 na ce I1365IfBaT nporryxra C xncena

.y ?

*" peaxnaa. A KOH nponyxra auar aJIKaJIHa peasnaat - me TIOITM-

~,,' rare BRe. Haa-aexe npecna TIJIo,n:OBe a aeneasyrra, B TOBa 1fI1crro ~ carrara C JIMCTaTa - 60 % OT ,n:a)l(6aTa BR Tp5I6Ba na c'bA'hp)l(a ~ IIJIo,n:OBe H seneasyna - KaKTO CYPOBIi, 'raxa H rrpI1fOTBeHI1. ~% IIpeAM BC5II(O npaeaane na xpana.axre CypOBR IIJIO.IlOBe a serreat~ qyu;M Te31i/aJIKaJIHM nponyrra MMaT rOJI5IMO sna-reaae sa BaIIll1Jl ~{- OpraHI13'hM. H5IKOH OT sac nte Ka)l(e, qe He o6ma IIJIo,n:OBe H ~'- seneasyna. TOBa e 'raxa, 3aru;OTO peaxnaara na BallII1H OpraHI13'bM ~ e KMcerra, a xoraro anere nponyxrare c amcanaa peasnas, 're me ~ aanosaar.na rrp01fI1CTBaT xpsara OT TOKCHHlITe, BRe me aarronnere ~~ na rrpaaaxsare K'hM paCTI1TeJIHa xpaaa H HI me sarrosae na BI1

~ 33

xapecsa. CaMO orcrrafiaan M 01pOBeII opraaassu He B'b3IIpMeMa snpaaa OBOllJ,Ha M aenemysoaa xpana.

He cu npeuetne c npenotcoane. To ufe Btl y6ue npeucoeepeuenuo.

CYPOBMTEnnoAoBEM3EnEHQYQH CA fIPHPoAHH QHCTAQM

_ AKo He BM xapecsar IDIKOM cyposa.rnronoae M 3erreIPIyWI, cnosrnere CM, l.Ie re ca nOJIe3Ha npaporma xpana. OTHa'laJIO ra IDKTe aa Maru<M nopmra, ,lJ,OKaTO ce Ol.lliCTI1Te OT TOKCMHMTe. E)l{eCe,lJ,MM'lHOTO rnanynaae me BM osacra OT crposnre. A aKO naxepnre CHJII1 na rnanynare 3 - 7 AIill, TO BaIIIIDIT OpraHM3'bM Harr'bJIHO ute ce Ol.II1CTI1 OT Bpe,lJ,HI1 Be~eCTBa.

KOM nponyxra rtasar I<MceJIa peasnaa? OCHOBHO saxapra, Ka<jJeTO, 'lMT, arrKOXOJI'bT, xnefisare M3,lJ,eJIIDI, MeCOTo, patiara. HeC'bMHeHO ,lJ,OpM MHC'brrTa sa raxaara safipaaa BM ITJIaUII1:, HO aKO MCKaTe na rrpO,lJ,'bJDI<MTe )I<MBOTa CM, TO me Eli ce nanoaca rta npasare MHoro OT TOBa, KoeTO BM ,lJ,OBe)K)J,a no yscac, B KpM na xpamnara me BM yzcacsna Cll()MeH'bT sa TOBa, KoeTO nperra BM ce e crpysano Y)l{aCHO. Mnoro 'leCTO HOBaTa 3a,lJ,a':Ia BM ce cTPYBa

~ 1pYAHa casto aa TOBa, ':Ie raxa CM ~ npencrasare. I1pMeMeTe H KaTO npocra M me BM craae rrO-JIeKO. C'bBCeM He e TPYAHO rra ce nponexnanaera, C'bCTaBeHa na OCHOBaTa na ITJIO,lJ,OBe, seneasyrra, canara, opexn, cesreaa. HaKOR He MO)l{e na orpene, ':Ie ITJIO,lJ,OBere ca CO':IHI1, canarare MoraT na ce rrpI1rOTBHT B OrpOMIDi, KOJII1'leCTna, a CITHC'bK'bT aa 3eJIeWIyIJ;HTe e roJIHM H pasaoofipaserr. BcI1'lI<M opexa 11 3'bpHa ca ITHTaTeJIHH M BKyCHM. He e Heo6xo,lJ,MMO na ce orpaaasaaare caao C TIDI rrpoAYKTI1, HO a~o HMaTe reanearraa K'bM ~I1,lJ;03a (I<MCeJII1HHOCT), TO HMeHHO TIDI rrpoAYKTI1, B C'b':IeTaHMe c manysaae, 1pH6Ba na npeofinanasar B'1B sanraa noprraorr.

AKO noeme ueco, '1Il0 ue 20 npaeeme no-uectno om eouu unu oea numu e ceouuuama. Ilpu nau-uantcomo Hepa31101l0- tnceuue ce espneme uesatiaeuo K'bM anxanuama ouetna: TUJI - cusatmouu He. ca .scasuco - enaeotioxue, eaoeue, ttapeue e ouutne, uenpunmuo ycetuaue e yetnama, ifju311fleCKa cnaiiocm

u yucmeeua yuopa. Pa36Mpa ce, Te3M CHMITTOMH He ca MHoro c1pa1IIH.H, HO re HM CJ!I'HaJIH:3MpaT, ':Ie Hepa3nOJIO)KeHHeTO MO)l{e ~ rta np11,lJ,0611e no-cepaosea xapaxrep. AKO csotmame, ue uepnusin «1I opoti He e e peo, 1110 ustououetne He3a6aOHO uecomo

34

,;

f

,: u uactna, uo.u moea He e oocmamsuno. CJleOOl1 oa ustououume

~ II saxapma II esznexuhpamume. Haase Ka3aI-IO, BHe TpJI6Ba na

): rn yrrorpefisnare B eCTeCTBeHa clJOpMa, B'bB BH,lJ; na IDIO,lJ;OBe H

~ seneasyna, EenT'b1:II1HHTe, OT KOHTO HMaTe H)T)K.lJ;a, MO)l{eTe na t rrOJIYtIHTe B ,lJ;OCTaT'b'lHO KOJIHQeCTBO OT opexnre H ceuenara.

~( He e TPY,lJ;HO na ce nocenra, 'Ie saurero C'bCTOJIHIIe e erma OT

~, rrpO)IBHTe na aBTOHHTOKCI1Kall,HJITa. AKO lIYOCI1l6llJ1le, lie eautume l JIC1l3HeHll cusu ell ua usuepneaue II eu e mpyouo oa ce etacma-

~ HOBIlI/te, npoeeoetne zsaoyeaue om 36 uaca 00 3 - 4 onu. He

~~ () A U ~ nuiime uutuo, oceeu uuctna npncna BO a. 3 B TaK'bB crrysaa

t npennosaraa necrarmpanara BO,lJ;a (rrO-K'bCHO uie BH pasxaxa 3a

~,~~ TOBa1~0-rrO,lJ;p06HO). 1J I

~.1a nac ute BH ce JI,lJ;e MHoro. ..10 TOBa He e HCTHIICICH man,

~ TOBa e rrpOCTO nasax na oprarrasua na rrorryaasa xpaaa B orrpe"!. nenen MOMeHT. II03BoneTe MH na BH rrpIIrrOMHJI: IIJTbTTA E ~c fJIYIIABA, TJI HMa MHoro B'b)l(,lJ;enemm, HO BHe TpJI6Ba,lJ;a OCTarlt. ' nere cronaaaa - BaIlIIDlT pa3YM Yp5£6Ba na KOMaH,lJ;Ba TMOTO. ~ Inanyaaaero II3HCKBa )l{eCTOKa pellIIIMOCT II CHIlHa BOJI5£, TOBa e ~. cpaxemre wi pasyxa C IDI'bTTa. ' ~f A3 nofipe ,rrOMHJI CBoeTO rrspso 'Iempl1,lJ;HeBHO IJIa,D;yBaHe. i~ Torasa ce fiopex C TY6epKYn03aTa II nese 6JIX H5£KOJIKO rO,lJ;I1HH B i»? caaaropayx, )J;~TOp Pone Me npenynpena, 'Ie Me xaxa )l{eCTOKO ~ II3IIHTaHHe - 11 TOBa ,lJ;eMCTBI1TeJIHO 6eme raxa, )J;o6pIDIT ,lJ;OKTOP ~~ rrOCTOJIHHO MH npaaenre aHaJII13 aa ypnnara. BceKH nea nseaax t, npotia OT ypanara 11 51 rrOCTaBJIX B 6YTI1JlI<a. Axyparno JI OCTaBJIX ~. na norrana B crranasra 11 JI Ha6JIIO,lJ;aBax. Cnopen oxnaxnaaero M

~ 6

a"e YTa5£BaHeTO na ypnnara as MO)l{eX na na JIIO,lJ;aBaM, KaK rOJIJlMo

~ ~ KOJIHqeCTBO qy)l()J;H nemecraa ce II3BJIHqaT OT opraaasaa MH .

.J", IIoMHeTe, 60neH 'lOBeK He MO)l{e ,lJ;a IJIa,D;yBa 6e3 Ha6JIIO,lJ;eHHe ~)I aa nexap I1JlH -H5£KOM, KORTO HMa npaxrasa B IJIa,D;yBaHeTO. Cnen ~"r KaTO aaaspnrax rnarrysaaero 6JIX rronnoxen aa aJIKaJIHa naera, ~ C'bCTOJIIIJ;a ce OCHOBHO OT CypOBM IDIO,lJ;OBe H aerremyna, a csnto ~J{ raxa H napena IDIO,lJ;OBe. IIpHMepHO nae ce,lJ.MHll,H crren IJIa,D;yBaHeTO ~:: as H3IIHTax TaKOBa qyBCTBO aa orinesxeaae Mp;o6po caaoxyacmae, ~. KoeTO He dbM M3IIHTBaJI ID1Kora B )l{I1BOTa CM. Cnen T03H rrepaon

~~ J

W". MoeTO snpase H )KH3HeCrroco6HOCT cYpeMHTeJIHO ce rrOP;o6pHXa_;

r,~ IIo,lJ; Ha6JIIO,lJ;eHHerO_Ha ,lJ;OKTOP Pone as rnanysax He e,lJ;I1H rrsr, TOM ~< Me aaysn na IJIa,D;yBaM no 24 'laca, a B cnensamare 9 MeCell,a aa

e npeaaaax non HerOBO P'bKOBO.n;CTBO 7, 14 1121-,lJ;HeBHH IJIa,D;yBaHHJI. ~& MeJlciJy enaoyeauunma as npusazax llJlK_llJlHa ouema.

;f

~: 35

lO)l)1,'bPlKAMTE B CTOMAXA AJIKAJIHA PEAKIJ,lUl

p,OKOJIKOTO ananosara nrpae orpanarenaa pons, BEe Tp5I6Ba na ce npennasnare OT He5I. HHMa naxora He CTe Ka3BanH: ,,Ax, MaJIKO C'bM OTna,n;HaJI, He C'bM ,n;o6pe, ~eTO MH e npe6JIe)J.IDlJI0. Taxa e. TaK'bB e :>KHBOT'bT!". Hmrro rronofino, BMe MOJKeTe ,n;a 6'b,n;eTe rrOCT05II-HIO B nofipo nacrpoemre. MOJKeTe na C'fHTaTe BaIlIH5I opranaater sa npexpacea MeXaHH3'bM, KoiiTo npn noopo OTHaC5IHe naxora IDIMa na BM H3HeBepH.

Cnenere sa rrspnare npasaana na ananosa. 06Jlo'JlceHlIJlIIt e311K, pa30pa3H1l11leJlHOC11l11la, npunue ua spsema KMI JLUI/emo

- He csumaiime, ue 11111Jl npusuauu He ca oocmoanu sa BHlIuauue. Toea ca CUZHall1l3a OIWCHOCIII. MOJKe 6n ,IJ;Hec He ca raxa 5IBHH, HO yrpe re me 6'b,n;aT nonese OT O~IeBH,IJ;HH. A~p;03aTa e xonapna, T5I ce narpynsa. JiI HMeHHO cera, a He yrpe e speae na

ce B3eMaT MepKH. Ta HaJIH JKHBOT'bT - TOBa e caMOOT6paHa. Baurasr npOTHBmrK HMa H5IKOH npemracrsa, HO TOBa, KoeTO nponrpanare B TaKTHKa, MOJKeTe na cnesenare B crpareraa. BHe ce 60pHTe c p;OCTa canea npOTHBHHK. B I<pM na xpaamara MOJKeTe 1 ir.a 6'b,n;eTe aoxayrapaaa, HO p;anH Maq'bT nre npo,n;'bJI)I(H 10 HJIH 20 { pynna - TOBa 3aBHCH cavo OT sac, i

KOHT~~~~~~~~~B= :c~~ ~~: ~~~;:=:~~:,~~~~~~ 1

cssnaaa xpamrrenna cpena, AKo aIUi)J.03aTa erase xpoaasna, T5I

J

,

36

BO,IJ;H,n;O nOCT05IHHO nonaureao aprepnanao nansraae, a CJIep; TOBa H,n;O aTepOCKJIep03a (BTB'bp)J;5IBaHe na aprepaamnrre crena). Kpsr'bT no T05I Ha'fHH ce 3aTBap5I: KHCeJIa ,!l;IfeTa - aBTOHHTOKCHKa~ - BHCOKO apTepHaJIHO aansraae - KpeXKH apTepHH ~ npezcneapeaeana CM'bPT. 3aTOBa nopa a na BH C'fHTaT sa ~)J,aK sapann xpaneaero, He 06p'bm;aiiTe BmrMaHHe. IIoMHeTe, qe 1IDI ~p;aqecTBa me BH CnaC5IT OT rp06HlIJ,eTO. Hexa na ce CMe5IT, raxa aapexemrre, CTonpo~eHTOBO HOPMaJIHH xopa. BHe m;e ce cxeere nOCJIe,n;rm. Ilpu nspeume CUZHaJlU sa OIWCHOCIII ce I1peOKJlIO'Ieme om KaplllOtfiu Jl(lOO.llUl11111, am cupeue ua nsoooee. AKo He MOJKe na ce rrOM'bpJKa p'eaK~Ta aa xpsnra neyrpanna, TO nexa T5I 6'b,n;e arIKaJIHa. Ho He n03BOJI5IBaHTe na xacenee. OnaCHOCTTa e 1]:0- crpamaa KOJIKOTO e nO-He3a6eJIeJKHMa. MaJIKO xopa MoraT ,IJ;a nonycaar, lIe CTpa,IJ;aT or aeocrpa, MaKap HXp0HHl.fHa ananosa, HO TOBa me nonene no pasnaana napymeaas, 60JIecTH H upexneapeMeHHa CM'bPT.

rJIABAIV

KPHCTAJIH HA TOKCHlffiHTE KHCEJIHHH

3aCTaneTe na 1>r1>na na yrnmara H aatimonaaaare nOXOAKaTa na 06HKHOBeHHTe nemexomta, Kparca, KOJ1eHa, 6e,o;pa, meaemr H mana ca C5IKaIll CKOBaHH. IIpH ABIDKeHHe lliIMa CBo60,D;H0 Cr1>BaHe na erasure. Ilornennere xpaxara, Caxam xopara TPy,o;HO ill BAHrar H llJ10CKO ra rrOCTaB5IT na 3eM5ITa. Konenere C5II\aIll ca HeCr1>BaeMH, meseaare H rnanara - BA1>pBeHH. C5IKaIll nanoro T5IJ10 e saryfiano eJ1aCTH'IHOCTTa.

lJ,HMEHT BMECTO CMA3KA B CTABHTE

BC5IKa CTaBa na ':IOBelllKH5I opraHH31>M e caafinena OT npnponara C1>C cOJ1H,D;eH sanae OT r1>BKaBOCT, sa KoeTO crrOCOOCTBa CMa3Ka, TaKa napesenara CHHOBHanHa TellHOCT. Ilornermere e,D;HO necerrOAHIllHO MOMQe, 061>pHeTe BHHMaHHe na JIeKOTO My Cr1>BaHe na CTaBHTe. Santo? 3HaM, ':Ie ute MH orrosopare: "ToBa MOMlle e caao na necer rOAHHH, a aa C1>M na 66. A3 He Mora na HMaM TaKOBa cB060,D;H0 ABIDKeHHe, KaKTO necerronanmo nere",

,,A samo He?" - OHX BH rromrran as. fOAHHI1Te )l(HBOT He BJIIDI5IT ~a KOJIH':IeCTBOTO na CHHOBHaJIHaTa TellHOCT, K05ITO npaaa CTaBHle r1>BKaBH M rrOp;BH)l(HH. MMa caxo erraa npasnna, JIHIllaBauta CTaBHTe OT rrOABH)l(HOCT, TOBa ca KpHCTaJIHTe na TOKCfiqRHTe xacerraaa, B'b3paCTTa caaa rro ce6e CM He e TOKCR'rna. He3aBMCMMO OT TOBa, AaJIH me npoaomeere 40, 50, 60 I1JllI 70 rOAHHH, aanacnre OT CHHOBMaJIHa TellHOCT caua no ce6e CM He ce HaMaJI5IBaT.

KPHCTAnHTEOTTOKCHqHAKHCEnHHA II;HMEHTHP AT BAIIIHTE CTABH

Cera, xoraro nama TM KHHra, as C1>M aa 85 rOAHHH M ce ropnes, ':Ie MOHTe CTaBM ca rro-rrOp;BIDKHH OTKOJIKOTO aa MHoro nO-MJIaAff xopa. Jlecao 113rr1>JIlliIBaM TpYAHH rr0311 na Mora, CT05I na rnaaa ManKO xopa B CBeTa MoraT na HanpaB5IT TOBa na M05ITa B1>3pacT. He, He npnponara l.I,H:MeHTHpa CTaB11Te 11 MH rr03BOJIeTe na xaaca, ':Ie MMaM r1>BKaBOCT na AeCerrOAHIllHO MOMlle

37

\

KAKB HAlllHH OprAIIH3'bM CE OEPA3YBAT KPMCTAJIH

HATOKCIIqHH KHCEJUIHI1

B OpraHH3Ma 11Ma '-IeTMpH rnaBIDI ornenaremra CHCTeMH, KOHTO IDI H36aB5IT OT 01pOBHTe, o6pa3)IBaHH npa e)Kep;HeBHOTO xpaneae. Csrnacao npaponara nae llHeM nona, JIp;eM xpaaa, )J,HIIIaMe rrssnyx, EOJllllUHCl1UJOlIW xopa noam .AIIIOlO xpaHa, !loam noeeue 110 HaBUK, 0111KOJlKOIIW om ZJlao. ,[('bJIfH rop;rnrn: HM e BH)'IIIaBaIm, Lie 1p5I6Ba na ce XpaHMM non T.JaC. A3 3HaM OT OllHT, "Ie TaICHBa xopa He MoraT p;a YCBOJIT raxa rrorsmrarara xpaaa. Te ca npnsasaana na 3aKYCBaT, He3aBHCUMO P;aIDI ca manna I1Jlli He, rrOIJl'b:rn;aHKU npn TOBa~a,6eKOH,RKqa,KO¢Jll{,TOpTH,~ene,MapMarrap;,BapeHH xaprodia, Baqmu, CBHHCKH I<on6aCH, Kacpe, '-laM, IIIOKonap;.

Opeauusuutn totua 31CU3HeHil cusuvsa oa npeoseue, npepa601ll11 u YCBOllllle311 me31CKU sasyctcu II aa usxespsu ueuyotcttume ocmamsuu. Te KPHCTaIDI3HpaT H ce IC(HIrr;eHTpHpaT B nonB~I1Te CTaBH na OpraHH3Ma. TOBa e 6aBeH nponec, KORTO He ce 3a6enJI3Ba, p;OKaTO CTaBHTe 3arrOLIHaT rra HU npHT.rn:IDIBaT rrenpzRTIfOCTH. TOBa CTaBa B IIpOp;'b~eHHe aa P;'bJII'H rop;mrn HerrpaBI.JJIHO xpaaene, KoeTO cssnasa BHCOKH xomrerrrpanaa Ha KHce.JlHIlHH KPHCTaIDI B CTaBIITe, HO xoraro TH5I HaCHTeHH Ka.JIII;HeBH nenrecrsa 3aMeH5IT CHHOBHanHaTa TeLIHOCT, 3arrOLIBaT rra ce ycemar 60nKH H

HaMarreHa IIO,n;BIDKHOCT na CTamITe. j

IhpBH5IT 06eICT na aTaKH - TOBa ca xpaxara, IIpH TRX liMa ~

IIO-rOnJIMO KOJll1T.leCTBO KOCTH, OTl{OnKOTO B I<ORTO H p;a e LIaCT na 1 opraaasaa, B XOp;HnOTO HMa 26 rrOp;BIDKIDI KOC'TII':J.I(H. Tyr< TOKCHLIHHTe KpHCTanH HMaT ronesra B'b3MO~OCTH. Ilocreneaao CTa-

BUTe ry65IT f'bBKaBOCT. IIop;BIDICHocTTa OTCT'bIIBa MRCTO aa xpex- ~

KOC!Ta, crasnre ce II;HMeHTHpaT. OT xozranara KpHCTanHTe aa TOKCHLJ:HHTe IrnCenHHH ce KaLIBaT narope, 3aCTaB5IMKH HH na crpap;aMe OT 60JIKH B sonenara. CJIep; TOBa re ce IIpHp;B~aT K'bM rrop;B~e CTaBH aa 6ep;paTa.

38

EO,JIKATA B KP'bCTA - I1POKJIHTHE HA qOBEqECTBOTO ManKO xopa ca H36aBeHH OT 60nKa B np6a. Hafimonaaairre KaK ce rrpHBe)I{,1J;aT xopara aa cpenaa B'b3paCT II BHe nre BM,D;HTe I'pHMaCH ua crpananae aa nanara mvr, xoraro ce H3rrpaB5IT. BceICH nea Mo~eIII na qyelli OT nIX: "Ox, np6a Mil!". Ho KpliCmaJlllllle_Ha lIWKCll11- llama xucenuua He ce cnupam Ca.MO 6 spucma, me ce usxaueam 110 lp'b6IlallIlU!l CIIl'bJl6, oocmuzam nnetuume, CIIU{BUme ua nne-

U/UTIle, naxemnama cmaea, ua tuusma II oaxce ce 00.At020alll 00 CIIUlOUIlle ua KUIIlKama II npscmutne. HRKOli XOP(l ca I1WIlKOO(l ompooeHll, ue O(l:Jlce He .M02a1ll aa CU COllRIIl tostpysa: BCU'IKll me ttoemapnm: "Cm(lBUme .Afe 601lJlIll, saiuomo cmapen".

He espeaiime ua moea. Hcmuncsama npuuuua ca ompoBuume «ucenuuuu KPUClllUIlU. AMepMI<aHQHTe npaeaar MIDIHap-

• oWi Ta6rreTKH, rrpH3BaHH p;a noaecar 06rreKQeHHe na ras, KOHTO . crpanar OT 60mm B CTaBHTe. X~ xopa T'bPC5IT crraceane B ropeII1,I1Te MHHepanHH 6aHH, T'bPC5IT P;PYfHTe cnocooa sa H36aBrremre OT ~ 60JIKH. A3 CaMIDlT He CT_Pap;aM OT 60JIKH B CTaBHTe. IiI He HCKaM MOHTe rrpenop'sxa na ce B'b3rrpHeM~T I<aTO nopenaoro nexapcrso OT 60mm B CTaBHTe. Ho as TB'bPM, qe HMa rrsr sa penraaane na T03H npofinexr.

rJIA)J;YBAHE 3A IIPOQHCTBAHE

Koraro rnanysare OT 24 no 36 xaca HJIH 3 -10 P;HH, B'bB BaIIIIDI OpraHH3'bM 3arrOQBaT na pa60T5IT osnpasarenna CHJIH. A3 rrosrap5IM orne enan rrsr, qe TID,l CHJIH Oql{CTBaT H 06HOB5IBaT BaIIIIDI OpraHH3'bM. Te3H eaepras e BIffiarH C sac. Kozamo npeuuuaeame ua nsuuo znaoyeane C hecmusupauu eooa 1110 eatuume :JIC1l3Hell11 cusu, 0611KHoBeHo uspasxooeanu 30 npepatiomeaue, IW21lbUfaHe U 0/l10e1lJlHe, ceza ce 1131101l30alll sa npouucmeaue ua op2aH1l3.AW. E11l0 eauio 21laoyoallemo - moea e Ob/l60KO etanpetuuo npouucmeaue, f!J1l3110IloZU1lecKu omoux sa 6'b306- uoeseaue ua :J/CU31l€1l11me cunu.

,lJ;a rrpennorroaonr, qe CTe qOBeK na B'b3pacT. 60 rO)J;I1HH H ce xpamrre rpa rrsra na nen, He3aBHCIIMO OT TOBa, -maAHH JIH CTe HJIH He. OT TOBa TOKCIf1IHHTe I<HceJIHHHH KPHCTaJIH rrpOHHKBaT B ,CTaBHTe. A rnanysaaero rr03BOJI5IBa npaponara H mapennnrre CHJIH na BallIH5I OpraHH3'bM na pa3pyrnaT TIDI KPHCTaJIH, KORTO ea ce aarpynana e ronamrre.

RHBAJIH)J;, ~OfITO CE E B'bPHA;IT K'bM iKHBOTA ITOMH5I MHCThP EB'bHC, KOHTO p;oM,rr,e npH MeH rope-nony rrpeoWi 10 rO)J;I1HH. Brrese B Ka6HHeTa karo CIfJIHO .xynanre, 113BecTeH nexap OT KaJIHcpopHH5I My npennacan neseaae C cpM3IfoTepaIIH5I. A3 csmo C'bM cpH3HoTeparreBT, HMaM JIHIJ;eH3 OT ,lJ;'bp)l(aBHaTa Me.rqru;HHcKa KOMHCH5I aa mara KaJIHcpopHH5I. Hcropaara na T03H '10BeK' npananarne na HCTOpH5ITa aa MHJIHOHH xopa B CAII( Hero

-"

~ora He ca ro yqIDIH xaxna ce o~ac5I C qy;r:{ecHlur CM OpraHH3'bM,

39

HO peAOBHO ca ro 3aCTaB5IlliI rta ce XpaHH TpH rrsra na AeH H na , 5IAe BCWIKO, KOeTO noxenae. A as H5IKOl1KO n'hm nOBTap5IM B Ta5I KHHra: IIJTbTTA E rJIYJJABA. BHe MQ)KeTe na sarrsnnare CTOMaxa CH C BCWIKO, KoeTO noxenaere, no BC5IKO speae, KaTO CTe 6Y,D;HH. BHe MO)l(eTe na CTaHeTe CYTPHI-I H na ce aaanere C KaIIIa, IIIyHICa, 5IHn;a, sapeaa xaprorpa, ,D;a ro noneere C ~rallia Kacpe,

HO BHe nte CH HOCHTe nOCl1eACTBIDITa OT TaKOBa xpaaeae.

Ilpena BCWIKO Tp5I6Ba na sapafiorare CB05I Xl15I6 aacyuten C nOT na nnnero, a TOBa 03HaQaBa, qe mpntiea oa ynompeiineame xpaua cnopeo 1I11601l1O ua gill3lllieCKflma 611 asanueuocm. Ho MH:Cnp EB'hHC H B nanpenaana B'h3paCT ce XpaHeJ1 TaKa, Ka,ICTO ce e XpaHeJ1 aa MJ1a)J;H rO,!J;HIlli 1'I xoraro ce e 3aHHMaBaJI C cpH3HQeCKH Tpy,n; B'hB cpepMaTa. IIo9TeneHHo CTaBHTe My ce HaTOBapBaJlH C TOKCJ1qffi1 KPHCTaJIH, KOHTO cera 3arrOQBaT na HaTOBapBaT HepBHre, rrpWIIffi5IBam HenOHOCHMa 60l1Ka.

Ton T'hpCellie J1eK rrsr 3a H36aB5IHe OT CB05ITa 60J1Ka, HO as OTKpOBeHO My xasax, qe TOl1KOBa ro,n;HHI1 aenpasamro xpaneae H

\ apenen HaqH:H na )I<I1BOT ca ro ,D;OBeJ1H;lJ,O TOBa C'hCT05IHHe, -re cera ce H3HCKBa rnanysaae H ,!J;HeTa, fiorara na aJIKaJlHH nponyxra, aa ,l:(a ce HaMaJI5IT TIm 6oJll(H. Ton 6erne HHTe.JlHI'eHTeH QOBeK H npnsaa, qe MOHTe ,n;yMH ca BepHH. Sanosnaxae C TpR,D;HeBHO manysane, KaTO ynorpefiasanre caxo necrarrapaaa nona. Koraro 3aB'hpIIIH manynaaero, Ton rrorryxa sa 3aKyCK<f cauo npecna senerrryua, na 065I,n; canara OT rrpecna 3eJ1elI'I)'Wi H 6mo,n;a OT sapeaa 3eJ1e~H. 3a BeQep5I - MOPKOBH: H: KpacTaBIID;H C emro fimono OT sapeaa 3eJ1eIl'I)'Inf. I13KJllOqH:XMe MeCOTO, pnfiara, 5IHnara H MJ1etffiIITe npoAYKTI1. OTKa3aXMe ce OT COJ1Ta, xrrefimrre

_ H3,n;eJIIDI H 6060BeTe. Ilpenmrcax My e)I(e,l1;HeBHa ropema saaa ,n;o

10 MHH., ,n;OCTIITamrn rearreparypa na sonara no 40 DC. Ilpennacax My xonene, KoeTO sanosraa C pasxomcr na pascT05IHHe no TpH npecesxa npes n'hpBIDI nerr, npa roaa na BceKH rpa Allli ce ,n;06aB5IIIIe no npecesxa na nea, ,n;OKaTO He aarroxaa aa XO,n;H,n;O rrer MHJ1H: na rtea,

40

IIOBE)J;A, IIOCTHrHATA C rJIA.Lt;YBAHE, META

H <I>H3HlIECKH YIIP AiKHEllH.H

E)I(ece,n;MMtrno Ton nposexnaure CBoeTO 36-QaCOBO manynaae, a cnen TOBa eARO 7 AReBHO H eARO 10 AReBHO manysaae. CJ1e,n; erma romraa BHe ensa 6HXTe n03HaJ1l1 T03H qOBeK. CeMenCTBOTO H npH5ITeJIlITe My 65Ixa rropasena OT npeB'hIIJ1'hm;eHHeTO My. CTaBI1-

-re My CTaHaXa nOp;BIDKHH H MaKap H na He 6erne nrrynan ronana napen, T0il nOCThnH B XpHCTIUIHCKaTa MJIap;e)J(Ka acoqHaIJ,IDI H nnysanre rma-rpn rrsra Cep;MIffHO. ,D;'bJIro He 6erne xapan BeJIOCHne,lJ" HO cera sano-ma na HaB'bpTa-MHOrO ¥HJIH. 3aeJI,Ho C )J(eHa CH ce 3anOBH 3a TaHIJ,n H crrerr ronaaa cnesenaxa TaI-IIJ;OB KOID<ypC. CKoBaHocTTa na crasare My H3qe3Ha H Toil CIl KYUH mIaHO, KaTO sarrosna npHJIHLIHO p;a' CBHpH. MHCT'bP EB'bHC C ronaaare nee nosese MJIap;eerne. He,lJ,'b3HTe ro rranycaaxa. BCH1fKO TOBa Toil nOCTHrHa casr, aa CgMO My noaornax na CH rrouorne caM. A3 He ce ,lJ,OKOCHax ,lJ,0 Hero. CaMO KaTO cpH3HOTepaneBT My C'bCTaBI1X rrporpaaa sa 3,lJ,paBOCJIOBen Ha'llIH aa )J(HBOT. Ceza moil enaoyea no 24-36 uaca ceouuutto. Hemupu 1t'b11lU e zoounama, 311.Ata, nponeut, nsmo, eceu, moil npoeeucoa 1 0 oueeno znaoyeaue. ,D;BIDKeHIDITa My craaaxa 6'bP3H H TOl.IHH KaTO na naanecerronamea MJIa,D,e)lc' BCI1ql<O TOBa Toil nOCTIITHa, pastiapa ce, He sa enaa ,lJ,eJol, ce,lJ,MHIJ;a H.JII1 Meceq. 3a na ce H3BJIeKaT Han'bJIHO KpHCTaJIHTe H8. TOKCWIHHTe KHCeJIHHH Tp5I6Ballie ,lJ,OCTa speae. TOBa, KoeTO nanpasa MHCT'bP EB'bHC e AOCT'bIIHO sa BCWlKH. OpraHH3M'bT caM ce B'b3CTaHOBHBa, nexyaa H rronrrspzca. BCWlKO, KoeTO ce H3HCKBa OT Hac - TOBa e Aa )KHBeeM no 3aKOID1Te aa npnponara, a T5I IIJ;e HH B:h3Harpap;H C paAOCTHTe na )J(I1BOTa.

Inanyaaaero - TOBa e OCHOBHaTa -qaCT na rrporpaxrara sa H36aBHHe OT KpHCTaJll1Te na TOKCWIHHTe KHCe.JII1HH, npeLIeIJJ;H na naurare CTaBH. BHe H casro BHe saaere KaK na c~ ocaofiornrre OT npezneapeaeaaoro crapeeae aa saunrre CTaBH. 3an01f1IeTe 6e3 na OTJIaraTe C 24-qaCOBO rnanynane. EHe caaa me ce y6e,ll;l1Te KaK TO B'b3p;eilcTBa aa nanrare CTaBH.

3aB'hpTeTe rnanara C11 aa nsere crpana H BHe me =ryere neuro

. UPH.JII1qffO na cicspnane. TOBa e CBI1,D;eTeJICTBO 3a TOKCWIHH KPHCrarra, KOHTQ ca ce OTJIO)J(HJIH na ropnara xacr aa BallII15I rp'b6Ha- , q:eH CT'bJI6. 24-qaCOBOTO H.JII1 Ce,lJ,eMp;HeBHOTO rrranysane HHMa na np01f:HCT5IT BCWlKO, HO rrpo-racraanero aa opraaaaxa e sarroxaaJIO. fJIap;ysaID<:H erma rrsr cep;MH1f1l0, BHe rnanynare 52·,ll;llli B ronaaara - aa TO_!3a speae )J(H3HeHI1Te CH.JII1 na opraaasaa nre CTaHaT p;OCTaT'b1f1lH, aa rta ornenar KHCeJIHHHHTe KPHCTarItl OT BallIHTe CTaBH. _

C BC5IKO CJIe,lJ,Barn;O manysaae me 3a6eJIH3BaTe nee nO-rOJIHMa cJ3060Aa na ABIDKeHHHTa na CTaBI1Te. Y oemane aa MJIaAOCT H JIeKOTa nre CMeHH CKOBaHOCTTa.

41

J rJIABA v HAYI{ATA3ArnAAYBAHETO,OBHCHEHAC IIOAPOBHOCTH

,

fJIa)JyBaHeTO ('l II03HaTO na xonexa Ii )l{J1BOTIDlTe OT He3aIIOMHeHH npesreaa. I1PH II'hPB06HTIDlTe xopa TOBa e 6HJIO ezmacmetnorr Ha'IHH aa neneaae. Manana CTOJIe'TI15I 11 "tIOBeK e manysan, xoraro e 6HJI 60JIeH MJIH paaen, 3am;OTO Tmca MY e noncxasan HHCTI1HICTa sa caaocsxpaaenae. Hapen C rnarryaaaero H3II0JI3BaJJ; JIeICapCT-

r

BeHl-I p'acTeHIDI B rca'IeCTBOTO na TOHH3Hpa:r.u;FI H npOTFIBOB'h3IIaJIFI-

TeJIHFI cpencraa

Hafimonasaiixa manyaaaero IIOBetJ:e OT 50 ro,n:HHFI as C'bM BH,n:5UI rcarc TO TBOpFI tJ:y,n:eca. To e He caao HaH-CTapOTO OT BCI1':IKFI opencrsa 3q 60p6a C He,n:'h3FITe, HO FI Haa-,n:06poTO, 3arn;OTO fffiMa cTpaHI-I':IHII ecpercm TOBa e Haa-eCTeCTBeIIIDIT cIIoc06 sa IIpOtJ:H:CTBaHe na opraaasna

JiIHCI1lUHKIIl'bIll, tcoiano uu sacmaen iJa ZJlaiJY6aJ1te, «ozamo OPZa11ll3.At'bl1l e mpaeuupau, e npuestu ua ecusxu JICU611 cstuec-

I mea. bOJIHFITe FI paaemrre )l{J1BOTIDl ce OTKa3BaT OT xpaaa, santoTO HHCTH:HKT'bT aa CaMOC'hXpaHeHHe e IIO-CFIJIeH OT mana.B T03FI crrysati )l<F!3HeHaTa eaepras (06HKHOB_yHO ryrieaa 38. npepafiorxa aa xpanara) ce zomrearpapa aa MHCTOTO aa 3a60mmaHeTO II ce aspaaxonsa aa ornenaae na Bpe,n:HI-I nenrecraa M rrpO'IHCTBaHeTO na oprarrasaa. MHcmHICThT sa rnanysaaero e raxa CFIJIeH, 'Ie e C'hXpaHHJI BJIaCTTa CM nan W'IBFIJIM30BaHIDI xosex

fJIA,lI;YBAHETO E CTAPO KATO CBETA

OT npesaara IICTOPIDI 3HaeM, 'Ie ome OT He3arrOMHeHH apesreaa maA)'BaHeTO e H3rrOJI3BaHO OT rrpHB'hPJICeIOOJ;MTe aa H3TO'IHHTe peJIHrHH, a csuro rasa M OT aHTI1':IHHTe WfBMJIH3aIUll DranynaaeTO ce e npnnarano He caao sa B'b3CTaHOBHBaRe na snpanero M C'bXpaH5IBaHe na MJIa,n:OCTTa, HO M sa ,n:yxOBHO rrpOCBeTJIeHIIe. Benaxnsr Ihrrarop e M3MCKBaJI OT CBOMTe Y'Ie~ 40 ,n:HeBHO rnanynane npena aa ra nocsera B TaNHHTe na CBoeTO CPFIJIOCOcpcrco Y'IeHHe. Toa e C'lHTaJI, 'Ie caao 40 ,n:He~HOTO IJIa)JyBaHe MOJICe na rrpO'IHCTM M rrpOCBeTJIH pasyaa no raxasa crenea, 'Ie na ce B'b3rrpaexa 3a,lI,'bJI60tJ:eHo' ysenaero sa TaNHHTe aa )l{J1BOTa M cera, rnanyaaaero He casro rrpO'IHCTBa THJIOTO IT rrcxrara p;a ce aspne

42

snpasero, HO H OKa3Ba CIDIHO B'h3p;eHCTBHe na nyxoanara crpaaa na qOBeIlIKOTO 6HTIie.

f.JlA,l1;YBAHETO IIPOBYiK,l1;A PA3YMA

,

Ilpen MeH KaKTO H npen MOI-ITe yqeIIHr(FI, KORTO rnanynar C'h3Harcnao a HaCTomHBO, nrn:POKO ce pa3KpHBaT BpaTHTe K'hM p;yx.OBHO H mrrenexryanao C'hB'hplIIeHCTBo. Aim as naec C'hM qerr KHlITa, TOT C'hp;'hp:lKaHHeTO H ce sanaaersaa B MOH M03'hK rasa HCHO, C5IKalIIJ rrspsca KHMI'aTa rrpen ce6e CH. HMaM <pOTorpa<pH1JeCKa naner., Erma cnen 1pHAHeBHO manynaae rne saeeneaorre, qe C5IKalII rre-, nena nana OT BalIIHH pasya, III;e MO:lKeTe na pascszmanare rro-rrorH1JHo, nO-6'hp30 me B3eMaTe HaH-npaBHJIHHTe pelIIeHHH TOBa,. ICoeTO rro-pano HH ce e C1p)'BaJIO C1palIIeH npofinex, cera CTaBa HCHO H npOCTO Cnen manynaae BHe HHMa ,n;a ce 60HTe OT HHlI.l;D H TOBa, KoeTO no-pane Blf e 6e3nOKOIillO, cera ce npeononaaa C npOCBeTJIeH pasya.

Bcnencrsae na MOHTa C06CTBeHa rrporpana sa rnanynaae, norrysax B'h1pelIIHa xapMOHIDI na pasyaa, 1J)'BCTBaM ce no-crroxoea

H 6e3IpH:lKeH, B MHp C'hC ce6e CH H C OKO.JIHllil CBHT. OllUC1Il6aiiKU C60e11l0 mnno U oyma, eue ce etaeucseame, cmaeame l103Ulll116- no uucnetua nuuttocm. Ilastemma ce usocmpn «amo ocmpue ua tipscua», MO:lKeTe p;a nOMHHTe HMeHa na MecTa, 06CTOmerrCTBa, C'h6H'fIDI, KORTO ca CTaHaJIH C nac npena MHoro rO)J;IiHH CTaBaTe no-cnocotiaa aa caaoobpasosaaae TaHaJIH 06Pa30BalIeTO -TOBa

e· He rronroronxara K'hM :lKHB01:a, a caMWIT :lKHBOT YMCTBeHOTO H ,n;YXOBHOTO CaMOYC'hB'hplIIeHCTBaHe - TOBa e aennxara I1,eJI, lCQHTO HHe, xopara, MO:lKeM,n;a CH nOCTaBHM. IIo 1Il0311 uauuu 2JlaoY6afle- 1110 fill etaoeiicmea 6 mpu tuutpaenenun=: eue ce npeuucmeame diusuuecsu, Y.MC11l6eHO II OYX06f10. H 6 pesynmam ua moea ce uacnancaaeame Ita cynepincustteuocm U cynejl30pa6e. Banrasr • M03'hIC 3arr01JBa na npamora aa ro6a, KOHTO rrOIIHBa HOBH <pcl.KTH H 3HaHHH A HaH-Ba:lKHOTO - TOBa e mapeuraara OMHpOTBOpeHOCT

H rrynreano crrOKOHCTBHe, KOlITO npassr HalIIHH )KHBOT npexpacen

C rroxourra aa manysaaero BHe rrpI1J1;06HBaTe M'h,n;pOCT, HaH- BeJIHKOTO H HaH-p5J,lJ;KOTO CBOHCTBO B csapeaeaana :lKHBOTI

" ;J

ivt ~ t ~

~, HHe 3HaeM, qe B 6H6rreHCKHTe apesreaa narpaapcare aecro ca

~~ rnanynann MOHceH, AaBH,n; H npyrare ca rnanyaarra no 40 )J;HH " HHe 3HaeM, qe Hcyc e manysan 40 )J;HH npena na 3an01JHe na

.!

[P 1,)z\

EHEJlEHCKIITE IIATPHAPCM CA fJIA,l1;YBAJIH

43

nporronsnna BeJTIII<aTa npasna aa )KHBOTa. HMe qeTeM B oH6mmTa, qe XPHCTOC e U3rrpaTIIJI nanpen CBOUTe yqeRMII,H, KaTO}HM xasarr: "lbu;emIBaMTe 60JIHIITe, OquCTBaMTe npOKa)KeHH'Ie, B'b3I<peCH~ BaMTe M'bpTBUTe, H3rOHBai1Te ).l;HBOJTIne: KaKBOTO nanere, TOBa me rrorrysnre". XPHCTOC e 3HaeJI KaKBU orraCHOCTH =axar Te3H, KOHTO ce OCMelliIBaT na HOC5lT npanna aa xopara, 3aTOBa TOM aarrsrcraan YC-IeHI1IJ;HTe C TaKUBa P;)'MH: "fJIeAaMTe! A3 BH aanpamav nanpenKaTO onne B crane B'b.nu;u: 3aTOBa BHe CTe )1,JI'b)ICIDI p;a 6'bp;eTe M'bApH KaTO 3MHH H KpOTKH KaTO r'bJI'b6H!"

KaKTo H B OHUH npeaeaa, raxa H cera ce HaMHpaT ce~IH na )'IDIIDIe H crpax OKOJIO T03U, KOMTO e.peuran na rnanyaa. Cnyuran C'bM KaK pa3RM xopa 06HCH5lBaT aeaaysaocrra na manysaaero. Koraro rn sanarasr AaJIH H5lKOra ca rnanyaana, re HeH3MeHHO OTrOBap5lXa: .Haxora". Te3H UpOqJaRM norurspxar MHTa sa neofiXOAHMOCTTa na ce HAe, aa na ce rromrspaar CHJTIITe, B rrpOTHBeH cnyqaM 60JIeCTTa e HeH36e)!(Ha. KOJIKO p;aneq ca OT HCTHHaTa! Hsxoa HeYAo6cTBa, KOHTO B TeqeRMe aa H5lI<OJIKO ARM MoraT na csnpoaoxnar manysaaerc, ce crry-mar caao noparm TOBa, qe aae CMe pofia na HaBI1IJ;I1Te CH. AKO ce 1130'bP;)ICll nupeume mpu ouu, 1Il0 1l0CJle ce npeepstua 0 y0080JlC11l8ue. Ilponana enenrrsr, H3t.Ie3BaT MHCJlliTe sa xpaaara, rrpnfiaaa ce OrpOMHO KOJIHlIeCTBO enepraa. Pastiapa ce, a~o BI1e CTe nperoaapeaa C OTpOBa H rna~aHeTO me TpH6Ba na 5l H3BJIeqe,. OT opratrasua, TO BHe MO)KeT~ p;a rronyacraare fI5lICaKBO U3HeMornaHe. Ho TO He e npop;'bJI)Kl1TeJIHO 11 He Tp5l6Ba na npep;U3BHKBa rpesora. To 03Hat.IaBa, qe manyaaaero pa60TI!I sa aac. Bae snaere, qe martynare 3aTOBa, sa na CH nposacrrrre opraaasua OT OTpOBH H nporryxrn aa pasnana, KOHTO ca ce narpynana B'bB sac. Koraro no-ryncraare H5lKaKBO aeynoticrso, MO)!(eTe p;a ca xaxere: "ToBa e npewenao. III;e MHHe, xoraro BCJ1qI<If CTapH TOKCHHH ce OTAeAAT OT opraaassra". 3aTOBa rrsx nonyxanare raxasa qyAecHa narpana aa T0311 aeaaaxnrenea AHCKOM<pOpT! BaIIIIITe oqu rrre CTaHaT nO-5lCRM, BCJ1qKH ycemamor me CTaHaT rrO-OCTpH. CJIep; manyaaaero me B'b3rrpHeMaTe xpaaara no npyr naxan, llJIOAOBeTe H seneasynare me BH ce crpysar , Heo6HKHOBeHO BKYCHH, 6JIarOp;apeHHe aa TOBa, qe BCrrq!(I1 BKYCOBH~yceII.l;aHUH me ce 06HOB5lT. T5lJIOTO BH H5lMa na noaaaaa yMO- J para, a C'bHHT me CTaHe TaK'bB, KaK'bBTO e 6HJI B AeTCTBOTO. CaMO -T03H, xoiiro p;eMCTBHTeJIHO e rrrartysarr, MO)Ke peaJIHO na On;eHH BCJ1qKH orpoxaa npeasrymecrsa, KOHTO e npHAo5HJI cnen TOBa.

44

r 5 f' I

" EOmlIHHC1BOTO OT xopara ca P06R aa CTOMaXa C11; Te ca

i )J)I'b)KHlI,n:a 3aI<yCBaT, 065I,ll;BaT, nesepar 3a,n:'bJDKRTenHO B ernro M ~- csuto spesre na }:(eHOHOIIJ;HeTO npes nenaa CH )KlmOT. Te 5I,ll;aT, ~ He3aBMCHMO OT 'rosa narra ca manna IDIH He, T5IXHOTO 6e,n:Ho THnO

e nperoaapeao C 113nHIll'bWI OT xpaaa, npa TOBa - -llollia xpaaa, 3aTOBa He e xymro, qe 11MaMe rorrxosa MHoro npofirresra C'bC , snpanero. E,n:I1!-I OT HaH-rOneMHTe crreWIanHCTI1 rro xpanenero rrporpecop APHOn,n: Eper e xasan: ,,)K1l8011l'b11l -1I108a e tnpazeoun ua xpaueuemo". Korrxo e B5IpHO craporo aspeseaae: ,,£[0- " ee« cu «onae epotia C sunuuama II 1l'b:Jlclll,allla". Mnoro xopa

~

i.' naxora He nanar rrOKOH na CTOMaxa CM. Te rrOCT05IH1-IO nperosap-

, BaT caonre ornenarerma n xpanocaanaremra CnCTeMII C asmmrs~' WI aa xpaaa, TOBa nperosapsaae B Kpa51 aa xpamnara H3Be)I<,n:a ; Te3H oprana OT CTP05I. Ilopasea ce OKa3Ba 11 nenaa opranns'sa. ii Cileo 2llaoye(lHe eue llf.e satieseucume, ue ue 6U e ueoiixoou; '.;flO eeue 11laK06a KOllUlleC1Il60 xpaua, K'b.lll soemo cme npueuxuaI nu. fltaoyoallemo ufe uastanu otieua ua CIIWJl-laXa II eue ufe ce js, rtyocIIl6allle no-ootipe, tue uszneucoame no-tioopu, uaxap II aa ~ noetne OOOUIlO 1l0-JlUiIlKO om moea, ua «oetno ctne CBllKII(lJlU.

~ A3 C'bM <pH3nqeCKI1 aKTHBeH qOBeK. IIpeA5IB5IBaM BnCOKH t H3HCKBaHI1!l K'bM CB05I OpraHI13'bM, npu moea ce XP'aHJl netco oea l~ numu 1Ia oe«: HUKo2a lie IlOXalt8UJ1t Jlte:Jlcoy oee xpaueuus. ~, Iloxaneauemo, KaK11lO II 3aO'bJt;}ICUlIleIlIlOiIlO xpaueue ca 11120- ,: ueuu om uos :J1CllOO11l. B meueuue ua O'bJlZll 200111111 as npaxk Ill11KyBUJlt 24-rtacooo ZJtaoyealle eouu nom npes ceouuuama II r 7-10-oneQllo - 3-4 itsmu B zoounama: Crren manyaaaero £ nae BI1)K,lJ;aTe KaK 3a6neCT5IBaT o-rare Bn H KaK ce H3MeH5l naera aa ~

'll' namero JIMI.J;e. Bne npanotiasare HOBa )KH3HeHa enepraa, 3aru;OTO

~ CHeMaTe Te)K'bK TOBap OT samara Kp'bB 11 rrsrpemaare opraaa,

~-

i

~

~i..,..

f,f ~, 11 'raxa, aKO BHe HCKaTe na ,n:OCTHrHeTe BC~O TOBa, 6'b,n:eTe

K yrroparn H nocnenoaarenna, nnanapaare nporpaua H crporo 51 ~ cnensaiire, Bepo5ITHo He Yp5I6Ba na rosopare na BCnqI(I1, qe ce ~.: KaIDtre ,n:a rnanysare, santoro rronexero xopa ca HeBe)KH B Ta311 ~- 06naCT n He ca crroco6rm na On;eH5lT samara nporpaaa. A3 nmcora i~ He 06C'b)K)J;aM M05ITa nporpaxa sa rnanynaae C APyrHTe xopa, t"r

it

~

HE B'hJJ,ETE POB HA CTOMAXA

llJIAHHP AMTE BAllIAT A IIPOTP AMA 3A r JIAJ],YBAHE OT ,l],HEC

45

KOHTO IDIMaT rrOHHTHe OT qyp;epaTa H npeaaynrecrnara na manyBaHeTO. 3a~0 na C'hM 'npaaynea p;a fO 06C'h)J(,D;aM C T~? Te ome ca B rmen na CXBa~aHeTO, ~e aKO nporrycnar lliIKoe xpaaene, nte 6'hAaT CM'hPTOHOCHO H3TO~emI. 3aTOBa 6'hp;eTe p;OCTan~IHO 6JIafopa3YMHH, aa p;a He C'hq6~aBaTe p;a)Ke na ceaeacrsoro CH lC{lIQ30 ce KaHHTe Aa npanare. IIpocTO me nonysare IcyIDI~a Qe3rrO.lle3HJf e'q_BeTH. Mnoro rrsra no apexe aa ceA~oTO CH rnap;yB~He 83 npomrosaaax CB05ITa rrpannsna pafiora H HHKora He 3a6paBHM, "'Ie C'hM marten. Inarryaaaero ~ TOBa e MHoro HHTHMI-Ia pafiora, TO rrpHHap;rre)lCH cavo aa sac, a He na rrpHHTeJIHTe H pOp;HHHHTe BH. AKo CTe TBpPAO yfienen B CBOHTa rrpasora, TO e BC~O, KoeTO BH e H)')I<HO. Ilosapnairre B H3rrHTaHaTa M'hP;POCT aa npaponara., B HeifHaTa OlCIHCTBa~a H rrorooranasanra canal

P A3YM'hT TPHBBA tJ;A YrrpABJIHB~ BAlliETO THJIO, ARO BCRATE tJ;A rJIA)J.YBATKycnElliHo

,

~

IIoMHeTe, 83 C'hM BH K83aJI: llJI'bTTA E fJIYllABA. TH IDIMa 'J

p83}'M n BOmI. AKo CJIeA npOIIMTaHeTO aa rasa KHMTa BHe 6'hp;eTe y6eAeHH, ~e nporpaaara sa manysaae me npanane na BalIIIDI )KMBOT HOBO Ka~eCTBO, 3uaIIM BalIIIDIT pasyx e rrpasaaana rocnonCTBa Hap; nrrsrra. P83YM'hT BH l'pH6Ba Aa 6'hp;e rrO-CHlIeH 01: ,)Kerr aHHHTa na IDI'h1tTa, 3a~OTO sanrero rano e npHBHKHaJIO K'hM TOBa

p;a nonysasa xpana npes onpenenea nepaon OT spesre.

- Ecaaqrsr ce c'h6y)J(,D;a H He3a6aBHO sasycaa. CTOMaX'hT ce 5IBHBa OCHOBeH cpaKTOp, p83yM'hT cnensa CTOMaxa. B pe3YJITaT na YCJIOBHH5I peqinexc CTOMaX'hT nOCT05IHHO osaxsa xpaHFa. 3a ue« 3aKYCK(lmQ e HeHYJICHOfloeHe. Opeanususm cu e nouuean unna uotu, moil He e 113Pa3XOOBU.Il euepeun: Sasuo e neotixoouuo cnei) O'b.llZllJl om7Jux uoees O(l 3amopJJt03BU ctnosuixa cu C otiunua 3aKYCf(a. 3aTOBa 83 orn;e ep;HH rrsr nOBTap5IM: "Bne CTe p;rr'h)KHH na sapafiorare xpanara C cpH3~IeCKM TPY,n;".

Ilpyrara npa-maa, nopann K051TO 83 parynaa sa )lCHBOTa 6e3 3aKYCKa e, '-Ie suxyctcama usmotuaea 1Ila311 euepzun, KOJlIllO opeauusstsm e cuxpauun no epeue ua csu». CYlIlPUH eauuuna eHep211Jl - gll13lllfeCf(a, Y.JIIC11lBeHa, OYXOBHa - mpniiea oa : 6'boe ua tuui-eucoxo HliBO. H.JIteHHO l11Jl eu npaeu cnocotiuu OIL usnusnneame eosnua meopuecsa II ifju31111eCf(a pa6oma.

A3 C'hM AOKa3aJI na yseamra a CTYP;~HTH, xe e Haif-p;o6pe ' CyrpHI-I na ce 3am1MaBaT na rnanea CTOMax. bOJIllIHHCTBOTO or CTYAeHTHTe cTa6HJIHo xannar sesep, a cnen TOBa ce .M'h~aT p;a ce

46

\ i, ,

i

"

1

3aHHMaBaT. KaI<BO CTaBa? Hanara HM ce p;a ynO'I'pe651BaT OrpOMHH YCIDIH5l, aa na ce cscpenorcsar. Bep05lTHo crren 06IDIHOTO 5lp;eHe Md3'bK'bT r He MO)l(e rta pafiora' ecpeKTHBHO. Ho p;aHTe aa Te3H crynerrra p;06'bp' HOI~eH OTP;HX 'H aexa na 3aryC5IT 1-2 saca cnep; C'bH, re me 'ce noxaacar reHHH. A3 C'bM paaxassan TOBd aa XHIDI,D;I! Cry,lWHTH; B TOBa ~CJIO na crynerrra - Xyp;O)l(H~, MY3HKaHTH, ITHCaTeJIH. Cera e 5ICHO santo C'bM rrpOTHB cTa6Hn'HOTO aaxycaaae. Tesocoro 5lp;eHe H3HCKBa rOMMa saryfia na enepras, K05lTO ce aspasxonna sa rrpepariorra na xpaaara. M03'bK'bT OCTaBa neopocea, npana xopara rrpa3HOAYI'1~, 3am;OTO eneprasra ce rrspasxonsa sa npassn ~eJIH.

Hexa na rrornemrea na TOBa OT npyra rnenaa TOqKa. B reueHHe na P;'bJIrH ronaaa xopara ca TB'b pnerra, ~Ie ,,3aKYCKaTa - TOBa e HaH-Ba)l(HH5I npaeu na xpaHa, T5I nasa CHJIH H eaepraa, sa na MO)lCe na ce H3rr'bJIHHBa rezocara AHeBHa pafiora, .ae3aBHCHMO nana e YMCTBeHa H.JIH cpH3~ecKa". BCHqI(o TOBa e aficomorno norpenrHO H He e rrOAITJIaTeHO C naysaa cpaKTH. Cnen cTa6HJIHa 3aKyCKa pedinexropao BHe ~lYBCTBaTe CHTOCT H yp;OBneTBOpeHOCT, HO He ce YBeJIHqaBaT CHJIHTe BR. III;e MHHe He e)l;HH xac, rrpe)J;H rasa xpana Aa 6'bp;e YCBoeHa OT xpaHOCMHJIaTeJIHaTa CHCTeMa H na p;ap;e eaepras na BaIlIH5l OpraHH3'bM. XpaHOCMHJIaHeTO e MHoro CJIO)l(eH nponec. Bcexa KOMlTOHeHT na aasycxara 1]J5I6Ba ,r{a 6'bp;e rrpepa- 60TeH H pasrpanen na HaH-MaJIICHTe XHM~eCKH cpparMeHTH, sa na MoraT KJIeTICHTe na ra YCB05lT.

1/

,

z

M3P AEOTBAMTE CBOJIT A XP AHA

C <I>M3M~ECH:O HATOBAPBAHE

11 rasa BHe BH)l():(aTe, -re xpaaeaero e nr.rrpoc na HaBIDW H ycnoBHOCTH. A3 He saxycnaa neae nonese OT 50 ronnna. CTaBaM pano Cy'I'pHH H aKO ce HaMHpaM B M051 xomrsyncxa ,n;OM, C5I,lJ;aM B xonara H OUlHaM aa npeKpaCHH5I fPHCPHT naps B nnaanaara. 3a H51KOJIKO ,!aca ce H3KaqaaM P;O m.pxa MaYHT Xonasyn H 651raM nanony ~Areo ce HaMHpaM rra 6pera na CaHTa MOHHKa, as ?5IraM no nnaxca. Ksna ce B oxeana npes nanara ronana. Areo C'bM na ,n;pyro M51CTO ce paaxozoraa H.JIH xapaa senocanen, Cnen H51Komco ~mca eaepnrraa ynpaxaenas ce Bp'bm;aM y ,n;OMa H sano-raan TBOp~IeCKaTa CH patiora, C'bCTaB5IM nnanose aa neK~, IIHIlIa CTaTHH aa cnacaaaa, nOCBeTeHH na snpasero, IIHIlIa xnara.Oxono 11 sraca xarmau ManKO nnonone, a oxono 12 qaca aa rrspna rrsr ' rrpes ,qeIDI rrpHeMaM xpaaa, 3anOQnaM C npacna canara, n OCH()-

47

sara aa KOHTO ca KpaCTaBHIl,M H MOPKOBH, K'1M KOHTO )J,06aBHM TaI<HBa CypOBl'I 3erreH"IY1W1 I<aTO )J,OMaTII, penauxa, nemraa, 606 H naxpaa - l1orrOBHH aBOICa)J,O M35DK)J,aI-,1 e)J,HH csapen )K'1JIT seJIeHq)'IC, nanpnaep MOPKOB IDIH e)J,HH senen senen-ryx, aanpnaep cnanax IDIH n;BeTHO 3eJIe HJIH neuro, C'1)J,'hp)KamO nporean. Pas6Hpa ce, npennosarax opexa 01' BCHql(H COpT9Be HJIH cexeaa KaTO CJI'1HQOrne)J, HJlH THI<BeHH.

A3 C'1M oTpa60THJI xpanara C fjJH3H'tJeCKH TpY)J, H MoeTO TIDIO e rrO)J,roTBeHO na OT)J,eJIH XpaHOOMHJIaTerreH COK, sa )J,a npepafiora TIIH narypanaa nponyxra H: )J,a asnnene 01' THX MlIOro enepras. KOJIKO e BKYcHa eCTeCTBeHaTa xpaaal XpaHOCMHJIaTerrHIUe COKOBe pa60THT npexpacao, nposacremrre =repna I-Iarr'1JIHO C'10TBeTCTBaT na KOJIHQeCTBOTO npaera xpana Tasa nporpaua, C'1CTOHma ce 01' 12 firnona sa censama (enan )J,eH manysaa), He Me nperonapaar H He H3pa3XO)J,BaT eaepraa. Bnaronapeane na Ta3H nporpaaa as C'1M rrpH)"-IHJI sepnara CH rta pa60TSIT MUoro TO'tJHO. M3XO)I(.D;aHeTO CTaBa B TeQeHHe na xac crren xpaaeaero aa 06H,n; H B Te~IeHRe na qac cnen aenepara

E,n;HHCrneHOTO H3KJIIOQeHRe, KOeTO pH,n;KO nonycxax, e na HM Me)l()J.y ):(Be xpaaenaa H6'bJIKa HJIl1: napaeane cnex aaaaac, Koraro ce rr05I,BHT )J,HHH:Te H e ropemo, C y;r(OBOnCTBHe ce OCBe)l(aBaM C

pe3eH):(HHSI ..

EOllZUUHC1Il601ll0 om xopama nocmonuuo 60JleiJY6alll uhu , ca ttoumu 60Jl1l11. Cnopeo uet« 11l06a ce O'bIl:JICli ua npepaiiomeauetno na 02pO.MHO xonuuecmeo 113JlUUmll xpaua, «onmo me • nozsstuam:

R,ll,EHETO - TOBA E C110PT B AMEPHKA!

TOBa ca rrpl1:'tJHHHTe, rropa)J,H-KOHTO 65-70% 01' xopara B CAIIl; ~ HMaT nanaopxeno 'rerno 5I,n;eHeTo e CTaHaITO crropr B AMepHKa! j Xopara 5f,[(aT rrOCT05IHHO - aaxycxa, cnen TOBa KafjJe, cnen TOBa ] 065f,[(, nocrre cnenooenno KafjJe 5I,n;aT cTa6HJIHa seseps MUoro 1 npenn npenxonaara xpana na e npepafioreaa B XpaHOCMHJIaTerr- 4 Ham CH:CTeMa, ce,qeHKH npen reneansopa He e symro, qe rrOCTO- 4

IT U \ 11

5IHH0 ce onnaxaar OT oma,n;HaITOCT I--',IDl<e naH-3)J,paBH:SIT ,qOBeK B J

I<pa5I na xpamnara me H3TOIIJ,H CBOSlTa )l(H3Hena eneprna C rrOCTO- 5IHH0 npeszoiaae H T5I He CTHra sa H3XB'1pJI5IHe 01' opraaaaaa na BCHql(O H3JIHIIIHO

48

nOM'hPIKAfiTE qH CTOT A B'hB BAlIIIUI orr AHH3'hM!

,..:.., J _ l

EOrreOTIITe H IrrpeJK,ll;aBpeMeHHoTo crapeene He ca IDIKaKBa Taillia.

BHe CTe HaKa3aHH aa JIOIIlllTe HamID,H, rrO-TOLIHO He sa T5IX, a C T5IX AKO nne CTe CBHKHaJIH na aarpynaare xpana B'bB samara nperosapena xpaHOCMHJIaTeJ1Ha CHCTeMa, K05ITO He Moxee na ce crrpasa C He5I, T5I CaMO OTPaB5I saurare MHJIHapp;H KJIeTKH. BHe CTe 60JIHI-r, npexneapeaeaao crapeere, 3a~OTO He CTe ce HayLJIillH na nonp;'bpIKaTe LJI1CTOTa B'bB BaIllI15I OpraIDI3'bM Taiiaara na snpaaero H rrsnroneraero MO)Ke p;a ce ~opMyJlI1pa C 'I'pH p;yMH: "IIpoLJI1cTBaMre BaIllI15I OpraIDI3'bM!". I'paaapaare Te3H M'h,f(PH cnosa m.pxy rpaaara aa namaa M03'bK. IIoBTap5IHTe ra oute H onre, sa na ra sanrspmrre: "ITpOl.IHCTBaMTe nanraa OpraIrn3'bM!". Inanysanero e e,f(HHCTBeHIDlT MeTO,f( aa OLJI1CTBaHe aa BaIllH5I opranasr.a H HerOBOTO rrO,f(MJIMffi3aHe, 3a~OTO TOBa e eCTeCTBemI5IT npaponen rrsr, HHrWM He MOIKe na nanpana TOBa sapana sac, TOBa e same JlI1LIrrO neno H TO He BH c'I'pYBa IDII.U;O npyro, OCBeH BOJI5I. Ilouue-

- me, ue ;)ICIl8011l'b11l e ouenseane na uaii-npucnocotieuume, a znaoyeanemo - cpeiJC1Il80 sa ouenneaue, cpeiJC11lBO sa cauoC'bxpa'!enue.

rOTOBH JIM CTE 3A rJIAAYBAHE

AKo CTe y6e,f(eHH, '-Ie rrranysaaero me BH 6'b,f(e rrOJIe3~0, 3HaLIH BHe CTe rOTOBH. IIoMHeTe, LIe aKO nanrero C'b3HaHI1e H noncssrraHI1e e OBJIap;5IHO OT Hp;e5ITa sa manysaae, 3a rrpOLJI1CTBaHe, ycrreX'bT BH e ocnrypea. ITo TaK'bB HaLIHH BHe CTe BHYIIlHJlH aa BC5IKa

I

IOIeTKa, LIe B5IpBaTe, LIe maAYBaHeTO me rronofipa 'C'bCT05lHI1eTO

BH. BC5IKa Barna KJIeTKa B T05I crryqaM me 6'b,f(e rOTOBa na H3II'bJI-

~ H5IBa KOMaH,IJ.HTe BH.

l. 3arrOLIHeTe C 24-LIaCOBO manysaae na ,f(eCTI1JlHpaHa nona. B k TeLIeHI1e aa Te3H 24 LIaca BHe He 'I'p5I6Ba,f(a npnenare IDII.U;O, OCBeH

,f(eCTI1JlHpaHa nona. AKo IIpe3 TOBa spexe anere l1JlO,f(OBe, TOBa H5IMa na 6'b,f(e manysaae, a <PPYKTOBa AHem. AKo IIHeTe B T03H nepaon <jJPYKTOBH HJlI1 3eJIeJllI)'I<OBH COKOBe, TO TOBa rrpecraaa na

, 6'bp;e ll'bJIHO maAYBaH~, a ce/ npespsnra B 3eneWI)'KOBa HJlI1 IIJIO). nona AHeTa. llcKaM na HMaTe rrpe,f(BHA: manynaaero e OTC'bCTBHe f-- na KaKBOTO H ,f(a 6HJIO B CTOMaxa, OCBeH p;eCTI1JlHpaHa nona. Ie MOIKeTe p;a martysare OT 065IA no 0651,f( HJlI1 OT aexepa no BeLIep51 ~ raxa, LIe na ce B'b3p;'bpIKaTe OT xpaaa B TeLIeHHe aa 24 LIaca. AKo

CTe rrpHBHKHaJIH K'bM Ka<jJe, LIaM HJlI1 6~pa, TO ynorpefiara HM MOIKe na HMa HeIKenaTeJIHH peasuaa, B LIaCTIlOCT - rnaB060JlI1e. r-

,J" ,

49

1 I t.. ~ f J

i ITOMfleTe, '~Ie maJ1YBaHeTO ure BIT noaome p;a npeononeere

apenmrre HamIWI'p;a rrOJI3BaTe'b~lJrYrraH'rnTe', 3am;OTO B Te{felllie na Te311 24 xaca manyaaae aa p;eCTIIJIHpaHa nona BHe OTp;eJUITe OT opranasxa CH crapnre OCTaT'bWI OT OTPOBllli semecraa.

TIo BpeMe aa 24-qaCOBOTo rnanyaane 60JIlllliHCTBOTO OT xopara nponsnacasar CnOKOMHO na )l{HBe5lT HOPMaJllIlliI C11 p;eJIHJ1qeH )l<HBOT, MaKap 11 p;a3a6eJUI3BaT H3BeCTeH P;HCKOM<pOPT, a nonsxora H 6e3rrOKOHCTBO B CTOMaxa Ho BCWIKO rrpesraaaaa rrranxo H ycnemao, aKO nanere aa paayxa ca Bb3Mo)KHOCT p;a nofieaoraaa ITJIbTTa. Ta HMH HMeHHO rnaBHH5lT M03'bK e .n;n'b)l{eH p;a ynpaannsa CTOMaxa, a He otiparaot

rJIABA VI

'3AIIJ;o IIIDl CAMO AECTJiI.JIHP AHA BOAA

-

B 'rasa KmIra, xoraro rOBOp5I sa rnarrysaae, as rrOCT05IHHO TBbPP;5I

"He rrpRe~,1aHTe a6coJIIOTHo ffinp;o, p;a)l(e CPPYKTOBli H 3eJIe~OBli COKOBe H TIIIHTe casro p;eCTIIJIHpaHa nona",

,iJ;eCTIIlIHpaHaTa nona e qJ1CTa nona H20 Ta3H <popM)'JIa 03HaqaBa, qe T5I ce CbCTOH OT ABe qaCTH BOP;OpOP; H enaa qaCT KHCJIOPOp;. AKa BHe naere p;b)l{,lJ;OBHa HJIH npesapeaa nona, 'TO B He5I H5IMa mmaKBH MHHepanHH nemecraa. T51 e qJ1CTa OT MHHepaJIH 100%

AKO BHe naere <PPYKTOBH ana 3eJIeHtzyKoBH COKOBe, TO BRe ITHeTe p;eCTI1JIHpaHa nona rrmoc H5IKOR xpaaarenaa nemecrsa, pasraopeaa B He5I, nanpaxep npaponna saxap, MHKpOeJIeMeHTH R BHTaMIfmI.

AIm ITHeTe '-IHCTa nona OT esepo, peKa HJIH npyr sonoea, TO 3HaHTe, qe TOBa He e p;eCTI1JIHpaHa nona, T5I Cbp;'bp)l{a pasraopena MHHepaJIH. TIOH5IKora 'raxasa nona ce napma TB'bpp;a, KoeTO 03- aasaaa, -re B He5I liMa nacoxa KOIUJ;eHTpaI(IDI na aeopraaasna MHHepaJIH.

A cera Mli paspemere p;a Bli npenonan MaJIbK YPOK no XHMH5I.

CbIIJ;eCTBynaT nna BMa neruecraa: opraaaxaa If aeopraaasaa Heopranasmrre nemecraa ca IfHepTHM, a TOBa 3HaqJ1, qe re He

- xorar na ce YCB05IBaT OT )l{IfBHTe rr.sarra. ;HaIIIH5IT OpraHM3'bM ce CbCTOli OT 16 eJIeMeHTa, KORTO npOR3JIli3aT OT 2KIfBH HJIH 2KIfBmrn: oprallli(3MH HHe 5Ip;eM 5I6bJIKa lU1.H H5IKaKbB npyr ITJIOP;, TOBa Bem;eCTBO e opraansao To e )l{HB5IJIO onpeneneno npesre no

50

MOMeHTa, B, KOHrO e (hmo OTK'J:.CHa1;01 0T\ ,I:\'PpBqTO H.lP,I .xpacra,

C ) ji U j r- li J. j \ 1: 1/01[ tI \ 1 I 1 l1 \ t rl

1 !,~9JP ,CX I Rt;H,.~E5J; fln¥Pt M'B~~flT~ or ,{JCf1BPI;HlIPKH npOM3XO,I:\ - MeCO,pMna,MmillKO,CHpeHe,HH~a.

OpraIDItnIHTe nenrecrna ca )l(M3HeHO He06xo~M aa nomrsp)lnrne na HaIIlIDL)l(MBOT M snpase. AKo HHe ce OKCDKeM na He06HTaeM OC1pOB, K'J:.,I:\eTO HHIIJ;O He paCTe, J:IHe CMe 06pe'IeHH na CM'I:.PT. 3am;OTO AruKe nonaara nOA nanrare xpaxa na c'J:.~p)Ka TIDI 16 eJIeMeHTa, HaI1IIDIT OpraHH3'J:.M He e B C'bCTOillIHe na ill YCBOM. CaMO paCTeHIDITa MgraT na YCB05l.T Te3H eJIeMeHTH OT rroxsara. Haro e)J;HJ:l 'IOBeK He MO)Ke na H3BJIe~Ie xpaaa OT aeopraaasnn semecrsa.

IIpeAH MHoro rOAHHH as 65I.X na excnemnraa B Karaa, xoraro 'IaCT OT Ta3H crpaaa crpananre OT cYIIIa H man, A3 BHA5I.X C O'II-l.Te CM KaK Hem;aCTIIHTe xopa HAHXa npscr, sa na YTOJI5l.T mana CM. Te ! YMHpaxa OT yxacna CM'bPT, T'bM KaTO aeopramomara WfHepaJIHa rrosna He MO)KellIe na ill HaCHTH.

fOAHHH aapen cJIYllI3.¥ pa3C'b)J{)J;eHHH sa TOBa, KaK H51.KOH BOAa 6HJIa fiorara aa MHHepaJIH. 3a KaKBO CTaBa AYMa? Harm neopraHH:qHHTe aeutecrsa caxo 06peMeH5l.BaT HallIHH OpraHH3'bM, Te' ca anepraa H ~e HBHBaT npmaaa sa 06pa3YBaHe aa KaM'bHH B 6'b6- pe~Te H 3JI'b'lHIDl. Mexyp, a csnto TaKa KHCeJIHHHH KPHCTaJIH B aprepmrre, BeHHTe M npyrare 'IaCTH ua TIDIOTO.

Hspacaan C'bM B TaH 'IaC_T aa BHpA)l(MHH5l., K'I:.AeTO BOAaTa e ~ AOCTa TB'bpAa. T5l e HaCHTeHa C TaKHBalJeOpra.HH'IHH semecraa KaTO ~ - Ha1pHH, )KeJI5l.30 H :K~. Macro MOM POAHHHH M npHHTeJIH nosa[ naxa OT 60JIHH 6'b6pe~. BCHqKH Te ce C'bCTapHXa rrpeaorenpeaea-

HO, 3am;OTO HeOpraHH'iHHTe senrecrsa ce narpynnar no CTeHHTe aa aprepzare H BeHHTe, KoeTO BOAH AO T5lXHOTO Brn'bPAHBaHe M nOCJIe AO CM'bPT. EAHJ:I MOM'iH'iO YMP51. B 3HaMeHHTaTa 60mhm.a aa HMeTO na ~OH XOIIKHHC B EaJl'TIlMOp, mar MepHJIeH,lJ;, xoraro fieme CaMO

r aa 45 rOAHHH. Cnen aYTonCHHTa nesapare xasaxa, 'Ie aprepmrre MY

6HJIH BfB'bpAeHH KaTO maaena 1p'b6M - AO raxasa crenea 6HJIH ~

~ npOTIHTH C HeOpraIIIi'iHH nentecrsa.

~ BHe Bep05lTHO ute xyere TaKHBa AYMH: ,,,IJ;ecTHJIHpaHa BOAa e

~ M'bprna BOAa, nazce pH6M He Mora;r na )KHBe5lT B rrea", Pa36Hpa ce,

f pH6H He MoraT Aa )KHBe5lT B nP5lCHO Aec'I'HJIHPaHa BOAa ~rrro ~, npesre, 3am;OTO ce H)'JK.l1;MT OT paCTHTeJIHOCT, KaKBaTO lIMa B pesn~ re, esepara II MOpeTaTa. Hexa na rromemrea OT npyra crpaaa, Aa ?

il; npe,I:UIoJIo)KHM, 'Ie ce HaMHpaTe aa roJI5I.M napaxon, ABH)Kem; ce sa

I.' .5IrrOHHH. Aa npe,I:UIoJIo)l(MM, 'Ie napaxoirsr nperspna KpYIIIeHHe H -

"

; BMe C H51.KOJIKO 'IOBeKa ce naaapere B cnaCHTeJIHa JIo)J;Ka B oTKpHTO

t 51

~ope. E)J,HHCTBeHaTa nocrsrma sa BaC nona me Q'b,D;e )J,'b)K,lJ,OBHaTa. E.h;Ba Jill BHe nre xazcere: ",[('b)K,lJ;OBHaTa BO,ll;al e ,!:(eClfRIlHPaHa nona, IUlMa ,D;a H IIH.SI, santoro e M'bpTBa nona". BHe, pastiapa ce, nre H IIHeTe H no T03H Halfllli ute CTaHeTe e,D;HH OT MHIIHOHHTe "xopa no 3eM.SITa, KOHTO IIH.SIT caao )J,'b)K,lJ;OBHa BO,D;a. Ha Bepxyncxare OCTPOBH nO'IBaTa e TOJIKOBa nopecra, qe sonara He ce sarrspxa B HeH, 3aTOBa xopara npaB5IT nOKpHBHTe ua K'blIl;HTe CH rasa, qe rta C'b6Hpar nsnara )J,'b)l(,ll;OBHa nona H na H C'bXpaIUlBaT nOCJIe B pesepnoapa.

-c., OrpOMHIDIT 3aM'bK na MOr'blIl;H.Sl HMIIepaTOp TH6epHH na Karrpa, HMITepaTOp'bT, KOHTO e ynpasnsaan no apexe aa XPHCTOC, HMaJI 3HaMeHlIT peaepsoap sa C'b6HpaHe aa ,ll;'b)l(,ll;OBHa BO,D;a B CTeHHTe aa 3aM'bKa. Cera, C)Ie,ll; 2000 ronnaa, ofiararenare na ocrposa nOJI3BaT T03H pesepsoap no spexe na cynra. AKo noceTHTe OCTpOB Kanpa BHe csnto ute ro BH,ll;HTe.

, f

Ilpeita MHoro rozmaa, xoraro HHe C MOH IIOKoeH .n;p.yrap

A'brnac <l>ep6aHKc(!UIKoJIKO Mece~a II'bTemeCTBaXMe H3 IIoJIHHe- 3HHCKHTe OCTpOBH, BH,ll;HXMe KpacHBH H 3,ll;paBH TY3e~, KOHTO naxora He ca nHJIH HHKaKBa npyra BO,D;a OCBeH ,ll;eCTHJIHpaHa, samoro OCTpOBHTe HM ca 06Kp1>)I(eHH OT THXIDl OKeaH. HaJIH MopCKaTa nona e nenparonaa sa IIHeHe IIOPa,D;H BHCOKOTO C'bA'bP)l(aHHe na eOJI. OCTpOB'bT JIe)l(If na nopecr KOPaJI, ~OHTO He MO)l(e ,ll;a aarrspzca nona, 3aTOBa TY3e~e IIH.SIT caxo ,D;'b)l(,ll;OBHa nona HJIH/npHCHa ~CTa anara OT KOKOCOBHTe opexn. Haxora H HHK'b,ll;e IIOBeqe He C'bM cpernan TOJIKOBa .HpKH If KpaCHBH rrperrcrasarena aa M'b)I(KH.H H )l(eHCKH.SI nOJI. Ha nanrara 51XTa HMame H.SIKOJIKO JIeKapH, KOnTO :rqaTeJIHO H3CJIe,D;Baxa HaH-CTapHTe JKHTe.1I!! aa Te3H OCTpOBH If enan KapAHOJIOr MH K83a, qe ome He MY ce e CII)"ffiaJIO na BH,D;H rasa .n;o6pe sanasena craprm. Ofrspaere BHHMaHHe, aa roaops sa crapa no B'b3paCT xopa. Ho CaMHTe 're He saaexa CBO.SITa B'b3paCT, ,D;ruKe B e3HKa HM H.SIMa TaKaRa )zyMa. Te aaxora He ca oT6eJI.Sl3BaJIH pO)K,lJ,eHHH mra, 3a:rqOTO c rO,ll;HHHTe He ce npOMeH.SIT MHoro. Te3H CTaP~H rannysar narraonanaare CH TeMnepaMeHTHH raarra He nO-3JIe OT MJIa,D;eJKHTe.

Ilpena H.SIKOJIKO ronaaa aa H3B'bpIIIHX eKCIIe)J.HIJ,IDI B nanesaare ropn aa ATJIac H MapOKO. H ,\aM BH,ll;SIX MOf'bJIzyl xopa, JKHBeeJIzyl cpen rrycTHH.SITa. Te naexa casro )J,'b)l(,ll;OBHa nona. B aIITeKHTe B Will CB.SIT BC5IKO JIeKapCTBO ce IIpHfOTB5I C necranapaaa nona,

BepOHTHO necranapaaara nona H3MHBa opraansmrre nenrecrsa OT opraaasaa, Th He e MDpTBa BO,ll;a. TH e HaR...xrn:CTaTa, Bo.n;a, KO.SITO MO)l(e na IIHe qOBeK. AecrnJIHpaHaTa sona cnouara na ce

52

'. __ , ',' ,._ .,·, __ ' .. c ..• ·_ '_" ~:;-, .' __ .,.-.,',-_" •• ;-":."" .'_", ""i",,·'j"'-."'·"·'_-·':-~ ";:, ... _,,,._._.._,.,~.~,,_.~., . .' .. ~,o_ .. ':~J' ': .. _...-:".-- ...• _;,

,'PaaTBOpSrrmKCHIllITerI(oHT9CeH'a'rpyrrBaTB'OpraIDi3ManCl C'I>BIt~.;;

,iMelfHIDI'TI,iffiIDm30BaFi\qOB€i'R;}l,tJi.lfipeMlrnana>npb 6i6pe~e~·t)b

p;a'QCTaBH TaM HeOpraHHtnmKaM'hIDI~ ToIiae'1yIeKa nona. I-I'3MHiITe CHKOCHTeClI,C necrannpaaa BO,n;alI mece y6e.n;ll'ten TOBa.-

. Bonara aa 3eMHTa .ce I;Ip01lllCTBaQpe3 'o6MeH. CJI'hHD;eTO H3iIapHBaBO;n;aTa" C"h6Hpa SI: B 06Jlall,H, 're ce aarrsnear II pIDK.n;aT p;'h~a-, 'tJHCTaBop;a,e~o 01' qyt:r,ecaTa aarrpaponara. Ilpena 25 , romnrn' as npencsaaax: lliIKOraHaqo-se!IeCTBoTO nte My e H)')KHa

, 1IlIc'ra_ sona TaKa,qe~e Hano)l(ll na.ce C'TpOHT, OJ::pb~onpeCHllTemrnCTaHD;IDI, ,KORTO nanpeap'smar: coneaara MopCKa' BO,I(a B tmCTaBo,n;a; 'I:ieo6XO,n;HMa sa 06~o rtO.JI3BaHe:).J,mKHBffi( norosa. 'BpeMe,KoraTonpep;CJ<;a3aHHetoce c6'h')l;iIa; B'hB aoeaaaratiara na CAIIJ; BTYaJ!TaHaMO B Ky6awmaTaBOp;a; H3n0H3BaHa oTBoeH'HIDI

· nepconan, e necranapaaa. '

. B C'hCTaBa 'aaaMepllKaHCKllJIBoe:m:tOMopcKli<pJIOT, HM:aor~ poMiIH c'h'p;oBe·c;r~eH:eKHiIa)K. Te3H l<opa6ah.ie MotaT'Aa .' C'hxpaHJIB~lT" rOJIeMH;:3anaCH' oT,PHTe@aB<Wl.., Te onpeCIDm~lT

· MopCKaTa Bo,n;a3aCBOHuepcoiIan., . -'-',

.. ;'3a MOH' ,n;OMBXommy,n:,c in;aT KanH<l>opmrn, ,n;eCTHJIifpana.ta .nona ce 'ri()CTaBH B 20-JIH:rpOBHC'hp;OBe sa ,n;OMaIlIHO H3noiI3Bane,

· TaKaSa nona liMa I-):B OIpHca MH .• TH MO)J(e,n;aceHaMeplI B AMepm<a .

B'hBBceirnMara3llH;J.hnon3Ba· ce. npa-nercxero .xpauese ·1I· sa ,

, ,n;pyrn,~eJIH. B XlI'.JUI,lJ;H,n;OMOBeFIMa OMe~OnITeJlH HaB(),I(aTa"3a . p;oMauniHlIY)K,n;H,T'hH KaTO_TIl'hp,n;aTa-,Bw~a ,n;eHCTBa,JIOITIO na Ko>xaTaiHap;eIJ;aT<!. HHa.p'h'lI,eTenplI npaHe,:Ho,MOJIJlB,H; HeTIHiiTe 01' oxexerarenare. CnOpep;MeH:TOBalie eIiaa-,il;06p:IDrrBapHaH:t, ITp06BaiiTe ,IJ;ametecaMO necranapaaa.aorra.s-reseaae aa.emra

· fO,IUllIa H .BHe· HHKota;IfJIMap;a lIO)KeiIaeTe· p;pyraoJ30,il;a, '. Vplt· ma.)J;-

· ,yBane lie rorlITe~o p;pyro, OCBeH)jeCTH:JIHpaHCl Bop;a. '

".. ..

. -. .... ,rJIABAVI! ,.'

KO$O TPWiBA)J;A CJj:-I'.JIA;UYBA?'

_ KaIffipp;a nociIie.'IBaM HaH-Hanpep; HamrnaeIll,IITe?He e aeofixo'F'- ,J:I,llMO-,IJ;aCellla;rzyBa 1I3BeAH'h~IIOBelie OTp;ec~T.IJ;Iill; npa rosa.e.. ;,L lie06xo,rU1MJ); .JIeKapcKO· na6Ji1ogeIDIe·. 01' "I\BMH<pHWIpan .qOBeK,

v llMa~MHororo,n;mueHycnelIIeH OIIHT~C,rnap;yBaHeTO.··

~:" I'na.n;ynaIieTO e HayqeH.M~To.tiHa,npe1lllcT13aHe aa opraaasna

~~~

53 ,

H (1)J,5l6~a na. ce npq~exql,5tl~~Y.tll{(?,t C~qRe)·hMttIiH6p! 1P% orT la{<a nape-remrre ,,3,n:paBH~~ mrec xopa.n. 8$-9~Wo rge~~Q.3Hfh 69fIIW Moral na YMpaT rrpn ornensne na OTpoBHTe, narpynaaa B opra~3Ma, axo ce onarar na npeAIIPHeMaT nporrsnxarerrerr man na

KaX(eM 21-35 AIJ.H. ,

IIpo)l,bIDICHTeJIHo nrazryaaae rpsfiaa na ce npoaesna no)l, Ha6- moneane na Cne~aITHCT, 3aIIl,OT.Q TOM HaH-)l,06pe MO)l(e)l,a onpeneJIH B KOM MOMeHT Tp5l6Ba,n:a ce npem.cae manynaaero CneW1aITHCTIT cnena KaK 6'b6peI.J;IITe HH crracasar OT orponara TOR ~om(o rrsrn AIleBIIO ascnenaa ypanara H arm ce OT)l,eJI5lT npesaneno MIloro TOKCHtlHI1 BeIIl,eCTBa H TOBa npenasaama npeaaroaapsaae na 6'b6- pennre, manyaanero Tp5I6Ba He3a6aBHO )l,a ce npercpam.

,[(mKe HaR-KBamHpHI:(HpaHH5lT cneIl,HaID1CT He MO)l(e ,n:a xazce na "lOBeK' "BHe rpstiaa na rnanyaare 30 HJIM 40 )l,HM". "llecTo C'bM Ha)l,6mo)l,aBarr KaK xopara 3anOtIBaT manysaae sa CPOK, KORTO aa C'b1:{ orrpenermn nanpnxep 3a 21-25 AIJ.H. Ho B rrspmrre mecr )l,HH 3anO"IBa 'TaKOBa )l,BH')I(eHMe aa TOKCH"nrn: BeIIl,eCTBa, "le as He3a6aBHO npercscaaa manysaaero. Inanyaaunrsr cnen TOBa npeuanaaa na eCTeCTBelIa naera H crre,rr;IDII<OJIKO ce)],MHIl,H OIIHT'bT ce noaraps Ho aKO oCBo6o)J{)J;aBam;HTe ce OTpOBH ca rrax TB'bp,rr;e MIloro, TO rnaJJ.Yl3aHeTO OTHOBO ce npercscna.

A3 C'bM"tf)'BaJI KaK !leKBaID1<p.HI.1,HpaHH xopa Ka3BaT' "KOJIKOTO

,nO-A'bJIrO e maJJ.Yl3aHeTO, TOJIKOBa rro-noope nporasa B'bTpeIIlHOTO npO"lHCTBaHe". B TOBa as onpeneneao He B5lpBaM, 3aIIl,OTO C'bBpeMeHHH5lT Il,HBHJl:M30BaH "lOBeK e rrrspne crra6. HHTO ermo OT C'b3)l,aHH5lTa na npaponara He H3,n:eBa:rerrCTBa TaKa )l(eCTOKO HaA 3aKOHHTe na xpaneaero M HHTO eAIlO OT C'b3)l,aHH5lTa aa npaponara He ce xparrn: raxa rrecrrspzcaao, KaKTO "lOBeK'bT.

llcKaM)l,a 6'b)l,a pasfipaa npasanao. "lOBeK He MO)Ke)l,a npecThIIH 3aKOHIITe na npaponara. O:rmTBaHKH ce na aapynra eCTeCTBeHIITe 3aKOHH, TOM paspynraaa ce6e CM. MO)Ke JIH "lOBeK na napynra 3aKOHa sa 3eMIlOTO npasnasaae? Mozee JIH "lOBeK)l,a CKO"llf OT 2S-H5l erase H na He ce rrpefiae? Pa36Hpa ce, He TOBa Ba)l(H H 3a eCTeCTBeHHTe 3aKOHH na xpaneaero. ,[(a, aa "lOBeK MO)l(e )l,a MY ce BH)'IIIIi, "le cnensa na 5l)l,e npeparioreaa, 6e3)l(H3HeHa M M'bpTBa XPaHa. Ta HaITH "lOBeK e rasa nosepsas B nporraraanara, ocotieno aKO T5l ce OTHaC5l K'bM rrpo6JIeMHTe na snpasero H )l,'bJIrOJIeTI1eTO. A 60JIeCTTa crpysa cxsno. KOM ryfia Maca napH aa JIeKapH, ceCTp11, 6o~, onepanan 11 JIeKapCTBa? HHe! KOM npr.cxa aa csxpaaeaae aa )I(l.ffioTa napa nosese OT BC5lKa npyra HaIl,H5l B CBeTa? HHe! KOM

54

/

csanana MHOrO~CrreHH cpOH;IJ;OBe sa oop6a C 60rre'cTIITe, cpmi,r(oBe, KOIITO c'a·dNlpi3Ha.J11l lia :iffirn'eTo Hacerreillre?'Ifue! KOM e rrocrpoan noaeae 60.JIHIID;H, KJllIHHKH, rr01.ffiBHIii )l;OMOBe Ii CaHaTOpI1.)'MH OT BC5IKa )l;pyra nanaa? Hael KOM: npr.cxa rrose-re napa sa BeCTHI1IUi, CIIMCa.HIDI, TerreBIi3IiOHIDI H pamronpenaaanaa, nponaraanapaum pasmoraare rreqe6HH cpencrsa? Hael KOM npneaa HeMMOBepHO KOJIM'ieCTBO aCIIHpMH H )l;pYfM 60JIKoycrroKOHBaIIJ,H rreKapCTBa? Hnel Hne C'b3)l;a)l;OXMe cnenaanea aCIIHpMH sa )l;e.u;a, 3am;OTO )l;roKe Te c'e H)')K)l;a5IT OT 60JIKoycrroKOHBaIIJ,H cpencrsa. OT MO.H rnerma TO'lKa, aCIIHpmn.T nort BC5IKaKBa cpopMa Ii B'bB BC.HKaK'bB BH)l;, 'lMCT MJIM csenaaen C npyra senrecraa, ce HBHBa noremtaamro onacao nexapcrso H xopara, KOIITO ro asnonsaar npexaneao qeCTO, ce normarar na cepnosea pHCK.

II(e Ha30Ba orne enaa rrpaaaaa, rropana KO.HTO as C'bM rrpOTHB )l;'bJIrOTO rnanyaaae, aKO TO ce nponeaora 6e3 Ha6JIIO)l;eHHe aa crrerraanacr. Cpe)l;HIDO' "tJ:o~eK e 3apa3'1H He cano C TOl<CH'iHH OTpOBH B pesynrar na HerrpaBMJIHO xpaaeae, sasrspcen B'b3)l;yX Ii nona OT XHMH'IeCKIiTe ornam.rra Ii corrra, HO csmo 'rana H OT OCTaThI.J;MTe OT MHQ)ICeCTBO npnera JIeKapCTBa, KOIiTO 3al1:bJIrO ce

! .aarpynnar B opraaasua. 3aTOBa )l;'bJIrOTO manyaane na TeOpM.H e rrofipo, HO aa npaxraxa - He.

B MO.HTa npaxraxa as C'bM nocraraan ycnexa C KpaTKM KYpCOBe na nranyaaae, MaKap a na C'bM Ha6JIIO)l;aBarr qeCTO y)l;a"tJ:HH npom,n)l(HTeJIHM nepnona. IIpH 24-36-T-IaCOBO IJIa,ll;YBaHe ce)l;MH':IHo as C'bM Ha6JIIO)l;aBaJI npoxacraane na OpraHH3Ma. IIpIi TOBa )l;o6pe ce OTpa35IBa OTICa3BaHe OT BC5IKaKBa sasycxa (C H3KJIIO"tJ:eHHe aa npecaa IDIO)l;OBe, as T.HX IXI C'lMTaM He sa xpaaa, a sa rronxpenneaae), Crre,IJ,BaHKH fiporpaxa na.xpaaene caao C eCTeCTBeHH rrpoAY£<TII, 'lOBeK, KOHTO HCKa rra rrpI1).l;06He )ICH3HeCrroc06HOCT Ii rrsnronerrre Mo)ICe sa H5IKOJIKO Mece.u;a)l;a ce nonroraa aa 3-4-)l;HeBHO manyaaae. CITe)l; 4 xeceua e)lCecy)l;MH':IHo manynaae "tJ:OBeK e rOTOB aa 7- )l;HeBHO

~ , manynane. B TOBa npeve roJI.HMO KOJIM'ieCTBO OT TOKCH'IHH nentect: TBa Beqe e orcrpaaeno or OpraHH3Ma.

CJleo 6.Mecelfa I1POllUC11lBa1le e 11lB'hpOe JleCIIO oa ce npo-

eeoe 7-01leBIIO znaoyeane. II'bpBOTO Ce)l;eM)l;HeBHO rnazryaane t nasa "tlY)l;eCeH pesynrar, 3am;OTO erpesrsr aa rrpO'lMCTBaH~TO me f" 6'h.n;e npocro cMairnam;. Cnen ome IDIKOJIKO Mecen;a qOBeK e rOTOB

T";:{

sa necernaenao rnanynaae H TOBa OTHOBO BO,ll;M no cyrrepnposac-

y-

.: -, TBaHe na BC.HKa KJIeTICa na opranasaa. -

~: Cneoeaiacu maK.a8a pasyuna U Jl02111l1la npoepasta ua 8'bl1i-

" I';J/

,

~~ «tf

c"

®i,

55

\

peflilfo npO'lUClIlO(JHe"lJUe) tue )t;8 lU~It'b/lHl!fIle,(C_)11lg,caf}a HODa paoocm, lie enaoyeanemo life cmaue ueomuesua -uacm ,0111 eatuemo tncumue. peH c/leo oeu, naiiuooaeaiocu IIYOOIllO ua otiuoeneuuemo, nacmsnetuuo 0 opZaHU3.11.l(l U oytuama eu, eue tue ce uacnastcoaeame ua tnoea, ue cme 00C11l11ZHaJlll 00 uoentna sa npaenneu :JICllOOI1l, KOIIIllO om oeu na oe« ell l1pa811 ece no-csesptueuu.

EOJIIllJlliCTBOTO OT xopara rY05lT saaaarenaa xacr OT CB05l xpart,rc )I<IIBOT sa paspyruasaae aa caMIITe cefie CH, HO CR cTPYBa Aa ce IIOCBeTHIll aa C'bBCeM APyr HaqffH aa )l<IIBOT. Taxa ICaKTO BCIftIKO ce IIo~a na 3aKOHa na KOMIIeHCaIU15lTa, mle nte 6'bAeTe B'b3Harpa,n;eHH sa ycamorra, KOHTO CTe IIOJIO)l(MJIH. 3a MeHe JIH'IHO BC5lKO YCHJIHe, BJIO)KeHO 3a ,n;OCTHraHe na snpaae R ,n;'bJIrOJIeTHe, e OIIpaBAaHO yCHJIHe. A3 HaMepHX TOBa, KOeTO C'bM TbPCHJI B )KHBOTa.

I<:OJIKOTO IIO-qECTO fJIAAYBATE,

TOJIKOBA IIO-A'bJIfO llI,E MOIKETE AA fJIAAYBA'fE

A3 He RCKaM na OrpaHWIaBaM cpoxa aa narnero marrysane na 10 AHH. Ho He BH C'bBeTBaM na manyaare IIOBeqe OT 10 ,n;HH, ,n;OKaTO He H3IIHTaTe na npaxraxa 6 ):(eceT,n;freBHH rnanysaaas C rpaxreces-

HH HHTepBaJIH. C TaK'bB aKTHB BHe MO)KeTe na rnanysare ycnenrao 15 AHH. C noaonrra na TaKOBa manynane BHe rrpoaexnare nerraKOJIeI1Ha ~CTKa na opraaaaxa EHe se-re snaere RaKEO rpafiaa na oaaxsare. A aKO CJIe):( TOBa HCKaTe):(a npoaenere 21-30-,lJ;IIeBHO manysane, BHe ne-re saaere KaK na ro nposenere.

11(0 ce OIllHaCJl oo uen, tno as lfYOC11l8aJJt, lie uoume euceceauuuuu ZJlaOY0(lHllJl no 24-36 uaca U 70ecemoHe6Hu zJlaoyeauun «emupu Ilb11l11 8 eoouuama, ce 6K(l36alll uatuauo OOC- 1111l111'blfHll sa .AleH. IIpHeMaM XPaHa caao 12 rrsra ce):(MJ1qHO, a IIOH5lKOra H rrO-MaJIKO, 3am;OTO uuxoza He JIM, aKO He '1Y8C11l6aJJf nsxe« znao.

IIo3BoJIeTe MIT na nonsepraa orne enaa rrsr, qe rnanyaaaero e aayxa, 3aTona He ce nonnaraare aa npO,l:('bJI)KflTeJIHO rnanysaae caxo sa TOBa, qe oaaxsare xyneca. Onpere CC-Ha npenopsxa aa OllHTeH cnemrarracr- A crreuaanacrsr me nOTB'bPAH, qe nonese noma HOC5lT rrO-KpaTKHTe manyaanaa. Baumre 24 - 36-qaCOBH e)Kece):(MWIHH rnanyaaaax R 7 ):(eceT):(HeBHH manysaaas exeron-

Ik

HO me 060raT5lT nanraa OITHT, I<OHTO me BR rr03BOJIH):(a ce rrO,D;rOT-

BHTe sa no-m.nrn cpOKOBe na rnanysaae.

Jln:lmo &3 He B5lpBaM B rrpo,n;'bJDKIiTeJIHOTO manyaaae, aKO TO

1

56

/

He ce 1!~a Heo6xo,Il;HMOCT (B'T03H: CJIyqaH Ha6JllO,Il;eHHe na-orretmanacr-e 'HaTIO)inl:1reJIHd)'. 'Xnrur)J;I1 MOIl yxeaana B ll,eJIH1! CB1!T CJIe)J,BaT nporpasra, npeAJIQ)KeHa B aacromnara KHHra. Te ca J1,OBOJIHn H Han'bJIHO Y,Il;OBJIeTBOpeHH OT Tim qY,Il;eCHH pe3YJITam, KOHTO HM ce OT,Il;aJ1,e na nocraraar

rJIABA VIII

KAKBA llPO,a;'b.JDKHTEJIHOCT HA rJIAWBAHE mE ,a;OBE,a;E AO HAfi-AOEPH PE3YJITATH

,IJ;<nK.e cpen cnenaanacrare HMa pasaomacas no B'hnpOCa sa TOBa, KaKBa npO,Il;'bJDICHTeJIHOCT TP516Ba na HMa n'bJIHOTO manynaae, sa

tr na ce nocrarnar HaH-,Il;o6pn pe3YJITam.

t B Anrnaa csrrrar HaR-,Il;o6po TpHAeceTAHeBHOTO rrranyaane.

)

"5 3aTOBa 60.JIlIIHHCTBOTO xopa, KOHTO nposeaorar rnanysaae B anr-

, JIHHCKHTe KJIHHHKH, npermoaarar 30-,Il;HeBillm KYPC. TIO,Il; Ha6J,llO-

r- )J,eHHeTO aa aHi:mrncKHTe JIeKapH rnanyaannrre 06HKHOBeHQ npe-

xapsar nO-rOJ15lMaTa xacr OT speaero B JIernOTO H MOraT,Il;a CTaBaT

aa H1!KOJIKO MHHym. B I'epaaaaa CqflTaT Ha\i-,Il;o6pH1! CpOK 21- AHeBHH1!. <I>paHIJ;Y3RTe ce H3Ka:3BaT B noma aa 14-AHeBHoTo manYBaHe. Y Hac B CAIIl. HaR-qeCTO manysaaero ce nponexna B /' reaeaae na 30 AHH.___

B 'l)')KAecTPaHIllITe H B aMepHKaHCKHTe KJJlffiHKH JIeqe6HOTO rnanyaaae ce npoaezota non P'bKOBO,Il;CTBOTO aa cnell,HaJIHCTH, KORTO ca )J,06pe IIOWOTBeHH, HMaT 3a)J.'bJI6oqeHH n03HaHH1! H ,Il;06PH ycneXH B 6op6aTa C pa3JIWlHIITe He)J,'b3H. rJI~aHeTO - TOBa e -rynecaa nayxa R T1! TP1!6Ba MHoro )J,06pe na ce nsysaaa. B CBeTa

~

~

• \'

f

~ cTPaHH C JIeKll,HH sa 3)J.paBeTO, KoraTo C'hM rOBopIDI sa manysaaero,

;1. BHHarH ITHTaM aYAHTopH1!Ta, ,Il;aJIH H1!KOR OT MORTe cnynrarerra e

~ npOBe)K,Il;aJI manynaae. 3a6eJI1!3aJI C'bM, ae MHoro MOR yseaana, t r KORTO ca rnanyaana caMOCT01!TeJIHO, 6e3 JIeKapCKH KOHTPOJI 30 R nonese AHH, ca ,Il;OCTHrHa)1H npespacrra pe3YJITaTH. Ho nee nax C'bM ysepea, qe aKO qOBeK ce KaRM,Il;a rrranysa 30 AHH,ITOH TP1!6Ba,Il;a ) 6'h)J,e nOCTaBeH non Ha6JllO)J,eHHe aa Crrell,HaJIHCT, ~ORTO snae KaK ,Il;a 'KoIITpo1IHpa manysaaero. TOR nre BH nosrorae, xoraro OCBO- 6mK)J,aBaHeTO OT OTpoBRTe .nporaxa c rOJIeMH TjJYAHOCTH.

HMa CTOTHll,H xopa, KORTO ca rrpOBeJIH caMOCT01!TeJIHH manysaaas OT 30 R rrosese AHH ITo npeue aa MORTe IT'bTeIIIeCTBH1! B Pa3JIHqHH

57

:)1 , :)' f\.3 B·S[f!\A.l\}c.B,J~PI1\lIl}oJJi>!rJJA.o.¥B4-I;I$ C,;: 'I' L ,c r

IIPII,l1;OBPO XPAHEHE I1,3)J;PABOCJIf)BEH'HAi~IiHIJI _

~ HAIKHBOT

ETO M05ITa.TeOpIDI B HaYI<aTa sa manysanero. IIpeAR BCHtIKO Tp5IOBa na ce C'bOOpa35IBaMe C npaponara na xcaeaa, a BCmKM mie RMaMe MHoro CTpaXOBe. B5IpBaM, qe OOnIIIMHCTBOTO OT xopara ORxa manynana sa KpaTKR cpOKOBe. Mnoro xopa C YAOBOJICTBRe rrranyaar no 24 HIIM 36 xaca, a KOraTO ce YBep5IT, se ce ~CTBaT nee no-nofipe H no-notipe, ce OIIHTBaT Aa npeannar na rpanaeano

-:: manyaaae, 3arn;OTO ca npHAOOMJIM H5IKaKBa ynepeaocr. CJIe,lJ;Ba-, ' nrara CT"hIIKa, Kar<TO saaere, e rnanyaaaero OT 7 AO 10 ARM. Macro OT MORTe yt-IeHMIJ,R, KORTO ca rrranyaana no 10 ARM H ca RMaJIM AOOPI{ peaynrara, npeuaaaaar K'bM 15-,lJ;HeBHM rnanyaanaa. HaKOR nocrarar AO 21 ,lJ;HM, a npyra rrpofinaxa 30 ARM nOA C06CTBeH KOHTpOJI. Te aanosaaxa C 24-qaCOBO manysarre H nOCTeneHHO npeuaaaxa K'bM no-npO,lJ;'bJDKMTeJIHH cposone na manyaaae, KOJIKOTO 'no-ronsx OIIHT npHAo6HBaTe, TOJIKOBa nO-CHJIHa nie CTaBa

samara B5Ipa B ma,lJ;)'BaHeTo. .

AKa npe4!I TOBa IDIIwra He CTe mallJ'Bcimr, TO sanoanere C eAHO execerurasao 24-36-qaCOBO manyaane. JiI rorasa BHe casra nte MO)l(eTe na C'b,lJ;MTe sa qyAoAeiiHaTa CHJIa aa manysanero. BHe MO)l(eTe Aa nocrarnere n'bJIHO nposacraaae na OpraHM3Ma C xparKM cpoxose na manyaane. JiI nOMHeTe: T03H e<peKT ce HaTpyIIBa, r KOJIKOTO nO-qeCTO manysare, TOJIKOBa nO-qHCT CTaBa BaIIIIDIT OpraRM3'b¥, a Me:>K,JJy rnanysaaero BHe TpH6Ba na BO,lJ;HTe snpasocJIOBeH HaqMH na )l(HBOT. Hamo ne 'nposreaa TaKaqOBeK, KaKTO npOM5IHaTa OT llomo K'bM Ao6po. _ .

<,

M05lTA JIIIqHA IIPorPAMA 3A rJI~BAHE

A3 C"h3HaBaM orposraara noma, KOHTO nonysaaax OT manynanero, C1.rn;OTO MO)Ke na ce xaace sa wmOTO Mil CeMeHCTBo.Bc5IKa Ce,lJ;MHD;a fies HHTO e,lJ;MH nporrycx as npOBe)l(,lJ;aM 24 H1IM 36-qaCOBO manynane. OCBeH TOBa manyaax OT 7 Ao.10 ARM rrerapa rrsra B rO,lJ;MHaTa. B, rexeaae Ha MHoro ronaaa, xoraro CJIe,lJ;BaM T03H rparpax H ce nOAA'bP)l(aM B OTJImHO cscrosmre, as )KHBe~ KaTO HCTMHCKa ,lJ;MHaMOMaIIIHHa. Moar AeH e TIO-HaCHTeH OT rO,lJ;MHaTa na H5IKOH npyrn. IIpHTe)l(aBaM neorpaaaseaa enepraa sa pafiora H HIpH. Hnxora He ce YMopHBaM, He C'hM C'bHJIMB. IIoCTo5l.HHo C'bM aK1'HBeH YMCTBeHO H <pH3meCKM. Harrara Mil ce na qeTa xnoro JIeIW;HH B n.eJIM5I CB5IT, na IIMllIa 11: na H3TI'bJIHH.BaM MIloro npyra

58

· .

sanasa. Ho 'Ha! ~eI:{ 3a:"ubIDiKhiylli' CTIiFa:~IfeMe:tBfi. brnH,Te.·· •...

, "U;IDi6Tb~ Hf~bBb.616AH8''BpaeM~~rlpeiH(p}{c'tMic ·.MJlaAH' M1:)Ke" H )Kem:rIillI1: C nena, KOHl'? ce oraacar-c MeHKaTO C Bp'PC.THill(H (h MJIa,I\O THJIOI1 nynra KaTO T.Hx .• A OTnpe)l(,!l;eBpeMemmC'bCTapeHI1 x()P:a ce A'bp)KaHaCTpam:r; salwho MH AeiieTBftT oTpIfI1",aTeJiHO. Te

caMII" rasa A'bJITb cace y6e)l();J;asaJIFI;' QedtCTapi1 H CB'hprnem:r : xopa, qe T()B.a B . KpaiiHa'CMeTKa'rrre ~'bCTapHJIo. Macro 01' THX 0IiJ;e'Hu30 i'cl)J;Inrn: CaYMpeJIJiB ,lzyXOBHO OTHOIIIeHHeMxoMT no, :3ewrta caMo3aAa '}II(OHOMHCaT pa3HocKHnonorpe6yIDIeTO. ' '·.KoraTO nutoT9 BHenpOqnCTeHOC tJIMYBuHe'HlureBoAHte eCTeCTBeH,3ApaBHll'llIHHCl )KHBoi,I!HenocToillmoceq)iB'CT)3aTe' ,Ao6pe.3aIt\oTO npHpMaTa C'b3AaBa'llOBeKa:3a ~acTIIe,C'b3Aana

, roe'ypasnosecea, oCB060AeH OT crpaxoae.crpec-a npeaaroaap-

'blAiJAIX:

KAR)1;AIi.poi{E*D;ANtE , Z4:;;}lACO:BQ:rJIA~¥BMIE'

::-. ,':.' ,- .;?:;; .. ~:~",;<,..:.:.:" - .--,-:- :

'BaIIIero.44.,~~~o~oIJi~ro'Balie l'p5l6Ba'.r:(arrpoAtIDr«iBa oT06M 'AO. 06~Wnr'oTBe't!ep5l}J;oBeQepH; TlpIi TOBa 'rp~6BaAa .ce':B'b3A'hP~ ,

.' )Kai::e, 01' )3CHK,ciIrna TB'bPA~Xp'lHai.urnIfuoAQBe,a C'b~O raK~HoT .; 'nJl()AOBH H3enewiYI<OBMc<;>:i<:oBe. TaKOBama)J;YBaHe e .l!I3BeCTHO. '; . Kci'rQ n1;~()maAYBaHe, npOBe~aH()CllMO ira, ,r:(eCmnHpaHa BOAa. ; '.)~ony9THM()e e~Mo .eA~0~i~HeID.IeB2~-1]aCOB01'9 IJJ:~m'''

saae. AKa uctaune 006aeeme ell(ltUa· OeCillli!lllpaHa eooa eOHa , \' ..• mpema.uaeua 1l'b~/CUllKa HamypalleH AteOllJlUeofia_.'taeita 1I'b ... Y' ','JlclillKallUAtqitoo COk. eTeil( oo6ile'Kit oeiici,i'uit.ill «anu) .pasmeo~l'P1ll1le;{lll, uamotccuuuume eetuecmea .ll'cliy311la:.ToBacertpaBH .' ;" ne.aanace "rioM'bP)KaT'i3alillITe 'GHJIll'~; a.:c2a,qaccTaHe BOAaTa , .... no':;IlP:IDrrHa:Ba.BKYCH, I(aKTOBeqe, Ka3aX; :3.a' n:i'cepa3~'opHT ~.. TOKCHtlHHTeBerrl;eCrBa M cny3Ta,3agliMomr'nt::CHOAaCe'Upolly:'

CHaT npes ecrecrseans CPH.JiTI,p .HaHameTOTMO -:---:-6'h6pen;l-LTe. ili n'B6peII",MTeHtpaHTHaH-:BmKHaTapOJIHBTOBa .e)J;HO,qIIeBI-IO rJramr{ ',BaHe, ac1.rtio H B 3 6~'llaCOBOToM B 7- ••• -.lO-,rWeBIIoT<:>ma,izyBaHe.· ~" BIIlO 3alH()·e,AtIl020ea'JIC1l0nO epeAleHaeCflKOZ./lai)yeaHeiJa ce

)';,'llue'zo)tlUtokoJzll1leCl1leOOeCI111Ill11palla Booa:, '

[r, J' A3Be<i:eKa3aX,KaK cec'bxpaHMaYPUHElTa cne,q24::'t!acoDoTO ~;' rnanyaaae. BY'll1JmiT~' Aacemp)KHHanpmq,Ia)J;Ho. M51CTO B .rese-

59'

rme na H5IKOJI!(Q'ce~~:'m:e' BFl,l:IlITe'C'bC' coficrseaare CJI"OqH OTpOBHTe B'bB BAA 'na CnY3 It I<pHc'rarrn,1I<OI:l'r6 ce H3XBibpJUIT' OT' 6'b6peIJ,HTe.

. qYAO _.:. O~rAHII

Bcsxa p;Bofu<a 6'b6peU;H B HaI.J.J.IDI OpraHH3'bM HMa MHJIHOHH erpexmBHO p;ei:J:CTBaI.Wf <pHITTpH H KOraTO opraaaajrsr rnanyna, 6'b6peIJ,HTe ca saera C aK~BHO OTp;eJUIHe na OTPOBHTe. BCH'IICH )KH3HeHH CHITH H nepnaa eHepIWI na opraaasaa pa60UIT He)'MopHO, 3aru;OTO He ca saera c 6e3IDIO,ll;Ha pafiora IIO IIpepa60TKa aa xpaHam. BHe p;a)Ke He MO)KeTe na CH IIpep;CTaBHTe KOITKO MOIIl,IDI )l(H3HeHH CHITH , ce cszrspacar B'bB BaI.J.J.IDI OpraHH3'bM, P;OKaT9 He liM nanere B'b3- MO)KHOCT na ce III?05IB5IT.

,IJ;OI<aTO TOKCHHHTe OCTaBaT B'bB nanrero T5IITO, BHe MO)l(e 6H H5IMa p;a ce q)'BCTBaTe p;o6pe IIO ,BpeMe Ha manysanero. Ho cnopert TOBa, \KOITKO OT 0TPOBHTe ce OTMHBaT_ OT opraHH3~a, BaIIIeTO caaosyacraae ure ce IIop;o6p5IBa.

Mnoroxparno H311OniBafu<H rnarryaaaero, BRe me MO)KeTe na ce H36aBHTe OT OCTaThIJ,HTe OT crapa rrexapcrsa, KOHTO ca norpe- 6aHH B'bB BaIIIH',I'e nKaHH aa P;'bnrH rOARHH. Ilosnonere MH na BH pasnaxa eAHH cnyqai:J: OT M05I C06CTBeH OIIHT OT II'bpBHTe rOARHH. M05IT OgC'aHH3'bM 6e T(,)ITKOBa OKHcneH, qe KaTO nere C'bM fionenyaan 6yi<BanHO OT BCli'rnH nercxn 6onecm: saynnca, Mop6HITH, KOKJIlOIII - MO)l(eTe na ~a30BeTe KoeTO H na e 3a6oIT5IBaHe H H5IMa na crpenrare: as C'bM ro rrpefionenysan.

r !

, nOM'bP)KAHTE CBOH MOP AJIEfI ,lJ;YX HA BHCOKO HIIBO

MCKaM rra pasfiepere, qe p;a)Ke na rnanysare cairo eAHH zrea, BHe npoxacraare CB05I OpraHH3'bM. Macsnra, qe C'b3AaBaTe,Hecmpeemo, ITHIIIeHO OT )'Mopa H 60necTH T5IITO, e cnocotiaa na IIOM'bp)Ka BaIIIH5I BHCOK_MopaneH AYX no speae na rnanyaanero. I13rDHeTe OT sac )KanOCTTa K'bM_ ce6e CH, BC~ OTpn:u:aTeITHH eMOIJ;HH. Bceuu iJen no epeue ua 2JlaiJyoanemo ell noemapniimet-:

1. IIpe3 T03H p;eH aa Bp'bqsaM T5IITOTO CH B pr.rrere aa IIpHpOnara, 06p'bIIl,aM ce K'bM BHCIllHTe CHITH sa mapenrao onacraaae H

06HoBneHHe. -

2. IIpe3 BC5IKa MHH)'Ta OT rnanyaaaero as H3rDHBaM onacna OTPOBH OT MOil OpraHH3'bM. IIpe3 BceKH qac, B KOHTO rnanyaasr, CTaBaM nee IIO-IIl,aCTITHB H rrO-IIl,aCTITHB.

3. qac cnen qa~ M05IT OpraHH3'bM ce nposacrsa .

. 60

'1:i;;':A,n9~;p,~MIil#~i!'JI9p:yB!l~WX(it;a3.WI13rrQ.[f.s.:aiM:M~TO.Qa'Ha<l)l,I3i::'ii !' Wl9~9':A-~9.I?~QI1' YJ04<>flljeHO !rrpe~ci1'BaHe" KOHTOCa _H3rrOJI3BaJIH BeKOBe Hapep;BeJIHKI1Te yqeHI1Ha qOBeHeC~O_T(j. "

, 5: TIo BpeMe H.a manyaaaero as Harr'bJIHOICOHTpOJIHpaM'c'Ij>c-

TOHRHeTO CH. HHKclKBO JI'L)KJIHBO,yceI1J;aHe,3a, man HillvIa,ua Me' , 3aCTaBH,,uarrpeI<paTHrna)zyBaHeTO~II(e3aBipillaYCiIeIIIHO C:aOeTO lTIa)zy13~He,T'bHKaT()BHpBaM B ,CHJIHTe na rrpHp6,ua1'8..

rrOBTap~KH Te3H ,lJ,YMH BRe P'bK()BO,lJ,l1Te ¥eHKa KJIeTKa na opraaasua. YrrpaBJIelq1eTO ce R3B'LpllIBa csxam qpe3 rrO,lJ,C'L3HaRHeTa. ET03aI1J;0 a3BHrrpillcaHBaMp:aH;e cm),JJ,t,!JlHW samara nporpaxa 3arJIa)zyBaHeC'LC C~OHTeIIpRHTeJIH, pO,uIIlllIHH II03HaTIl.' :(JIa,uYIlaHeTO e JIHLiHa pafiora-na BCeKI1. KoraTOTOI~C~~Te R3JIR3~T orOpraflli3Ma BR,ycellJ;aiIIDrTaIDwa ,lJ,a6'L,n;aTtrpIDl'fm1; ,. HOBHe CTe )JJI'L)KfII1 ,lJ,Cj.CM. IIOBTapHTe: ,,ToBaHeiIpeMeHHOm;e

MillIe!',' f)1>,n;eTe TB'LP,lJ,H RIIOCJIe,n;OBaTe.JIIiH m.a sanmre HaMepCJ-' ( IIHH, 'MHCJIeTe 3'L~IY,lJ,ecIiI1Tepe3YJITam", xoarocenocrarar C

, IIpe'U1CTB¥IeTQHa OpraHM3Ma: Pa@aHTeceRa JOBa. ,

, . C]1e,ri; IIpHI<JIIOHBaHeTO ,Ha 24-qaCQI\OTO manyaaaerrspnara ,';:BaIlIa,Xp,8.Ha"Tp516B,a .·,n;a .. 6'b,n;e .canara ',01". CBtDKtl.3eJIewryIIHHa

r 9CHOBa:Ta.Ha,iIacp.m:aRH~lOpKOBH HHapH3~;H:aKpaCTaBRqa (Moi<e

'. ,lJ,a H3IIOJI3BaTeB KaQeC'l,130TO tra no,wrpaBI<HJII1MOHOB'Fi:n:R nopro-

;f KcpWBCOK) .' Ta3H canarame rrqn;eHCTIla Ha. Q~pBaTa KaTOMeTJia• '

&> T51 ,lJ,aBapa6oTaHa MyCI<)'JIHTe na CTOMaIIIHOTIpeeiIIDr TpaKT.CJIe,u·,

rF canarara MO)Ke ,p;a B3e~eTe 6mo,n;o OT I!apemr 3e:rre~: Toea ~::M:oraTp;a6'L,n;aT3a.uyrneirn: ;tr;ciIviaTI( Te He -ce .srBHBaT KHceJIHIIIlli': " .

¥itrrpO,n;yKTIi,aKOHece yrrOTpe6HBaT C XIDI6, ,',,\ '

~;;,' II QAf1le1lle;~e lie' MQJICeoa', Ce_llpeKtc,6a· ZJtaoy6aJl(~mO c y-

~\ .llltlK1!6axjiallu ,KalllO iieCO,.AtJl!JKO"cUpelle,.Atq.cllo;pu6a,a

~( C'bUfO, masa. OP~1l .uceueua: Il'bp611Jll1~ ell npueunaxpaua

~.~: JI_~PJi68a _ oa,_~b~iJe_·~.ciIJl({.~I~a_ om -_oap'eull' nsoooee •. -B!110PUJl!ll ~.~~;"'p'ue.AllliJ. ;,:"palla MOJICeOa, 6'boe e.uecousu opyzu 1lpooYKi11l1.

!t:-

KAI<)l;A tip6BEiK~AMETPH)l,HEBH()~ ~E)l;EMAHEBHO If

.' AECKf,ll,HEBHQfJIJ\lJYBAHE-

~l:,..

:~-" . ~'

~, f)la)zyBaHe C IIpo,n;'bJDKHTeJIHOCT DTT'pH,rqrn'U IIOBel{e, cJIe,Uaa,n;a ~.Ge,IIpoBbI<,n;anpH ~earrFp:1 YCJIOBIDL 'ERe T'pH6Ba p;acIio6e3ueBli.:. ~~TeB'b3Mb)}ujOCT 3arrOHRBI<a B'bB~C5II<O BpeMe,R;OraTOrro"I)'BC'fB~-=~i::1'e,Qe·OTpoBH;Tt:; aarrycxar opraHri3Ma:sH. B TCl:3UUepRO,lJ,MO)Ke,lJ,a !tce nOqyBCTBaTe, 3JIe fI TPH6Ba~a ~'LTe B1>3MO~OCT nanonerne~f(Te: B .JIernOTQ 1}Jl:lQBa' ,n;a oe orrrycaere: H,n;anmiaiTe, ,lJ,OKaTo

I,· 61

orponare HartyCHaT\T~OTO'BM.t Ilo-nofipete-na-ne xereresna He rnenare TerreBM3115l, na He cnyutare pa,n;MO i4 i'fai.f::'MaITKO",fl;a 'o6~yl nare C IDIKOrO Tp516Ba,n;a OCTaHeTe B cnaJIIDITa M na CTOMTe B rrsnetr nOKoH. T03M nepaon na ,ll;MCKOM<pOPT me npesraae, xoraro orposare nanycaar OpraHM3Ma BI'r.

Ome Be)J;H'b)l( BM HarrOMIDlM, "'Ie no spexe na npOA'bIDKM'feJIHO rnanyaaae He Tp516Ba ,n;a pasxasaare C KaKBO ce 3aHMMaBaTe, 3a~OTO -q~Te orpmrarenan eMOD;MM MoraT na aapynrar nanrara OnTMMMCTIf"tJHa namaca n MMCJlMTe BM sa xynoro, KoeTO ce M3B'bpIIIBa B opranasxa no npeue aa rnarrynaaero. Inanyaaaero sa MeH e TOJIKOBa nanna patiora, -qe npeou .Allt020 200ll1l11 8 nsauuuume Ita KaJlUfjiopltllJl CU noctnpoux Xll:JICa, K'bOemO 8 006P080llltO usznauue uectno npoeeotcoax ceoume 2IlaOY8aflUJl. AKO uuame tnasaea 8'b3.AtO;}ICflOClll oa enaoyeame ua uuctn 8'b30yX II 8 cauoma iiuxme uuanu lIy(JeCIllI peiynmamu. Macro MOM y-qeIIHD;If, KOMTO pep;OBHO ma,D;YBaT no npesre na orrrycxara, 3a:~,nrnaBaT B naxoe TIIXO M51CTO M naeaar TaM CTa5l. A3, pastiapa ce, He 1!ora,n;a TB'bP.D;5l, xe sapana rnanyaaaero e neotixonaao na

,J aarrycnere CB051 ,n;OM: BaIIlli51T P;OM e Barna KpenOCT M BepO.5lTHO TaM CTe naa-crroxoea, OTKOJIKOTO K'b,n;eTO n na e 6MJlO.i(5IJlOTO MM

u ~ I u

CeMenCTBO e ynneaeno no rna,D;YBaHeTO M xoraro H51KOM rnanyna,

BCM'llCH MY C'bqyBCTBaT H ro pasfiapar. Hne CMe ce ,n;orOBOpHJlM rta He ce pa3IIMTBaMe OTHOCHO caMOqyBCTBMeTO CH no speae aa manyaaae.

Dranynarrero e TOJIKOBa HHTMMHO 3aHHMaHMe, -qe HMKOR He MO)Ke ,D;a BM rrouorae. 3aTOBa HaH-,n;06pe e na He ro 06C'b)K,ll;aTe C naxoro, naxe C Te3M, KonTO 0p;06p51BaT TOBa same 3aHMMaHIfe Koraro manysare OT 'TpH P;O necer ARM H no-morro, BHe ce HaMMpaTe na onepanaoaaara Maca na npnponara Ilpnponara Bn OCB060)K)J;aBa OT BC~O asmmrao. cnys, TOKCHHM M ,n;PYfH Herrpacsnm na nanraa Opra:HI13'bM Be~eCTBa.

-JIeJKaHeTO npa TOBa manysane e JIili3HeHO Ba)KHO, 3auf011lO ecuusutne 811 »cusueuu cunu mpntiea da 6'bOa1ll1l31lO1l38llfl1l3ll oemoucuxauun II eumpetuuo npeuuctneaue. AKo BM ce MCKa na ce pa3XOAHTe na "'II1CT B'b3)J;yX IfJIM ,n;a ce nonexere aa CJI'bHD;e, npaaere ro caxo B T03!I crryaait, aKO qyBCTBaTe B ce6e CH ,n;OCTaT'b-qffO CIfJIM He ce neaere npOA'bJDKMTeJlllO speae aa CJI'bHD;e, } 3am;OTO TOB~ e TB'bp,n;e H3TO~TeJlllO sa nepsnara CMCTeMa <DH- 3I.fT-IeCKaTa aKTHBHOCT C'b~O me BH H3TO~ He esptueme ttutuo, «oemo uoxce oa U3PU3X008Cl eauuuna enepzunl B nporrsnxe-, -r

62

HHe Jf~ MHOJ;;O lSQAlfWl,P~1<~B511J ~a M())MTe~yqeJlHW'I, 1{€ "'I:taii,~'(JQ6 .. pl(lpe;;YlllllamlMtpU 3. r-'""1]O-OHeOnO ZJlaoyoaHe ce nonyuaeam npu npesapeaue na moea epeue 0 speeama: KOJlK011l0 noeeue epeue ZJlaoyoaU/UJlIll CIlU, IIIO.JtKooa no-ootipe. AKo He MO)£(eTe na cnare, npocro ce o'rIIYCHeTe. ,ll;o6pe e sa T03M nepaon na ce OTK'bCHeTe OT pafiorara CM. He MMCJIeTe sa CBOMTe np06JIeMM, Harr'bJIHO ce ocsofionere OT M3JIMlIIHMTe MMCJIM,

HE CE BE3TIOKOfiTE 3A PABOTATA HA CTOMAXA

TIO BPEME HA fJIAJJ.YBAHETO

Xopara, rnanysanra OT 3 rro 10 p;HM, 06MKHOBeHO ce fieanoxoar sa. C'bCTOmrneTO aa CTOMaxa CM. II03l,:lOJIeTe na norrrepras: He tpH6Ba na ce 6e3rrOKOHTe sa TOBa. CJIep; npMKJIlO'lBaHeTO na rnanyaaaero

• CTOMaX'bT omODO me aanosae na M3n'bJIIDlBa Q.:>~e"> CM. A3 He OJlpeaM 0 nonsama na OIf.UCmUmeJlHUme U KJlU3MUme no epeue ua enaoyeauemo. He BHpBaM B KaKBOTO M na e HaCMJIMe Hap; npaponara. H3rrOJI3BaHeTO aa KJIM3MM, cnopen MeH, B noneqeTO C.11y<IaH e HeeCTeCTBeHO. TOBa ce oraaos M aa M3nOJI3BaHeTO aa BCM1£KH BMp;OBe 01£MCTMTeJIHM. CTOMax'bT MMa CBOH co6cTBeHM CaHlUapHM H aHTMCeIlTH':IeCKM cpencraa H OCTaT'b~Te OT xpanara, KOMTO ca ce HaMHpaJIM B crosraxa npena nasanoro aa manyBaHeTO, me 6'bp;aT rreyrpanasapaaa orne npena KpM~Ha manynanero. OTp;eJIMTeJIHaTa CHCTeMa aa npnponara e csrrspmeaaa, aKO He ce npesa aa eCTeCTBeHaTa H pafiora, Koraro nranysaaero saar.puma M BMe H,IJ;eTe xpaaa, KOHTO e p;o6pe fianaacapaaa no o6eM, BJIa)£(HOCT M KOHCMCTeIiJ.WjI, sanrasr CTOMax me pa60TH

, no-eCTeCTBeHO OTKOJIKOTO soraro M na e, 3arn;OTO HaR-ManKO 50 % OT aanrara xpana me 6'bp;e HaTYPaJIHa, C'bCT05Im;a ce OT CypOBM I1JIOp;OBe li 3eJIeH1£)'l1;M non Q.:>opMaTa na carrara. BHe TpH6Ba na H,IJ;eTe MHoro 3e~eHIUIa Ii IIJIOp;OBe. He TpH6Ba p;a snere Meco M pafia nO-qeCTO OT rpn rrsra B cep;MMI(aTa. IIoTpe6HocTMTe OT

I 6eJIT'b1£MHM m;e 6'bp;aT yp;OBJIeTBOpeHH sa CMeTKa sa opexa, ceMKH _ M 3eJIeII1£YIzyI. Xnstrsr, KOHTO H,IJ;eTe, TpH6Ba rta ce aacymasa, sa na ce YCBOHBa p;o6pe OT OpraHM3Ma. CJleo enaoyeauemo e o06pe od i ce y1t01~lpe6Jloa notaauasa ntueuuua, KOJll11O e MHOZO 110- p Jle3Ha xpaHa.

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A3 B5IpBaM B CB05ITa rrporpaMa sa rnanyaaae. T5I e ~OKa3aJIa CB05ITa ecpeKTHBHOCT rrpH MeH, MoeTO CeMeHCTBO, MOHTe npaarerra H XH.JISJ)J;H yqeHHIJ;I1 no u;eJIIDI CB5IT. M05ITa nporpaaa morro-ma napen c escecenMWmHTe rna,nyB'amrn H qeTkfpwroJIeMH manysaaaa B ro~illmTa.

B naxanoro aa BC5IKa romraa as Ha6eJI5I3BaM Will, xoraro MH e y~06HO na manyaasr no 7-10 ~mr. Santo Ka3BaM 7-10 Will? Ilpasaaara, nOPMH K05ITO aa tIOH5IKOra nranynaa caao 7 p,HH e, qe B nanea MOMeHT as tfyBcTBa¥, qe T03H CpOK e nocrarr.sea sa npOqJICTBaHeTO na u;eJIH5I OpraHH3'bM.

A3 ce 3aHHMaBaM C manyaaae nesre TOJIKOBa ronaaa, qe xaoro ~o6pe Mora na ycers B'b3~eHCTBHeTO MY B'bpXy opraaasaa. H5IKaK'bB~B'b'TpellIeH rnac MIi{ nO~CKa3Ba xora 'Tp5I6Ba na npexscna manysaaero. 06HKHOBeHO 3aIIOqnaM rnanysane B naaanoro HU 5IHyapH. KaKTO aese xasax, nOIDIKora TO npo)J.'bJI)I{aBa 7 Will, nOIDIKora 8, 9 HJIH 10. CJIe~arn;OTO ntanyaaae sannaaysaa B aasanoro aa npoJIeTTa. IIpoJIeTHoTo MH rnanysaae BHHarH rpae rrecer Will, ThH KaTO HCKaM CJIe~ 3HMaTa "rn;aTeJIHo.~a' npOqJICT5I ~OMa CH". lIecTo C'bM npaaynen na xera JIeKIJ,Illi B 3a)zyII!IIH 3aJlli H aymrropna. 3a C'b)I{a-

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,,£02 e OO.;z na ceoume cssoauun C8enVltLHO U 8b30yX. H 800a nOG uetiecama. Ho xopama ca ce 3am80pWlU 8 3~OYUlHU 6bP/l02U. . 'H CaMU ce ytiueam " O/lU8bP Yenoen XO/lMC,

64

He6nar~rrpHRTHOTO BpeMe AocTa rrOBe~e OT pOAeHMTe rro Tall MeCTa, OTAaBIIa rrpMBHKHanM K'bM TaK'bB KJIHMaT.

CrrOC06HOCTTa 3aneCHO npacnocotisnaae K'bM JSIII1MaTa e CaMO e)J,HO OT 'lYAecaTa, KOMTO CTaBaT C OpraIDI3Ma npn rnanysaae, nasauto B'b3MO){<HOCT Aa ce OTCTpaIDlT TOKc~e semecraa If na ce B'b3CTaHOB51T )KH3HeHHTe CHIIH. Ho, KaKTO neae BM xasax, xoraro rrpMCTIlTHa B rpan C XJIaAeH KJ1HMaT, aa 3a6eM3BaM,~e 3aJlI1Te- M aYAHTOpHHTe ca nperormeaa M nomo nposerpeaa. B'b3,nyx'bT TaM e npenacarea C B'brneKHCenH rasone, II3,D,Ull1BaHH OT cnyuraremrre. ETO samo 3a MeH e MHoro Ba)KHO rrpOneTHOTO manyaane. 3a necer ARM-a3 ¥CI<aM na OTCTpaIDf OT opraaasaa TOKCIDIHTe M Bpe,IWl1Te sernecraa, KOHTO npes 3HMaTa ca nonanaana B opranasaa.

, Tperasr nepaon na rnanyaane npoaexnaa npes nropara nononaaa na IOnH HnH aBrYCT. TOBa rrranyaane ce nonacs I-IaM.neCHO, 3arn.OTO npes MTOTO HMa MHoro IIJIOAOBe M 3ene~IJ,H, MO)l{e rta ce KIDKe, nanpaao OT rpananara. A3 norryaanau OT TOBa manysaae noneae YAOBonCTBMe, OTKOJIKOTO OT APyrMTe. IIpe3 T03M rrepaon KaKTO nnaara C'bM (]_}H3~eCKM M HHTeneK'rYaJIHO aKTHBeH. EceHHOTO MH marrysaae 06HKHOBeHO ce nponezoia B spas aa OKTOMBPM ~M HOeMBpM. .

KmcTO sese xasax, ecpeKT'bT OT manynarrero o6HKHOBeHO ce aarpyrrsa. BMe caxo CM nosracnere KaK'bB cpM3Mono~eCKH OT,D,MX CM AaBaM na XpaHOCMHIIaTemIaTa CMCTeMa, rnaAYBai1KH ofinto 75 ,IWl1 13 rOAHHaTa. Iloxaaa CM ~epHHnT APo6, )J(JI'blffiIDlT xrexyp, xopuoaannara CMCTeMa. <PM3HonoIWrnHSiT OTAHX nasa B'b3MO)!(HOCT aa nanxpeaca na OTAeM o6HJ1IIo aacymnr. Cirn.OTO ce oraacs M sa CTOMaxa, KOM.TO cnen manynane ornena MHoro COKOBe, cnoaaranm rro-nofipe na ce npepafioraa xpaaara, B ycrnara KYXHHa ce oTAeMT nosese CIIIOHKH. BMe MO)l{eTe na rr01J)'BCTBaTe cnaA'hKBKYC) B YCTam, AHrnaHeTO BM CTaBa rro-ysecreno. KO.lIJ<OTO nonese manysare, 'TOJIKOBa ITO-ManKO MHpM3Ma M3JIH3a OT sac.

3A BKYCA II MlIPII3MATA

- IIpeAH HnKOJIKO rOAHHH as Ha6IIIOAaBax eAHH ~OBeK na nporpasoro manysaae, KOM.TO ,D,oM.,n,e B KaJlI1cpopHHn OT Hro ]lr0pK. ToM. cTPManre OT yxacen MHpMC, Komo H3Jrn3arne OT TMOTO MY, ocofierro OT xpaxara, psnere, ,D,a)!(e nnamrre. CMpa,IVIHBOTO My ,lJ,HXaHHe MO)l{e na y6:iie AOpH 6HK. TOBa 6eme orspararenea rmm MI1PHC H npasanara He 6erne, ~e TOM. He ce MMe. ToM. npaaeme TOITnH 6aHH 3-4 IThTH na ,D,eI!, aarronsnanre BC~ BRAOBe ,D,e30AOpaHTH, HO He

MOJKeme na ce Ii36rum: OT YJKaCHaTa MIipIi3Ma. TOBa ro nosesnaure no HeBpOTWlliO CbcTOHHHe, TOR ce l-ryBcTBame COIzyIaJIHO Ii30JII1paH. TOM nsrronsaanre o6TPHBaHe, MeHTOBIi Ta6neTKH, ,r:t;'1BKa, HO HIim.O He novaranre. Eece,r:t;BaHKH C T03H qOBeK npena manysaaero, as pasfipax, qe TOM e H3H)'peH OT HerrOCIDIHa pafiora, ceMein-ll1: rrpo6- neMIi H cpIiHaHCOBIi TPY,r:t;HOCTIi. Koraro qOBeK e npeysropen, xoraro

I mmee )KIi3HeHaTa CH eaeprna, ornemrrenaare-oprann He MoraT ,r:t;a aspurar patiorara cn: A3 MY Ka3aX, rre e 3ary6IDI ro,r:t;HHH, aa na ce noxapa no TOBa C'1CTOIDllie M qe' manysanero H rrporpaxara sa

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3,r:t;paBOCnOBeH )J(HBOT H3HCICBa speve, sa na H3IIbJIHIi CBoeTO npen-

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nasnaseaae. l.OM ce OKa3a mrrenarerrrea M nOrHqI{O MIicnem. qOBeK

M Me rrOMOJII1 na KOHTPOJII1paM nponeca na nposacraaaero My. Banoanaxne C 36-l.J:aCOBO manyaaae M nocrenenao .n;o6aBHXMe see rrosexe npecna IIJIO,r:t;OBe B nerOBHH Te)l(bK, HaCHTeH C Meco M padnmapaaa BbDIeBO,r:t;OpO,r:t;H nOpIJ;HOH. Cl.J:HTaM, qe Me)l<,r:t;y HerrpaBH.JlHIDl rropIJ;MOH M eCTeCTBeHOTO xpaneae ~H6Ba,r:t;a liMa rrpexonen

_ rrepaon, He MO)l(e,r:t;a ce 3aCTaBM qOBeIllKHHT opraaassxrna npoaeaa - rrpHBHl.J:KHTe CM MMrHOBeHO. Taxasa nposrena TPH6Ba na CTaBaT nOCTeIIeHHO. BMecTO MeCHH 6JIIO,I{a TPM IIbTIi Ha,I{eHTOM cera Mellie enaa IIbT Meco. EeJIIDIT XJIH6 fie 3aMeHMJI C npeneaena CPH.JJ:FIi;ha;r.

Cnen Ii3BeCTHO spesre MY npermacax ce,r:t;eM,WieBHo manysane.

Ih.paare TPH ,r:t;HH 6HXa MHoro Te)l(ICH, samoro OpraHH3MbT ce H36aBHIIIe OT HaTPYIIaHHTe OTPOBH. llenqJH ,r:t;HH CH.JIHO MY ce ranenre. AHa rreras ,r:t;eH THJIOTO MY ce nOKpH C neraa, MHpH3MaTa, xosro ce M3JI'1l.J:Bame OT THJIOTO H YCTaTa MY 6e HeTbpIIHMa. IIoIDIzora MH ce c'Ipyname, qe aa ,r:t;a Mora ga CTOH ,r:t;o Hero 'IpH6Ba zta rrOCTaBHM nporaaoras, BCHKa CYTPHH cb6Hpax aa npo6a ypaaa. J.1.m,THO nospanax 6aHKaTa, Ha,r:t;IIHCBax jf Ii H OCTaBID( na nenana sa OXJI~aHe H YTMBaHe. Cnen HHKOJIKO celJ,MHIJ;H fienre HeBepOHTHO KaK rasaaa TbMHa H MbTHa ypana Bbo6m.e e Bb3MO)l{Ilo,r:t;a ce oTAeJUI OT l.J:OBeK. Cnen TOBa nranysaae as H3KmOl.J:HX rO.IUIMaTa xacr OT HeeCTeCTBeHaTa xpana, go6aBIiX npecna IIJIO,r:t;OBe H 3eneHIJYIJ;H, a crren HHKOJIKO celJ,MHIJ;H npemracax rtecerrraeaao manyaane. T03M IIbT pranysaaero npenaaa no-neso, HO TOKCIiHIiTe rrpozrsnzcaaaxa ga <te OT,r:t;eJUIT. TOBa 6HXa raxa napeseaare naTeH'I'Illi OTPOBM, re ce HaTPyIIBaT B l(JIeTKHTe na THJIOTO. Heooxonaaa e rOJUIMa nporpaaa aa rnanysane M aJIKaJIHO xpanerie, sa na ce noapsmre OT MHCTOTO T03M HaTPYIIaH MbpTb13 MaTepMaJI, npenaaaasnam roneMH 6e,r:t;H.

Macro xopa rro nacnencrao nonysasar nofipo 3,r:t;paBe. Te nepsnxo ce npMCMIiBaT M M3,r:t;eBaTenCTBaT Ha,r:t; 3aK()HHTe aa npM-

66

ponara, P;OpH H3rne)Kp;a, qe 3aKOHHTe He ill 3aC5ITaT. Ho pasnnara nenpeuenao ~e HMa. T.H HaCThTIBa B TO.H nea, xoraro _npHpop;aTa sarroxaa CBO.H nponec aa O~CTBaHe, H3BJIHtIaitKu OT opraaaaxa spenaare aemecraa. Ilonspnaare MH, narnenan ~Ha TaKHm~ 3p;paBH no npapona xopa, KOHTO xorar na .Hp;a1\ H TIH.HT BC~O, KoeTO CH nO)KeJIa.HT, nynrar, He cnar H pa60T.HT no 18 qaca B p;eHOHO~He. IToCJIe raxa ra CT5ITa, qe OTHBaT B fiorraana. Bascnan C'bM KaK ce npesanar OT 6oJ,IKa, crpanaiixa TaKa, qe npa BRAa HM C'bJI3M MM nOTMqaT OT osare, EOJmo MM e na ro xaaca, HO TaI<HBa snpana xopa ill qaKa npeanespeaenaa CM'bPT.

Pa36Hpam<H BC~O TOJ3a, aa ce OTHeCOx C MO.H IllOROPKCKH nanaenr nocra npennasnaao. E.HX MHoro p;OBOJIeH, tIe TOR cnerrsa MO.HTa nporpaxa ynOpHTO H HaCTOHtJHB'o. Eerne Heo6xop;HMa nonTH romraa manysaae M eCTeCTBeH Hal.IHH rra )l<HBOT, sa na ce nop;o6pH HerOBOTO C'bCTO.HHMe. Cera T03M qOBeK HMa 1.1llCTO M 3p;paBo rranraae. OT T.HJIOTO My He M3JIH3a y)KaceH MHPMC. TOR

( CTaHa C'bB'bprneHO npyr qOBeK. TOR He caao rro6e,!l;H CBOHTe-

B'bTpernmr nparone, HO H OTXB'bPJIH OT opranasva CM no-rra 20 ronana, Cera TOR npencrannasa CHMIIanItJeH, MJIap;OJIHK, CHJIeH M 06aHTeJIeI-I lIOBeK. CTaHa MI-Ioro no-cnoxoea H ypasaoaecea.

EOJIrnMHCTBOTO OT xopara qaKaT nemo na ce crrysrr, sa na sane-mar na p;eMCTBaT. Ho as C'bM ysepea, qe ~ npopanaxTHI<a e no-nofipe, OTKOJIKOTO <PYHT neseane.

_ BMe, l.IeT.HlIIHTe Ta3H ~a, He Tp5I6Ba na =raxare, p;OKaTO rrpHpop;aTa BH yp;apH C'bC CBOHTe rrpo~eCH Ha p;eTOKCHKa~5I. ITo~JIonIqHO H rro-pasyano e na ce nasa CBoeBpeMeHHO na opraHH3Ma <pH3HOnOfK'IeCI<H nOKOR H B'b3MO)KHOCT can ua ce npcsacTH. Ta aarra cr.apeaearrara ~}mHJIH3a~ rrOC!05IHHO H3JIHBa B'hPXy Hac nOTO~ OT OTponHH nentecrna.

rJIABAXI

RAK,rJ;A CE 3AB'bPllllI CE,rJ;EM,rJ;HEBHOTO rJIA)l,YBAHE - 3AXP AHBAHE

ITo speae na cep;eM,!l;HenHOTO rrranynaae naII.IIDIT CTOMax H 'IpeneH TpaKT ce CBHBaT, a xoraro A,o_i,j-p;e BpeMe na ce npexpara rnanynanero Tp5I6na na ce nOCThIIH no cne,lJ;BaIIJ;llil Ha'IHH~I:ra ce,!l;MIDI"p;eH OT rnanyaanero, nanpaaep n ner naca sesepra, CI-I6MeTe xoxanara na 4-5 nosrara cpenea pasxrep, paspexere ill, nycrrere ill B KHIDIIIJ;a nona H nenaara m csanere OT Of'bH5I. Hscrynere ra, H35I)KTe ill,

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67

xoraro BH ce nosna anerar. CYl;'PIllITa aa OCMrur ,IJ,eH nparorsere carrara 01;' nacrspraaa MOPKOBH H xpacranmra, H3n;e,IJ,eTe rrononan nOpTOKaJI. Cne,IJ, TOBa MO)l{eTe ,IJ,a H35I,IJ,eTe nonOBHH 'lliHIDl napea senemyx. C TOBa fimono MQ)KeTe ,IJ,a H35I,l1,eTe ABe (1)lUmmrn/OT rrnrerrrrrea XIDI6. KaKTo nese xasax, TID! XPaHH MO)l(eTe rta H35I,l1,eTe cyrpanra. IIpe3 nena MO)l(eTe ,IJ,a IIHeTe CaMO necranapana BO,IJ,a, KOJIKOTO noxenaere. Ha 065I,l1, MO)l(eTe ,IJ,a H35I,l1,eTe canara OT Hac'rsprana MOPI<OBH, Hap5I3aHa n;eJIHHa H xpacraaann, rrO,J:(IIpaBeHH C nOpTOI<aJIOB COlC. Cne,IJ, CaJIaTaTa MQ)KeTe na H35I,l1,eTe ABe seneaxyI<OBH 6moAa (napean) - MJIa,IJ,a spacrasana, THKBa, MOPKOB I1Jlli serrea [pax. K1>M TOBa MO)l{e ,IJ,a ce npH6aB5IT ABe q,HJIHfurn. Taxaaa xpaHa B1>06IIIe He c1>,IJ,1>p)l{a Ma3HIIHa

Ha cyrpnnra aa ,IJ,eceTH5I ,IJ,eIi MO)l{eTe ,IJ,a H351,J:(eTe BC5IKaI<1>B npecea nnon (6aHaH, npacxosa, rpeiinrppyr, 5I6}>1IKa). K1>M TOBa MO)l{e ,IJ,a ce npaoana ABe fIaeHH Jl1>~IKH rroxsnnana IIIIIeHMI.J;a, ,IJ,a ce noncnana C MeA (He rroaexe OT erraa 'IaeHa n1»KH'!Ka). ,lJ;HeBHo MO)l{e na ce H35f)1{,l1,aT CT1>praHH MOPlCOBH, KpaCTaBHn;H H nenana, enao ronno seneasysoao 6mo,IJ,0 H e,IJ,I-Ia <pI-IflInrr<a. Be-rep MOX(e ,IJ,a ce BeQep5I C rnrcra OT canara, rraerao 3eJIe H p;OMa1]f, H p;Jile 3en;eHlI)'KOBH 6moAa. Cnen ,IJ,eceTH5I p;eH MO)l{e Aa ce xpaaasr C MeHI-OTO, npHBe,IJ,eHO B Kpa5I na KHI-IraTa

KAK AA 3AB'bPllIHM AECET,[I,HEBHOTO rJIA,n;YBAHE Me)l(AY 17 ,l1,HeBHOTO H 10 ,l1,HeBHOTO rrranysane lUlMa rOJl5IMa paannxa Ha ,J:(eceTH5I p;eH oxono rrer 'Iaca CJle,J:( nnanae IDKTe \ ,IJ,OMam, a CJle,IJ, TOBa CJle,l1,BaHTe rpadiasa, npanoacen no-rope.

He IDKTe nonese, OTI<OJIKOTO BH ce HGKa. IIoMHeTe, 'Ie CTe npe)l{I1B5IJII1 6e3 xpaua OT 7 AO 10 p;HH H B TOBa speae CTe 3ary6I1Jlli anerar, TOBa, 'Ie CTe 3arrO'!HaJII1,IJ,a5I,l1,eTe, OIIIe He 03Ha'IaBarrpHJlI1B rra eHepIWI. liI3I1CKBa ce spexe, sa ~a MO)l(e OpraHH3MT na npesome OT nporpava na ,IJ,eTOKCI-IKaIJ;I15I K1>M nporpana na HacHIIIaHe.

H OTHOBO - HE CE- BE3nOKOHTE

OT 1I3np A3BAHE Hk~EPBAT A

Ha opranaasra My ca Heo6xop;I1MH p;eH I1JlH ABa, sa na CBI1KHe OTHOBO C XpaI-IeHeTO, 3aTOBa He ce B1>JIHyBaHTe, aKO nepaara BH He MoraT na orpearnpar na TOBa. B ~oro cnysaa II1>PBOTO H3npa3BaHe Ha 'IepBaTa CTaBa CKOPO CJle,IJ, n1>pBH5I npHeM Ha xpaHa, npeK1>CBaIII manynaaero, HO TOBa e crporo HH,l1,I1BI1.n;yarrHO, 3aTOBa He MO)l(eM na YCTaHOBI1M erma nopsra aa BCI1'IKI1. A3 ce

68

Ha)J,5IBaM, 'le BI-Ie ure 6b)J;eTe Tbprremn3H rro OTHOllIeHMe na npnponara M llilMa na 3aCTaBSlTe xepaara na pa60TSlT rrpOTMB HeMHOTO 'lKenaHMe. Ilpaponara e cHa6)J,MITa'"CTOMaxa CbC CBbJI C06CTBeHa CaHMTapHa M aHTHCerr'IWIHa CMCTeMa M Ta3M CMCTeMa B H)l)IGIIDI MOMeHT casta npennpaesra eCTeCTBeHM )J,eMCTBMSl, BMe Sl,[(eTe xpaaa, KORTO CTHM}'ITMpa rrepMCTaITTHKaTa na CTOMaxa.

Arm cnermare BC'fNKM npenrracaans ,[(OTYK, BMe IIIe CM HaITO)IiliTe emra penoaaa M snpaaocnonaa CMCTeMa na OT,[(eITJIHe

H,!J;EAJIHA IIPOfP AMA 3A P;OEPO XP A~OCMHJIAHE )Kn:Beemm na AReTa, Cb)J,bP'lKam;a BCM'IIm neooxonaao, as ce rrpMAbp)l(aM KbM Cne)J,HMSl pen. IIbpBOTo M311pa3BaHe na xepaara CTaBa pano cyrpmrra crren cb6Y)IC)J,aHe. H5U(Omm rrspreneaa )J,BM'lKeHMJI aa TJIITOTO MM 1103BOIT5lBaT na rrOCTIITHaTIbITHO OCBo6o'lK,IJ;asarre. Katana eeue xasax, 113 06UKuOBeuo ue 3aKYCBa.M, Ill'bii «amo cuutnau, Ile-lllaK'b8 pe:JICll.1II na xpaueue e noeese noneseu sa sopaeemo. HflKOJlIW uaca cseo C'b6Y:JlcoaHemo 113Jl:Jlcoa.M \ HJlKOIlKO C8e:JICli nsooa -llapl(eHl/e auauac, tiauau, npacsoea unu «aiicun. Moza oa U3JlAt U cytueuu cuuu CIlUBU.

IIpMMepHo cnen 'lac npass rrspsaa npaea na xpana sa )J,eH5l, 06IlliHOBeHO TOBa e carrara OT 3eneINYnM aa OCHOBaTa aa MOpKOBH, KpaCTMBIill,H H 3e~eHa carrara. KbM TOBa o6HICHOBeHo )J,06aBSlM aBOKa)J,O, KoeTO 3ae)J,HO C Kpac~HIIaTa, MopKoBa M aerreaara CaITaTa e )J,06bP cTHM}'naTOp aa pafiorara na CTOMaIIIHM5l TpaKT

Bsanpuex npaeunomo Il'bPBO oa JlAt canama. CrIU11la.A1, ue mpsiiea oa npuY'lUAt opzauusua cu oa npueua casco uamypall-

\ naxpaua. Iloeeuemo xopa sanoueatn xpaueuemo C 6YRbOU unu cyna, a cstuo'maua cauoeuuu uau XJlfl6. Cnopeo uet« moea e tcpaiiuo uenpaeusno, satuomo usteuuo cypoeauia xpaua 0 ua'lMOmO ua xpaneuemo cmuuynupa omoensnemo IIlf cmouaiu- 1I1i COK06e, stuuomo cypoeume seseuuyuu ca tiozamu na uamypasuu cmuuysamopu. TOBa e ueotixoouuo sa npaeuxuomo xpanocuunane. Samoea 113 uacmossau 6 uauanotno ua 6CJlKO ~

)

xpaueue aa ce npueuam Cyp0811 seneuuyuu II cseo HflKOJlIW

ZOOUUll maxoea xpaueue cue tue 11O'lY«C11l6ame, 'le eatuusm opeauussu ue essnpueua opyzo uauaso. B epaiou: cuemxa eue MO:JJCeme oa ooeeoeme nompetinenuemo CU ua CypOBU llJl0006e

U 3eJleU'lY'/U 00 60 % om nopuuoua: •

IIpecHMTe IIJIO)J,OBe M 3eneINYnM - TOBa e xpaHa, fiorara Ha )l<M3HeHM CHITM, HMeHHO TaR xpana, KOSlTO e npnroraeaa sa Hac OT

69

npnponara, TOBa ca :>KMBM nponyxra, ,aKYMYlllipamK Cn'MI'IeBa enepraa.

A3 He ce KaIDI na BM y6e)l(,lJ,aBaM, qe BaIIIIDIT nopnaoa Tp5I6Ba na 6'bp;e C'bCTaBeH OT 100% CypOBM nnonose M serrennyrta, 3arn;OTO He CM5ITaM, qe C'bBpeMeHHIDlT "lIOBeK MO?Ice na :>KHBee raxa, K8KTO ca xcraena nerOBYITe rrpernta XH.IDI',1zyI ro,lJ,MHH nperm TOBa, Etno satuo as npeononaeau, lie uoeanuama ouetna (:e C'bCllIOU om 60% cypoeu 11JIO006e U zeneuuyuu U 20% 6eJlIll'bIllla xpaua: Tesu tienmuuuuu uozam oa 6'boa11l 6'b6 6UO tta .MeCO, pu6a, nilua, uamypanuo cupeue unu 6 pacmumeneu 6110, uanpuuep opexu II ceuena. Bupenama .AIM U 110K'bJlHaJlama ntuenuua C'bUIO .AIOZam oa 6'boam 6a:JICHa uacm om iiesnusuunno xpatieue.

IIOCJleOU1l11le 20% om C60Jl cmpaua ce oensun ua mpu uacmu. BOlla mpema e uamypasuo nutuecme, IIOJlYIla6auo· o III xnsuia, opusa, 606oBuIIle pactneuun. Ilpyzama mpema e tuunypanuam a saxap, c'bO'bP;}ICtllI{a cee llJl0006e11le, ueoa, COKOBeme. , Ilocseouatna mpetnuua ce cscmou otn uatnypanua, lIeHaCU11le-

ua uasuuua, xamo onuo, .uacnuneno II coeeo MaCJIO unu 6CJlKaK6u· OPY2U ueHacUllreuu uacna:

HaT)'panHOTO HMIIIeCTe, saxapra, MacnOTO -TOBa e BMCOKOICOHIJ;eHTpMpaHa xpana, 3aTOBa Tp5I6Ba na ce ynorpefisaa B MaITICM xomorecraa.

BE(ETAPHAHCTBO TIPOTHB MECOH,n;CTB'OTb Iloseae OT 50 rO,lJ,MHH C'bM CIIe~aJlliCT ITO xpaneaero M rrpes

,BCWIICMTe TIDI ro,lJ,MHH ce BOAM 5IpOCTeH crrop Me:>Kp;y nererapaamra M MeC05I,lJ,Il,H. }J,BeTe crpana ce crapaar na nOAKpeII5IT CB05ITa rnemra rosxa C nayrao 060CHOBaHM ,lJ,QBO,lJ,H.. A3 He ce KaIDI na BM ararnpax aa e,lJ,IfOTO MJlli-3a npyroro narrpaaneaae. Ha Ta3M TeMa ca icaIIHCaHM CTO'fHIU{ KHHrH . .rn;o ce OTHaCH 11.0 MeH, - as f!.3IOIIo'IBaM OT CB05I· )l(IfBOT )JyMaTa "HMKora" B cnysaare, xoraro CTaBa )JyMa aa xpaneae,

Cnenaaiixa MHoro ro,lJ,MHM crpora nporpaaa sa manysane M nnera, c'b,lJ,'bp:>Ka:ru;a rrpe~o npecna nnonoae M seneasyrra, M05IT OpraHM3'bM y CTaHaIT TOITICOBa qyBCTBMTeneH, 'Ie O'bB'bpnreHO 6e3rpeTIIHO MM csofimaaaxora ICaKBO cnedBa na 5IM~ B tneueuue

( ua mesu ZOOUIll! as a6COJllOIIlHO llp1l611KHOX 6e3 ueco II pu6a.

Monm 110PI{UOIl ce C'bClIIOU om npecuu II eapeuu llJl0006e u 3eJleIlIlY'{U, ofteXll, ceueua, notaouuou; ssptta, opoucu U 606.

'\ Ho MMa MOM~HTM,- xoraro OpraHM3M'bT MM roaopn, qe 6:ax

70,

H3M MaJIKO Meco rum pafia, MaJIICO HaTypaJIIIO capeae IiJlli rrp5ICHO 5lMn;e. C npyrn ,IzyMli, B M05l OpraHH3'hM ce e passan llliCTHHKT sa H360p rra xparra. pOH5IKora ce crrysna 4-5 rOAHHH na He 5lM Meco 11nH pnfia, HO cnen TOBa opraaassrsr MH renerpadiapa, 'Ie e neofiXOAHMO na H35lM K'hC'Ie Meco HnH pafia. T03H B'hTpellieH mac MH novara npeB'h3XOAHO.

B OCHOBaTa CH as C'hM sererapaaaen no Ha'IHHa na xpanene.

B'h3llHTaBaH C'hM B rOMMa cpepMa, K'hAeTO ce ormescnaxa CTOTHD;H rnasa CBHHe H eA'hp porar Ao6HT'hK, KOHTO na M5lCTO ce rrpepa60TBaxa Ho y6HiiCTBOTO BHHarH MH e 6HnO OTBpaTHTeJIHO. Haxora He C'hM JIOBynaJI H He C'hM XOAlUI na pH6onOB, samoro He \ 06WIaM"Aa nHllIamlM or )KlIBOT KorOTO H na 6lUIO. M3B'hPIlIHJI C'hM 13 eKcrreAHD;HH B HeH3CJIe.n:saIlli CTpaHH, K'h)];eTO cpen Ty3eMD;HTe C'hM natirnonaaan MHom canaa M 3ApaBM xopa, )lUmeelll,H aa BereTapHaHCK,a AHeTa. OT npyra crpana, BIDKAaJI C'hM C'hIlI:O MHoro Ty3eMD;H, B'h3XHTMTeJIHH C'hC CBoeTO snpane, KOHTO nsmo-mar B xemoro CM )KI{BOTHHCKa xpana. TIo speae na eAHO rrsreurecraae H3 IO)l(HllTe MopeTa BM)J;5IX na OCTpOBHTe senaxonenaa npencraBHTeJIH aa qOBeIIIKIDI pOA, ,B T5lXHOTO Memo BJIH3aXa He caao npecna rnronone M 3eneJIlI)'I.1;M, HO pafia, Meco M nTHD;H.

3aTOBa ce crapas )];a 3aeMaM erma rro-yxepena rroamtaa B

I

cnopa no nOBO.n: na BerempMaHCTBOTO. tIynCTBaM, xe KaTO ce

O'IHCTBaMe H Ice YC'hB'hpllIeHCTBaMe, HHe pa3BHBaMe T'hHKO qynCTBO aa rrOTpe6HOCTHTe B .n:a)];eHffiI MoM'eHT.

CEAEM MOH JIIOJiHMH yqHTEJIH

r EAHH OT HaR-A06pHTe CrreD;HamICTH B aayxara sa npO'IHCTnaae aa opraaasua If XpaHeHeTO 6erue ~OH TMJIAeH, )J,OKTOP no MeAHD;HHa OT ,[(eHB'hp. 'To3M M3T'hKHaT ysen nneae B MCTOpll5lTa KaTO e)J).lli OT HaH-H3BeCTHHTe nexapa. Heronaar MeTO,[( na nesenae BKJIIO'IBarue rnanyaaae H xpaneae C npeofinanaaane na IIJIO,[(OBe M 3eneJIlI)'I.1;M. TOR )l{HBJI nonese OT 90 I'O,r(HHll H aKTMBHO ce 3aHllMaBame C neaeaae ,[(0 nocnennaa CH nea,

Orne e)J.Illi H3BeCTeH nexap, CneD;HaJIH3HpaJI ce B xpanenero, e npocnaseaasr ~OH XapBH Kenol', ,[(OKTOP no MeAHD;HHa, KORTO B rrpom.nxeaae aa 60 rO)J;HHH 6erue napexrop na M3BeCTHH5l caHaTOpH)'M BOTn KpHK B mara Masaraa. ,[(OKTOP Kenor csnto 6e CneD;HamICT no nererapaancxa AHeTa, K05lTO rroxroraa aa MHoro xopa B saaenenaero MY na B'h3B'hpHaT 3'[(paBeTO CM. A3 HMax secrra na ce ysa non P'hKOBO,[(CTBOTO na ,[(OKTOP Kenor a C'IHTaM

71

TOBa BpeMe aa C'b6RTIle B MOR )}<MBOT.

B HalfaJIOTO na CTOJIemeTO ~3 acncrapax aa Eepaap MaxdieP;'bH - 6aru;a II OCHOBaTeJI na p;BIDKeHIIeTO aa CpII3meCKa K:¥JIrypa. MHCTbp MaKcpep;'bH OTHal.laJIO asnpofiaa ~BereTapHaHCTBOTO, HO CJIep; TOBa ce YCTaHOBH JIa CMeCeHa rmera, I<OHTO BKJIIOlfBaIlle MeCO H patia, TOBa fienre orne ep;RR l.IOBeK, KOMTO aspsanre B csteceaara AHem H p;mI<HBR norrra P;O 88 rO,D;HHH.

I1MaJI C'hlv1 B'b3MO)}{HOCT na pa60TR C MHoro CrreII.HaJIII~~, KOHTO ycnenrao JIeKYBaxa xopa C rroxonrra aa CHCTeMa sa naryPaJIHO xpaneae. B HalfaJIOTO na ,I1,Bap;eceTTe rop;HHH HMax y,l1,OBOJICTBHeTO na pa6oT5I C P;OKTOP Cear JIymI BCTec, KOMTO fieme IIHoHep H crpor rrOCJIep;OBaTeJI aa 5Ip;eHeTO na capene. BIDK,1.l;aJI C'bM; MHoro 60JIHH, B'b3CTaHOBHlliI anpaaero CH 6JIarop;apeHHe na

I~eroBHTe p;Hem. ~

j::(OKTOP Benenaxr JIyCT fienre OCHOBalfeJI na naryponaraara M: e B'h3IIHTaJI C,\OTIlII,H aaryponara, KOHTO ca pa3npOCTpaIDIJl!'! yxenaero My no u:eJIH5I CBHT.

j::(OKTOP XeHpH JImr,D;JI'bp e aapesea "JIeKap 6e3 JIeKapCTBa", TOM npt.a rrpom.arnaca B'b3Bp'hrn;aHeTO aa repanaara H nporpaJIaKTIlKaTa K'hM narypannare MeTOp;H.

Ilporpecop APHOJI)]; Eper, crropen MeH, fieme ep;HH OT HaM. nofipare cneU:HaJIHCm no xpaneae. TOM e C'h3p;aTeJI na MeTop;a sa . nesenae xpea ,,6e3cny3ecTa p;HeTa", K05ITO ce OCHOBaBa na sererapaaacrso. II03HaBaM MHoro y-qeHHII,H na nporpecop Eper, KORTO aocraraaxa )];0 80-90 ronaaa finaronapenne aa CJIep;BaHeTO aa

neronara naera. \

Mora na Ha30Ba H MHoro npyra cneIJ,MaJIHcTH rro xpaneae, C , KOHTO C'bM 6HJI n03HaT HJIH C'bM pa60THJI 3ae)J,HO. Bp;HH OT T5IX

\ v

nponaramtapar CMeceHa p;HeTa, npyra - crporo sererapaascxa,

rpera - sneae aa capeae, HO BCmKH Te IIMaT erma 06~a xepra:

HaCmOJl6a11l3a 113KJlWl/.6aHe om nopuuoua ecuuxu npepatiomeHU II ptufiuuupauu npooytanu, C'b30aOeHu om tuuuama l/U6Ususauus; IIpRBe)l(,lJ;aM CIIHC'hK sa nponyxra, KORTO ce npenopsa- _ BaT OT BCmKH xopmpea aa aayxara sa xpanene ~a II3KJIlOlIBaue

OT nOpII,HOHa.

XP AHA, KOHTO TPHliBA)J.A CE H3liHI'BA

- Parpmrapaaa saxap R Hefunrre nporrysra: CJIap;KO, MapMaJIap;,~eJIe,cJIap;orrep;,IPep6eT,IIHpo~,6RCKBRTH,~BKa,CJIap;I<H HallHTI<I4, rrapor, nynnar; noncnaneaa IIJIOP;OBH coxose, nnono-

72

Be, KOHCepB~{paliH B CJIa,n;'bK capon;

) _ KeT<IYII, rop-nma, IDIKaHTeH ,n;OMaTeH COC, MapI1H:am, 3eJIeHM MaCJIMHH;

_- COJIeHH nponyxra: xpycxaum saprotpa, conena opexxera, _ COJIeHM'KpeKepH H np.;

_ H3,l.I,emrn: OT rrO'lHCTeH OT JIIOCIlliTe OpH3;

_ TaKHBa rrpOMHIIUIeHH rOTOBH 6JIIO,n;a ICaTO xoprnpnexc (KYI<YPY3eHM napsera) H aHaJIOIWIHH rrpoA)'Km; -

_ rreqeHa xpaHa; ! '

_ HaCHTeHa C Mac H xanporeaesapana Macrra (nparose na sanrero C'b pne );

_ nponyxra, C'b,n;'bpJI<aIll,H rraxryaao MaCJIO; aKO aa onaxonxara e HaIDIcaHO: "paCTHTeJIHO,MaCJIO", rr'bpBO CH H3JICHeTe KaKEO I

e TO H 'roraaa penranaiire aeotixonaao JIM e na ro H3nO.IT3BaTe; \,

_ MaprapHH (C'h,l.I,'bp)Ka~ HaCHTeHH Ma3HHHH H xanporene-

I .

3HpaHM MaCJIa); , -

_' Kacp~, Ka<peHM HarrHTKH, qaH, CrrHpTHH HaIIHTI<H; -:O;HrapH;

_ rrpJICHO CBHHCKO H rrpO,l.I,)'KTHTe MY; _ rryurerra pafia OT BCJIKaK'bB COpT;

_ nynreao Meco, nrynxa, 6el<OH, KOJI6aCH;

- BapeHM IcpeMBHpIIIH, canaM, rtponyxra, 6-orarn Hd, IiHTpam; _ ,

- cynrean nnonose, C'b,n;'bp)Kanw cepea ABYOKHC B xaaecr-

BOTO aa KOHCt}pBaHT;

- 6pofuiepH, KOHTO ca rronxpaanaaa C'bC CTHMYrraTopHTe na

- '

p'bCTa; I

- !COHcepBHpaHM cyna (serere !CaKEO IIHIIIe aa eTHKeTa, 06p'brn.aHTe BHMMaHMe aa csrrspzcaaaero aa saxap, 6pallIHO, HM-

. nrecre H xoacepnanra); -

- 6pallIHeHM nporryxra (6JIJI XJIJI6, p'szcea XJIJI6 C notianxa na mnemorao 6paIIIHO, KYPa6HH, TOp~, BatpJIM, KpeK~pH, Mar::a:

POHH, crrarera, nann H np.); , - nenpecaa seneaayna, ~o-paHO rrpHro~eHM canara, nonrpJIBaHM xaprorpa;

I

- CaMOrreqeHMe C rreKapCTBa - HJIMaTe ,n;OCTaTh'lHa KBaJIH-

<pHKa:o;HJI,n;a CH rrp~AIDICBaTe JIeKapCTBa. IIocJIe,n;cTBHJITa MoraT na 6'b,n;aT cep~03HH.

73

I'JIABAXII

A3 C'bM llPOTHB KJIH3MHTE no BPEME HA rJIA,)];YBAHE

Ilpoxen C'hM MHo)KeCTBO KHHTH no manynaae H B 60JIIIIIll-ICTBOTO • OT T5I{C ce npeIIOp'hqBa no BpeMe na rnanyaaaero e)KeAHeBHH KJlH3MH. A3 HMaM C'hBCeM npyra rnenaa TO'lI<a. ITpOTHB KJIH3MHTe C'hM C H3IOIIOqelrne na xpaana CJIyqaH. CaMO xoraro qepBaTa OTI<a3BaT a6COmOTI-IO na pa60T5IT, MO)Ke na ce npMJIO)KH KJlH3Ma, HO H rorana KaTO IIocJIeAHO CpeACTBo.

AKO cpaBHHM KJIH3MaTa C MOIll,HO cna6HTeJIHO, TO T5I nre ce OK(l)Ke IIO-IIpeAnO'lHTaHa, MaKap H na HMa CBOHTe HeAQCTaT'hIzyI, B cnyqaii rra qeCTO nosropenae T5I CMJIHO pa3Apa3Ba T'hKaHHTe H OTMHBa Ba)KI-Ia MHKp~<pJIOpa OT CJIH3eCTfITe 06BHBKH aa xpanocMMJI~lTeJlHH5I TpaKT, Heo6xo,!l;HM sa HOPMaJIIIOTO <pYllKIzyIOHHpaHe

Hd qepBaTa. .

ITo BpeMe aa manynaaero BaIIIH5IT OpraHH3'hM ce HaMHpa B rronoxenae na <PH3HOJIOrnqeH IIOKOH. T'bii samo xpaua 0 CIIlOuaxa He nocmsnea, npespamsea ce nepucmanmutauna ua uepeama. Ilnsama omoesumesua cucmeua 8 moea epeue !to-

I uuea II eue He 11lPJl6oa oa npeuume ua moea. OpraHH3M'hT CH Irna C06CTBeHa cannrapaa H Ae3HH<peK.U;I1'OHHa cH,(TeMa, patioreuta B qepBaTa, 3aTOBa no spesre na rnanynane qeCTO H5IMa Ae<peKaQIDI. He ce 6e3nOKOHTe no T03H nOBOA 11 He npnnaraare KJlH3Ma. IT03BorreTe aa xepaara CIIOKOHrIO na OTA'hXHaT, Ta HaITH HMeHHO sa TOBa BHe rnanyaare.: 06Il1,aTa H,!l;eH e rta ce naae nOKOH aa IJ,5IJIaTa MOm;Ha OTAeJIHTeJIHa CHCTeMa.

OT npexe na speae B xo.o;a aa rn~AYBaHeTO MO)ICe na HaCT'bIDI H3IIpa3BaHe na vrepnara. Ho aKO TOBa He CTaHe, TOBa He osnasaaa, qe BHe me ce OTpOBHTe. Koraro cnen manynanero aanoxaere C aarypanaa xpana, TO qepBaTa BH me pa60THT peAOBHO

..

M1<:OXO/lbln tcpaoe sopaeemo U »cueoma na XU/lJlOU M/laOU MOM'lema U uouuxema

He e 8b3MO:JICHO oa ee ynompetisea anxoxon U oa ee csxpanu 30pa8emo U :J/CU3HeHume CWlU. He8'b3Mo:JICHO e oa ce 'lY8Cln8aUI o06pe xamo cu 3aeUCu.M om matcse clntlMy/lamop.

74

rJIABAXIII

r, ,

BAIIIWIT E3HK HHKOr A HE JI'b)J{E

BaIllIDI:T e3HK e B'bJIIlle6HO ornenano. ITo e3HKa MO)l{e JIeCHO na ce nosnae KOll<O TOKClflIeH· MaTepHaJI e narpynaa B KJIeTI<I1Te II oprannre BH. E3HKJ,T e OrneAaJIO aa CTOMaxa II uerran CTOMaIIIHOxpeaea TpaKT. B'bB sauraa opramI3J,M HMa AeceTMe'TpOB KaHaJI, rrpOCTpHH OT ycrara AO aHaJIHHH OTBOp. TaM ce C'b6Hpa TOIIJIIIHa

H nnara. ITpe3 T03H KaHaJI npeaaaasa xpanara, KOHTO HHe H3IDKAaMe. Ha P8.3JlH'lIIHTe xpanarerraa rrpoAYI(TH HM e Heo6xoAHMO P8.3JIKCIHO speue aa npexanaaaae npes T03II KaHaJI. BOJIIIIIIHCTBOTO OT xopara zAaT pa¢HHIIpaHa, Te)l{!(a, KIICeJIHIffia xpana, HaCIITeHa C Ma3HHHH. Ilonrsmar ronaxo KOmI'leCTBO 6zJIO 6paIll- - HO II pa¢II1IHpaHa saxap. Ionmrara sacr OT TID! raxa napexeaa U;IIBIIJIII30BaIDI' rrOpI.J;IIOHH He nparexaaar aeofixonmrara l1JIJ,THOCT, BJIaJKHOCT II BJIaKHeC1HOCT, -sa na npesomasar 6J,P30 npes T03II KaHaJI.

A3 CIIU11UUt, «e uua 06Uf ifjaKlllOp;"npeOUleCl1l8aUf 11 csttstnC11l8aU! AlH020 tionecmu. T0311 ifjaKlIlOp e sanesem. Sanetaan ceo 06JlCHJl8a C Pa3JlUILHU npuuuuu, HO cnopeo uet« e Jl021111HO, aKO esusaiuomo 110 KOJllllfeCI1l80 II zscmoma He e pa8HO ua U3Jl1l3atuomo, 1110 mozaea UAtaAte sanex: 3arreKJ,T MO)l{e na 6J,Ae HaqaJIO na MHoro cepH03HH aationaaaaaa, B Harne spesre xopara ca CBHKHa..JIH na C'lIITaT, "Ie He e BpeAHO na MaT KaKBOTO HCKaT II xoraro HCKaT. Hayq:HJIH ca HH na MeM ~Ta6HJIHa 3aKyCKa; sa Aa ce sanacrra

\ C eaepraa aa p;eIDI, HO CJIeA TOBa Mlloro xopa rrOmJIBaT sarracare CII C BTOpa 3aKyCKa. CJIe,!J, TOBa o6M, CJIeAo65!,lJ" CJIeAo6egno Ka<ile, cTa6HJIlIa seaeps, CJIeA TOBa snene nperr TeJIeBH30pa H aenocpencTBeHO nperra CJ,H. BcIl'lKO TOBa ce AomJIBa OT cJIa,!l;OJIeA, rrparorsea OT M8.3Ha CMeTaHa C Ao6aBKa na COJIeHH opexa, :rOBa osaasasa, 'Ie nponecsr aa npeacaaane ce Il3BJ,pIIIBa nrecr H nonere rrsra B AeHOHOm;He.

B xpaaaa cxrerxa qOBeK C'lHTa, 'Ie aKO H3rrpa3BaHeTO na qepBaTa CTaBa eAHH rrJ,I MeBHO, 06HKHOBeHO cyrpaa, TO sanex He ro sacrpamana. Ho rona C'bBCeM He e AOCTaTJ,'lIIO na OTAeJIH BCIl'lKO, KoeTO ce e aarpynano B OpraHH_3Ma. A 8 pesynmam PU3JlOJICllJlUme ce ocmamsuti om xpauama e uepeama npe1ll'bpnseam tjiepMeH11lUlfllOHHll U tiatanepuannu npeesnxsuseuus, soumo (J00Jll1l 00 cepU03HU 3a60JlJleaHUR.

'-qOBeIllKIDIT opraHH3J,M e AOCTa aanexnea, TOll MO)l(e na ce

75'_

,

cnpasa C rO.jI5lMO KOJIH~IeCTBO H3JIHIlI'bIzyI, KOHTO ca BpeAHH aa

nero. Macro rpynao e Aa ce y6e,n;JIT xopara B 'T,.OB8, lfe ce XpaHJIT

I

HerrpaBHJIHO, H sre KaTO nanpasnar xepaara eAHH rrsr AHeBHO,

cpaKTHTfeCKH CTpaAaT OT sanex H OT TOBa HMa spemra rrOCJIe,n;HIJ,H.

Ho ci.rrrecrsyaa e,n;HH npenyrrpexnaaam CHMl1TOM - rresrrpaBIDI e.3HK, KOHTO Mo)Ke rta pasxaxe na xopara KaKEa crpanma

I

3aIIJIaXa HOC5lT B opraaaava CH.

_ AKO ce norrranyna erma HJIH naa rom C AeCTHJIHpaHa nona, "B'bJIllIe6HOTo ornenano" - e3HK'bT - HanpaBO ru;e BH xasce, KaKBO Y)l(aCHO KOJIH~IeCTBO OTPOBH CTe narpynana B ce6e CH. E3HK'bT ce nOKpHBa C 6emI TOKCHlfHH aanena, H3,n;aBa~ reacsx MHpHC. AKo crcrpamrre nanenare Han'bJIHO, 're me ce n05lB5lT CJIe,n; H5lKOJIKO'qata. TOBa e TOlfeH rrOKa3aTeJI 3a KOJIHqeCTBOTO Ha TOKCHTfHH HaTpyrrBaHIDI, CJIY3 H npyra OTPOBH, lCOHT6 no epexe aa ma.n;yBaHrTO ce OTAeJI5lT OT B'bTpellIHaTa nOB'bpXIIOCT na CTOxraxa, ~IepBaTa H npyrnre oprana. TpYAHO e na ce rrosapna Ka1(BO KOJIHTfeCTBO oTpoBeH MaTepHaJI HOCH B ce6e CH BceKH qOBeK, KOHTO ce CQHT3 sa snpan. Cnopen MeH nprrraaara sa MHoro 3a6oJI5lBaHIDI ce xpne B sanynraaaero na XpaHHTeJIHIDI xaaan, nopa Aa CTaBa AYMa ~a 6oJIecTH: aa KP'bBOHOCHaTa HJIH )];HXaTeJIaara CHCTeMa. Cuumau, lie Omp081111le, xoumo ce 8C.IIIYK8am 0111 uepeama, Ompa6J111l unsama cucmeua ua opzauusua.

IIoKpHBaHeTo na e3HKa C aanerra IIpH rnanynaae IIOKa3Ba, Qe B oprannsaa I<lMa rOJI5lMO KOJlli~leCTBO OTpO:8eH MaTepHan. CTPOe)K'bT na 1 'bKaHHTe, ocofietro na raxasa Ba)lCHH B'bTpeIIIHH oprarrn KaTO 6'b6peU;H, npooose H )l(J1e3H HarrOMH5l r'b6a. Ilpencrasere CH f'b6a, rroplne aa 'KOHTO ca 3an'bJIHeHH C r'bCTa Maca. Hatimoztaaan C'bM~CTOTHlI,H CJIyqaH na manyaaae H 3H~5I KaKEO orpOMHO KO.Jrn:lfeCTBO TOKCMIDI ce narpynsa B opraHH:?Ma na QOBeKa, )l(HBeeru; aa crannapren aMepHKaHCKH ITOPIJ;HOH. pa OOl1YCHe.lll, ne 'I08eK ce e npocmyoun. Ell mpntieaso oa cu 3aoaoe 8'bllP9ca stuuo l1IOJlKOea CJly~ II me'lHOCI1l 113J11l3a om opzaHu3Ma .IIty npes uoca II

( Z'bPJlOIlIO. Ta uanu opeauususm e npuuyoe« oa oceotioucoaea tiesutne opoiioee, 6'b6pellUme, :JICJlbtlflllfl uexyp om uampynaJ1UlIle ce ompoeu, npencueneaiiuu ceoeoiipaseu Kp1l311C.

3a na pasfiepesr ITOBeqe aa ce6e CH, 3aIIOt{HeTe C ru;aTeJIHO ornexnaae na e3HKa ca. E3HK'bT - TOBa e opran, xoiiro TOquO OTpa35lBa C'bCT05IHHeTO C'bC CBOJITa ITOB'bPXHOCT. "B'bJIllIe6HOTO OrneAaJIO" MO)l(e na CTaHe BaIIIa II'bTeBO,lJ,Ha saesna ITO IT'bT5I aa

cyrrep3ApaBeTO. '

.76

KOJIKOTO IIO-~a:reJllIO CJIe,l:Q3aTe rparpnxa sa rnanyaane, KOJIKOTO IIO-IIpaBlUIHO ce xpanare, TOJIKOBa\IIO-"tJMCT me CTaBa salIIIDIT e3HK. ~1CTI15IT e3ill( e 3HaIC, xe CTOHTe sa II'hT5I na HOBIDI

){{HBOT, oCBo6oAeH OT 6oJIecTH, ysropa H CTapOCT. -,

lIoBeK yMHpa He OT CTapOCT, 'ra HaJIH H5IMa ocofiean 6oJIecTH, CIIen,11MHO sa crapn xopa. EOJIlllliHCTBOTO OT 60JIeCTHTe IIOpa35IBaT 11 MJIaAHTe, 11 CTapHTe xopa. A .MIl020 Olll mesu 60JleCIIl1i ca nopooeuu Olll npetnoeapeaue ua 0PUIIlU3.Afa C moscuuuu eetuecmea. IIo)J,lJ,'bp)Kaihe '-rn:CTOTa ua opranaaaa 'lpe3 manyaane u yrrorpefianaare casro Ao6pa, HaTYpaJIHa xpaaa, BaIlIIDIT e3HK n sarnara ypaaa me BM IIOKa)KaT II'bT5I K'hM B'bTpellIHaTa "tJMCTOTa. BIDIMaTeJIHO rH CJIeAeTe IIO npesre na rnanysaae.

YCMHXBAMTE eEJ, CTHCI{AI1KM 3'bBH

"EHX HCKM na rnanysax, 3amOTO B5IpBaM, qe TOBa me MH noxrorae IIO "tJYAOTBOpeH Ha'-mH. Ho He Mora rta rna;nyBaM IIOPa)J.I1 yxacnnre M'hKH, KORTO C'hIIpOBO)K,!l;aT rrspsnre T}JM ,!l;HH ,OT manyaaaero". TOBa C'hM qyBM XHIDI,!l;H II'hTH, xoraro C'bM r:oBOPHJI na JIeICIIIDf. 3a TaKHBa xopa HMaM e,!l;HH C'bBeT: "CT11CHeTe 3'b6n 11 ce yCMI1XBaihe".

"BeAH'b)l( rrpofinax na rnanyaaa, HO raxa oTcJIa6HaX n ce nosyncraax 3JIe, '-Ie OTHOBO 3aIIO'lHaX na HM." TOBa e onte enao

3aHBJIeIDIe, KoeTO qeCTO qyBaM. '\

HHTO enaa II'bT B Ta3H KillITa He C'hM Ka3BaJI, 'le na rnanyaaur e JIeCHO: Xpanara e TOJIKOBa Ba)KHa 'laCT OT HalIIIDI )JCHBOT, qe aKO H aaesreur 0T xopara U HM IIpeAJIQ)KHili na manysar, TO re me M3II11TBaT MHoro ¢113H'leOKH 11 IIC11XH'leCK11 T}JYAHOCTH. TOBa e masaara npasana sa HeIIOIIYJIHpHOCTTa aa manynaaero. Xopara ca potia aa HaBHWITe.

IIoH5IKora 11MaM YAOBOJICTBIIeTO na OTceAHa B'bB BeJIHICOJIeIIHI15I HOB POK¢eJIepOB XOTeJI na XaBaHCKHTe OCTpOB11. TOBa e xytiaa aMepHKaHCKH XOTeJI, B ueaara na KOHTO ce BKJllO'lBa -xpanara. 3arcyCKa B 7.30, ofien B 12.30 II nesepa B 19 'laca. Koraro 11 na ce HaMHpaT OKOJIO CTOJIOBaTa B TID! xacoae, IIOCeTHTeJIHTe C aerspneaae OqaKBaT xora me ce OTBOPfl BpaTHTe 11 're me MoraT na ce HaCHT5IT.

Jletcapume ua 6boeuwmo HJlMa oa oa60111 JlelCapCmea, a 111e sauumepecyeam nauueuma c nOOXOOJlUfa ouema .

TOMac Eoucou

77

b51Xa rra xopara manna B T051 xac? KaK e B'h3MO>KHO TOBa?

Iloaenero nocerarena HI1~O nenpaaexa, OCBeH na ce T'hpKaJUIT nO'TDIIDKa, na Mrpa51T na KapTM lUII1 .n;a qeTaT. Te He npaB51T a6coJIIoTHO nmno, sa na 3apa6oT51T xpanara, HO re caynepena B TOBa, "LIe Tp516Ba na MaT HMeHHO B TM5l qaCOBe. C'h~OTO crasanre H aa sopatia, xoraro ce npsntax B Kanmpopnrer. TaM TOJIKOBa xopa xaxaxa C aersprreaae .n;a ce OTBOP51T BpaTHTe na CTO)JOBaTa.

HE )KMBEH, 3A ,I1.A JI,I1.EIlI, A JI)K, 3A ,I1.A :aqmE.!pn Xpana! Xpanal Xpanal T5I MO:>Ke rra 6'h.n;e firrarocrroaeaa aa xoneqeCTBOTO, HO Mo)Ke IH na 6'h.n;e HerOBO npOKJI5lTMe . Macro npena He! "LIOBellIKM5l OpraHM3'hM HOCM npezsnaaero. Ho M,lJ;Ba nen, xoraTO xpaHOCMMJIaTeJIHaTa CMCTeMa OTKa3Ba.n;a B'hPIIIH CBp'hXHOpMaTMB:ka pafiora. Ilocnencrnaara OT TOBa ca )0KaCHM.

Bonecrare aa XpaHOCMMJIareJIHaTa CMCTeMa ca 6J.Iq sa C'hBpeMeHHM5l qOBeK. 3aneK'hT omansna .n;'hITrH5I CnHC)'hK OT TM5l fionec-

----nr. TOH cnen TOH xarrsera, npaxose M MMKCT)lpM ce nponanar, sa na ce OIII1TBaMe na rrpO"LII1CTMM -repaara CM OT OTpOBIDne seurecTBa, KOHTO ca ce narpynana TaM. I{UOllJl1l306lIHllJl11l l106eK ce HOII1'bI1KOa C xpauu 1Il00Ca, fie xpanocuunamesnama cucmeua II omaenumesuama CllC/IWAta He stozam oa eu npepatiomnm II ll3X8'bPJl/1I11. TOBa HanOMH5I sa YCMJIH5ITa, aa aBTOM06MJI, KOMTO ce M'hqMM YCKOPMM, a Torr e H3rreprraJI CBOMTe pecypcM r He CM crpysa na crropasr 38. TOBa, qe sarretcsr ce 5IB5lBa rrspaonpasmra sa MHoro npyra 3a6oJI5lBaHIDI.

ETO enno OT nosasarencraaraHanpaaere MaJI'hK excrrepaMeHT. IIpMrOTBeTe CH 0651.n; OT BCM"'IKO, KoeTO 06MKHOBeHO snere. Ho He ro IDKTe, a ro nocrasere B'hB nona C TeMnepaT)rpa 38°C (K05lTO C'hOTBeTCTBa na retmeparypara na xepnara). Cnenere 'resmeparypara na OCTaBa rrocroaaaa. A cera menairre KaKBO me CTaHe C xpanara BM sa oceu xacai

IhpBOTo, KoeTO me ycerare, e Te:>K'hK aenpaaren MMpMC.

Crren TOBa xpanara sarrosna na 'omena rasone. Hansranero aa rasosere npasaaasa na qOBeK MUoro H({rrpH5lTHOCTIl. Hansraaxa

B'hpxy ,lJ;Ma<pparMaTa, TO MO)ICe .n;a rrpJ1qMHM cspnesea rrpMCThII 11 -

npyrn l!errpM5lTHOCTIl.

Koraro B OpraHM3Ma raxasa Maca OT xpaHHTeJIHH OCTaThll,H nenpexscaaro H3pa6oTBa TOKCHHH, re rrpe,lJ;M3BHKBaT rnasofiorrae H 60JIKH B npyra opramr.

J Eseneumapuama 6aK11lepllOJl0211Jl C6Upe11leJlCl110a, ue nn-

78 '

ua no-ootipa cpeiJa 3(1 pa3.AtHO;}/caB(LHe IUl tiatanepuu Olll Hellpepatiotneuama xpaua B iJe6eJlollIO uepeo. Hanpaso B HaIIIlliI OpraHH3'bM HHe caMM pa3B'b)l<)J,aMe orpOMHO xonasecrso sparone, KOMTO HH aOC5IT MHoro 6eAM.

AKO ctne noosoueeuu ua IIWKIiBa 3a6oJlJlB(1II11fl xamo uectnutne npOC11IyiJu, 1Il0 sanessm cssoaea tinazonpunmua cpeiJa sa cstuecmeyeaue U pa3.MnO;}ICaBaHe ua npuuuuumenu ua tnun sationsoanun.

Totccuuuume eeiuecmea; 06pa3YBaHU B pe3YJl111am ua noz-

- .uauaue ua npexasetto 20JlJl.Ato KOJlUlJ.eCl1lBO xpaua II ocotieuo ua epeouaxpaua, .A102(lJ1l oanoepeonm eiJll1i Olll uaii-eaxcnume opzanu Ita natuemo 11lJlJlO - uepuun iJpo6. BceKM e ,ll)I'b)l{eH na snae KOJIKO e BeDKeH qepHlliIT APo6 aa OpraHM3Ma. llepHlliI1" APo6 e HaMCTMHa orponaa XMM~eCKa nafioparopaa, asrrsmrasama MHoro q)),!!Kll,MM. Toiii ce -sIB5IBa OCHOBeH O~CTIITeJI aa OpraHM3Ma. Hepamrr APo6 M 6'h6pell,HTe - TOBa ca naprasopn B ll,illIOCTHH5I xpaHOCMHJIaTeJIeH nponec. AKo enaa OT napnrsopare nsnarme B 6e,u;a, TO npyrnar MY ce nparasna na rrosrorn, AKo TOBa ce cnysna qeCTO, oprarrsr ce paspynrana, Koraro cpy:HKIl.RMTe na '!,epHlliI p;po6 M XpaHOCMIDIaTeJIHIDI TPaKT ca napynrena, qOBeK cepaosno ce pa36oJI5IBa. ETo santo na sarrexa 'C"bOTBeTCTBa 60JIeH xepea p;po6 M MHoro npyra aenpaaraocra.

IIoH5ITHO e, qe xoraro rrpacrr.nnare K'bM rrranysaae, sa na nponertere ~CTKa B OpraHM3Ma CM, B"b3,u;'bp)l{aHeTO OT xpana e nenpaarao.

Koeatno znaoyeame, ;}ICU3Ilellumc__ CUJlU ua OP2(l1lU3.Ata OCeotioucoaeam epeouume nacnaeeauun U 211 etououeam 806.Meua ua eetuecmeama, sa aa 2U oiiesepeosm enocseocmeue.

Ho xoraro TM5I Bpe,u;Ip'I aemecrsa 6'b,u;aT M3Be,u;eHH, BMe me ce '\

nO"<IynCTBaTe MHoro no-noope, Cnopen Mep1ilITe na manyaane YCJIOBM5ITa ce MeH5IT BCeKM nea. Koraro CTaBa nponec sa M36aBillIe

na OpraHM3Ma OT ronaao Ko~eCTBO OTPOBM, BMe ce 1!yBClBaTe

sne. Ho cnensa na ce snae R TOBa, "<Ie rronnxora CJIe,u; 7 ,lJ;HeBHO rnanysaae MO)l{e ,u;a ce -qynCTBaTe no-nofipe OTKOJIKOTO cnen TPMAHeBB.O. 3alll,OTO ca M3Brre"<IeHM rrosese roxcasna nentecrna, KOMTO

ca np~aJIH TomCOBa 6e.u;a. B Kpa5I na 10 ,u;HeBHOTO manysaae

as ce "<IynCTBaM nO-CMJIeH, OTKOJIKOTO B Ha"<IaJIOTO. KOJIKOTO no~CT cTaBa<opraHR3M1>T, TOJIKOBa nosetre )l{M3HeHM CMJIM ce rrpn- 6aB5IT. 3aToBa B HalJaJIOTO na rrranynanero CTRCHeTe 3"b6M M ce YCMI1XBaHTe, TB'bPAO rrOHaC5IHKM BCM"<lKM_HerrpM5ITI!OCTR, KOMTO

79

I

rrpoasrasar OTnpO'llICTBaHeTO na opraaasua. Ta Harm saaere, 'Ie KaTO ce npO'llICTHTe, ute ce qyBCTBaTe nO-CIDIeH.

He 066UHJl8aLtme npupooama, mn 6'bpLUU C80fll1W paiioma, otieunneaiime ce6e cul

MWlm01-l, "yh2y6eHUflm pail. cr

PAnHOHArrHOrllAAYBAHEITPOTHBCllY3

Cnopen MeH MHoro npotinexa na 'IOBeIIII<OTO snpase ce xopeaar B nperrsnaeaare OTXOAll aa ornemrrenaara cacreaa na 'IOBeKa. B tionuamcmeomo om cnynaume saopscmeauema cmaea om CJlY311UI. A sae cavare nana CTe ocaotioneaa OT CJIy3Ta? 3aMMcrrere ce HaA TOBa. Cmuua nu ce CJlY3 006 eauuuna HOC02Jt'bIllKa? A KaK CTe C noca? KOJIKO rrsra aa AeH nne BaAHTe HOCHaTa ca K'hprra? KOJII<O rrsra ira ,n;eH nnaxaere r-sprroro Cll? Komco rrsra na AeH ll3ITJIIOBaTe cnys II TelfHOCT?

BceKU uoeex, JICI16eeuf C HOpMaJlHO xpaneue, ampaoa Olll tnoea, tie uezoeama omoesumesua cuctnesta e sanytaeua om' CltY3. Tasu 011lpO(JHa CJly3 ce otipasyea Olll ocmamuuu ua uenpepaiiomeua II HeOI1l0eJleH£l neuamypanua xpaua, uampyneaua Olll uoueuma ua paxcoauemo. Tn. ue cauo sanytuea uoca, zspsomo II tiesume apotioee, HO 11 uouce oa 6'boe 3a6eJlJl3£lH£l

,

no unnotno Itp011leJICeHUe na xpauocuuxamenuun mpasm, om

ycmuama uyxuua 00 attyca: MOJICeAt oa n uauepuu u e ytuume, npu moea He e meuen euo, a «amo mana. OZPOA11l0 KOJllllleC11lBO CJlY3 ce uampynea 0 opotioeetne.

IIHeOMOHUJllll£l e eoua Olll uait-cmpauuuane.tiosecmu. TJl ce pa36110a mozaea, K02a11to opoiioeeme masa ce 11pen'bJlIIJl11l C'bC CJlY3, lie I/UI.JfI He .MOJICe oa npouusne OOCIIla!II'blIIlO «onu'leC11l60 KllCJlOPOO, sa 'oa 0602a11l11 tqnetna, npomusuuua npes op0600eme.

Hauuun a 0611KII06eHfl xpaua II11K02a lie AtoJICe uansauo oa ce omoenu. lIo I1taK'b8 uaxu« omoesumesuama HU cucmeua 6a61l0, 110 CU2YPIIO ce 3aAt'bPCJlBa. B moea ce spue hpUlIUllama sa AlH020 60AeCIIlU. Opzauususm ce npensnea C'bC CJlY3, om «onmo He MOJICB iJa ce 1136a611. TJl OC11la6l! 8 opeanusua II ce souuenmpupa 8 ZOJlJlMa uaca:

• ,Jfa flveM, sa oa :JICU8eeM, a He oa J/CU8eeM, sa va) .£lVeM. KOJllWmO noeexe xpaua, m0Jl1W8a noeeue tionecmu" EeH.l:btCaMUH c[JpaHTCJlUH

,80

HADrAT A _I(HBMJl1I30BAHA XP AHA OOP A3YBA CJIY3

Ciepeuennama Kj'XHJl - mona e CJlY3006pa3YBaul nopuuou. EOJIImrnCTBOTO rnmanaaoaaaa ,rr;Me11I ce OCHOBaBaT aa nexena

(

xpana, a BCJlKa neueua Xp{LHa ce JlBJlBa CJlY3006pa3YBau/a. Mne«:

uutne I1POOYKI1l11 ctauo 06pa3YBa11l CJlY3. Hnro ermo )l{l1]30THO na 3eM5ITa He ce xpana C WUIKO KaTO B'b3paCTHO: IJ;HBl1J1H30BaHam ,rr;MeTa,BKJIIO':lBa Macno, rrponyxra na MacnOTO, MaprapMH, xanporennsaparra I1 TE'bP,rr;M Ma3lllillli, xoaro He ce YCB05lBaT OT OpraHM3Ma. , Oxono 90% OT BCI1':lKI1 KOMeplleCI<I1 rrorrycpa6pI1Ka11I ca aanpaneaa na OCHOBaTa aa xznporenasapaaa Ma3llliHI1. HopMaJIHaTa TeMTIeparypa aa nanrero TIDIO e 36,6 DC. 3a:n;a ce npeaapa if aCI1MI1JII1pa raxasa Ma3IllJf1a e .fle06xo,rr;MMa TeMIIepazypa 150 DC. Hanrara rzyml1J1H30BaHa xpana c'bA'hp:lKa ronaao KOJII1lleCTBO npepafioreno I1 CI1HTe11I':lHO capeae, a HazypaJIllliTe capeaa ca npeaacarena C'bC con (sa npenara OT COJITa nae nese rOBopI1XMe).

HHe HAeM MHoro nilua, .suucap JlUI/a11_la oa C'bO'bp;)ICa11l 20- .!1JJlMO KOJlll'leC1IlBO uacumeuu uasuuuu, 113BeCI1lHIL «amo XOnecmepuu. B HaIIlIDI noprraon BJIIpaT MHoro Meca, rOJUlMa qaCT OT KOI1TO ce rretear OTHOBO C XI1ApOreHI13I1pallli Macna. B TaKI1Ba Meca ce csrrspaca xnoro Ma3HHHa KaKTO B JIl3Ha, rasa I1 B CKpI1Ta cpopMa. Taxa na BCI1'IKWe HCHO, qe csnpeaeanara wrilI1JIM30BaHa

xpana e cnysootipaayaauta xpana, I

CJIY3TA CE IIPOHBHBA B-YPHHATA

110 BPEME HA fJIA,ll;YBAHETO

u I ~ ,

nscnensanero na ypanara nasa HCHa KapTHHa sa KOJII1':leCTEOTO

na cnysra, narpynana B Kp'bBTa na nonexa. IIpeAIIPI1eMeTe 3

, AHeBHO manysaae, He H:lKTe ~O I1 :rnrilTe caao ronesra KOJII1qeCTEa AeC11IJII1paHa BOAa - 2-3 JII11pa na AeH. Cyrpna C'b6HpaiiTe HaM-paHHam ypana, nocranere 6yrnm<aTa na nenana, aa na ce oxnana. Cnen HHKOJIKO AIm B ypaaara me ce rrOHBI1 nan 06naK OT cnys. KOJIKOTO rrO-A'bJIrO A'bp:lKI1Te YPFUIaTa, TOJIKOBa no-ronssr CTaBa 06naKC'bT OT cnya, Cnopen MeH 24-qaCOBOTo e:lKeceAMI1'IHo rnanynaae me BI1 novortre na ce H36aBI1Te OT rOJIHMO KOJII1':leCTBO crrys. M3BeCTHO KOJII1':leC-TEO OT Ta3I1 crrys $pKyJIHpa B'bB namara Kp'bB xnoro ronaaa. Ilpes suuama, K02U1110 rLOBeK ce xpanu OGHOBHO C «ouuetanpupaua xpaua, Op2a1f,1l3At'b11l e masa npeIl'bJlHen C'bC CJlY3, lie nonaoa B ouuctnumesua KP1l3a. H3JlllUI'b- - K'blll om CJlY3 113JlU3a HaB'bH. Ilpeo BCUllKO moea C11laBQ llpe3

81

II

uoca ObO OUO uo, xpeua. Maoll-KO xopa AWZaJlt oti. CU npeocntaenm

KaKOo cmaea 0 tuuuun opeauusou. -,

Opzauussuan e cauoouucmeaiu ce opZaii1l3b.111. Cnopen TOBa OflJlU Aly cmuea cunu sa omcmpanneane ua 01llp081111le U CllY311la, tnoii "paoli moea Ca.A1. Ho KaK xopara B'b3npHeMaT KpH3aTa? Te "Y8C11l0a11l meunepamypa. IIoBHllIaBaHeTo na resrrreparypara e eCTeCTBeH <peHOMeIf na npaponara, M'bpTBHTe xopa IDIMaT resnreparypa, caxo )l<HBHTe xopa, I1pHTe)KaBaIiJ;H rOJUIMO KO.JIWIeCTBO )KH3HeHa enepraa, MoraT ,n;a nonysar nosanrerrae aa rearreparypara, KoeTO pa60TII KaTO osacrarenaa nesxa na npaponara.

HelllaC11lHUJllII Heoe:JIC '108eK life Oil xaxee, ue ce e "POClItyou» «ozamo Cll e UllMOKP'lJl spaxama usu life taunce, ue Aly e oyxaJlo, IlJlII ue ue e 06JlJlKbJlUaOpeAle nynoeep, unu nasmo. Ho moea co, ueuaY'lHu otincnenun. 311Al1la11la npocmyoa - moea e onum ua npupoaama oa 1136a811 'I08eKa om 113JllllllH01IIO KOJlU'IeC11l80 1IIOKCU'IHo, CJlY3, uampynaua 8 opeauusua. Toea e esmpeuee« AtexaHu3bM ua ItPO'lUC1Il8aHe.

A3 )J;OKa3BaM, qe He TpR6Ba na ce BMIDI npocrynara. B nasanoro na CTOneTIleTO pa60THX C ,n;UKTOP Bepaapn Maicpenen, 6aIJJ;a H OCHOBaTen aa cpH3KYnTYpHOTo ,n;BH)KelIMe. TOR opraaasnpa rpyna OT xopa, KOHTO ce aaproraxa ,,6eJIH Me~". B C'b60Ta H He,n;eJUI, a C'bmO raxa no speae na npa3HHII,H, B xnanao npeue HHe ce ornpasaxae K'bM Kpaii6pe)l(HeTO na KOHH AHrr'bH,n; B Hro MOPK H TaM ce 3aHHMaBaXMe C <pH3~eCKH ynpaxaerras. CJleo 111080, ce. xespnsxue 0 JleOeHU11le OOOll ua A11lJlaHIIlU'IeCKllJl OKeaH. Ee3 H1l1110 eou« Olll Hac 00, xeaue xpeual Huuozal Xopara, pa3XO)K,n;aIJJ;H ce no KpaH6pe~a aa KOlIM AHrr'bH,n; lIM rnenaxa B aenoyMelIMe, Hac, KOHTO nnanaxae H ce rMYpKaXMe B nenenara nona. l1MeHHo Te3H 3pHTeJIH, a He ,,6eJIHTe Meqm" crpanaxa OT npocryna, Ta HaJIH HHe BRpBaXMe B 6e3crry3HaTa AReTa, <pH3l{qeCKHTe ynpazoreaaa na lfliCT B'b3)J;yX, ITJIYBaHeTO B ne,n;eHIDI OKeaH. Cera aa npaaanneaca na ,I:Qle npespacaa opraaaaamra, xneaosere aa KOHTO ce K'bIIRT npes IWIfl.Ta ronana B KOlIM Aiirr'bH,n; B Hro HOPK - "EeJIHTe Me'IKH" H ,,AHc6epr". OCBeH TOBa as rrpnaanneaca K'bM KJIY6a aa 3RMHO ITJIYBaHe B EOCT'bH. H tnasu zpylta e OOKa-' sana, ue AtOJICe oa ce nsyea 8 naii-cmyoenomo epeue, 6e3 oa ce ctnpaoa om aH211ua, xpeua unu.npocmyaa:

Macro MOR npHRTeJIH, KOHTO csnro cnensar narypanaa, Heoopasyaauta cnys naera, ce npacr.erraasnar KOM MeH no npesre na 3RMHHTe K'bna.HIDI. llyBcTBaM, se rna,D;YBaHeTO B'bpIlIH orpoxaa

82

pa6.0'FalnpH10C:Bo6mro,n;aBaHeTq na-opeaaaaaa O,T onysra.Pasfiapa ce, aa ce CTapa51 na )KllBe51 aa fiescnyana nnera, HO xyscraaa, qe lUte1l11O 24-ttacoeama enceceoeuuuo ZJlaoY(Ialle nouaza OU ce omoesu CJlY311lU, KOHlltO ece nax ce natnpynea 8.MeHe.

Ilposenere Ha,n; ce6e CH MaJI'bK excrrepaaenr: H3KJIIOqeTe sa HHKOJIKO Mece.u;a J.VI.IlaTa cnysooopasyaama xpaaa, manysaare eznra rrsr Ce,n;MHlllIO, H aKO BH e B'b3MOHCHO, rrpanere ceneamrenao rnanyaaae. BHHMaTeJIHO natimonaaaare ypanara n ure BH,n;nTe, KOJIKO CJIY3 ce e Harpyrrana B aes. CJleo zsaoyeauemo uanpaeeme eautun nopuuou CUJlW om npecuu I1JlOOOne II seneuuyuu, a cstuo masa U 0111 eapeuu seneuuyuu, Hecbobp31carqu uutuectne. Toea e 6e3CJlY3ecIIla ouema. Opexume II ceueuama He otipasysam CJlY3, 3aTOBa K'bM BCHlll(O ropeasopoeno MO)J(eTe,n;a npatiaBHTe ceueaa OT cm.asornen, 6e3COJIHO apaXHCOBO MaCJIO H BC5IKaKBH coprose opexa, AIm H,n;eTe Meco HJIH patia, orpamraere THXHar.a ynorpefia He nosexe OT TpH rrpaeaa na ce,n;MHll;a. He snoyrrorpetiasaare C Meco, TeCTeHH H3,n;eJIHH H XJI5l6._ HHMa na BH y6,e)K,lJ;aB8M B TOBa, KOJIKO MHoro me BH ,n;a~e 6e3cny3ecTaTa mrera a-rnanyaaaero. }f3CJIe,n;BaH:Te ypaaara ClI. Ofrspnere BHHMaHHe H& TOBa, KOJIKO lI'bTH 1I3lIOJI3BaTe HOCHaTa ClI K'bpIIHtn<a. A 7 .,n;l{eB}JOTO manysaae - TOBa ~e.JIMKo rrpo-racrnarre oT cnysra. A C'bM ClI B'bBeJI npaBHJIO - na DIa,n;)'BaM lIO 7-10 ,r:r;HH B KpM na OKTOMBPlI HJIH npes HOeMBpH. Taxa sa lI,n;BaHeTO na 3HMaTa as npo-nrcraaa opraaasua ClI OT crrysra, narpyrraaa TaM. Onarsax ce na )KllBeH aa 6e3cny3ecTa rmera, HO no speae na JIe~ ce

~ J

cnysna na He xora na Oll Ha6aBH lIpeCHH IIJIO,D;OBe HJIH 3eJIefllIJ'WI,

C KOlITO _ 06HKHOBeHO ce xpaaa, 3aTOBa H3KyrrYBaM rpexa CH C

ma,ll;)'BaHe. ' \

H3BABHHE OT A.rrKOXOJIA, ll,HrAPHTE If KA<I>ETO

C rrOMOIll.TA HA rJIA,[lYBAHE

Macro ll;HBHJIH30BaHH xopa ca nonnoaeaa ml eAHH HJlH APyr BHA' XHM:aqeCKO OTpaBHHe. Ilaraprrre, xarpero H aJIKOXOJIa - TOBa ca cBoe06pa3HH HapKOTI1II,H. BCfNKH TID!, nemecraa C'bA'bP)J(aT onacnn TOKCnqIIH-KOMTIOHeHTH. Y qeHHTe cepH03HO ca H3Y"!HJIH HaBHKa1 sa nynreae, aa BCHKa K)'THH nnrapa nte nauepare npenyrrpexneHHe sa spenara OT TIOTIOHorryrneHeTO. B .u;eJIHH CB51T rrpO,D;'bIDKaBa1 H3CJIeABaHeTO sa BmrnHHeTO aa TIOTIOHa B'bpXy opraaasxa na qOBeKa. IIo3BoJIeTe MH,IJ;a nOBTOp5l: "IIJTbTTA E fJIYIIABA". IIn'bTTa npaeua BCHlllW!

83

T51 m.snpaeaa m.rnepomrare cserraaeana II aaxoraaa na TIOTIOHa, npneaa aJII<OXOJIa, KOifjellHO(J1l11le C.MOJill, uauuptuuu ce (J Katjiemo II IWR.. OpraI1lI3M'bT e rranrea OT MeXamI3Mll, KOllTO MOraT p;a 06e3Bpep;SI'J;' Te3ll orposa n HapKOTIIlJ,ll. Ho C51Karn qOB£K He :>KeJIae npyro, OCBeH C06CTBeHOTO ca paspynreaae, MaKap II ~oro rrsra na e npenynpenen sa onaCHOCTHTe. C'l:.~O raxa Tp516- na na ce llMa nperrsan, qe BCH:qKll ll36poeIDI HapKOTIID.H casro oraasano p;eitCTBaT KaTO CTIlMYJIaTOpll, a CJIep; TOBa npep;H3B'llKBaT nenpecas na uearpannara aepnna cacreaa.

Inanysaae - eTO cnacemrero aa LIOBeKa, penran na CK'bCa C Bp~AHHTe rranmra. B M051 :>KMBOT MHoro rrsra C'bM BIDK,ll;an KaK Te3H HaBllJJ;ll OTCT'bIIBaT no apesre aa manynaaeto.

Ilpena IDIl<OJIKO rop;HIDI npa MeH p;oitp;e )KeHa, K05ITO 6erne 3aKJIeTa rrynrasxa. Ha nea T51 asrrynrnaure Hait-_MaJIKO 4 naxera narapn, ynorpefisnaure no 5 rropmra yHCKH II B rOJIeMH KOJIHtIeCTBa qait H KaQ_Je. T51 Mll'pa3Ka3a, qe nepanara H CHCTeMa e a6coJIIOTHO pascrpoeaa, Koraro B3e MOJIMB, psxara H rpenepenre. Crpananre OT 6e3C'bHHe, IffiMarne anernr, O~Te H TpeCKaBO 6JIecTHxa, KO:>KaT8 6eIlle rrOBHXHaJIa.

Benre H raxa 3JIe, qe 51 cnoxozotaxa MllCJIH aa caM9y6Hii:tTBo.

JIeKap51T 51 HaCOqH K'bM MeHe, Ha.8_5IBallirn ce, qe Q_Jll3HOTepaIlll5ITa me H nonece H5IKaI<BO ofinexxeaae. T51 6erne rOTOBa aa BCHql(O.

Croenre aa KpM aa nponacrra. _

II'l:.pBOTO, KoeTO nanpaaax, 6erne na nponena manysaae, npa TOBa 6e3 p;a 3a6paHSIBaM mo6HMHTe H OTpOBll. Ta rrpO~IDKH na nynm II na life Maru(H KOJIHtIeCTBa aJIKOXOJI II KaQ_Je, 1I0 cyrpaara rra rperas p;eR OT DIa,nyBaHeTO opranassrsr H ce pasfiynryaa H BCH:qKll nrn OTpOBH, KOHTO T51 raxa qeCTO 6e ynorpeoaaana, aanoxaaxa na npenasaaxaar Y HeH OTBp~eHHe. Bcexn rrsr, xoraro T51 sananenre

I rrarapa, BCeKI{ rrsr, xoraro npaeaanre MaJIKO KOJIHlieCTBO aJIKOXOJI ana KaQ_Je, ce rr05IB5IBarne CHJIeH npacrsn na.raneae, Inanysaaero /' -, H rrpOp;'bIDKH necer p;rlli. TOBa 65IXa rrspaare ~rn sa MHorQ rop;HIDI,

, ~

xoraro He ce orpananre H He paspynraaame opraaasua ca C OTpOBR.

Ilpexscaax manysaaero H aa neceras nen H ypmrara a narteceroro YTpo 6erne ThCTa Maca CJIY3. BRe snaere KaKBO ca OCTaT'bn;HTe OT OTpOBa. IIocTaBIDQ 51 na 6e3CJIY3eCTa p;HeTa sa rtecer p;HH, a CJIep; TOBa T51 rnanysa ome necer p;HH. Bcexa p;eH OT BTOPOTO manysaae B ypaaara H ce narimonasaxa rOJIeMH KOJIHtIeCTBa TOKCHHH. T51 OCTaHa non Moe naonroneaae OKOJIO necer Mecen;a

A3 51 Q_JOTOrpaQ_JRpax B narranoro aa rreaeanero H B KpM My,

7

84

HO erma JIH 6H Morno p;a ce rrOMHCJIH, -re TOBa e ep;HH H C'bIIl, qOBeK. Koxcara H MYCKYJIHIDf H TOHYC 6mca BeJIHKOJIemrn, psnere H craaaxa KpaCHBH H cnoxofina. OT yraereao H 3a6paBeHO OT )lUlBOTa C'bIIl,eCTBO, T5I ce rrpeB'bpHa B macrrran H 6e3rpIDKeH qOBeK. Hs-reaaa HaBHKa sa nynreae, aJIKOXOJI, qait l1!lli Ka4_Je H 'cera T5I e e,rurn OT naii-crrocotiaare crreaapacra B XOJIHBY,n;. ,IJ;OXO,n;'bT

" I

H ce Y,n;BOH, JIHLIHOTO H o6a5IHHe ce nonaura no raxasa crenen, qe

T5I OH aasrepa KpaCHB H 3aMO)lCeH M'b)lC.

EHX MOr'bJI na npasena OIIl,e MHoro rro.n.o6Illi npauepa, xoraTO xopa ca CT'bIIHJlH csxanr aa p'b6a aa 6e3,Il,HaTa B CBOeTOlIpHCrpacrae K'bM TIOTIOHa, amCOXOJIa, qa5I H Ka4_JeTo Ho re rrpafiarsaxa no rrOMOIIl,Ta aa rrranynanero M TO aarrpana qy.n.OTO. Bcexa qOBeK, zcenaenr na ce H36aBM OT npacrpacrnero K'bM am(OXOJIa, TIOTIOHa, Ka4_JeTO, nte Ha~epM paspeureaae na CBOHTe npofirresra B npocroro rnanyaane. Kozamo mnnomo ce ItPOllUClIlll, lito eeue lie npueua ompoeu. lfu:cTOTO, snpaso, 6JIarorroJIyqHo T5IJIO He npaeva OTPOBH. Inanyaaaero e BeJIHI( MeTO,n; sa nposacraane na opraaaasra

AKo namara xpaHa e 6e3)KH3HeHa, aKO Ba)KHHTe eJIeMeHTH na xpaneae B He5I OTC'bCTBaT HJIH T5IXHOTO saaxeaae CHIIHO e HaMaJIeHO B npoueca na KYJIHHapHaTa otipafiorxa, eue uotnceme da sazuueme Olll 2Jlad I1pU l1b.J!ell C1IlOJlUI.;'C.

fJIABAXVI rJIAWBAHETO 1I0MAl' A D;A CBAJIHTE H3JUIIJIIDITE KHJIOrp AMH

OT aRTOpHTeTIlli M3TOqffJ-III;H e H3BeCTHO, qe 65-70 % OT M'blKeTe, zcenare M nenara B nanrara crpaaa cTPa,I.J,aT OT nanaopaeao rerno, JIeKapHTe TB'bPWIT, qe xopara C M3JIHllIHO TeDIO ca 60JIHH xopa, Te ca npenpasrronoxeaa K'bM xpomrsna H HeH3JIeqffMJ{ fionecra. II'bJIHIDlT qOBeK He MO)l(e,n;a ce qyBCTBa nofipe. Ha rrspso M5ICTO 3am;OTO rrOCT05IHHO HOCH npexaneao rOJI5IMa rexecr. Ilpencrasere CM qOBeK, KORTO Te)KM C 10 xrrroseae OT nopaara A cera rrOMOJIeTe qOBeK C HOPMaJIHO TeDIO rra HOCH 10Kr ncexa nen Macro CKOPO TOll nre

- ,ce 06e3CIDIH. lIoBeK C Hap;HOpMeHO remo HOOll B'bpxy ce6e ca rpaMa,I.J,eH TOBap, pasea aa 'rosa 'rerno, KoeTO e aan aopaara, II'bJIHHTe xopa He ce cTPeM5IT K'bM 4_JH3I{qecKa aKTHBHOCT. 1 EOJIlllliHCTB01;O OT-Tmc npa mpBa B'b3MO)l(HOCT T'bPC5IT csofionen'

85

CTO,lJ .H csnar na Hero, C TPy.n; ce 3aCTaBID' na l1paBID' HeII(O neooxoAMMO. I1PH xopara C H3JIHI1.IH0 rerno nanraaero -e 3a1pYAHeHO, 3aIIJ,OTO asrranrsmrre OT Ma3HHHa 3aTPY,D;lliIBaT pafiorara na opraHHTe na AHlliaHeTO. M3JIHI1.IHOTO rerno - TOBa e orpoxen TOBap

Bcesu Ky'6ulfepKU CU1111IU.Atelll'bP U3AUlUUO meZAO mpntiea oa uua 11 «unouempa KanUAJlpU sa xpCfueue U 1t000'bp;JICalle 6 006po C'bCI1IOJlIIUe ua mall usnutuua Ma3I1Ulla. Emo 3aUJO U3- JllllUROl11O 11leZAO Ae;JICIi samo OZp0.AleR tnoeap ua ouxamenuun anapam u nopstasuama oeiiHOC11l ua cspuemo. llYACbl111l apmePUaAIIOIl1O uannzane ce l106UUlU6alll oa onacuu 6eAlll1UHlI, sou- 1110 cauu 110 ce6e cu Oa6a11l onacuu YCAO;JICUeIlUJl. O~eTHTe na 3a,CTPaxOBaTeJIHHTe KOMl1aHHH 110Ka3BaT, 'Ie ITbJIHHTe xopa He)I<HBeID' )J;'bJITO. B Harne speae KOJIHlIeCTBOTO na xopara C 110BHIlleHO 'rerno aenpexscaaro pacre. Ha ITbpBO WICTO, 3arn;OTO B nanrara

, crpana xpaneaero e csnspureao HeHOpMaJIHO. CpeAHIDlT asrepaxeHen; nonrsrua rrpexaneao roIDlMO KOJIHlIeCTBO xpana. HHe )I<HBeeM B'hB sexa na aBTOM06HJIHTe. HaTOBapBaMe ce C ronsao KOJIHlIeCTBO xpaaa H, HHKora He H pasrpasnaae C ynpaxaenas H <pH3H'IeCKa aIcr'HBHOCT .. ABTOM06HJTbT H3Mecm xoneaero. HHe CMe Ha:u;HH ceMrn;H. Hanrare nenac 'IaCOBe CTOID' na 'IHHOBeTe. Xopara npexapBaT, ,L\hJITH ,,~JaCOBe B KHH;oTea1pIITe, na xoanepra, na C110PTHH

- spenanra. T03H cenant IJa'IHH Ha)I<HBOT HeH36e)I(Ho BO)l,H.n;O ysena~IaBane 6poID' aa ITb.JIHH.Te xopa.

AHETA,rrOA~OllABAIQA3APABETO

HA AMEPHRAHII.HTE

I1'hJIHHTe xopa 110CTOHHHO rrpmIaraT pa3HH rmera. TOBa ca rrpena BCH'IKO )l,Hem, HaCIITeHH C 6eJITh'IHHH, HHCKOB'hmepoAIla )l,HeTa sa neTIJ;H, C'hCTOHrn;a ce OT 5IfuJ;a H .n;oMam, xornera H aaaaaca, CTIHca-

- HHe cnen cTIHcaHHe, Bec'!ffHK crre.n; BeCTHHK - BCH'IKH pa3Ka3BaT sa ~ HOBH ceH3art;HOHHH naera, paapymaaanra OpraHH3Ma. lIMa .n;a>Ke Te'IHOCTHa naera, oriesnesanama caao 800 KHJIOKaJIOPHH aa nea; ,I(HeTa, C'hCTOHrn;a ce OT CMeTaHOBH capeaa, )l,Hem OT ofieasracneao MJUIKO. Orpoaao KO.JIHtIeCTBO orpaHH'IIITeJIHH AHem C npeotinananaae na eAHH rrponyxr, Ho cnopen MeH casro martynaaero ce HBHBa eCTeCTBeH H uaysno 060CHOBaH ITbT sa 110AA'hp)I<aHe aa HOPMaJIHO rerno. Ta uanu cneo oea-mpu OHU ZAaOY6aHe 611e HJlMa11le ane-, mum, CAeo tnpetnun oeu eac ne 6U eneue xpauama. A aKO xopaTa rrpHJIaraT Cl1eu;I1aJIHH )l,Hem, KOIITO o6HKHoBeHo ca HHOKOKaJIOPH'I-

HM, re crpanar H ycentar rnan MHoro 110Be'Ie. •

86

Kaotcu Mtl, tcaxed koeiu, ti a3 'tife mu lca;;tca'lfott eLl lint.

rJlA,[(YBAHETO BM ,[(AP.HBA C HEH3TOIlJ;IIMA EHEPrH.H BIDKp;an C'bM MHoro p;e6eJIaHKOBlJ,H, 3ary6HJIH no ~-1 OKr OT rrspBOTO 7-10 p;HeBHO rnanyaane. DbC sazytiama ua 1131lUUlH01110 I1teZIlO ua 11111X UM ce 8'b30p'bU{a oo6polllo CaAtOrtY«C/1l011e, euepzunma II tioapocnuna:

Pa36Hpa ce, BCIfl:II(H xopa ca pa3JIHtIHH, rroseuero ry6HT aa p;eH OT 500 rpaxa rro KMJIOrpaM, HO y RHKOH C'l;.M 3a6eJUI3aJI nonese OT ABa KMJIOrpaMa. Maoro 3aBHcI;I oT'l'OBa, K'bp;e e OTJIO)J(eHa Ma3HHHaTa. Arm e KOHl.(eHYpHpaHa aa xopeaa H 6ep;paTa, TO TH ce CTOIIHBa 6'bpso. Mnoro rrsra C'bM BH)l{P;aJI xopa, KOHTO He3aBHCHMO TO m1CKOKaJIOp~aTa naera, ce qyBcTBaxa 3JIe, 6'bP30 ce H3MopHBaxa H asrrrezoiaxa nonro. Ho caao KaTO aarroxaexa p;a manynar, BC~O ce npoaesmne, Macra ce cronsnaure, TIDIOTO ce ocaotioznaaaure OT H3JIHlllHHH TOBap H sermara cspnero,

- nyncsr H Ha.IDII'aHeTO BJIH3aXa B nopaara.

AKo BH 6e3noKoH np06JIeMa C rernoro, nOJI3Ball:Te nporpaMaTa aa manysaae,' npanoxena B TaH KHHra. MO)J(eTe na sanoanere C eJKeCep;MHqHH 24-qaCOBH rnanysanaa. 'A3 qeCTO CLM nasan

• I

na n'bJIHH xopa nporpaxa, npa KOHTO re manynaxa P;O YpH II'bTH

cep;~o no 24 qaca. C npyra ,D;yMH, eouu oeH IlOJlXa, a ua opyzu« oe« zllaiJyoaxa. AKo qOBeK CH n03BOJIH H3JIHlll'bn;H B THW P;RM, p;OKaTO ce xpana, TO 24-qaCOBOTO marrynaae HHKOJIKO rrsra ce,lJ;~o 6'bP30 ro 3aCTaBH na 3ary6H TOBa renro. Inanysaaero c nen saryfia na renro nasa OTJIHqffH pesynrara. OpraRM3M'bT 6'bP30 ce npr.ma K'bM MJIa,D;OCTTa.

A3 MMaMMHOrOrOp;HfffHa npaxraxa aa manysane c nen neserum aa 3HaMeID1TH 3Be3,D;H OT XOJIHBY.r(. Kaaosasrepara KOll: saae samo npencraaa tioBeK ManKO no-neoen, OTKOJIKOTO e B p;eHCTBHTeJIHOCT. Ho saesnara TPH6Ba na 6'bp;e crpotiaa H asmnaa. OT TaJIHHTa 3aBHCH C'b,lJ;6aTa na axrpacara,

IIpe,D;H HHKOJIKO ro,D;Hm1 enaa 3HaMeHHTa asesna raxa narrsnRH, qe He3aBHCHMO OT TaJIaHTa, orxasaxa na H CHHMaT. TH Hp;enre. MHoro CJIap;OJIe,lJ; M CJIa,D;KHillH. 3ary6BaiiKH KOHYpaKTa, TH asnarma B nenpecas, HaJIO)l<H ce rra nOT'bpCH rrcaxaarsp. IIcHXHanp'bT aacoxa aKYpHCaTa K'bM MeH.

A3 H: 06HCID1X, qe e Heo6Xop;HMo speve, sa na CM'bJ~He rernoTO CM H na CTaHe crpoiiaa H H3Hfl(Ha. II(e H HapHqaM JIeH.rl!l Bern, MaKap TOBa na He e HCTIlliC!<OTO H: MMe. Bern MMarne 35 ~

87

nanaopaeao rerno. OTHalfaJIO 51 nb)I.JIo)KHx na xytiasa p;NeTa' nnonone aa 3aKYCKa, CHpeIDI canara H BapeIDI seneasyna na 06M. Ii3KJIIO'lHX XJI5I6a, opasa, xaprodnrre. 3a ne-repa T5[ nonysasanre p;OMam, K'bCqe naperra pafia, TB'bPP;O illirJ;e arra m.pxona ECTecTBeHO, BCK'IKH cnanxa 65Ixa H3KJIIO'leIDI

I1'bpBHTe nne Cep;MHI1;H TJl manysa no 24 lmca. ITpe3 rperara cep;MHI1;a nanpaaaxsre 1pHAHeBHO rnanysaae. ITeTaTa cep;MHI1;a T5I manysa Han'bJIHO (TOecT 7 p;IDI). A cnen ,D;Be Ce,D;MJ.'IWf - 21-p;HeBHO manysarre TOBa pe,D;ynaHe aa xpaneae H rnanysarre aarrpasn 'ly,D;o <DHI'ypam H CTaHa KaTO aa MOMHl-Ie. B O~Te H ce nORBH 6JI5IC'bK, xoacara ce nO,D;MJIa,D;H. T5I nporrsrosa na )l(HBee no M05lTa naera, npoaexname ermo 36-qaCOBO rnanynaae B cep;MHI1;am, a csuro rasa 7 .rr,HeBIDI manyaaaas 4 man B ronanara C 1pHMeCelfIDI HHTepBaITH

rJIA,11;YBAHETO - TOBA E nPH3HB

HalliH5IT HaBHK K'bM rrOCT05lHHO npaeaane na xpana e nonen P;O TaM, qe BCRKO npexsonaae B xpaaenero HHe c~mMe sa man, Ho TOBa He e man, DIap;yBaHeTO - TOBa eenaa OT HaH-CTapHTe MeTOp;n: sa neaeane, HO nOBTapRM OTHOBO: pa3YM'bT 1p5l6Ba na KOHTpOJIHpa T5IJIOTO, Ta HaITH nrrsrra e mynana

BHe 1p5l6Ba saaara rta ce rrparrspscare K'bM nomxara, 3a na He nponycnere MOMeHTa, xoraro npa manysaaero 1pJl6Ba rra ce sspnere K'bM xpaaara, Areo CTe BOJIeBH qOBeK, BHe ru;e aanpasare rnanyaaaero BmKHa nacr OT CBOJl )KHBOT. He n03BOJIRBaHTe-!f3- JIHllIHOTO renro na BH aarrpasa 60JIeH, cJIa6 H crap

Eopere ce nporas rrsnaorara, 6'bp;eTe CTOrraHHH na CBoeTO T5IJIO. Paspaficrere CM rrporpaua, HO He ce OrrMTBaHTe na ce H36aBHTe OT rr'bJIHOTaTa sa enna cep;MHI1;a. Ii3MCKBa ce He MaJIKO apexe, sa na ce B'bpHeM K'bM HOPMaJIHOTO rerno, Ii BMe 1p5l6Ba na ce ropp;eeTe C'bC ce6e CM, xoraro ce npaaenere B'bB cpopMa H

CTaHeTe aaanten M crpoen. \

BceKH 'lOBeK HCKa na ce ropnee C'bC oe6e CM, na M3me)l(,D;a p;o6pe, na ce xyncraa notipe. 3aTOBa 1p5l6Ba na ce norpymrre! Inarryaane, B'b3,n;'bp)J(aHe, npaaanna naera - TOBa e neaara na snpaaero.

Cnenere TemOTO CH, CTOMaxa, fienpara, psnere. BHHMaTerrHO asysere rrporpaxara no Ta3H KIDIra, H3IT0J13BaHTe 51, aKO HCKa-

re na H3XB'bpJIHTe HRKOH KHJIorpaM. \

. He e nexo na CBaJIHTe KHJIorpaMH H aa He BM Ka3BaM, qe

88

rnanyaanero e JIeCHa pafiora. CaMO npa rrOJIO)l(HTeJIHa nacrpoiixa H npasnmra geRCTBIDI BHe ute gOCTIITHeTe Heo6xo,II.HMHTe pe3YJITarn. 3arr01meTe onie cera.

rJIABAXVII

KAK,l1;A YBEJIJilqHM TErJIOTO CH C IIOMOID;TA HA rJIA,l1;YBAHETO

HeMaJIKO xopa crpanar OT aenocrar aa rerno. Mnoro OT TJp( ce ofipr.ntar K'bM MeH sa rroaont, MOJUlT na HM p;aM orrerraanaa naera, sa na ce nonpaasr. Hsxoa OT TUX crpanar OT rrpocT)'ga, Mp'b3HaT p;a)Ke npee JIUTOTO. OCBeH TOBa HHKOH npocro ce cpasryaar OT

CBoeTO XIUIaBO TIDIO. \

Koraro aa HM 06HCHHBaM, qe He csnrecrayaa ,II.HeTa, KOHTO MO:>Ke na HM noxorae, re He HCKaT p;a rrOBHpBaT. Ho xoraro go6aBH, qe TOBa e nporpaaa, crrocofina na rrOBHIITH TernOTO, xe TM rrporpaua e cnocofiaa ga ro rrOBIDITH, re orne rrO-MaJIKO MH B5IpBaT! 06HKHOBeHO xasaar "DIa,IzyBaHeTO nre 3ap;'bJI60qlf MOHre npofineua " Torasa as liM 06Hc~aM, qe re ca CJIa6H, noaexe He ca 6anaHCHpaJIH CBoeTO xpaneae. Ka3BaM HM, qe xpaaa H xpaneae He Cia CHHOHHMH H Mo)KeM na C'hCTaBHM ,II.HeTa, 60raTa H1I. Ma3HllHll, m.meaonopozra, saxap, rta p;06aBHM MJUlKO, CMeTaHa H npyra Ma3HH rrponytcra, HO 10Ba B'b06n::t;e HHMa na rrOBHIIIH rerrroTO. 06paTHo, re orne IIOBeqe nte H3M'bplllaBeHT, He3aBHCHMO OT TOBa xpaHeHe. _

Ter.rrOTO Ha qOBeK 3aBHCH He caMO OT KOJIHqeCTBOTO Ha H3Hp;eHaTa xpaaa, a H OT TOBa, KaK TH ce YCBOHBa OT opraaasaa. Koeamo YC80JUJaUemo e Jl01UO, .M031ceUI od -naetu KOIIKOIIIO ucxatu uasua xpaua, 11108a nnsta oa ooeeoe 00 yeenuuaeanemo ua mezsomo. Crrananero aa TemOTO non nopaara e pesynrar OT o6n::t;o~o rrom~eHHe aa snpasero. C'hB'hpllieHO 6e3rrOJIe3HO e na ce HaTOBapBa opraaasxa C rOJIjJMO KOJIHqeCTBO xpaaa, xoraro YCBOHBaHeTO H ce HaMHpa aa HHCKO paaaame. Cexpersr sa rroaanranaae na TernOTO ce C'bCTOH B TOBa, c'rrouourra aa manyaaaero na ce nanpana MexaHH3Ma na YCBOHBaHe uo-patiorocnocotiea. CaMO nposncrea qOBeK C rrOHIDKeHO rerno MO:>Ke na B'h3CTaHOBH rrsnaonemra cnocofiaocr aa YCBOHBaHe aa xpaaa,

lIoBeK'bT C rr;OHIDKeHO 'remo ce Hy)l{p;ae OT manysaae rasa, KaKTO H qOBeK'bT C Ha,!l;HOpMeHO rerno, T'bR KaTO rnanysauero nasa

89~

"

aa opraaasua <pH3HOJIOm-qeH ~OTWIX. KaKTO H npa cnysaare C nOBHllIeHO remo, npa nOHIDKeHOTO rerno XpaHOCMHJIaTeJIHaTa CHCTeMa ce OKa3Ba npeaarosapeaa. TOBa, pastiapa ce, e TPY)J,HO rta ce 06}1CHH aa H3TOm;eHHTe xopa. Te ca HeThprreJIHBM H MCKaT na rrosaurar nenaara TemOTO CH. Ho na rrspso M}lCTO 1IDI xopa Tp}l6Ba .!lCHO )J,a pasfiepar, 'Ie nepaonsr aa <pM3MOJIOrH"CfeCKH OT)J,HX, }lBHBam; ce B pe3YJlTaT 01' ma,DYBaHeTO, 06YCJlaB}I )J,06paTa Ra60TaHa opraaare na xpaHOCMHJIaTeJIHaTa C~CTeMa; a CJIe)J,OBaTeJIHO M nO-)J,06pOTO ycsoaaaae. OptaHM3M'bT npareacasa M3B'bHpe)J,HO MOrwrn CHJlH, xoraro He e nperosapea.c M3JlHllIHO KO.JJHtIeCTBO xpana, 3a 50 ro)J.HHH as C'bM nOCTIITaJI 3Ha"CfHTeJIHH ycnexa B neseaaero na CJla6H xopa C nOMOIIJ,Ta na ma)J,YB1;meTO M eCTeCT-

BeHIDI HaqI{H Ha )l(HBOT. .

A3 HMaM cecrpa, KO}lTO MHoro 06H"CfaM. T}I ce pO,lJ,H cnafio nere, Haaa na crpenra, aKO xazca, -qe npa pasoiaaero CM reaceme He noneae 01' 2Kr. II;IDI )l(HBOT MO.!lTa cecrpa JIYH3a noceme np03BMm;eTO "M'bpllIaBa" M xoraro fieme )J,eTe, Mai1Ka MH ce CTapaeure na H nasa KOrrKOTO MO)l(e nosese MIDIKO, CMeTaHa, CBIffiCKO, xaprorpa, -OPM3 H BCHqKO, KoeTO no o6m;0 MHeHHe MO)l(ellie )J,a rrosnnra TemOTO H. Manaaaxa ronanare M KOJIKOTO nosene TaKHna XpaHI1TeJIHH nponyxrn norrysasanre cecrpa MH, TOJIKOBa no- _ cnafia H no-finena crasaure. MMaq:re MOMeHTH, xoraro cecrpa MH TaKa orcnafiaaure, -qe rpsfiaame )J,a OCTaHe aa rrerno, Ho )J,OpM H B T03H nepnon T:lI ocrasaure na raxa napeserrara noaanraaama naera,

CJle)J, KaTO as ce M3JlelcyBax, ce m-paax B]>B BMP)J.)l(HHH}l, K'b)J,eTO )l(HBeerne JIYH3a. T}I 6erne nese )J,eBoi1Ka,-Ho He 6erne ce OM'b)l(HJla. Ilpenonasanre B ytlli.Jnrnl:e. H 6erne T'bHKa, 6JIe)J,a, M3TOmena M MHoro cirafia. CJle)J, Te)l('bK )J,eH B xnaca T$I ce sp'sruanre

BK'bIIJ;ff M nsranre aa JlemOTO Harr'bJIHO H3TOm;eHa.

A'J ce m.paax B'bB BHp)J.)l(HHH}l, xoraro 6ellI~ MTHa ,J;laKaHll,IDI. Paasasax na cecrpa CM sa MO}lTa rrporpaua H H rrpennoacax ,n;a' H rroxoma. T}I aasrepa TOBa, KoeTO MH ce 6erne cJIY"CfHJlo B pe3YJlTaT aa eCTeCTBeHIDI HaqI{H na )l(HBOT sa BeJlHKO qy,n;o H ce csrnaca C BCnqr(O.

A3 H 06}1CHHX, 'Ie lJaCT OT nporpauara e nponeosrtaae aa cepns ma,IJ;YBaHIDI, KOHTO me ,n;a)J,aT aa opramrsxra CPM3HOJIOrH"CfeCKH OT,lJ,HX M nte n03BOMT 06HOB}lBaHe na XpaHOCMHJIaTeJIHaTa CMCTeMa. Ilpouucmeauemo sumce aa yeenuuu KOJlU'leCl1160111O ua cmouatuuun COl{, «oemo ufe 110360/IU yceoseauemo ua

90

1l0~eOJlJlA~O /(OJlUrlelJIIl.B,Q{ 6eJl111(b'lUi1(U" VC He casro ryroB05£BaHeTQ na 6enThLfiIHIITe me CTaI-Ie no-nofipo, HO M IJ;5lJIaTa XpaHOCMMJIaTeJIHa CMCTeMa~me rronotipa CB05ITa pafiora M me ce 06HOBM B pesynrar aa manyaaaero. IIpoIJ,ecMTe aa o6M5IHa aa BeIIl,eCTBaTa, C'bCTaBJISIBalll;l'I C'bIII,HOCTTa na :>KHBOTa, XI1MI'ftleCKMTe M3MeHeHIDI B ICJ1eTKMTe, B pe3YJ1TaT na KOMTO ce nonysasa eaepras sa )KM3HeHMTe nponeca, CMHTe3'bT aa HOBMTe MaTepMamI, 3aMeCBa:Ul,M CTapare - BCIftIICO TOBa me nporasa rro-eaeprasno CJ1eA rrpoaexnaHe na ,IIporpaMaTa aa rnanyaaae.

MH020200UlllHlIJllil onum e nOKa3a.J1, ue 110006pJlBaHe ua uematiosusua B pesysmam ua enaoyeauemo, ooeeucoa 00 yeenuuaeaue ua 011lHOCllIIleJlHOllIO mezso ua 111'bKaHll11te, C'b30aOe-

./

HU CJleO znaoyeanemo. Ihaoyeanemo 110Ata2a ua opZaHU3M(1 aa

YCOOll tientnsuunume, ~t({3llUHlll1le, eseseeoaapooume, saxapma, uuuepanume, eumauutuune U ecuuxu eetuecmea, «outno ca ueotixoouuu ua opeauusua 3a,eifjeKI111IBHa Ra6oma.

JIYM3a sanosna C n'bJIHO CeAeMAHeBHO manysaae na AeCTMnapana BOAa. T51 6erne C'bB'bprneHO ysepeaa B TOBa, 'Ie npnponara me rrpO'lMCTM OpraHM3Ma II, ae npO'lMCTBaHeTO na-xpanoosranaTeJIHaTl;l II CMCTeMa me II noaorne rta CM nsrpana HOBO T5lJ10. I1pe3 rrspsare 7 ,lJ.HM T51 3ary6H ManKO OT TernOTO CH, HO CJ1e,lJ, KaTO manysaaero 6e npexscnaro, TlI pa3BM rOJI5IM M snpan anerar. Y,lJ,MBMTeJ1HM pe3YJITam ce nocramaxa C T03H CeAMI'f<IeH <pM3HOnOrH'leCKH OT,u;HX. T5I MH xasa, 'Ie naxora B )KMBOTa CM He ce e pa,lJ,Bana rasa aa xpaaara, KaKTO rorasa, xoraro sanoaaa HOBa naera BMeCTO OMp'b3HaJIMTe II Ma3HMIm M santa.

,1J;MeTaTa ce cscroeme OT 50%" npecna CypOBM IIJIO,lJ,OBe M 3eneH'JYI1,M. GCBeH rOBa II nasaxa sapeaa 3eneH'JYI1,M, ceueaa OT crrsrraornen rrOK'bJIHamI 3'hpHa, opexa M opeXOBM Macna OT BCH'lKH BHAOBe. TPM ce,lJ.MMI1,H cnen mpBOTO DIa,D.YBaHe as II Ha3Ha'lMX cnenaam, ,lJ,eCeT,lJ,HeBeH KypC aa manyaaae. H TOBa 6erne aasanoTO na HOB JKHBOT! T5l sarronaa na ce rronpaas,

M05lTa M3TOm;eHa cecrpa ce nperrspaa B npenecraa JKeHa C'bC ' aaspsrneaa <p0PMH. BC5lKa 'IaCT OT T5lJIOTO H csxanr 6erne C'b3Aaneaa HaHOBO. Kocare H npHA06HXa 6J15lC1>K, KOHTO no-pane HlIMaxa. Ha 6Y3MTe H ce rr05£BM PYMeHMHa, B O'lMTe II ce rr05lBM raxasa CBeTJIIDIa, KaKBaTO EMaT casro AeIJ,aTa. Hanrare pOgMTeJ1H, npasTeJ1H, C'bcegM 65lxa norpecesa OT TOBa npest.nrrsmeaae na JIYM3a. HaH-y,lJ,MBMTeJIHO 6eme, 'Ie cecrpa MM CTaRa e)J.!Ia OT aaa-nonyJ15lpHIITe ,lJ,eBOHKH B OKOJIHOcrra: H aa cnennamara rOAMHa ce

91

\

OM'b:>KH aa IMHOrO ofiaarenen l.IOBeK. Te )KHBe5l1' :ru;aCTIDmO M MMaT nena. M05lTa cecrpa npozrsnaca na sanaasa o6a51IDIeTO H xpaco-

Tam CH B rexenne na 1~.1Horo ronana. -

OCBeH manynaaero as npenopsxax na cecrpa CH H nporpaxa OT yrrpmICHeHH5I. T5I sanoxaa C xparsa pasxonsa nem, a cnen TOBa

t

pa3XO,ll;KHTe cranaxa no-m.nra. Y6e,ll;Hx 51 na H3n0n3Ba no-secro

CBe~ B'b3,IzyX, Cn'bI-fC:IeBH 6aHH 11 exemreaao na rrpasa 20-MMJIYTHa naxarenna rHMHaCTHKa.

TOBa, KoeTO nanpasa cecrpa MH, cnen TOBa 6e nonropeno OT CTOTHD;H xopa. fna,ll;)'BaHeTO HOCH npeKpacHH pe3ynTaTH KaKTO npa rrOBHllIeHO 'remo, raxa H rrpa rrOHH)KeHO. ,IJ;Bam THIIa xopa ce H~a5IT OT erma H csma nporpaua aa eCTeCTBeH Ha'l:HH na )KHBOT B C'b'l:eTaHHe C rnanyaaae.

naoyoaHemo e .Ata2UfleCKU touo« K'b.M O'b3CmaHOORBaHe ua c06CIIlBeH011l0 sapaee II B span 1Ia xpatuuama aoeeneoauemo .Aty 00 euctue C'bB'bpUleIlC11lBO. naoYBaHel11O e eenuso I1pe'IlICmsaue, lIt'bU xamo cauo e npeuucmeu op2aHU3'b.M .M031Ce oa cmaea HOp.MaJlHO ifjYIlKIIUOHupaHe na «CU"KU cucmeuu. nao- , yeauemo -11I06a e num K'bAt 006po sopaee U OM20Jlellllle.

,. Pa36Hpa ce, BCH'l:KH xopa ca paamoraa H 3aTOBa ernra nonynanar ,ll;06PH pe3ynTaTIf rro-frspso, npyrn no-6aBHO. Ho aKO BHe CTe cnafia H HMaTe rrOHH)KeHO rerno, a OCBeH TOBa ce npofinana pa3JI:lF1HH .n;neTH, KOHTO He ca Blf .n;OHeCnH rronofipeaae, He ce OT'faHBaHTe, a npotiaaare nporpaaa sa manynane. Ilpenocrasere na npaponara nranc na nanpasa OT aac 'l:OBeK C HOp_ManHO 'rerno.

TJIABA XVIII

BOPBA C HACTHHKATA H XPEMATA

JIOlUO e «ozamo 3aJIO'me xpeua. H aKO_611 ce cnyuu, He sanoueaiime oa 0661lHR6ame npupooama. Paiiomama He e 6 tneueuuemo, nanospenume KP(lK(l unu 113CIIl1l6(lHelllO. Hcmuucuunm I1P01l3XOO ua llPOCIIlYOaJll(l e ocmpama usuenneaiua Kp1l3a.

llpU1lUIUlIIlQ ce Kpue 6 3(l2y6aJ1}(l 1Ia esmpetuua sucmoma.

Kozamo usnutusuume II moxcuuume ctnauam 1116'bpOe .AtH020,

'- .

OP2(lHU3At'blll 2U U3X6'bPJlR C nosunuma ua OC11IpOl131feJlR6(lUfa

KpU3a, 11l0eCIIl xpeua: He R cuumaiane sa 611PYCII0 6'b30eiic11lBUe usu uuiosneasie: Bue mpntiea oa npoyueeme, lie 31C1l311eH1l111e cuau paiiomnm 6 1I103U cJlYllaii sa eac.

92

, ,AKo ,BH~ CTe saenao C npnponara, ,TO BHe me H noaoraere B OlJHC1Bam;aTa pafiora. He 1p5I6Ba na npennpaeaare HHm;O, KoeTO 6H rronpemoro na nponeca na npO~IHC1BaI-Ie. Ep;HHC1BeHOTO, xoeTO ce HCKa OT nac - TOBa e manyaaaerol

Ilpnponara no-noope snae, KaKBO H e Heo6xop;HMo. EHe 1p5I6- na p;a nanpasare B T03H CJIY'IaH caxro enao - na OCTaHeTe B JIernOTO, B TOllJIaTa nOCTeJI5I. Ilpespameme npueuauemo ua 6CJlKaK(Ja xpaua, (J l1106a llUCJIO ItJl0006e U seneuuyuu. Om epeue ua ~ 6pe.Ale nuiane ZOJlJUIO «onuuecmeo zopetua oecmunupana eooa

C AlaJlKO 006a6Ka ua AteO u IIlIMOHO(J COK II noeeue IllIU{OJ

Cnenere aa P;06POTO nposerpaaaae H sa lJHCTHH B'h3,JzyX B CTa5ITa, He xerere, He BKJIIOlJBaHTe panao, He rnenatire TeJIeBH30p. IIpoc11l0 cneme II nonueaiime. Ilocrapaare ce na He rytiare enepraa aa pa3rOBOpH C npIDITeJIH 1'1 pOp;HHlIH. l'!30JIHpaHTe ce Han'hJIHO.

KOJ1KO )J,'bJII'O 1p5I6Ba,n;a maayeare no BpeMe na OlJHCTHTemIaTa KpH3a? TaKHBa KpH3H 6HBaT no BCHKO apexe aa ronanara, HO HaH-'-IeCTO ce CJIY'IBaT B cTYp;eHO apeue. Tpu OHU ca oocmanusuu, 0lllH060 oa ce eoueuetne ua spasa, HO llOHJlKOZa 11106a mpae ceouuua usu oecem OHU. He ce 6e3nOKOHTe sa p;HHTe, BHe caMH me safienexare, lJe 3APaBeTO BH e cranano no-nofipo CJIep; KpH3aTa.

A3 C'hM orrnenan ner neua, M xoraro re ca HMaJIH xpexra, sanara C'bM m cnaran B JIernOTO aa OTAHX 1'1 man. CJIep; cep;MHIJ;a re ce nonpanaxa 1'1 OTHOBO 65IXa snpaaa, MOHTe 12 BHyIJ;H csmo Q CJIep;BaT Ta3H nporpaua, a cera H ocesrre MH npaanyxa csuro ce nparrspacar K'hM He5I.

3a 60JIlIIHHC1BOTO xopa T03H MeTOp; nte HM ce CTOpH rirsprre npocr, Ha 11lJlX ltAt ce cmpyea, lie IIlpJl6(Ja oa eseuam uetuo, oa ce JleKY6a11l, oiinaimuu ca om cmpax: He mpsiiea oa ce noooa(Jam ua nauuxa, oopu oa liM ce cmpyea, lie npupooama 1Il6bpOe 0'bJlzdpa60mu sa 11lJlXH0111O npeuucmeaue.

EceKH 'IOBeK Tp5I6Ba na ce OTHaC5I K'hM CBoeTO 3p;paBe C TOJ1KOBa nO-fOJ15IMO BHHMaHHe, KOJ1KOTO nonese BHHKBa B CB05I OpraIUI3'hM. TOR e WI'h)!(eH na nOM'hp~ opraaasxa CH B C'hCTO- 5IHHe aa HaH-p;o6po snpaae, 1'1 TOBa e HaR-Ba)KHOTO nemo, nosexe OTKOJ1KOTO 3HaHHeTO sa ,n;pymTe aayaa.

BceKH lJOBeK e C'h3H,n;aTeJI na CB05I xapaxrep, HO cr.mo TaKa e IIa3HTeJI na snpasero CH H P;06poTO caMo'-I)'BC1BHe.

Ilpnponara, C'h3p;aBailKH lJOBeKa, MY e nana Y,lI.HBHTeJIeH pa3YM H 1BOplJeCKH B'h3lyfO)lCHOCrn, sa p;aH3nOJI3Ba YMeJIo ecrec-

93

TBeIDlTe CRJIH sa Cl30eTO'13)'1;paBe~ 17J[a)J.yB'a'fiero' ei'alrMOf e;iIhi LOT rrsrautara; sonenra P;O eCTeCTBeHO snpase. Ilpaponara 1ill nasa npOCTO O'IHCTHTeJIHO cpencrao. HHe cauo TP5I6Ba na CMe saenno \ C npaponara H na npHBep;eM HaIIIH5I )l(HBOT K'bM Hemm:Te nenpeXOAHH 3aKOHH. Bnaronapenae na eCTeCTBeHH5I HaT.nrn na )l(HBOT HHe MO)l(eM na AOBep;eM P;O C'bB'bpIlleHCTBO HaIIIHTe qJH3WIeC1<H, YMCTBeHH H ,IzyXOBHH B'b3MO)KHOCTH. Haaa KpaTKH rrsrmna K~M

<_ anpasero. Ilpnponara 'pas-rara, qe HHe ¥J.e H3n'bmillM CB05ITa xacr OT pafiorara. Koraro rnanyaave, HHe npaaaxr TOBa. Ho npnponara aaxora H5IMa p;a rrp05IBH CBOHTe T.ryp;eca, axo nae caMH He rrozcenaex na rrpnaenex CBOHTe HaBHIUI H )l(HBOT B rrsnno C'bOTBeTCTBHe

u ~

C HeHIDlTe saxona,

" BeeKU usnuuistc e np0l1ZU8eH na npupooama It XU110Kpam.

,ll;OBEPETE CE HA IIPHPO,ll;AT A

Cnopen MoeTO p;'brr60KO y6e)J()J;eHHe, HHTO e,J:(HH qOBeK H5IMa npaso na B3eMa m-pxy ce6e CM: 3a,In>JI)l(eHH5I na H3rreKYBa p;pyrHrO, 3am;OTO TOBa e pafiora aa npnponara.

C I10MollJ,Ta na manysaaero H yrrorpetiara caao na aarypan-

,

na xpaaa, BceKH HOBeK MO)l(e na nanpana CB05I )l(HBOT snpas.

IIpo'IHcTBaHeTO - TOBa e B'bTPeIllHa 6HorrOrWIeCKa cpymazyrn, K05ITO' MO)l(eM .n;a 6'bp;e H3n'bJIHeHa cauo OT opraansaa, a many-

• Bam, BHe npanare Ta3H pafiora orne no-erpexraana. Ilpaponara nocroaaao ce crapae p;1i BH HarrpaBH nO-)l(H3HeHH H 3p;paBH, a xoraro npaponara 3anO'IHe OT.fi1CTHTeJIHa KpH3a, T5I snae KaKBO npasa. Cnensaare npaponara, TSI naxora H5IMa na BH nonserte.

n iu

.lrrap;yBaHeTO - TOBa e HaH-BeJlHKH5IT nOMoID;HHK. '(

rJIABAXIX r.JlA,l1YBAHETO llPE)l;DTBP ATHBA llPE~BPEMEHHOTOCTAPEEHE

, .

OrJIE)1;AJIOTO HHKO!, A HE JI'b)KE

IIpH6JIH)l(eTe ce K'bM Omep;aJIOTO H ce rromenaere. )J;OBOJIHH JIH - CTe OT TOBa KaK asmeaorare? He e JIH naopasneao JIHIJ;eTO BH OT 6p'b'llilJ.H? He asrrrexna JIH craprrecxa IllH5ITa BH? He ca Jlli noM'bTHerrH OT.fi1Te B11.? He e JIH npexaneao finenea TeH'bT na JIHn;eTO

94

BH? KaKBO MO:>KeTe na KWKeTe sa JIHn;eTO CH? Mna,D;O JIH e? Crapo JIH e? IfliKOM He MO:>Ke na O'ITOBOPH nO-06eKTHBHO na TIDI B'hnpOCH OCBeH BHe. BHe CTe e,lJ;HHCTBeHIDIT 'IOBeK, KOMTO MO:>Ke na C'hAH aa TOBa npaBHJIHO.

KaK ce 'IYBCTBaTe cera? Ihmrn: JIH CTe C enepraa H CHJIH HJIH CTPMaTe OT 60JIKH H H3HeMora? KaKBo me Ka:>KeTe sa nO,lJ;BH)KHOCTTa na.cranare CH? He BH JIH fionar npa HaIOIoH? KaK cnaxre rrocnenaara HOm? KaK CTe C arrernra? ,D;ocTaBH JIH BH xpaaara sacnana? .HJrn cnen BCHKO anene '!)'BCTBaTe 60JIKH? B pen JIH e oTAeJIHTeJIHaTa BH CHCTeMa H BCIf1ll(O ocranano, maCTJIHB JIH CTe nnec? A axepa? Vraereaa JIH CTe H.J1R 60APH? llYBCTBaTe JIH 6'hP30TO npH6J1H)KaBaHe aa crapocrra H TOBa, 'Ie :>KHBOT'hT BH e

Ha aanes? - -

Moscere JIH na KIDKeTe, 'Ie KOJIKOTO no-cTap cranare, TOJIKOBa nO-MITaA oe '!)'BCTBaTe? Hna ofiparno: KOJIKOTO rro-crap cranare, TOJIKOBa no-crap ce qYBCTBaTe? A3 C'hM a6coJlIOTHo ysepea, 'Ie HCKaTe Aa ce BH,lJ;HTe MJla,n;, HCKaTe na ce '!)'BCTBaTe MJlaA H 3ApaB, He3aBHCHMO OT m.spacrra. 11 aa 3HaM, 'Ie HeHaBH:>K,lJ;aTe aspasa:

"C'bCTapHX ce upexnespeaeaao."

Iloseoneme .AtU iJa eu «auca, ue enaoyeauemo uouce oa uanpaeu moea sa naco Toea IlyiJO na npupooama uoxce oa eu 1l0300JlU iJa npeoomepamume npexeoeepeueunama ctnapocm. Haii-ootipume nexapu 0 ceema ca ooxauuu, ne znaoyeanema e .Ata2U'IeCKU KJlIO'I, KOUIIlO omeapn epamutne K'bAt eeuuama .AIJlaiJoC11l.

Inanyaaaero ofipr.nra xona aa BpeMeTO H npe,lJ;H3BHKBa xynecaa rrpoueaa B n;eJIIDI QOBeIllKH-OpraHH3'bM l1Marr C'bM Hem;aCTHeTO na BH,WI MHoro npeJK,lJ;eBpeMeHHo C'bCTapeHH xopa, HO 3aTOBa rrsx C YAoBOrrCTBHe HaQJIlOAaBaM np'smanero HM K'bM ( )KHBOT M MJIaAOCT C nOMOm;Ta aa manysanero,

CnoMHHM CH MOHT 'ysenax MapTHH KOpHHK. MHCTI:>P KopHHK pa60TH MHoro ronana B'hB cpHJIMOBaTa HHAYCTPHH. Bente K'bM 40-Te rOAHHH, xoraro peIIIH, 'Ie sese e cTap H TP5I;6Ba na OTHaC51 ce6e CM K'hM m.spacraarexopa. 3am;o 6erne penran TaKa? Cpennara npOA'bJI:>KHTeJIHOCT aa :>KHBOTa aa asrepaxaneira e 68 rozrana. ETO aamo TOM peIIIH, 'Ie K'hM 40-Te rOAHHH se-re e npe:>KHBIDl rOJI5lMaTa 'IaCT OT :>KHBOTa CH H cera e THf.IHtIeH cTap 'IOBeK Hsxora MHCThP KOPHHK 6erne maanaoa no TeHHC, HO sexe MHoro rOAHHH He 6erne xaaman TeIlliC-paKeTaTa, 3am;OTO csarame, 'Ie Ta3H arpa e sa MJIa,lJ;HTe. Be,!J,H'b:>K B KHHocryAH5lTa MY pasxaaana sa MOHTe

95

) -

JIeKIzy.IH sa 3)J,paBeTO. Mncrsp KOP'HHK ce samrrepecysan H )J,oi1,D,e aa enaa JIela::J;IDI.

Ta3H JIeKD;IDl rrpoaeaa ~'b3rne)],MTe MY. TOM -cry TOBa, KoeTO ca

\

xyaarra XHJHI)],MTe xopa no I.I,eJIIDl CB5IT: xoraro ~IOBeK e 3arr03HaT

C HaYI<UTa sa rpaxa na opraansaa, TOM nocrara cexpera na )KloJBOTa. Ha MHcnp KOPHHK C'bIIJ,O My ce ncxarue na ce tI)'BcTBa MJIaA. T'1H~pellIH ')),a asrrara T03r-I MeTo)),.

Banoana c 24-tIaCOBO manyaane oIIJ,e na CJIe)J,BaIIJ,IDl AeH cnen M05ITa JIeKI.l,H5I. IIpeMHHa aa HaTYpaJIHa naera. fJIaA)'BaHeTO II eCTeCTBeHIDIT HatIHH rra )J{HBOT MY rrouoraaxa ,n;a 3a6paBH aa CB05ITa B'P3paCT. Maxap H)),a fieure aese na 40 rO)J;HI-Ill, TOH OTHOBO 3aITOtIHa na arpae TeRRC II ce qyBCTBallie )),a)Ke nO-CllJIeH OTKOJIKOTO na 20 ro)J,MHH. TOR nporrsnxa na marrysa, na ~ee aa HaT)'paJIHa naera.na CJIeABa 3aKOHHTe na xnraeaara. BceKH HerOB nen fienre 6eJI5I3aH C HOBH rrOCTIDKeHIDI. CllJIHTe MY, TOJIKOBa

• napacnaxa, tIe CKOPO TOM OTHOBO CTaHa llIaMIIHOH rro TeRRC. IIpe3 rrOCJIe)J,HIITe 30 ronmra TOH ysacraa B T)'pfIllP CJIe)), TYpHHp II rrOCT05IHHO rrofiexoraaa )),Op11ll rrO-MJIa)),M OT Hero. IIo-K'bcHO M;:-p KOPHHK e maMIIHOH no TeHHC B rpyrr~Ta na nO-B'b3paCTHIfTe ~T 70 J ro)J,MHH.

Cpe)J,HH5IT tIOBeK e ysepea, tIe K'bM 70-Te rO)J,HHI1 tIOBeK e pasaanaaa. Macrsp Kopaax noxasa npOTHBHOTO. BmKHoTo e He KOJIHtIeCTBOTO aa rrpe)I(HB5II-IllTe ro)J,MHH na 3eM5ITa,. a KaK CTe ill rrpe)KHB5IJIH. A3 aafimonaaax C'bCT05II-IlleTO na M-P KOPRRK, a cera ce ropnea, tIe TOH )),OKa3a a6coJIIOTHo TOtIRO, tIe BceKH tIOBeK M;O)Ke )J,a ce HaCJIa)K)J,aBa na MJIa)J,ocT, aKO CJIeABa eCTeCTBeHIDI HatIHH na )KHBOT.

, B'b8 ecssa etapacm npupooama 811 oaea 8'b3.AtoJICHOClII oa

I ce espueme Ha3aO. /(a, 811e sumceme oa cueuume ceoemo cmapo IIlJlJlO, 113HoceHO om 200llHUlIle C H080, He11008JlaCIIlHO ua epeuemo.

-, CJleo 200llHa npozpaua, CbC11l0JlUfa ce om. 2JlaoY6aHe II eCIIleC1Il8eH uauuu ua xpaueue, 811e omH060 uoxceme oa ce eneoame 8 02JleOaJl011l0 II oa 6boeme YOll6eHll om npoueuume, npometoui npes moea epeue. Axo sae nporrsrracaaare na )KHBeeTe / ito nporpaaara, orracana B xaarara, npoxenare C sac IIJ,e 3aCTaB5IT BallIIITe po)J,HHHll H npnarena )),a 06'bpHaT BHllMaHll~ aa Te3H Y)J,Hsarenaa pesynrara. A 13He He casro me Bll)J,HTe TIDl nposreaa B ce6e CH, HO II II.J,e ill rroxyncrsare H nre MO)KeTe )),a ill )),OCTIIIHeTe, aKO noxenaere na CTaHeTe a6COJIIOTeH rocnonap na namero T5IJIO.

96

3arrOlJHeTe, \KaKTO 11' M-P KopIDIK C 24-lIacoBo rnanynane, Ilpenpoxerere manara sa npaBHJIHOTO xpaneae B _Ta3H KHFII'a. IIpM30BeTe na noxout nenerre nexapn na rrpaponara sa rrOCTFITa-He na nbCTaBeHHTe uena. Te BHI-Iarl1 ca rOTOBl1 na noxoraar na Te3H, KOl1TO rroxarar aa ce6e CM.

rJIABAXX \ I;JIA)l;Y-BA.HETO 3AllA3BA MJIAAH APTEPF.UITE \ - '

HHe OCTaBaMe norpecena, xoraro Hayqm.1: KOID(O xopa 3arMBaT no rrsramara na CAJIJ; npn aBTOM06l1JIHH xaracrpodm, 3a roznraa nonese OT 50 XUlliI,IJ;l1 nynra 3arHBaT M IDIKOJIKO MHJlliOHa OCTaBaT

r-

HHBwm,IJ;l13a ll,IDI )!(l1BOT. HHe CMe rrorpecean, xoraro qyeM sa ll,IDI

-- :lKl1BoT.lfue CMe norpecena, KQraTO qyeM sa CaMOJIeTHHTe xaracrporpa. Ilorpeceaa CMe csuro ~OT CBep;eHIDITa sa )KepTBMTe aa pa3JIl1lJIll1 BoeHHH orrepanaa rro nenas CB5IT. Ho HaH-rO.lliIMO nnelJaTlIeHHe HH rrpasa cpaKThT, lIe acmca cezyana IDU(OH YMHpa OT '<, cspneaerr npncrr,n. Borum BTOpa CM'bPT e pe3YJITaT OT cr.pnesao safiorraaane. Cr.pnesmrre saoonsaanas C npaso ca aapeseaa 6l1lJ na sarramrara ll,HBM.JIH3aIJ,IDI.

Bpar-sr aaxapa zceprsa He caao cpen crapnre-xopa. 3a p;a ce noxaxe .TOBa, 6eIIIe narrpaserra e~cxyMaIJ,IDI aa 300 saraaana rroBpeMe aa noitnara B Kopes. "T5I nosasa, loIe npa 77,7% aa MJIa,IJ;l1Te xopa na B'b3paCT 18;025 ro,IJ;l1HH ca 6HlIH 113HOCeHH 11 nereaepapann apTepmiTe, B-TOBa lJl1CJIO M KP'bBOHOCHnTe csnose

Ha C'bpu,eTO: c-

Cspnesnare 3a6oJI5IBaHH5I He ce pa3BHBaT BHe3aTIHO. M3MCKBa ce p;OCTa npene na ce p;OBep;e aprepaara P;O JIOlliO C'bCT05IHl1e. 3a TOBa crrOC06CTBaT TaKHBa cpaKTOpH, KaTO P;'bJIrOTO B'b3,lJ,eMCTBHe na TIOTIOH, aJIKOXOJI, npexaneaara ynorpefia na M3B'bHpe,IJ;HO oJ Ma3Ha xpana, Meco OT pa3HH Bl1p;OBe, Hi1:u,a H MJIelJHH nponyxra, MaCJIO H Mac, f,IO,IJ;JIO)KeHH aa pa.cpI1W1paHe.

APyr ¢aKTOp, cnocoficraatn sa 3a6oJI5IBaHe na aprepanre, e Hep;OCTFII''bT aa cpH3l1lJeCKa aKTIIBHOCT. Cnysaa ce, lIe lJOBeK, npa xororo aprepmrre ca nopaseaa 50%, He ro 3a6eJI5I3Ba. ;D:a)Ke HaM-p;o6pHTe cnenaanacra, C'bOp'b)KeHH _(;'bC C'bBpeMemm: cpencTBa sa 113CJIe,lJ,BaHe, MO)l<e na He 3a6eJIe)KaT HHlII;O orracno. BemecTBaTa, crtocoticraatua 3arryIIIBaHeTO na aprepzare ca XOJIeCTepl1-

97

H~ H rrapasarmrre T'J,I.<aHH'l~a,rr){lll~.a:~IeTQ,,<¥-Tfl~!p{lqsn;e»e#HR, ;B,'bJr peIIIHHTe QTBQPH aa aprepaare OTaBaT TQJIKQBa TeCHH, qe xpsnra He MQ)I(e Aa npexane rrpes T~X B TaK'bB Q6eM, KaK'1BTQ e HeQ6xQ)J;HM sa xpaaene na C'bPAe~ MYCKyrr. KQPQHapmlTe sanenaa ce nposaasa ensa rorana, KQraTQ CeqeHHeTQ aa aprepasra e se-re MHQrQ CTeCHeHQ.

,iJ;ereHepa~Ta rra aprepmrre sanoxsa B parma B'b3paCT, KQraTQ 6aBHQ ra BQAH AQ H3HQCBaHe H sanynraane. A cnen TQBa BHe3arrHQ ~QH, KaKTQ sarrorraa CYTpHH Q6H:qafunrre CH 3aHHIyfaaaa, H3Be)J;H'b)l( MY rrpHT'J,MH~a npen onare H HeQqaKBaHQ YMHpa QT cspnesen npacrsn, I1rrH B HaH-AQ6p~ crryqa~ OCTaBa 3aBHHara HHBaJIHA.

TpH6Ba rrQCTQHHHQ na ce cnerra, aa na ce sanasar aprepaare l{Hcm QT BCH:qKH ~ seutecraa, KQHTQ BrrQCrreACTBHe MQraT na rrpe)J;H3BHKaT cspnesea npacrsn. He rro-uarnca 6e.IJ;a ca sanyumaIWITe TpQM6H, sa Q6pa3YBaHeTO aa KQHTQ cnocoticraa ofiutorrpaeTQTQ xpaaeae,

EQJIllIHHCTBQTQ QT xopara ce naxrapa B finazcetro HeBeAeHHe sa- C'bCT<:mHHe aa CBQHTe aprepaa AQTQraBa, .D;OKaTO HaCT'bIIH xaracrporpara, ,iJ;QKaTO He ce ~H npacrsn aa 6pJIKa, xopara npom.rcsaaar na MaT Q6H:qaHHaTa CH xpaaa H na sanassar rrQIIIHTeCHHaB~.

HAmATA B'h3PACT CE OIIPE)J,EJUI OT C'hCTOHHHETO

HA AP'FEPHHTE "-

H QTHQBQ MH rrossonere na BH HarrQMHH H3BeCTHOTQ QT no-paao rronozceaae: naurara B'b3paCT e pesynrar QT C'bCT05IHHeTQ aa aprepaare BH. IIQMHeTe, qe sarrymaaaero na C'bAOBeTe MO)l(e na sanosne B parma B'b3paCT H na ce pa3BHe 6aBHQ, aanpasrep AQ 55 rQAHHH, KQraTQ ca 6QrrllIHHCTBQTQ QT c'bpAel:J:HQC'bJJ;QBHTe 3a6QJI5I-

"

naana.

A3 He CqIfTaM manysaaero KaTQ CpeACTBQ sa neseane aa cspnesocsnona 3a6o~a~. Inazrsr - TQBa e npemrasna M5Ipxa. 3am;QTQ, KaKTO HeBe)J;H'b)l( norrreprax B Ta3H KHHra, TQH ce HB~a B'bTpeIllHQ npeaacrsaae. IIQMara na rrannrre C'1AQBe na sarraaar CBOHTa qIfCTQTa, sa .n;a MO)l(e rqrsnra CBo6o)J;HO na XPaHH cspnero.

Lfpe3 C'b.IJ;QBaTa CHCTeMa Kp'bBTa pa3HaCH XpaHHTeJIHHTe Beurecraa rro n;eJIHH QpraHH3'bM. Ilapxynamorra na xpr.sra B opraffi1:3Ma TpH6Ba rrQCTQHHHO na QCTaBa pHTMHl:J:Ha H YCTQii:l:J:HBa. Arm

98

TelfeHHe'i!o 'na'RplIIi BrlliIKo~ .ii§oTHa 'OpraHii3Ma ce npexpara nopa sa CTOTHa nacr OT MHHyTaTa, HHe ycemaae MO~eH ynap, AKo TOBa ce CJIyqH B ofinacrra na O~Te, CTaBa KP'bBOH3JIHB, Koiho MO:>Ke na nosene ,lJ;O CJIenOTa. ApTepHHTe MoraT na 6'bp;aT CB060,lJ;HH sa nOTOKa KP'bB, aa .n;a MO:>Ke ra 6e3npemITCTBeHO na cHa6,lJ;HBa BC~KH qaCTH aa nauras OpraHH3'bM.

cera MoraT na ce naxepsr ManKO xopa na 70-80, nazce 90 ro,lJ;HHH, KOHTO na nparexasar csnspnreao qHCTH, eJIaC~H Ii r'bBKaBH aprepaa, He3aBHcHMo OT B'b3paCTTa, re ca MJIa,lJ;H, santoTO TexHHTe C'b,lJ;OBe He ca nereaepaparra, enacrasaa ca M nO,lJ;BIDKHM. AKo opranassrsr na TaKHBa xopa pa60TH ,lJ;o6pe H e csoeoneh OT TOKCHHH, TO sanro TH5I xopa ,lJ;a He :>KHBe5lT onte MHorO-MHoro rO,lJ;HHH? "

OT 6M6JIH5lTa HHe 3HaeM, qe npena BCeMHpHH51 rroron H51KOH xopa ca :>KHBeeJIH no 900 ro,lJ;HHH. HHe ce CMeeM aan TaKOBa raspneaae, Ka3BaMe, qe 're ca H3~CJI5lBaJIH B'b3paCrra CH IIO paanaserr OT Hac HaqHH. Ho KaK MO:>KeM na TB'bP,lJ;HM nento C'bC CHrYPHOCT? Ta HaJIH e B'b3MO)!(HO TH5I xopa na ca ce XpaHeJIH a :>KHBeeJIH 'raxa, qe na C'hXpaH51T CBOHTe C'b,lJ;OBe B npexpacno C'bCTOHHHe? Xapaoaaaaoro c]JYHKU;HOHHpaHe na u;eJIH51 oprana- 3'bM Ice sanasna ,lJ;O T051 MOMeHT, ,lJ;OKaTO C'b,lJ;OBeTe1 H3II'bJIHHBaT CB05lTa pOJI51 npaBHJ1HO H ec]JeKTHBHO.

Koraro HHe Ka3BaMe, qe qOBeK cTapee, TOBa oaaaxaaa caxo e,lJ;HO: TOM He snae xax na ce xparra H :>KHBee, sana C'bXpaHH CBOHTe aprepaa MJICI.,lJ;H H enacnoraa. Koraro rropaseaare apTepHH He MoraT na H3n'bJIHjJBaT IIpaBHJ1HO CBOHTe c]JYHKIJ;HH, Kp:OBTa He IIOCT'bIIBa B ,lJ;OCTaT'b~O KO~eCTBO B pa3JI1Pll£HTe qaCTH Ha T5IJIOTO H xopara aarrrezoiar rrOB5IXHaJIH, 60JIe3HeHH H 3a6paB5I:rn;H. Te YMHpaT C 6aBHarCM'bpT, 3am;OTO Kp'hBTa xpana nomo T5IJIOTO H M03'hKaHM.

Ho aKO HHe rnanyaaae, IJ;5IJ1a1:'a :>KM3HeHa CHJIa na opraaasva ce H3nOJI3Ba sa B'h1peIIIHO nperacraaae, a TOBa oaaaxana cr.nro IIpe~CTBaHe aa C'h,lJ;OBeTe. ETO aamo CJIe,lJ; ,lJ;eBeT,lJ;HeBHO rnanyaaHe MHoro qeCTO ce n05lBHBa JIeKOTa B U;5IJIOTO T5IJIO, YM'hT ce li30C1p51 H CTaBa rrO-JIeCHO B'h3rrpMe~, naverra ce YCHJIBa IIo5lBHBa ce orpoana Heo6xo,lJ;HMOCT OT c]JH3~eCKa aKTHBHOCT.

C'llITaM, qe HHe MO:>KeM na rrpO,lJ;'hJ1)!(HM :>KHBOTa na aanrero cspne C nOMOIIJ;Ta na nporpaxa sa manynarre B csxeraane C nporpaxa aa eCTeCTBeHO xpaaene, KOHTO H3XB'hPJI5IT aenrecrnara, aarrymaannr aprepmrre.

99

Ilae 1pJI6Ba na.c-nrraae CBOHTe csnose KJIlOq K'bM )l(HBOra, aKO HcreaMe na crreqeJIHM pernaaantara 6HTICa sa snpaaero CH.

Koraro BHe nen cnen nen ce xpamrre C Tn'bCTO Meco, BHe npocro CHIIBaTe orposa B opraansaa CH. H pasnnarara He aam.cHJIBa. Ha opraaasua My e neotixonaxo MHOro ManKO Ma3HHHa, a HHe e)l(ep;HeBHO yrr01pe6JIBaMe_Ma3HH nponyxra, B pesynrar na xoero OrnaBJIBaMe CIIHC'brea na cspnesaocratoaare 3a6oMBaHHJI. TOBa e enaa OT rrpH:qHHHTe, nopana xoirro as npennarax na ce MHHaBa 6e3 3areYCKa. IIo3HaBaM MHoro Mna,!l;H H 3p;paBn na BHP; M'b)lCe H zcena, KOHTO ca rrpHBHKHanH CYTpHH na JIp;aT raxa Hape- 1'IeHaTa saxycxa, C'bCTOJIJJJ;a ce OT urymca C m1:u:a, CaHp;BJ1qJ1 H xaprorpa, reacpe C'bC CMeTaHa Ho as cr.mo Tare_a 3HruI, qe MHoro OT Te3H na men snpana xopa ca CTaHanH zceprna na cspnesna rrpHCTbIIH, HJIKOK OT KOHTO ca p;OBep;eHH no Ha.wpo6ua MOrHna, a npyrn ca CTaHanH KH8anH,!l;H sa nan )l(HBOT BKe H3rr0n3BaTe raxasa xpaaa caao 3arn;OTO MHCnHTe, qe raxa 1pJI6Ba H He C'b3Hasare CBOJITa rpennca OT nenosaasane cpH3HOnOfHJITa na opraaasMa ca M3rron3BaHeTO rra xpanara e nayxa, KOJITO 03Ha~IaBa noneqe, OTICOnrcOTO nonyaasaae na yP;OBOnCTI3He.

IIpeAH na 3~OqfIeTe na cnensare nporpaxara, p;ap;eHa'B Ta3H KHHra, nocsaersaare ce C p;o6'bp CrreIJ,HanHCT rro c'bpp;eqHH: 60- neCTH. Hexa TOB: BH c'bo6II1,H C'bCTOJIHHeTO aa BaIIIHTe C'bp;OBe H C'bpIJ,eTO Ilposepere nansranero, rrynca, a cnen TOBa -sanotraatire rraera H rnanysane B renenae na emra rorrana OTHOBO anere rrpa nexap. YBepeH C'bM, me BH xazce, qe CTe aarrpasana qyp;o C BaIIIHJI OpraHH3'bM.

HA BAllE P A3IIOJIOiKEHHE CA ,l1.EBET JIEKAPH ,lJ;eBeT nexapa, naneaa OT npaponara, ca BKHam rOTOBH na BH rrosroraar npa C'b3p;aBaHeTO aa OTnHqfIO 3p;paBe II na BH raparrmpar CTOrrpOIJ,eHTOB ycrrex. Te naxora He HOCJIT spena na rrarraeara, Mareap rraIJ,HeHTHTe, 6e3 na pastiapar nonsara, qeCTO ra HrHOPHpar' Ho Te3H nexapa ca MHoro P;OCT'bIIHH. Te He ce narepecyaar nana rraIJ,HeHTHTe ce otipsurar re'bM TJIX HnH He Te ca rOTOBH BKHarH na BH rrOMOrHaT. 3HaHHJITa liM ca OTICpHTH sa BCHqJlli - Mnap;H H CTapH, 60raTH H 6e,!l;HH. Te He rrpanar onepanaa, He nasar nexapcrsa, P;OpH HaB:-MO,!l;HHTe H HOBHTe.

100

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